Results for 'Genetic psychology'

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  1. Philosophic Foundations Of Genetic Psychology And Gestalt Psychology.Ash Gobar - 1968 - Martinus Nilboff.
     
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  2.  52
    Genetic Epistemology, History of Science and Genetic Psychology.Richard F. Kitchener - 1985 - Synthese 65 (1):3 - 31.
    Genetic epistemology analyzes the growth of knowledge both in the individual person (genetic psychology) and in the socio-historical realm (the history of science). But what the relationship is between the history of science and genetic psychology remains unclear. The biogenetic law that ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny is inadequate as a characterization of the relation. A critical examination of Piaget's Introduction à l'Épistémologie Généntique indicates these are several examples of what I call stage laws common to both (...)
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  3.  11
    Behaviorism and Genetic Psychology.Robert M. Yerkes - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (6):154-160.
  4.  11
    Genetic Psychology and Process Philosophy.Jason W. Brown - 2005 - Process Studies 34 (1):33-44.
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    Genetic Psychology and Epistemology.J. Piaget - 1953 - Diogenes 1 (1):49-63.
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  6. Genetic Psychology.A. R. Gilliland - 1934 - The Monist 44:155.
     
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  7. Genetic Psychology for Teachers.No Authorship Indicated - 1903 - Psychological Review 10 (6):670-671.
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  8. Comparative and Genetic Psychology.C. Lloyd Morgan - 1905 - Philosophical Review 14:631.
     
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  9. Comparative and Genetic Psychology.Lloyd Morgan - 1905 - Psychological Review 12 (2-3):78-97.
  10. An Outline of Genetic Psychology According to the Theory of Inherited Mind.R. F. Rattray - 1931 - Philosophy 6 (23):347.
    One of the great difficulties in effecting a synthesis of experience is the contradiction of the apparently mechanical character of the physical universe on the one hand, and the sense of freedom we associate with life on the other. In our own persons, we are told by medical science, or some of it, we are governed by physiological laws which are mechanical, as distinct from vital, in their nature. The best reconciliation of these with freedom, in the writer's opinion, is (...)
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  11. An Outline of Genetic Psychology: According to the Theory of Inherited Mind.R. F. Rattray - 1931 - Philosophy 6 (23):347 - 364.
    One of the great difficulties in effecting a synthesis of experience is the contradiction of the apparently mechanical character of the physical universe on the one hand, and the sense of freedom we associate with life on the other. In our own persons, we are told by medical science, or some of it, we are governed by physiological laws which are mechanical, as distinct from vital, in their nature. The best reconciliation of these with freedom, in the writer's opinion, is (...)
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  12. Behaviorism and Genetic Psychology.Robert M. Yerkes - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy 14 (6):154.
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  13.  11
    Moral Psychology and Genetic Engineering.Gregory E. Kaebnick - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (3).
    For the last six months or so, some of us at The Hastings Center have been participating in a kind of short-term book group. Together we have been thinking about the contribution of moral psychology to bioethics. One of our questions is whether bioethics’ understanding of moral values should draw on what moral psychology tells us about moral values. Bioethics tends to look to philosophy for guidance. Can it learn from insights in moral psychology into the biological, (...)
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  14.  21
    On the Genetic Modification of Psychology, Personality, and Behavior.Alex B. Neitzke - 2012 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 22 (4):307-343.
    I argue that the use of heritable modifications for psychology, personality, and behavior should be limited to the reversal or prevention of relatively unambiguous instances of pathology or likely harm (e.g. sociopathy). Most of the likely modifications of psychological personality would not be of this nature, however, and parents therefore should not have the freedom to make such modifications to future children. I argue by examining the viewpoints of both the individual and society. For individuals, modifications would interfere with (...)
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  15. Genetic Explanation in Psychology.Marko Barendregt - 2003 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 24 (1):67-90.
    Attempts to explain behavior genetically face two major problems: the application of the concept of genetic coding and the theoretical possibility of decomposing behavior. This paper argues that using the notion of genetic coding is appropriate in explanations of protein synthesis but inadequate and even misleading in the context of explanations of behavior. Genes should be regarded as disparate components of mechanisms that account for behavior rather than as codes for behavioral phenotypes. Such mechanistic explanations, however, presuppose the (...)
     
