36 found
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George F. R. Ellis [24]George Ellis [9]George Fr Ellis [4]George Francis Rayner Ellis [2]
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George Ellis
Cambridge University (PhD)
  1.  27
    The Causal Closure of Physics in Real World Contexts.George F. R. Ellis - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (10):1057-1097.
    The causal closure of physics is usually discussed in a context free way. Here I discuss it in the context of engineering systems and biology, where strong emergence takes place due to a combination of upwards emergence and downwards causation. Firstly, I show that causal closure is strictly limited in terms of spatial interactions because these are cases that are of necessity strongly interacting with the environment. Effective Spatial Closure holds ceteris parabus, and can be violated by Black Swan Events. (...)
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  2. On the Nature of Emergent Reality.George F. R. Ellis - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence. Oxford University Press.
     
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  3.  25
    Emergence of Time.George F. R. Ellis & Barbara Drossel - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (3):161-190.
    Microphysical laws are time reversible, but macrophysics, chemistry and biology are not. This paper explores how this asymmetry arises due to the cosmological context, where a non-local Direction of Time is imposed by the expansion of the universe. This situation is best represented by an Evolving Block Universe, where local arrows of time emerge in concordance with the Direction of Time because a global Past Condition results in the Second Law of Thermodynamics pointing to the future. At the quantum level, (...)
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  4.  13
    How Downwards Causation Occurs in Digital Computers.George Ellis & Barbara Drossel - 2019 - Foundations of Physics 49 (11):1253-1277.
    Digital computers carry out algorithms coded in high level programs. These abstract entities determine what happens at the physical level: they control whether electrons flow through specific transistors at specific times or not, entailing downward causation in both the logical and implementation hierarchies. This paper explores how this is possible in the light of the alleged causal completeness of physics at the bottom level, and highlights the mechanism that enables strong emergence to occur. Although synchronic emergence of higher levels from (...)
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  5.  43
    On the Nature of Causation in Complex Systems.George F. R. Ellis - 2008 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 63 (1):69-84.
  6.  46
    Downward Causation and the Neurobiology of Free Will.Nancey Murphy, George Ellis & Timothy O'Connor (eds.) - 2009 - Springer Verlag.
    The book includes contributions by Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, George F. R. Ellis , Christopher D. Frith, Mark Hallett, David Hodgson, Owen D. Jones, Alicia Juarrero, J. A. Scott Kelso, Christof Koch, Hans Küng, Hakwan C. Lau, Dean Mobbs, ...
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  7.  51
    Contextual Emergence of Physical Properties.Robert C. Bishop & George F. R. Ellis - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (5):481-510.
    Contextual emergence was originally proposed as an inter-level relation between different levels of description to describe an epistemic notion of emergence in physics. Here, we discuss the ontic extension of this relation to different domains or levels of physical reality using the properties of temperature and molecular shape as detailed case studies. We emphasize the concepts of stability conditions and multiple realizability as key features of contextual emergence. Some broader implications contextual emergence has for the foundations of physics and cognitive (...)
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  8.  14
    From Matter to Life: Information and Causality.Sara Imari Walker, Paul C. W. Davies & George F. R. Ellis (eds.) - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book tackles the most difficult and profound open questions about life and its origins from an information-based perspective.
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  9. Physics and the Real World.George F. R. Ellis - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (2):227-262.
    Physics and chemistry underlie the nature of all the world around us, including human brains. Consequently some suggest that in causal terms, physics is all there is. However, we live in an environment dominated by objects embodying the outcomes of intentional design (buildings, computers, teaspoons). The present day subject of physics has nothing to say about the intentionality resulting in existence of such objects, even though this intentionality is clearly causally effective. This paper examines the claim that the underlying physics (...)
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  10.  3
    Physical, Logical, and Mental Top-Down Effects.George F. R. Ellis & Markus Gabriel - 2021 - In Jan Voosholz & Markus Gabriel (eds.), Top-Down Causation and Emergence. Springer Verlag. pp. 3-37.
    In this paper, we explore the architecture of downward causation on the basis of three central cases. We set out by answering the question of how top-down causation is possible in the universe. The universe is not causally closed, because of irreducible randomness at the quantum level. What is more, contextual effects can already be observed at the level of quantum physics, where higher levels can modify the nature of lower-level elements by changing their context, or even creating them. As (...)
