Results for 'Geoffrey M. Lairumbi'

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  1.  30
    Ethics in Practice: The State of the Debate on Promoting the Social Value of Global Health Research in Resource Poor Settings Particularly Africa.Geoffrey M. Lairumbi, Michael Parker, Raymond Fitzpatrick & Michael C. English - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):22.
    BackgroundPromoting the social value of global health research undertaken in resource poor settings has become a key concern in global research ethics. The consideration for benefit sharing, which concerns the elucidation of what if anything, is owed to participants, their communities and host nations that take part in such research, and the obligations of researchers involved, is one of the main strategies used for promoting social value of research. In the last decade however, there has been intense debate within academic (...)
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  2.  20
    Stakeholders Understanding of the Concept of Benefit Sharing in Health Research in Kenya: A Qualitative Study.Geoffrey M. Lairumbi, Michael Parker, Raymond Fitzpatrick & Mike C. English - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):20.
    BackgroundThe concept of benefit sharing to enhance the social value of global health research in resource poor settings is now a key strategy for addressing moral issues of relevance to individuals, communities and host countries in resource poor settings when they participate in international collaborative health research.The influence of benefit sharing framework on the conduct of collaborative health research is for instance evidenced by the number of publications and research ethics guidelines that require prior engagement between stakeholders to determine the (...)
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  3.  48
    Hayek's Theory of Cultural Evolution: An Evaluation in the Light of Vanberg's Critique: Geoffrey M. Hodgson.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (1):67-82.
    The application of evolutionary ideas to socioeconomic systems has been an increasingly prominent theme in the work of Friedrich Hayek, and the motif has become dominant in his recent book. In an earlier issue of this journal, Viktor Vanberg raises two substantive criticisms of Friedrich Hayek' theory of cultural evolution that invoke some important questions concerning use of the evolutionary analogy in social science.
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  4.  50
    Forms of Benefit Sharing in Global Health Research Undertaken in Resource Poor Settings: A Qualitative Study of Stakeholders' Views in Kenya.Geoffrey Lairumbi, Michael Parker, Raymond Fitzpatrick & Michael English - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:7.
    Background Increase in global health research undertaken in resource poor settings in the last decade though a positive development has raised ethical concerns relating to potential for exploitation. Some of the suggested strategies to address these concerns include calls for providing universal standards of care, reasonable availability of proven interventions and more recently, promoting the overall social value of research especially in clinical research. Promoting the social value of research has been closely associated with providing fair benefits to various stakeholders (...)
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  5.  72
    Meanings of Methodological Individualism.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2007 - Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (2):211-226.
    Advocacy of ?methodological individualism? is widespread, especially among economists. However, the term is rarely defined with adequate precision and some crucial ambiguities are explored in this article. Among these is the commonplace ambivalence over whether explanations should be in terms of individuals alone, or in terms of individuals plus relations between them. It is shown that a great deal hinges on this subtle and often overlooked distinction in explanantia. In particular, explanations in terms of individuals alone have never, as yet, (...)
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  6.  6
    Emotional Remembering: The Pragmatics of National Memory.Geoffrey M. White - 1999 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 27 (4):505-529.
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  7.  12
    Histories and Subjectivities.Geoffrey M. White - 2000 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 28 (4):493-510.
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  8.  30
    Underqualified—Maximal Generality in Darwinian Explanation: A Response to Matt Gers.Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (4):607-614.
    Gers (Biol Philos, 2011) provides a positive and constructive view of the project to generalise Darwinian principles in Geoffrey Hodgson and Thorbjørn Knudsen’s Darwin’s Conjecture. We note considerable overlap with his work and ours, and also with important recent work of Godfrey-Smith ( 2009 ), which Gers cites extensively. But we also note that there are differences in research objectives between Gers and Godfrey-Smith, on the one hand, and ourselves, on the other. Gers and Godfrey-Smith focus on the elucidation (...)
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  9.  69
    On the Limits of Rational Choice Theory.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2012 - Economic Thought 1 (1).
    The value of rational choice theory for the social sciences has long been contested. It is argued here that, in the debate over its role, it is necessary to distinguish between claims that people maximise manifest payoffs, and claims that people maximise their utility. The former version has been falsified. The latter is unfalsifiable, because utility cannot be observed. In principle, utility maximisation can be adapted to fit any form of behaviour, including the behaviour of non-human organisms. Allegedly 'inconsistent' behaviour (...)