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  16.  11
    Constructive Criticism: An Evaluation of Buller and Hardcastle's Genetic and Neuroscientific Arguments Against Evolutionary Psychology.Catherine Driscoll - 2014 - Philosophical Psychology 27 (6):907-925.
    David Buller and Valerie Hardcastle have argued that various discoveries about the genetics and nature of brain development show that most ?central? psychological mechanisms cannot be adaptations because the nature of the contribution from the environment on which they are based shows they are not heritable. Some philosophers and scientists have argued that a strong role for the environment is compatible with high heritability as long as the environment is highly stable down lineages. In this paper I support this view (...)
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  17.  6
    Genetic Epistemology and Cognitive Psychology of Science.Richard F. Kitchener - 1996 - In William T. O'Donohue & Richard F. Kitchener (eds.), The Philosophy of Psychology. Sage Publications. pp. 66.
  18.  10
    The Genetic Method in Psychology.Margaret Floy Washburn - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 1 (18):491-494.
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  19.  14
    The Field of Psychology; a Survey of Experience, Individual, Social and Genetic[REVIEW]Raymond H. Wheeler - 1925 - Journal of Philosophy 22 (8):214-222.
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  20.  23
    The Conception of Environment in Genetic Bio-Psychology.O. Kinberg - 1941 - Theoria 7 (1):1-19.
  21. The Field of Psychology; a Survey of Experience, Individual, Social and Genetic.Madison Bentley - 1925 - Journal of Philosophy 22 (8):214-222.
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  22. The Limits of Genetic and Comparative Psychology.M. W. Calkins - 1905 - Philosophical Review 14:745.
     
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  23. The Psychology of Number - a Genetic View.M. V. O'Shea - 1901 - Psychological Review 8 (4):371-383.
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  24. The Genetic Method in Psychology.Margaret Floy Washburn - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy 1 (18):491.
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  25.  20
    Where Biology Meets Psychology: Philosophical Essays.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1999 - MIT Press.
    This book is perhaps the first to open a dialogue between the two disciplines.
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  26. Mindblindness an Essay on Autism and "Theory of Mind".Simon Baron-Cohen - 1995
     
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  27. Genetic Epistemology: Yesterday and Today.Jacques Montangero - 1985 - Graduate School and University Center, City University of New York.
     
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  28.  14
    Consciousness Regained: Chapters in the Development of Mind.Nicholas Humphrey - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
    Essays discuss the evolution of consciousness, self-knowledge, aesthetics, religious ecstasy, ghosts, and dreams.
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  29. The Phylogeny Fallacy and the Ontogeny Fallacy.Adam Hochman - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (4):593-612.
    In 1990 Robert Lickliter and Thomas Berry identified the phylogeny fallacy, an empirically untenable dichotomy between proximate and evolutionary causation, which locates proximate causes in the decoding of ‘ genetic programs’, and evolutionary causes in the historical events that shaped these programs. More recently, Lickliter and Hunter Honeycutt argued that Evolutionary Psychologists commit this fallacy, and they proposed an alternative research program for evolutionary psychology. For these authors the phylogeny fallacy is the proximate/evolutionary distinction itself, which they argue (...)
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  30. Genetics and Reductionism.Sahotra Sarkar - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    With the advent of the Human Genome Project there have been many claims for the genetic origins of complex human behavior including insanity, criminality, and intelligence. But what does it really mean to call something 'genetic'? This is the fundamental question that Sahotra Sarkar's book addresses. The author analyses the nature of reductionism in classical and molecular genetics. He shows that there are two radically different kinds of reductionist explanation: genetic reduction and physical reduction . This important (...)
     
