Results for 'Geoff Hodges'

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  1. Harvesting the Promise of AOPs: An assessment and recommendations.Annamaria Carusi, Mark R. Davies, Giovanni De De Grandis, Beate I. Escher, Geoff Hodges, Kenneth M. Y. Leung, Maurice Wheelan, Catherine Willet & Gerald T. Ankley - 2018 - Science of the Total Environment 628:1542-1556.
    The Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) concept is a knowledge assembly and communication tool to facilitate the transparent translation of mechanistic information into outcomes meaningful to the regulatory assessment of chemicals. The AOP framework and associated knowledgebases (KBs) have received significant attention and use in the regulatory toxicology community. However, it is increasingly apparent that the potential stakeholder community for the AOP concept and AOP KBs is broader than scientists and regulators directly involved in chemical safety assessment. In this paper we (...)
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  2. .Geoff Nunberg - 2004
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  3.  21
    Structured Meanings and the Dynamic Role of Variables: A Dilemma for Pickel and Rabern.Geoff Georgi - 2022 - Erkenntnis 89 (4):1745-1757.
    In a recent paper, Pickel and Rabern (2016) argue that a dynamic Tarskian semantics resolves Fine’s antinomy of the variable without the radical consequences for semantics proposed by Fine (2003, 2007). While Pickel and Rabern’s basic insight—a parameter of discourse context that tracks occurrences of variable-binding expressions—is important, I will argue that their own Tarskian theory faces a destructive dilemma: either their theory does not resolve Fine’s antinomy as they propose, or their theory does not reflect the intuitive motivation for (...)
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  4.  32
    A managerial philosophy of technology: technology and humanity in symbiosis.Geoff Crocker - 2012 - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire ;: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    A Managerial Philosophy of Technology offers a unique combination of a review of academic work in the philosophy of technology with practical methodologies for business management of technology strategy.
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  5.  7
    Looking forward: The university in a democratic south Africa.Geoff Budlender - 1979 - Philosophical Papers 8 (1):20-35.
  6.  7
    Darwin and the argument by analogy: from artificial to natural selection in the 'Origin of Species'.M. J. S. Hodge - 2020 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Gregory Radick.
    What can the actions of stockbreeders, as they select the best individuals for breeding, teach us about how new species of wild animals and plants come into being? Charles Darwin raised this question in his famous, even notorious, Origin of Species (1859). Darwin's answer - his argument by analogy from artificial to natural selection - is the subject of our book. We aim to clarify what kind of argument it is, how it works, and why Darwin gave it such prominence. (...)
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  7.  5
    Transcending subjects: Augustine, Hegel, and theology.Geoff Holsclaw - 2016 - Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Transcending Subjects: Augustine, Hegel and Theology engages the seminal figures of Hegel and Augustine around the theme of subjectivity, with consideration toward the theology and politics of freedom.
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  8. Understanding Foucault.Geoff Danaher - 2000 - Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications. Edited by Tony Schirato & Jen Webb.
    Derided and disregarded by many of his contemporaries, Michel Foucault is now regarded as probably the most influential thinker of the twentieth century, his work is studied across the humanities and social sciences. Reading Foucault, however, can be a challenge, as can writing about him, but in Understanding Foucault, the authors offer an entertaining and informative introduction to his thinking. They cover all the issues Foucault dealt with, including power, knowledge, subjectivity and sexuality and discuss the development of his analysis (...)
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  9.  10
    Perspectives from tech industry: designer Geoff Stead on Iteration as a built-in goal of mobile app design.Geoff Stead & Clare Foster - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-5.
    A symposium was held at the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities at the University of Cambridge on June 12th 2019, ‘Rethinking Repetition in a Digital Age’, at which Geoff Stead, a leading mobile tech designer, was a keynote speaker. The focus of the Cambridge UK event was on how the potentials of digital technologies—whose harms have received widespread attention—could be redirected for the social good. For Stead, this is precisely what Babbel are doing in (...)
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  10.  15
    Adorno reframed: interpreting key thinkers for the arts.Geoff Boucher - 2012 - New York, NY: I.B. Tauris.