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  10.  96
    Darwinism, Causality and the Social Sciences.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2004 - Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (2):175-194.
    Recently the degree to which ?evolutionary economics? does or should involve Darwinian principles has come under debate. This essay builds on previous arguments that Darwinism has a potentially wide application to socioeconomic evolution, which does not involve biological reductionism. It is argued that at the core of Darwinism are presuppositions concerning causality and causal explanation. Contrary to widespread belief, these presuppositions do not downgrade or ignore human intentionality: they simply require that it too is in principle subject to causal explanation. (...)
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  11.  11
    Histories and Subjectivities.Geoffrey M. White - 2000 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 28 (4):493-510.
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  12.  17
    Understanding and Defining Institutions: The Contribution of Francesco Gual. [REVIEW]Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2018 - Journal of Economic Methodology 25 (1):111-116.
  13.  55
    Information, Complexity and Generative Replication.Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):47-65.
    The established definition of replication in terms of the conditions of causality, similarity and information transfer is very broad. We draw inspiration from the literature on self-reproducing automata to strengthen the notion of information transfer in replication processes. To the triple conditions of causality, similarity and information transfer, we add a fourth condition that defines a “generative replicator” as a conditional generative mechanism, which can turn input signals from an environment into developmental instructions. Generative replication must have the potential to (...)
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  14.  23
    13 A Philosophical Perspective on Contemporary Evolutionary Economics.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2011 - In J. B. Davis & D. W. Hands (eds.), Elgar Companion to Recent Economic Methodology. Edward Elgar Publishers. pp. 299.
  15.  22
    Generalized Darwinism and Evolutionary Economics: From Ontology to Theory.Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (4):326-337.
    Despite growing interest in evolutionary economics since the 1980s, a unified theoretical approach has so far been lacking. Methodological and ontological discussions within evolutionary economics have attempted to understand and help rectify this failure, but have revealed in turn further differences of perspective. One aim of this article is to show how different approaches relate to different levels of abstraction. A second purpose is to show that generalized Darwinism is some way from the most abstract level, and illustrates how it (...)
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  16.  15
    Incommunicative Action: An Esoteric Warning About Deliberative Democracy.Geoffrey M. Vaughan - 2010 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 22 (2-3):293-309.
    Deliberative democracy is a noble project: an attempt to make citizens philosophize. Critics of deliberative democracy usually claim either that the proposed deliberation threatens an existing moral consensus or, instead, that deliberation is impossible amid power imbalances that oppress the weak. But another problem is that combining democracy and deliberation is inherently an attempt to engage publicly in a private activity?where sensitivity to each interlocutor may require a special form of address. Can this be done? Yes, in some contexts. The (...)
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  17.  13
    The Impact of Moral Intensity and Desire for Control on Scaling Decisions in Social Entrepreneurship.Brett R. Smith, Geoffrey M. Kistruck & Benedetto Cannatelli - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (4):677-689.
    While research has focused on why certain entrepreneurs elect to create innovative solutions to social problems, very little is known about why some social entrepreneurs choose to scale their solutions while others do not. Research on scaling has generally focused on organizational characteristics often overlooking factors at the individual level that may affect scaling decisions. Drawing on the multidimensional construct of moral intensity, we propose a theoretical model of ethical decision making to explain why a social entrepreneur’s perception of moral (...)
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  18.  18
    Making Economics More Relevant: An Interview with Geoffrey Hodgson.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2010 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 3 (2):72-94.
  19.  9
    You Can’T Recognize Two Words Simultaneously.Alex L. White, Geoffrey M. Boynton & Jason D. Yeatman - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (10):812-814.
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  20.  26
    Some Claims Made for Critical Realism in Economics: Two Case Studies.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2004 - Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (1):53-73.
    Instead of examining critical realism directly, this essay critically examines claims made by two prominent critical realists, namely Andrew Collier and Tony Lawson, on behalf of their philosophy. These are (a) that critical realism supports Marx's law of the tendency of the rate of profit to fall, and (b) that critical realism is illustrated by the workplace organization theory of the relative decline of the British economy. It is argued that the first claim is false and the second is unsubstantiated. (...)
