24 found
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  1. Recent work on human nature: Beyond traditional essences.Maria Kronfeldner, Neil Roughley & Georg Toepfer - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (9):642-652.
    Recent philosophical work on the concept of human nature disagrees on how to respond to the Darwinian challenge, according to which biological species do not have traditional essences. Three broad kinds of reactions can be distinguished: conservative intrinsic essentialism, which defends essences in the traditional sense, eliminativism, which suggests dropping the concept of human nature altogether, and constructive approaches, which argue that revisions can generate sensible concepts of human nature beyond traditional essences. The different constructive approaches pick out one or (...)
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  2.  35
    Teleology and its constitutive role for biology as the science of organized systems in nature.Georg Toepfer - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):113-119.
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  3.  77
    Teleology and its constitutive role for biology as the science of organized systems in nature.Georg Toepfer - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):113-119.
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  4.  15
    Zweckbegriff und Organismus: über die teleologische Beurteilung biologischer Systeme.Georg Toepfer - 2004 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
    Welche Rolle spielen die Begriffe des Zwecks und der Funktion für die Biologie und die Bestimmung ihres Grundbegriffs, des Organismus?
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  5.  4
    Ambivalences of Creating Life: Societal and Philosophical Dimensions of Synthetic Biology.Margret Engelhard, Kristin Hagen & Georg Toepfer (eds.) - 2016 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    Synthetic biology" is the label of a new technoscientific field with many different facets and agendas. One common aim is to "create life", primarily by using engineering principles to design and modify biological systems for human use. In a wider context, the topic has become one of the big cases in the legitimization processes associated with the political agenda to solve global problems with the aid of (bio-)technological innovation. Conceptual-level and meta-level analyses are needed: we should sort out conceptual ambiguities (...)
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  6.  8
    Kants Teleologie heute.Georg Toepfer - 2019 - In Paula Órdenes & Anna Pickhan (eds.), Teleologische Reflexion in Kants Philosophie. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 233-250.
    Kant diskutiert sehr unterschiedliche Themen unter dem Titel der Teleologie. Einige von diesen, wie die Frage nach der Einheit der besonderen empirischen Gesetze in einem System, werden gegenwärtig meist nicht mehr unter dem Begriff der Teleologie gefasst. Vier Themen, die auch heute noch mit Gewinn auf der Grundlage von Kants Position behandelt werden können, diskutiere ich in dem Beitrag: erstens die Auszeichnung und Eigenart von Organismen als besondere Klasse von Gegenständen im Bereich der Natur, zweitens die Beurteilung auch überindividueller Gefüge (...)
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  7. Philosophie der Lebenswissenschaften.Susanne Bauer, Lara Huber, Marie I. Kaiser, Lara Keuck, Ulrich Krohs, Maria Kronfeldner, Peter McLaughlin, Kären Nickelson, Thomas Reydon, Neil Roughley, Christian Sachse, Marianne Schark, Georg Toepfer, Marcel Weber & Markus Wild - 2013 - Information Philosophie 4:14-27.
    This paper summarizes (in German) recent tendencies in the philosophy of the life sciences.
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  8.  13
    Die Unbegrifflichkeit von „Leben“ in der Begrifflichkeit der Ethik.Georg Toepfer - 2014 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 18 (1):199-234.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 18 Heft: 1 Seiten: 199-234.
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  9. Die geisteswissenschaftliche Inanspruchnahme der Evolutionsbiologie.Georg Toepfer - 2014 - Zeitschrift für Kritische Sozialtheorie Und Philosophie 1 (1):40-80.
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  10.  6
    Forms as Forces: The Causal Regime of Morphology in Biology.Georg Toepfer - 2021 - Perspectives on Science 29 (5):627-642.
    Traditionally, morphology is seen merely as an auxiliary subdiscipline of biology and other fields. Allegedly, it does not provide explanations for phenomena but merely describes forms as a preliminary step in their analysis. Here, the view is defended that forms, and hence morphology, can also take over an important explanatory function and even, ultimately, constitute the explanatory level fundamental to biology as a distinct science. According to this thesis, the form of organisms and their parts provide the only specifically biological (...)
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  11.  10
    From Anthropocene to Mediocene? On the Use and Abuse of Stratifying the Earth’s Crust by Mapping Time into Space.Georg Toepfer - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Medien- Und Kulturforschung 9 (1):73-84.
    The ›mediocene‹ is different from geological epochs insofar as it is not a story about physical deposits but about relational entanglement. The major change taking place in the mediocene is that the environment has become part of a singular managed global system. This innovation refers to a radical shift in the relationship between life and its environment: Media have coupled everything together to the point where there is no environment left, where the system is everywhere. Das ›Mediozän‹ unterscheidet sich insofern (...)