    Dismissed as a miserable elitist who condemned popular culture in the name of 'high art', Theodor W. Adorno (1903–1969) is one of the most provocative and important yet least understood of contemporary thinkers. This book challenges this popular image and re-examines Adorno as a utopian philosopher who believed authentic art could save the world. Adorno Reframed is not only a comprehensive introduction to the reader coming to Adorno for the first time, but also an important re-evaluation of this founder of (...)
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  11. Pragmatic Contextualism.Geoff Pynn - 2015 - Metaphilosophy 46 (1):26-51.
    Contextualism in epistemology has traditionally been understood as the view that “know” functions semantically like an indexical term, encoding different contents in contexts with different epistemic standards. But the indexical hypothesis about “know” faces a range of objections. This article explores an alternative version of contextualism on which “know” is a semantically stable term, and the truth-conditional variability in knowledge claims is a matter of pragmatic enrichment. The central idea is that in contexts with stringent epistemic standards, knowledge claims are (...)
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  12. Why Trolley Problems Matter for the Ethics of Automated Vehicles.Geoff Keeling - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):293-307.
    This paper argues against the view that trolley cases are of little or no relevance to the ethics of automated vehicles. Four arguments for this view are outlined and rejected: the Not Going to Happen Argument, the Moral Difference Argument, the Impossible Deliberation Argument and the Wrong Question Argument. In making clear where these arguments go wrong, a positive account is developed of how trolley cases can inform the ethics of automated vehicles.
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  13.  6
    A concise survey of music philosophy.Donald A. Hodges - 2016 - Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
    Music as an Imitation of Harmonious Balance.
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  14.  1
    Sobriety, Intoxication, Hyperbology.Joanna Hodge - 2015 - In Andrew E. Benjamin & Dimitris Vardoulakis (eds.), Sparks Will Fly: Benjamin and Heidegger. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 189-215.
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  15.  8
    Social imaginaries in education research.Steven Hodge & Stephen Parker - 2019 - In J. Lynch, J. Rowlands, T. Gale & S. Parker (eds.), Practice Methodologies in Education Research. Routledge. pp. 144-165.
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  16. The Pragmatics of Deferred Interpretation.Geoff Nunberg - 2004 - In . pp. 344--364.
    Traditional approaches tend to regard figuration (and by extension, deference in general) as an essentially marked or playful use of language, which is associated with a pronounced stylistic effect. For linguistic purposes, however, there is no reason for assigning a special place to deferred uses that are stylistically notable — the sorts of usages that people sometimes qualify with a phrase like "figuratively speaking." There is no important linguistic difference between using redcoat to refer to a British soldier and using (...)
     
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  17.  27
    Ideology and Curriculum.Geoff Whitty & Michael W. Apple - 1982 - British Journal of Educational Studies 30 (2):248.
  18. Why immortality alone will not get me to the afterlife.K. Mitch Hodge - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (3):395-410.
    Recent research in the cognitive science of religion suggests that humans intuitively believe that others survive death. In response to this finding, three cognitive theories have been offered to explain this: the simulation constraint theory (Bering, Citation2002); the imaginative obstacle theory (Nichols, Citation2007); and terror management theory (Pyszczynski, Rothschild, & Abdollahi, 2008). First, I provide a critical analysis of each of these theories. Second, I argue that these theories, while perhaps explaining why one would believe in his own personal immortality, (...)
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  19. Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography.Geoff Nunberg - unknown
    The phenomenon of systematic polysemy offers a fruitful domain for examining the theoretical differences between lexicological and lexicographic approaches to description. We consider here the process that provides for systematic conversion of count to mass nouns in English (a chicken Æ chicken, an oak Æ oak etc.). From the point of view of lexicology, we argue, standard syntactic and pragmatic tests suggest the phenomenon should be described by means of a single unindividuated transfer function that does not distinguish between interpretations (...)
     
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  20.  33
    Timing, Sequencing, and Transitional Justice Impact: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Latin America.Geoff Dancy & Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm - 2015 - Human Rights Review 16 (4):321-342.