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  11. Physics, Determinism, and the Brain.George F. R. Ellis - 2021 - In Jan Voosholz & Markus Gabriel (eds.), Top-Down Causation and Emergence. Springer Verlag. pp. 157-214.
    This chapter responds to claims that causal closure of the underlying microphysics determines brain outcomes as a matter of principle, even if we cannot hope to ever carry out the needed calculations in practice. The reductionist position is that microphysics alone determines all, specifically the functioning of the brain. Here I respond to that claim in depth, claiming that if one firstly takes into account the difference between synchronic and diachronic emergence, and secondly takes seriously the well established nature of (...)
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  12. On the Nature of Emergent Reality.George F. R. Ellis - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion. Oxford University Press.
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  13.  23
    Disgust: Sensory Affect or Primary Emotional System?Judith A. Toronchuk & George Fr Ellis - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (8):1799-1818.
  14.  36
    The Standard Cosmological Model: Achievements and Issues.George Ellis - 2018 - Foundations of Physics 48 (10):1226-1245.
    The present day standard cosmological model is a great theoretical achievement. This chapter surveys the main themes that have arisen and issues that are still oustanding.
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  15.  55
    The Expanding Universe: A History of Cosmology From 1917 to 1960.George Fr Ellis - 1989 - In D. Howard & John Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the History of General Relativity. Birkhäuser. pp. 367-431.
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  16. Neural Development: Affective and Immune System Influences.George Fr Ellis & Judith A. Toronchuk - 2005 - In Ralph and Natika Ellis and Newton (ed.), Consciousness and Emotion: Agency, Conscious Choice, and Selective Perception. John Benjamins. pp. 81.
  17. How Downwards Causation Occurs in Digital Computers.George Ellis - manuscript
    Digital computers carry out algorithms coded in high level programs. These abstract entities determine what happens at the physical level: they control whether electrons flow through specific transistors at specific times or not, entailing downward causation in both the logical and implementation hierarchies. This paper explores how this is possible in the light of the alleged causal completeness of physics at the bottom level, and highlights the mechanism that enables strong emergence (the manifest causal effectiveness of application programs) to occur. (...)
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  18.  6
    Why Reductionism Does Not Work.George F. R. Ellis - 2021 - In Oliver Passon & Christoph Benzmüller (eds.), Wider den Reduktionismus -- Ausgewählte Beiträge Zum Kurt Gödel Preis 2019. Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 51-92.
    Kurt Gödel opposed the reductionist viewpoint of logical positivism. The arguments I give below show he is correct. The reductionist explanation he opposed is doomed to failure.
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  19. Physics, Complexity, and the Science-Religion Debate.George F. R. Ellis - 2006 - In Philip Clayton (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 751-766.
    Accession Number: ATLA0001712277; Hosting Book Page Citation: p 751-766.; Language(s): English; General Note: Bibliography: p 765-766.; Issued by ATLA: 20130825; Publication Type: Essay.
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  20. Ordinary and Extraordinary Divine Action : The Nexus of Interaction.George F. R. Ellis - 2009 - In F. LeRon Shults, Nancey C. Murphy & Robert J. Russell (eds.), Philosophy, Science and Divine Action. Brill.
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  21.  16
    Emergence in Solid State Physics and Biology.George F. R. Ellis - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (10):1098-1139.
    There has been much controversy over weak and strong emergence in physics and biology. As pointed out by Phil Anderson in many papers, the existence of broken symmetries is the key to emergence of properties in much of solid state physics. By carefully distinguishing between different types of symmetry breaking and tracing the relation between broken symmetries at micro and macro scales, I demonstrate that the emergence of the properties of semiconductors is a case of strong emergence. This is due (...)
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  22.  9
    Affective Neuronal Selection: The Nature of the Primordial Emotion Systems.Judith A. Toronchuk & George F. R. Ellis - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  23.  56
    Plato's Cave Revisited: Science at the Interface.Guenter Mahler & George Ellis - 2008 - Mind and Matter 7 (1):9-36.
    Scientific exploration and thus our knowledge about the outside world is subject to the conditions of our experience.These conditions are condensed here into an interface model which,besides being physical,has an additional interface structure not reducible to physics. We suggest that this structure can dynamically be characterized by separate modes.Their selection and operation presupposes free will and a rudimentary concept of time and space. Based on some analogies with quantum networks it is argued that the 'observed' gets 'dressed'as a consequence of (...)
