Results for 'George E. Newman'

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  1. Beliefs About the True Self Explain Asymmetries Based on Moral Judgment.George E. Newman, Julian De Freitas & Joshua Knobe - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):96-125.
    Past research has identified a number of asymmetries based on moral judgments. Beliefs about what a person values, whether a person is happy, whether a person has shown weakness of will, and whether a person deserves praise or blame seem to depend critically on whether participants themselves find the agent's behavior to be morally good or bad. To date, however, the origins of these asymmetries remain unknown. The present studies examine whether beliefs about an agent's “true self” explain these observed (...)
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  2. Normative Judgments and Individual Essence.Julian De Freitas, Kevin P. Tobia, George E. Newman & Joshua Knobe - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S3).
    A growing body of research has examined how people judge the persistence of identity over time—that is, how they decide that a particular individual is the same entity from one time to the next. While a great deal of progress has been made in understanding the types of features that people typically consider when making such judgments, to date, existing work has not explored how these judgments may be shaped by normative considerations. The present studies demonstrate that normative beliefs do (...)
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  3.  45
    Are Artworks More Like People Than Artifacts? Individual Concepts and Their Extensions.George E. Newman, Daniel M. Bartels & Rosanna K. Smith - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (4):647-662.
    This paper examines people's reasoning about identity continuity and its relation to previous research on how people value one-of-a-kind artifacts, such as artwork. We propose that judgments about the continuity of artworks are related to judgments about the continuity of individual persons because art objects are seen as physical extensions of their creators. We report a reanalysis of previous data and the results of two new empirical studies that test this hypothesis. The first study demonstrates that the mere categorization of (...)
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  4.  2
    Art and Authenticity: The Importance of Originals in Judgments of Value.George E. Newman & Paul Bloom - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):558-569.
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  5.  12
    Kinds of Authenticity.George E. Newman & Rosanna K. Smith - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (10):609-618.
    The concept of authenticity plays an important role in how people reason about objects, other people, and themselves. However, despite a great deal of academic interest in this concept, to date, the precise meaning of the term, authenticity, has remained somewhat elusive. This paper reviews the various definitions of authenticity that have been proposed in the literature and identifies areas of convergence. We then outline a novel framework that organizes the existing definitions of authenticity along two key dimensions: describing the (...)
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  6.  22
    Where's the Essence? Developmental Shifts in Children's Beliefs About Internal Features.George E. Newman & Frank C. Keil - unknown
    The present studies investigated children’s and adults’ intuitive beliefs about the physical nature of essences. Adults and children (ranging in age from 6 to 10 years old) were asked to reason about two different ways of determining an unknown object’s category: taking a tiny internal sample from any part of the object (distributed view of essence), or taking a sample from one specific region (localized view of essence). Results from three studies indicated that adults strongly endorsed the distributed view, and (...)
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  7.  1
    Potential: The Valuation of Imagined Future Achievement.T. Andrew Poehlman & George E. Newman - 2014 - Cognition 130 (1):134-139.
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  8.  23
    “End-of-Life” Biases in Moral Evaluations of Others.George E. Newman, Kristi L. Lockhart & Frank C. Keil - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):343-349.
  9.  1
    System-Justifying Motives Can Lead to Both the Acceptance and the Rejection of Innate Explanations for Group Differences.Eric Luis Uhlmann, Luke Zhu, Victoria L. Brescoll & George E. Newman - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (5):503-504.
    Recent experimental evidence indicates that intuitions about inherence and system justification are distinct psychological processes, and that the inherence heuristic supplies important explanatory frameworks that are accepted or rejected based on their consistency with one's motivation to justify the system.
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  10.  5
    Darwin and Development: Why Ontogeny Does Not Recapitulate Phylogeny for Human Concepts.Frank C. Keil & George E. Newman - 2010 - In Denis Mareschal, Paul Quinn & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.), The Making of Human Concepts. Oxford University Press. pp. 317.
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  11.  4
    The Duality of Art: Body and Soul.George E. Newman - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):153 - 153.