    Transitional justice scholars are increasingly concerned with measuring the impact of transitional justice initiatives. Scholars often assume that TJ mechanisms must be properly designed and ordered to achieve lasting effect, but the impact of TJ timing and sequencing has attracted relatively little theoretical or empirical attention. Focusing on Latin America, this article explores variation within the region as to when TJ occurs and the order in which mechanisms are implemented. We utilize qualitative comparative analysis to assess the impact of TJ (...)
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  21.  3
    Collocation: applications and implications.Geoff Barnbrook - 2013 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan. Edited by Oliver Mason & Ramesh Krishnamurthy.
    All aspects of the concept of collocation – the phenomenon whereby words naturally tend to occur in the company of a restricted set of other words – are covered in this book. It deals in detail with the history of the word collocation, the concepts associated with it and its use in a linguistic context. The authors show the practical means by which the collocational behavior of words can be explored using illustrative computer programs and examine applications in teaching, lexicography (...)
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  22. From Choosing Elements to Choosing Concepts: The Evolution of Feferman’s Work in Model Theory.Wilfrid Hodges - 2017 - In Gerhard Jäger & Wilfried Sieg (eds.), Feferman on Foundations: Logic, Mathematics, Philosophy. Cham: Springer.
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  23.  5
    The ethics and economics of liberal democracies: foundations for PPE.Carl Cavanagh Hodge - 2024 - New York, NY: Routledge. Edited by A. D. Irvine.
    Rarely in the short history of liberal-democratic government has a primer on basic liberal-democratic values and institutions been more needed than now. Popular discontent, even anger, with democratic governments has grown steadily over the past twenty years. And not since the 1930s have citizens and their elected officials been so baffled about their respective roles in the maintenance of both democratic governments and liberal economies. This book attempts to address this growing need. Especially written as a primer for courses in (...)
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  24.  8
    The Parthenon and liberal education.Geoff Lehman - 2018 - Albany: SUNY Press. Edited by Michael Weinman.
    Discusses the importance of the early history of Greek mathematics to education and civic life through a study of the Parthenon and dialogues of Plato.
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  25. Nietzsche with Dostoevsky : unrequited collaborators in crime without punishment.Geoff Waite & Francesca Cernia Slovin - 2016 - In Jeff Love & Jeffrey Metzger (eds.), Nietzsche and Dostoevsky: philosophy, morality, tragedy. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
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  26. The Bayesian explanation of transmission failure.Geoff Pynn - 2013 - Synthese 190 (9):1519-1531.
    Even if our justified beliefs are closed under known entailment, there may still be instances of transmission failure. Transmission failure occurs when P entails Q, but a subject cannot acquire a justified belief that Q by deducing it from P. Paradigm cases of transmission failure involve inferences from mundane beliefs (e.g., that the wall in front of you is red) to the denials of skeptical hypotheses relative to those beliefs (e.g., that the wall in front of you is not white (...)
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  27.  44
    Set theory, model theory, and computability theory.Wilfrid Hodges - 2011 - In Leila Haaparanta (ed.), The development of modern logic. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 471.
    This chapter surveys set theory, model theory, and computability theory: how they first emerged from the foundations of mathematics, and how they have developed since. There are any amounts of mathematical technicalities in the background, but the chapter highlights those themes that have some philosophical resonance.
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  28.  10
    The logic languages of the TPTP world.Geoff Sutcliffe - 2023 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 31 (6):1153-1169.
    The Thousands of Problems for Theorem Provers (TPTP) World is a well-established infrastructure that supports research, development and deployment of automated theorem proving systems. This paper provides an overview of the logic languages of the TPTP World, from classical first-order form (FOF), through typed FOF, up to typed higher-order form, and beyond to non-classical forms. The logic languages are described in a non-technical way and are illustrated with examples using the TPTP language.
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  29.  60
    Popper: Philosophy, Politics and Scientific Method.Geoff Stokes - 1998 - Malden, MA: Polity.
    Karl Popper is a philosopher of knowledge and politics, rationality and freedom. His ideas have won acceptance and provoked controversy among an academic as well as a more general audience. This book aims to broaden our understanding of Popper's philosophy. It is one of the few studies to present his work as an evolving "system of ideas", and to take account of the full range of his writings. The book discusses Popper's early philosophy of politics, science and social science, as (...)