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  31.  36
    A History of the Mind: Evolution and the Birth of Consciousness.N. Humphrey - 1992 - Simon & Schuster.
    This book is a tour-de-force on how human consciousness may have evolved. From the "phantom pain" experienced by people who have lost their limbs to the uncanny faculty of "blindsight," Humphrey argues that raw sensations are central to all conscious states and that consciousness must have evolved, just like all other mental faculties, over time from our ancestorsodily responses to pain and pleasure. '.
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  32. I: The Philosophy and Psychology of Personal Identity.J. Glover - 1988 - Penguin Books.
    This book relates work in neuroscience, psychology and psychiatry to questions about what a person is and the nature of a persons unity across a lifetime. The neuropsychiatry is now dated. The philosophy has three themes still perhaps of interest. The first is a response to Derek Parfits powerful and influential work on personal identity, which, like many other people, I discussed with him as he worked it out. I accept his view that there is no ego that owns (...)
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  33.  59
    Resolving the Paradox of Common, Harmful, Heritable Mental Disorders: Which Evolutionary Genetic Models Work Best?Matthew C. Keller & Geoffrey Miller - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):385-404.
    Given that natural selection is so powerful at optimizing complex adaptations, why does it seem unable to eliminate genes (susceptibility alleles) that predispose to common, harmful, heritable mental disorders, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder? We assess three leading explanations for this apparent paradox from evolutionary genetic theory: (1) ancestral neutrality (susceptibility alleles were not harmful among ancestors), (2) balancing selection (susceptibility alleles sometimes increased fitness), and (3) polygenic mutation-selection balance (mental disorders reflect the inevitable mutational load on the (...)
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  34.  32
    Human Nature and the Limits of Science.John Dupré - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    John Dupre warns that our understanding of human nature is being distorted by two faulty and harmful forms of pseudo-scientific thinking. Not just in the academic world but in everyday life, we find one set of experts who seek to explain the ends at which humans aim in terms of evolutionary theory, while the other set uses economic models to give rules of how we act to achieve those ends. Dupre demonstrates that these theorists' explanations do not work and that, (...)
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  35.  72
    Genetic Representation Explains the Cluster of Innateness-Related Properties.Nicholas Shea - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (4):466-493.
    The concept of innateness is used to make inferences between various better-understood properties, like developmental canalization, evolutionary adaptation, heritability, species-typicality, and so on (‘innateness-related properties’). This article uses a recently-developed account of the representational content carried by inheritance systems like the genome to explain why innateness-related properties cluster together, especially in non-human organisms. Although inferences between innateness-related properties are deductively invalid, and lead to false conclusions in many actual cases, where some aspect of a phenotypic trait develops in reliance on (...)
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  36.  5
    Innateness as Genetic Adaptation: Lorenz Redivivus (and Revised).Nathan Cofnas - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (4):559-580.
    In 1965, Konrad Lorenz grounded the innate–acquired distinction in what he believed were the only two possible sources of information that can underlie adaptedness: phylogenetic and individual experience. Phylogenetic experience accumulates in the genome by the process of natural selection. Individual experience is acquired ontogenetically through interacting with the environment during the organism’s lifetime. According to Lorenz, the adaptive information underlying innate traits is stored in the genome. Lorenz erred in arguing that genetic adaptation is the only means of (...)
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    Bodies of Thought: Embodiment, Identity, and Modernity.Ian Burkitt - 1999 - Sage Publications.
    `The work develops and articulates a brilliant and original central thesis; namely that modern individuals are best understood as complex bodies of thought, as embodied symbolic and material beings. Future work on mind, self, body, society and culture will have to begin with Burkitt's text' - Norman K. Denzin, University of Illinois `After his excellent Social Selves, Ian Burkitt has produced a new theory of embodiment which will become required reading for those working in the areas of social theory, sociology, (...)
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  38.  30
    Prospects for a Cultural-Historical Psychology of Intelligence.Birger Siebert - 2005 - Studies in East European Thought 57 (3-4):305-317.
    The ideas of cultural-historical psychology have led to a new understanding of the human psyche as developing in the process of the subject acting in social and historical contexts. Such a “non-classical” reinterpretation of psychological concepts should be based on a theoretical and philosophical framework in order to explain genetic sources of these concepts. For this purpose, Il’enkov’s philosophy is of great significance. This is illustrated by discussing a possible cultural-historical understanding of the concept of intelligence.
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  39. Darwin's Legacy What Evolution Means Today.John Dupré - 2003
    Charles Darwin transformed our understanding of the universe and our place in it with his development of the theory of evolution. 150 years later, we are still puzzling over the implications. John Dupré presents a lucid, witty introduction to evolution and what it means for our view of humanity, the natural world, and religion. He explains the right and the wrong ways to understand evolution: in the latter category fall most of the claims of evolutionary psychology, of which Dupré (...)
     