    Bullot & Reber (B&R) make a strong case for the role of causal reasoning in the appreciation of artwork. Although I agree that an artistic design stance is important for art appreciation, I suggest that it is a subset of a more general framework for evaluating artworks as the causal extensions of individuals, which includes inferences about the creator's mind, as well as more physical notions of essence.
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  12.  2
    Order, Order Everywhere, and Only an Agent to Think: The Cognitive Compulsion to Infer Intentional Agents.Frank C. Keil & George E. Newman - 2015 - Mind and Language 30 (2):117-139.
    Several studies demonstrate that an intuitive link between agents and order emerges within the first year of life. This appreciation seems importantly related to similar forms of inference, such as the Argument from Design. We suggest, however, that infants and young children may be more accurate in their tendencies to infer agents from order than older children and adults, who often infer intentional agents when there are none. Thus, the earliest inferences about intentional agents based on order may be quite (...)
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  13.  1
    Postscript: Sorting Out Object Persistence.Sergey V. Blok, George E. Newman & Lance J. Rips - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (4):1103-1104.
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  14. Out of Sorts? Some Remedies for Theories of Object Concepts: A Reply to Rhemtulla and Xu.Sergey V. Blok, George E. Newman & Lance J. Rips - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (4):1096-1102.
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  15.  78
    Dual Character Concepts and the Normative Dimension of Conceptual Representation.Joshua Knobe, Sandeep Prasada & George Newman - 2013 - Cognition 127 (2):242-257.
    Five experiments provide evidence for a class of ‘dual character concepts.’ Dual character concepts characterize their members in terms of both (a) a set of concrete features and (b) the abstract values that these features serve to realize. As such, these concepts provide two bases for evaluating category members and two different criteria for category membership. Experiment 1 provides support for the notion that dual character concepts have two bases for evaluation. Experiments 2-4 explore the claim that dual character concepts (...)
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  16.  13
    Studies and Essays in the History of Science and Learning Offered in Homage to George Sarton on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday. [REVIEW]N. E. - 1947 - Journal of Philosophy 44 (24):666-668.
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  17.  10
    Herrmann-Otto (E.) (ed.) Unfreie Arbeits- und Lebensverhältnisse von der Antike bis in die Gegenwart. Eine Einführung. (Sklaverei, Knechtschaft, Zwangsarbeit 1.) Pp. xviii + 417. Hildesheim, Zurich and New York: Georg Olms, 2005. Paper, €48. ISBN: 3-487-12912-. [REVIEW]Michele George - 2006 - The Classical Review 56 (02):390-.
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  18.  3
    La terre et les hommes en Picardie jusqu'à la fin du ${XIII^{e^} $} siècle. Robert Fossler.William M. Newman - 1970 - Speculum 45 (3):467-470.
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  19.  4
    Three Modernists: Alfred Loisy, George Tyrrell, William L. Sullivan. [REVIEW]A. R. E. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):153-153.
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  20.  4
    Olivier Legendre, Ed., Collectaneum Exemplorum Et Visionum Clarevallense E Codice Trecensi 946. Turnhout: Brepols, 2005. Pp. Cxiv, 468; Tables. €250. [REVIEW]Martha G. Newman - 2008 - Speculum 83 (3):724-725.
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  21.  3
    Antoine Calvet, Les Oeuvres Alchimiques Attribuées À Arnaud de Villeneuve: Grand Oeuvre, Médecine Et Prophétie au Moyen-Âge. Paris: S.E.H.A. And Milan: Archè, 2011. Paper. Pp. Vii, 728. €57. ISBN: 978-88-72-52318-6. [REVIEW]William R. Newman - 2015 - Speculum 90 (2):520-521.
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  22.  5
    Sacred and Profane Beauty: The Holy in Art. By Gerardus van der Leeuw; Preface by Mircea Eliade; Translated by David E. Green. New York and Toronto, Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Pp. Xx, 357. $7.50. [REVIEW]Graham George - 1964 - Dialogue 2 (4):483-485.