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  21.  49
    The Concept of Emergence in Social Sciences: Its History and Importance.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2000 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 2 (4):65-77.
  22.  31
    A Brief Response to Jürgen Lange-von Kulessa.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 1999 - Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (3):439-441.
  23.  10
    Marching to the Promised Land: Some Doubts on the Policy Affinities of Critical Realism.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2003 - Journal of Critical Realism 2 (2).
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  24.  19
    In Defence of Generalized Darwinism.Howard E. Aldrich, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, David L. Hull, Thorbjørn Knudsen, Joel Mokyr & Viktor J. Vanberg - 2008 - Journal of Evolutionary Economics 18:577-596.
    Darwin himself suggested the idea of generalizing the core Darwinian principles to cover the evolution of social entities. Also in the nineteenth century, influential social scientists proposed their extension to political society and economic institutions. Nevertheless, misunderstanding and misrepresentation have hindered the realization of the powerful potential in this longstanding idea. Some critics confuse generalization with analogy. Others mistakenly presume that generalizing Darwinism necessarily involves biological reductionism. This essay outlines the types of phenomena to which a generalized Darwinism applies, and (...)
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  25.  30
    Cultural Evolution is More Than Neurological Evolution.Thorbjørn Knudsen & Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):356-357.
    Advancing a general Darwinian framework to explain culture is an exciting endeavor. It requires that we face up to the challenge of identifying the specific components that are effective in replication processes in culture. This challenge includes the unsolved problem of explaining cultural inheritance, both at the level of individuals and at the level of social organizations and institutions.
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  26.  17
    Behemoth Teaches Leviathan: Thomas Hobbes on Political Education.Geoffrey M. Vaughan - 2002 - Lexington Books.
    Did Hobbes's political philosophy have practical intentions? There exists no "Hobbist" school of thought; no new political order was inspired by Hobbesian precepts. Yet in Behemoth Teaches Leviathan Geoffrey M. Vaughan revisits Behemoth to reveal hitherto unexplored pedagogic purpose to Hobbes's political philosophy.
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  27. Behemoth Teaches Leviathan: Thomas Hobbes on Political Education.Geoffrey M. Vaughan - 2002 - Lexington Books.
    Did Hobbes's political philosophy have practical intentions? There exists no 'Hobbist' school of thought; no new political order was inspired by Hobbesian precepts. Yet in Behemoth Teaches Leviathan Geoffrey M. Vaughan revisits Behemoth to reveal hitherto unexplored pedagogic purpose to Hobbes's political philosophy.
     
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  28.  31
    Introduction.Michael J. Shapiro, Geoffrey M. White & Ming-Bao Yue - 2002 - Cultural Values 6 (3):229-238.
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  29. Individual Differences Among Grapheme-Color Synesthetes: Brain-Behavior Correlations.Edward M. Hubbard, A. Cyrus Arman, Vilayanur S. Ramachandran & Geoffrey M. Boynton - 2005 - Neuron 5 (6):975-985.
  30. Legal Institutionalism: Capitalism and the Constitutive Role of Law.Simon Deakin, David Gindis, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, Kainan Huang & Katharina Pistor - 2017 - Journal of Comparative Economics 45 (1):188-20.
    Social scientists have paid insufficient attention to the role of law in constituting the economic institutions of capitalism. Part of this neglect emanates from inadequate conceptions of the nature of law itself. Spontaneous conceptions of law and property rights that downplay the role of the state are criticized here, because they typically assume relatively small numbers of agents and underplay the complexity and uncertainty in developed capitalist systems. In developed capitalist economies, law is sustained through interaction between private agents, courts (...)
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  31.  7
    The Relevance of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health to Mental Disorders and Their Treatment.Geoffrey M. Reed, William D. Spaulding & Lynn F. Bufka - 2009 - Alter - European Journal of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche Sur le Handicap 3 (4):340-359.
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  32.  16
    Candace Ward. Desire and Disorder: Fevers, Fictions, and Feeling in English Georgian Culture: Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2007. 297 Pp. [REVIEW]Geoffrey M. Sill - 2011 - Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (1):65-67.