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  12.  3
    From Anthropocene to Mediocene? On the Use and Abuse of Stratifying the Earth’s Crust by Mapping Time into Space.Georg Toepfer - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Medien- Und Kulturforschung 9 (1):74-85.
    The ›mediocene‹ is different from geological epochs insofar as it is not a story about physical deposits but about relational entanglement. The major change taking place in the mediocene is that the environment has become part of a singular managed global system. This innovation refers to a radical shift in the relationship between life and its environment: Media have coupled everything together to the point where there is no environment left, where the system is everywhere. Das ›Mediozän‹ unterscheidet sich insofern (...)
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  13.  3
    I.2.3 Kommentar zu: Tod und Sterben. Anthropologisch-praktische Überlegungen.Georg Toepfer - 2021 - In Gerald Hartung & Matthias Herrgen (eds.), Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie: Jahrbuch 8/2020: Tod & Sterben. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 61-64.
    Der Fokusartikel ist in meinen Augen ein gut informierter, argumentativ schlüssiger und sensibel abwägender Beitrag zu einem uns alle existenziell betreffenden Thema. Sowohl in seinen explizit vorgestellten theoretischen Grundlagen als auch in seinen Folgerungen erscheint er mir zumindest in weiten Teilen nachvollziehbar.
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  14. Kant’s Teleology, the Concept of the Organism, and the Context of Contemporary Biology.Georg Toepfer - 2011 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 14.
  15.  7
    Kant’s Teleology, the Concept of the Organism, and the Context of Contemporary Biology.Georg Toepfer - 2011 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 14 (1):107-124.
    For Kant, the main aim of teleology in nature is to identify or to segregate as a particular class of objects certain types of causal systems, specifically, systems of interdependent parts.With the development of physiology as a distinct science at the beginning of the 18th century, the idea of interdependence or reciprocity of parts in a system was well-established as a fundamental principle for the specification of organisms. Kant combined the ideas of teleology and causal reciprocity in his systems-theoretical foundation (...)
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  16.  7
    13. Kommentar zu Plessners Nachtrag in Die Stufen des Organischen und der Mensch.Georg Toepfer - 2017 - In Hans-Peter Krüger (ed.), Helmuth Plessner: Die Stufen des Organischen Und der Mensch. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 225-234.
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  17.  4
    Nietzsches biologischer Naturalismus und seine Grenzen.Georg Toepfer - 2017 - Internationales Jahrbuch für Philosophische Anthropologie 7 (1):67-82.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Internationales Jahrbuch für philosophische Anthropologie Jahrgang: 7 Heft: 1 Seiten: 67-82.
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  18.  1
    “Organization”: Its Conceptual History and Its Relationship to Other Fundamental Biological Concepts.Georg Toepfer - 2023 - In Matteo Mossio (ed.), Organization in Biology. Springer. pp. 23-40.
    The conceptual history of the term “organization” begins in Medieval times with the reception and transformation of Aristotle’s philosophy of life. It designates the corporeal structure and conditions of identity of natural “organic bodies,” a term that had been used to refer to living beings since antiquity. The term played an important role in specifying the ontological status of living beings. At the same time, it offered a basis for their mechanistic understanding. Starting with mechanistic models of life in the (...)
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  19.  10
    Rezension: Biomedical Ontology and the Metaphysics of Composite Substances 1540–1670 von Andreas Blank.Georg Toepfer - 2012 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 35 (2):163-165.
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  20.  4
    7. Systemcharakter, Selbstregulierbarkeit und Organisiertheit des lebendigen Einzeldinges und die harmonische Äquipotenzialität seiner Teile.Georg Toepfer - 2017 - In Hans-Peter Krüger (ed.), Helmuth Plessner: Die Stufen des Organischen Und der Mensch. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 103-120.
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  21.  3
    Teleology in Natural Organized Systems and in Artefacts. Interdependence of Processes versus External Design.Georg Toepfer - 2008 - In Luca Illetterati (ed.), Purposiveness: Teleology Between Nature and Mind. Ontos Verlag. pp. 163-182.
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  22.  8
    Wechselseitigkeit – Organisation – Teleologie: Die Bestimmungsstìcke und die Einheit von Kants Organismusbegriff.Georg Toepfer - 2013 - In Stefano Bacin, Alfredo Ferrarin, Claudio La Rocca & Margit Ruffing (eds.), Kant und die Philosophie in weltbürgerlicher Absicht. Akten des XI. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Boston: de Gruyter. pp. 271-282.
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  23. Hans Werner Ingensiep: Geschichte der Pflanzenseele. [REVIEW]Georg Toepfer - 2003 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 56 (1).
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  24. Klaus Michael Meyer-Abich: Praktische Naturphilosophie. Erinnerung an einen vergessenen Traum. [REVIEW]Georg Toepfer - 1998 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 51 (2).
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