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  30. Unassertability And The Appearance Of Ignorance.Geoff Pynn - 2014 - Episteme 11 (2):125-143.
    Whether it seems that you know something depends in part upon practical factors. When the stakes are low, it can seem to you that you know that p, but when the stakes go up it'll seem to you that you don't. The apparent sensitivity of knowledge to stakes presents a serious challenge to epistemologists who endorse a stable semantics for knowledge attributions and reject the idea that whether you know something depends on how much is at stake. After arguing that (...)
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  31. Demonstratives and Indexicals.Geoff Georgi - 2015 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Demonstratives and Indexicals In the philosophy of language, an indexical is any expression whose content varies from one context of use to another. The standard list of indexicals includes pronouns such as “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, “it”, “this”, “that”, plus adverbs such as “now”, “then”, “today”, “yesterday”, “here”, and “actually”. Other candidates include the tenses … Continue reading Demonstratives and Indexicals →.
     
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  32.  19
    The paradox of evidence-based medicine. Commentary on Gupta (2003), A critical appraisal of evidence-based medicine: some ethical considerations. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9, 111-121.Geoff Norman - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):129-132.
  33.  3
    Philosophical Aspects of Culture.Donald Clark Hodges - 1961 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (4):593-593.
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  34.  8
    Sensations of history: animation and new media art.James J. Hodge - 2019 - Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    In Sensations of History, James J. Hodge argues that animation in new media art transforms historical experience in the digital age. Combining close textual analysis of experimental new media artworks with discussion of key phenomenological texts, Sensations of History argues for the broad critical significance of animation as we shift from analog to digital technologies. Hodge looks closely at animation aesthetics, which allow for a clear grasp of the ways digital technologies transform our sense of historical experience.
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  35.  73
    Psychedelic integration: An analysis of the concept and its practice.Geoff J. Bathje, Eric Majeski & Mesphina Kudowor - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The concept of integration has garnered increased attention in the past few years, despite a long history of only brief mention. Integration services are offered by therapists, coaches, and other practitioners, or may be self-guided. There are many definitions of psychedelic integration, and the term encompasses a range of practices and techniques. This seems to have led to confusion about what integration is and how it is best practiced. The primary focus of this manuscript is the presentation of the first (...)
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  36.  35
    A Sociology of Sociology.Donald Clark Hodges - 1971 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 32 (1):120-121.
  37.  56
    Enabling Fairness in Healthcare Through Machine Learning.Geoff Keeling & Thomas Grote - 2022 - Ethics and Information Technology 24 (3):1-13.
    The use of machine learning systems for decision-support in healthcare may exacerbate health inequalities. However, recent work suggests that algorithms trained on sufficiently diverse datasets could in principle combat health inequalities. One concern about these algorithms is that their performance for patients in traditionally disadvantaged groups exceeds their performance for patients in traditionally advantaged groups. This renders the algorithmic decisions unfair relative to the standard fairness metrics in machine learning. In this paper, we defend the permissible use of affirmative algorithms; (...)
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  38.  91
    Autonomy, nudging and post-truth politics.Geoff Keeling - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):721-722.
    In his excellent essay, ‘Nudges in a post-truth world’, Neil Levy argues that ‘nudges to reason’, or nudges which aim to make us more receptive to evidence, are morally permissible. A strong argument against the moral permissibility of nudging is that nudges fail to respect the autonomy of the individuals affected by them. Levy argues that nudges to reason do respect individual autonomy, such that the standard autonomy objection fails against nudges to reason. In this paper, I argue that Levy (...)
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  39. The Intuitive Basis for Contextualism.Geoff Pynn - 2017 - In Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism. Routledge. pp. 32--43.
  40.  72
    Legal Necessity, Pareto Efficiency & Justified Killing in Autonomous Vehicle Collisions.Geoff Keeling - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (2):413-427.
    Suppose a driverless car encounters a scenario where harm to at least one person is unavoidable and a choice about how to distribute harms between different persons is required. How should the driverless car be programmed to behave in this situation? I call this the moral design problem. Santoni de Sio defends a legal-philosophical approach to this problem, which aims to bring us to a consensus on the moral design problem despite our disagreements about which moral principles provide the correct (...)