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  24. Frontalangriff auf die wissenschaftliche Methode.George Ellis & Joe Silk - 2018 - In Carsten Könneker (ed.), Fake Oder Fakt?: Wissenschaft, Wahrheit Und Vertrauen. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 345-353.
    Spekulative Theorien bedürfen laut einigen Forschern keiner experimentellen Überprüfung, um als wissenschaftlich zu gelten. Dieser Ansatz untergräbt die Wissenschaft.Im vergangenen Jahr nahm eine Debatte in der Physik eine beunruhigende Wende: Nicht alle fundamentalen Theorien lassen sich anhand von Beobachtungen überprüfen und so fordern einige Wissenschaftler, das Vorgehen in der theoretischen Physik anzupassen. Sei eine Theorie nur ausreichend elegant und aussagekräftig, so ihr Appell, müsse diese nicht experimentell überprüft werden – das bricht mit jahrhundertealter philosophischer Tradition, nach der wissenschaftliche Erkenntnis sich (...)
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  25. The Science & Religion Dialogue.George F. R. Ellis - 2004 - International Society for Science and Religion.
     
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  26.  44
    Nancey Murphy's Work.George F. R. Ellis - 1999 - Zygon 34 (4):601-607.
  27. Science, Complexity, and the Nature of Existence.George F. R. Ellis - 2007 - In Nancey Murphy (ed.), Evolution and Emergence: Systems, Organisms, Persons. Oxford University Press.
     
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  28.  29
    Revenge and Forgiveness in the New South Africa.Dan Joseph Stein, Jack van Honk & George Ellis - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):37-38.
    Insofar as South Africa underwent a rapid transformation from apartheid to democracy, it may provide a unique laboratory for investigating aspects of revenge and forgiveness. Here we suggest that observations and data from South Africa are partially consistent with the hypotheses generated by MCullough and colleagues. At the same time, the rich range of revenge and forgiveness phenomena in real-life settings is likely to require explanatory concepts other than specialized modules and their computational outputs.
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  29.  2
    Responses to Part I: Applications of George Ellis’s Theory of Causation.George F. R. Ellis - 2021 - In Jan Voosholz & Markus Gabriel (eds.), Top-Down Causation and Emergence. Springer Verlag. pp. 329-344.
    In this response, George Ellis comments on the publications of Part I. He responds first to Sara Green and Robert Batterman, before outlining his thoughts on Otávio Bueno’s piece.
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  30.  2
    Response to Part III: The View From the Life Sciences.George F. R. Ellis - 2021 - In Jan Voosholz & Markus Gabriel (eds.), Top-Down Causation and Emergence. Springer Verlag. pp. 363-375.
    In this response, George Ellis comments on the publications of part III. He responds first to Denis Noble, before outlining his thoughts on Larissa Albantakis’, Francesco Massari’s, Maggie Beheler-Amass’ and Giulio Tononi’s piece.
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  31.  2
    Response to Part IV: The Debate on Top-Down Causation and Emergence.George F. R. Ellis - 2021 - In Jan Voosholz & Markus Gabriel (eds.), Top-Down Causation and Emergence. Springer Verlag. pp. 377-408.
    In this response, George Ellis comments on the publications of Part IV. He responds first to James Woodward, Richard Healey, Jan Voosholz, Simon Friederich and Sach Mukherjee, before outlining his thoughts on Max Kistler’s piece.
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  32.  9
    Priorities in South African Science Policy in a Changing Economic and Political Context.George F. R. Ellis - 1993 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 48 (2):351-373.
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  33.  11
    Criteria for Basic Emotions: Seeking DISGUST?Judith A. Toronchuk & George Fr Ellis - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (8):1829-1832.
  34.  22
    Modern Cosmology and the Limits of Science.George F. R. Ellis - 1995 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 50 (1):1-25.
  35.  2
    Neuroscience and Literacy: An Integrative View.George Ellis & Carole Bloch - forthcoming - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa:1-32.
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  36.  1
    Response to Part II: The View From Physics.George F. R. Ellis - 2021 - In Jan Voosholz & Markus Gabriel (eds.), Top-Down Causation and Emergence. Springer Verlag. pp. 345-362.
    In this response, George Ellis comments on the publications of part II. He responds first to Barbara Drossel, before outlining his thoughts on Thomas Luss’s and Ulf-G. Meißner’s piece.
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