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  40.  17
    Attitudes on Animal Research Predict Acceptance of Genetic Modification Technologies by University Undergraduates.Brook H. Rutledge, Kara I. Gabriel & Cynthia L. Barkley - 2012 - Society and Animals 20 (4):381-400.
    Public acceptance of genetic modification technologies may be essential to their continued development, yet few studies have investigated the manner in which demographic and educational factors predict support for GM research. The current study examined attitudes toward animal research and GM in ~400 university undergraduates enrolled in introductory or upper-level psychology courses with material on animal experimentation. Results revealed that men were more accepting of animal and GM research than were women. Enrollment in upper-level psychology classes that (...)
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  41.  40
    Adaptive and Genomic Explanations of Human Behaviour: Might Evolutionary Psychology Contribute to Behavioural Genomics? [REVIEW]Marko Barendregt & René Van Hezewijk - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):57-78.
    . Evolutionary psychology and behavioural genomics are both approaches to explain human behaviour from a genetic point of view. Nonetheless, thus far the development of these disciplines is anything but interdependent. This paper examines the question whether evolutionary psychology can contribute to behavioural genomics. Firstly, a possible inconsistency between the two approaches is reviewed, viz. that evolutionary psychology focuses on the universal human nature and disregards the genetic variation studied by behavioural genomics. Secondly, we will (...)
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  42.  12
    Mind: An Essay on Human Feeling.Susanne K. Langer - 1967 - Philosophical Review 78 (4):525-528.
  43. The Descent of Mind Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution.Michael C. Corballis & S. E. G. Lea - 1999
  44.  2
    Contrasting Two Ways of Making Psychology: Brentano and Freud.Maria Gyemant - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-11.
    Brentano’s views on psychology influenced the way philosophy was made at the beginning of the 20th century. But did this influence spread as far as to give place to Freud’s revolutionary discovery of the psychoanalytical unconscious? There are reasons to believe that Brentano had a profound influence on Freud. An attentive analysis of Freud’s vocabulary as well as his arguments against “philosophical” objections supports this point rather convincingly. However, Freud was not a philosopher and Brentano’s historical influence does not (...)
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    Is Genetic Epistemology Possible?Richard F. Kitchener - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (3):283-299.
    Several philosophers have questioned the possibility of a genetic epistemology, an epistemology concerned with the developmental transitions between successive states of knowledge in the individual person. Since most arguments against the possibility of a genetic epistemology crucially depend upon a sharp distinction between the genesis of an idea and its justification, I argue that current philosophy of science raises serious questions about the universal validity of this distinction. Then I discuss several senses of the genetic fallacy, indicating (...)
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    Dissecting Intentionality in the Lab: Meinong's Theory. [REVIEW]Liliana Albertazzi - 2013 - Axiomathes 23 (3):579-596.
    Besides presenting a phenomenological-experimental analysis of consciousness, Meinong challenged one of the major indisputable axioms of current scientific research, i.e. that perception in awareness has to be veridical on the stimulus. Meinong’s analysis of consciousness, which he conducted through a kind of dissection of its structures from a systematic and an experimental viewpoint, offers relevant insights to contemporary consciousness studies.
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  47.  1
    Extended Evolutionary Psychology: The Importance of Transgenerational Developmental Plasticity.Karola Stotz - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    What kind mechanisms one deems central for the evolutionary process deeply influences one's understanding of the nature of organisms, including cognition. Reversely, adopting a certain approach to the nature of life and cognition and the relationship between them or between the organism and its environment should affect one's view of evolutionary theory. This paper explores this reciprocal relationship in more detail. In particular it argues that the view of living and cognitive systems, especially humans, as deeply integrated beings embedded in (...)
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  48. The Making of Modern Mind.Leonard Carmichael - 1956 - Houston, Elsevier Press.
  49. The Evolution of Consciousness.Kishor Gandhi (ed.) - 1983 - Paragon House.
     
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  50. Beyond the Human Condition.Jeremy Griffith - 1991 - Foundation for Humanity's Adulthood.
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