  33.  19
    Hobbes's Contempt for Opinions: Manipulation and the Challenge for Mass Democracies.Geoffrey M. Vaughan - 1999 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 13 (1-2):55-71.
    Abstract Thomas Hobbes denied both that opinion provides access to truth and that it ought to be protected from political manipulation. Hobbes knew that his contempt for opinion put him at odds with the classical tradition of political philosophy. What he could not have known was that it also would put him at odds with modern, liberal democracy, which protects opinions?the opinions of the public?that it cannot invest with truth value.
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  34. The Audiences of'Behemoth'and the Politics of Conversation.Geoffrey M. Vaughan - 2003 - Filozofski Vestnik 24 (2):291-307.
     
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  35.  9
    The Platonian Leviathan.Geoffrey M. Vaughan - 2011 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (2):414-416.
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  36.  10
    Heartlands and Borderlands: Reflections on the First SPA Conference.Geoffrey M. White - 1989 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 17 (4):504-512.
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  37.  1
    Heartlands and Borderlands: Reflections on the First SPA Conference.Geoffrey M. White - 1989 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 17 (4):504-512.
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  38.  1
    The Cognitive Organization of Ethnic Images.Geoffrey M. White & Chavivun Prachuabmoh - 1983 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 11 (1‐2):2-32.
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  39.  1
    The Cognitive Organization of Ethnic Images.Geoffrey M. White & Chavivun Prachuabmoh - 1983 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 11 (1-2):2-32.
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  40.  8
    The Frog and the Basilisk.Geoffrey M. Wilkinson - 2015 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 7 (1):44-51.
    The Judeo-Christian creation myth has a lot to answer for even in our supposedly secular age. In and after the European Enlightenment, the deity who had made heaven and earth became the prototype of impersonal forces—notably Universal Reason, Progress, and History—then believed to be at work in the world. These apparent secularizations of the Word of God, each of which failed in its own way, were expressions of a collective fear of the unintelligible, that is, of the very idea that (...)
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  41.  3
    A New Stoicism. [REVIEW]Geoffrey M. Batchelder - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (4):915-917.
    The two introductory chapters are short, well written, and engaging. Chapter 1 constitutes an eloquent introduction to the state of Stoic philosophy. Naturalism and eudaimonism are central to Becker's new Stoic ethics, and his repeated use of the adjective “our” to describe Stoic remedies suggests that he preserves the ancient role of Stoic philosophy as a therapeutic ethics of diminished expectations. He might resist this characterization however, since he goes on to reject explicitly this vein within ancient Stoicism. Chapter 2 (...)
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  42.  39
    Becker, Lawrence. A New Stoicism.Geoffrey M. Batchelder - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (4):915-918.
  43.  1
    Recognising the Attraction of Sugars at the Cell Surface.Geoffrey M. W. Cook - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (4):287-295.
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  44.  5
    Geoffrey M. Hodgson, Is Socialism Feasible? Towards an Alternative Future.Jon Fennell - 2020 - Tradition and Discovery 46 (3):42-47.
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  45.  7
    Cultural Evolution is More Than Neurological Evolution.M. Hodgson Geoffrey - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4).
  46.  46
    Microeconomics: Behavior, Institutions, and Evolution, Samuel Bowles, Princeton University Press and Russell Sage Foundation, 2004, 584 Pages. [REVIEW]Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (1):166-171.
  47.  22
    Vision and Vigilance on the Go.Geoffrey M. Ghose - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (3):115-116.
  48.  28
    Andrew Collier's Promised Land.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2003 - Journal of Critical Realism 2 (2):12-13.
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  49.  31
    Darwin, Veblen and the Problem of Causality in Economics.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2001 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4):385 - 423.
    This article discusses some of the ways in which Darwinism has influenced a small minority of economists. It is argued that Darwinism involves a philosophical as well as a theoretical doctrine. Despite claims to the contrary, the uses of analogies to Darwinian natural selection theory are highly limited in economics. Exceptions include Thorstein Veblen, Richard Nelson, and Sidney Winter. At the philosophical level, one of the key features of Darwinism is its notion of detailed understanding in terms of chains of (...)
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  50. Economics and Utopia. Why the Learning Economy is Not the End of History.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 1999 - Utopian Studies 10 (2):256-258.
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