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  41.  20
    Digital sovereignty, digital infrastructures, and quantum horizons.Geoff Gordon - 2024 - AI and Society 39 (1):125-137.
    This article holds that governmental investments in quantum technologies speak to the imaginable futures of digital sovereignty and digital infrastructures, two major areas of change driven by related technologies like AI and Big Data, among other things, in international law today. Under intense development today for future interpolation into digital systems that they may alter, quantum technologies occupy a sort of liminal position, rooted in existing assemblages of computational technologies while pointing to new horizons for them. The possibilities they raise (...)
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  42.  5
    al-Falsafah al-barājamātīyah al-Amrīkīyah: dirāsah taḥlīlīyah naqdīyah fī ḍawʼ al-ruʼyah al-Islāmīyah risālat duktūrāh.Charles Hodge - 2018 - al-Sūdān: al-Maktabah al-Waṭanīyah.
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  43.  3
    Intuitive perception.William Henry Hodge - 1903 - Lancaster, Penna.,: The Wickersham press.
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  44. The injustice of history.William Romaine Hodges - 1913 - [St. Louis,: Woodward & Tiernan printing company.
     
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  45. What’s wrong with the evolutionary argument against naturalism?Geoff Childers - 2011 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (3):193-204.
    Alvin Plantinga has argued that evolutionary naturalism (the idea that God does not tinker with evolution) undermines its own rationality. Natural selection is concerned with survival and reproduction, and false beliefs conjoined with complementary motivational drives could serve the same aims as true beliefs. Thus, argues Plantinga, if we believe we evolved naturally, we should not think our beliefs are, on average, likely to be true, including our beliefs in evolution and naturalism. I argue herein that our cognitive faculties are (...)
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  46.  81
    Logic for Languages Containing Referentially Promiscuous Expressions.Geoff Georgi - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (4):429-451.
    Some expressions of English, like the demonstratives ‘this’ and ‘that’, are referentially promiscuous: distinct free occurrences of them in the same sentence can differ in content relative to the same context. One lesson of referentially promiscuous expressions is that basic logical properties like validity and logical truth obtain or fail to obtain only relative to a context. This approach to logic can be developed in just as rigorous a manner as David Kaplan’s classic logic of demonstratives. The result is a (...)
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  47.  14
    Balibar, citizenship, and the return of right populism.Geoff Pfeifer - 2020 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 46 (3):323-341.
    Arendt famously pointed out that only citizenship actually confers rights in the modern world. To be a citizen is to be one who has the ‘right to have rights’. Arendt’s analysis emerges out of her recognition that there is a contradiction between this way of conferring rights as tied to the nation-state system and the more philosophical and ethical conceptions of the ‘rights of man’ and notions of ‘human rights’ like those championed by thinkers such as Immanuel Kant who understands (...)
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  48.  49
    From Puzzling Pleasures to Moral Practices: Aristotle and Abhinavagupta on the Aesthetics and Ethics of Tragedy.Geoff Ashton & Sonja Tanner - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (1):13-39.
    For well over a thousand years, countless audiences have taken pleasure in watching unfold the following fearful event:Filled with dread, desperately tossing unchewed grass from its mouth, looking back at the hunting king, a beautiful deer springs into flight to escape a fast-approaching chariot from which repeated arrows fly — one of which will inevitably lodge in the deer’s defenseless body. This is not a scene from “National Geographic” or an episode from some sadly popular TV hunting show. Indeed, this (...)
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  49.  78
    Is “Argument” subject to the product/process ambiguity?Geoff Goddu - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (2):75-88.
    The product/process distinction with regards to “argument” has a longstanding history and foundational role in argumentation theory. I shall argue that, regardless of one’s chosen ontology of arguments, arguments are not the product of some process of arguing. Hence, appeal to the distinction is distorting the very organizational foundations of argumentation theory and should be abandoned.
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  50. From the Politics of Production to the Production of Politics.Geoff Dow, Stewart Clegg & Paul Boreham - 1984 - Thesis Eleven 9 (1):16-32.
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