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  23.  6
    Concordance to Wittgenstein'S Philosophische Untersuchungen. By Hans Kaal and Alastair McKinnon. Leiden: E.J. Brill. 1975. [REVIEW]Rolf A. George - 1977 - Dialogue 16 (3):545-546.
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  24. Maria Lodovica Arduini, Non fabula sed res: Politische Dichtung und dramatische Gestalt in den “Carmina” Ruperts von Deutz.(Temi e Testi, 33.) Rome: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 1985. Paper. Pp. xv, 198. L 30,000. [REVIEW]Barbara Newman - 1989 - Speculum 64 (1):113-115.
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  25.  1
    A Rural Society in Medieval France: The G'tine of Poitou in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries. George T. Beech.William M. Newman - 1965 - Speculum 40 (1):123-123.
  26.  1
    Collectaneum exemplorum et visionum Clarevallense e codice Trecensi 946Olivier Legendre.Martha G. Newman - 2008 - Speculum 83 (3):724-725.
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  27. A New Look At The Anthropic Principle: A Critical Study of Errol E. Harris's Cosmos and Anthropos: A Philosophical Interpretation of the Anthropic Cosmological Principle. [REVIEW]Marie George & Warren Murray - 1994 - Reason Papers 19:132-145.
     
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  28. La physique et le secret de la Vie organique traduit de l'allemand, d'après la 6 e édition.Pascual Jordan, André Metz, Maurice Mereschal & André George - 1960 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 65 (2):214-215.
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  29. Ensayos Críticos E Históricos.J. Newman - 2009 - Revista Agustiniana 50 (152):490.
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  30. The Ideas Presented in This Essay Were Developed in Many Conversational Contexts Between the Summer of 1997 and the Spring of 1998—From Supervisory Sessions with Social Therapists and Therapists-in-Training to Professional Conferences of Psychologists and Face-to-Face and E-Mail Dialogues with Narrative Therapists and Theorists. In Recent Books. [REVIEW]Fred Newman & Lois Holzman - 1999 - In Lois Holzman (ed.), Performing Psychology: A Postmodern Culture of the Mind. Routledge. pp. 87.
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  31.  61
    Two Grades of Internalism (Pass and Fail).Andrew E. Newman - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 122 (2):153-169.
    Internalism about mental content holds that microphysical duplicates must be mental duplicates full-stop. Anyone particle-for-particle indiscernible from someone who believes that Aristotle was wise, for instance, must share that same belief. Externalism instead contends that many perfectly ordinary propositional attitudes can be had only in certain sorts of physical, sociolinguistic, or historical context. To have a belief about Aristotle, for instance, a person must have been causally impacted in the right way by Aristotle himself (e.g., by hearing about him, or (...)
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  32.  34
    Reconsidering Constructivism in Qualitative Research.L. E. E. George - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (4):403-412.
    This article examines constructivism, a paradigm in qualitative research that has been propagated by Egon Guba, Yvonna Lincoln, and Norman Denzin. A distinction is made between whether the basic presuppositions of constructivism are credible compared to those of a competing paradigm and whether constructivism's beliefs are internally consistent. The latter approach, i.e. whether constructivism is internally consistent, is the focus of this article. The issues singled out for discussion are concerned with the constructivist ontology and epistemology. This article shows that (...)
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  33.  27
    Alchemical Atoms or Artisanal "Building Blocks"?: A Response to Klein.William R. Newman - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (2):pp. 212-231.
    In a recent essay review of William R. Newman, Atoms and Alchemy (2006), Ursula Klein defends her position that philosophically informed corpuscularian theories of matter contributed little to the growing knowledge of "reversible reactions" and robust chemical species in the early modern period. Newman responds here by providing further evidence that an experimental, scholastic tradition of alchemy extending well into the Middle Ages had already argued extensively for the persistence of ingredients during processes of "mixture" (e.g. chemical reactions), (...)
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  34.  8
    The State of Art Criticism.Stephen Melville, Lynne Cook, Michael Newman, Whitney Davis & Guy Brett - 1960 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 18 (3).
    About the Author James Elkins is E.C. Chadbourne Chair in the Department of Art History, Theory, and Criticism at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. His many books include Pictures and Tears, How to Use Your Eyes, and What Painting Is, all published by Routledge. Michael Newman teaches in the Department of Art History, Theory, and Criticism at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, and is Professor of Art Writing at Goldsmiths College in the University (...)
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  35. Causal Efficacy and Externalist Mental Content.Anthony E. Newman - 2002 - Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Internalism about mental content is the view that microphysical duplicates must be mental duplicates as well. This dissertation develops and defends the idea that only a strong version of internalism is compatible with our commonsense commitment to mental causation. ;Chapter one defends a novel necessary condition on a property's being causally efficacious---viz., that any property F that is efficacious with respect to event E cannot be instantiated in virtue of any property G that is itself ceteris paribus sufficient for E---and (...)
     
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  36.  1
    Disinhibitory Psychopathology: A New Perspective and a Model for Research.Ethan E. Gorenstein & Joseph P. Newman - 1980 - Psychological Review 87 (3):301-315.
  37.  1
    The Initial Stages of Growth of Oriented Copper Nuclei on Single Crystal Surfaces of Silver.E. Grunbaum, R. C. Newman & D. W. Pashley - 1958 - Philosophical Magazine 3 (36):1337-1341.
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  38. Le théorème de Gödei.E. Nagel, J. R. Newman, K. Gödel, J. Y. Girard & J. Scherrer - 1990 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (4):706-708.
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  39.  3
    The Forgetting of 'Crowded' and 'Isolated' Materials.C. E. Buxton & E. B. Newman - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (2):180.
  40. [deleted]Improving Informed Consent: Stakeholder Views.Emily E. Anderson, Susan B. Newman & Alicia K. Matthews - 2017 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 8 (3):178-188.
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  41. Improving Informed Consent: Stakeholder Views.Emily E. Anderson, Susan B. Newman & Alicia K. Matthews - 2017 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 8 (3):178-188.
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  42. Late Medieval and Early Modern Corpuscular Matter Theones.Christoph Lüthy, John E. Murdoch & William R. Newman - 2002 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 64 (3):565-566.
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  43. Early Writings.C. Matheeussen, C. Fantazzi & E. George - 1987 - In Juan Luis Vives (ed.), Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger. E.J. Brill. pp. 372-373.
     
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  44. George E. Karamanolis, Plato and Aristotle in Agreement: Platonists on Aristotle From Antiochus to Porphyry, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2006.Eyjólfur Emilsson - 2006 - Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science 2:345-348.
    A review of George E. Karamanolis, Plato and Aristotle in Agreement: Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2006.
     
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  45.  15
    Nvmeri Innvmeri George E. Duckworth: Vergil and Classical Hexameter Poetry: A Study in Metrical Variety. Pp. Ix+167. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1969. Cloth, $7·50. [REVIEW]E. J. Kenney - 1971 - The Classical Review 21 (02):200-203.
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  46.  13
    George E. McCarthy: Marx and the Ancients: Classical Ethics, Social Justice and Nineteenth-Century Political Economy. Pp. Xii+342. Savage, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1990. Cased, $46.50. [REVIEW]N. R. E. Fisher - 1994 - The Classical Review 44 (01):219-220.
  47.  2
    Byzantine Coins. George E. Bates.George C. Miles - 1972 - Speculum 47 (1):107-108.
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  48.  2
    Bracton, de Legibus Et Consuetudinibus Angliae. George E. Woodbine.S. E. Thorne - 1941 - Speculum 16 (2):265-267.
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  49.  4
    Book Review:A Study of the Principles of Politics: Being an Essay Toward Political Rationalization. George E. G. Catlin. [REVIEW]Charles E. Merriam - 1931 - Ethics 41 (3):375-.
  50. I. Bernard Cohen and George E. Smith (Eds): The Cambridge Companion to Newton.P. J. E. Kail - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (3):540-541.
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