Results for 'Gerald J. Cavanaugh'

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  1.  7
    Turgot and the "Encyclopédie".Gerald J. Cavanaugh - 1968 - Diderot Studies 10:23 - 33.
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  2. Is the Good Corporation Dead?: Social Responsibility in a Global Economy.Gerald F. Cavanaugh & Richard T. DeGeorge - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Can corporations remain socially responsible in today's fiercely competitive global economy? For several decades after World War II, companies like IBM, which exemplified what journalist Robert J. Samuelson called the 'good corporation,' poured forth material comforts and technological ideas while guaranteeing full employment and adequate retirement. In the 1980s all of that changed, as corporations moved to 'downsize' and become lean, mean global competitors. In this collection, thirteen prominent scholars in business ethics, finance, management, and religion and six corporate leaders (...)
     
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  3.  45
    Jurisprudence as Practical Philosophy: Gerald J. Postema.Gerald J. Postema - 1998 - Legal Theory 4 (3):329-357.
    Nowhere has H.L.A. Hart's influence on philosophical jurisprudence in the English-speaking world been greater than in the way its fundamental project and method are conceived by its practitioners. Disagreements abound, of course. Philosophers debate the extent to which jurisprudence can or should proceed without appeal to moral or other values. They disagree about which participant perspective—that of the judge, lawyer, citizen, or “bad man”—is primary and about what taking up the participant perspective commits the theorist to. However, virtually unchallenged is (...)
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  4.  22
    Public Practical Reason: An Archeology*: GERALD J. POSTEMA.Gerald J. Postema - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):43-86.
    Kant argues that the “discipline” of reason holds us to public argument and reflective thought. When we speak the language of reasoned judgment, Kant maintains, we “speak with a universal voice,” expecting and claiming the assent of all other rational beings. This language carries with it a discipline requiring us to submit our judgments to the forum of our rational peers. Remarkably, Kant does not restrict this thought to the realm of politics, but rather treats politics as the model for (...)
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  5.  97
    Bentham's Equality-Sensitive Utilitarianism: Gerald J. Postema.Gerald J. Postema - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):144-158.
    Rosen argues that Bentham's utilitarian doctrine was sensitive to distributive concerns and would not countenance sacrifice of fundamental individual interests for aggregate gains in happiness in society. This essay seeks to extend and deepen Rosen's argument. It is argued that Bentham's equality-sensitive principle of utility is an expression of an individualist conception of human happiness which contrasts sharply with the orthodox utilitarian abstract conception. Evidence for this interpretation of the basic motivation of Bentham's doctrine is drawn from his view of (...)
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  6.  77
    Bentham on the Public Character of Law: Gerald J. Postema.Gerald J. Postema - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (1):41-61.
    Bentham belongs to a long tradition of reflection on law according to which the nature of law can best be understood in terms of its distinctive contribution to the solution of certain deep and pervasive problems of collective action or collective rationality. I propose to take a critical look at Bentham's unique and penetrating contribution to this tradition. For this purpose I will rely on the interpretation of the main lines of Bentham's jurisprudence and its philosophical motivations which I have (...)
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  7. Bentham and the Common Law Tradition.Gerald J. Postema (ed.) - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a philosophical interpretation of the historical debate between Bentham and classical Common Law Theory, a debate that is fundamental to philosophical thought and has shaped contemporary conceptions of nature, tasks, and limits of law and adjudication. The author explores the philosophical foundations of Common Law theory, focusing particularly on the writings of Sir Mathew Hale and David Hume.
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  8.  25
    Essays on Bentham: Jurisprudence and Political Theory.Gerald J. Postema - 1982 - Philosophical Review 94 (4):571-574.
  9.  46
    “Cemented with Diseased Qualities”: Sympathy and Comparison in Hume’s Moral Psychology.Gerald J. Postema - 2005 - Hume Studies 31 (2):249-298.
    Mandeville writes that it was said of Montaigne “that he was pretty well vers’d in the Defects of Man-kind, but unacquainted with the Excellencies of human Nature,” adding, “If I fare no worse, I shall think my self well used.” Mandeville transformed Montaigne’s suggestion into a methodology for his systematic attempt to “anatomize the invisible Parts of Man”. His tale of “the grumbling hive,” and his extensive commentary on it, were designed to demonstrate that “if Mankind could be cured of (...)
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  10.  37
    Public Practical Reason: An Archeology.Gerald J. Postema - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):43-86.
    Kant argues that the “discipline” of reason holds us topublicargument and reflective thought. When we speak the language of reasoned judgment, Kant maintains, we “speak with a universal voice,” expecting and claiming the assent of all other rational beings. This language carries with it a discipline requiring us to submit our judgments to the forum of our rational peers. Remarkably, Kant does not restrict this thought to the realm of politics, but rather treats politics as the model for reason's authority (...)
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  11.  17
    Thought Experiments.Gerald J. Massey - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (177):530-534.
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  12. Philosophy of the Common Law.Gerald J. Postema - 2002 - In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence & Philosophy of Law. Oxford University Press.
     
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  13.  61
    The Fallacy Behind Fallacies.Gerald J. Massey - 1981 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 6 (1):489-500.
  14.  55
    Morality in the First Person Plural.Gerald J. Postema - 1995 - Law and Philosophy 14 (1):35 - 64.
  15. Salience Reasoning.Gerald J. Postema - 2008 - Topoi 27 (1-2):41-55.
    The thesis of this essay is that social conventions of the kind Lewis modeled are generated and maintained by a form of practical reasoning which is essentially common. This thesis is defended indirectly by arguing for an interpretation of the role of salience in Lewis’s account of conventions. The remarkable ability of people to identify salient options and appreciate their practical significance in contexts of social interaction, it is argued, is best explained in terms of their exercise of what I (...)
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  16.  33
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Time and Space.Gerald J. Massey - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (1):90-92.
  17. Interests, Universal and Particular: Bentham's Utilitarian Theory of Value.Gerald J. Postema - 2006 - Utilitas 18 (2):109-133.
    The basic concept of Bentham's moral and political philosophy was public utility. He linked it directly with the concept of the universal interest, which comprises a distinctive partnership of the interests of all members of the community. The ultimate end of government and aim of all of morality is ‘the advancement of the universal interest’. This essay articulates the structure of Bentham's notion of universal interest and locates it in his theory of value.
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  18.  45
    Implicit Law.Gerald J. Postema - 1994 - Law and Philosophy 13 (3):361 - 387.
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  19.  55
    Hume’s Reply to the Sensible Knave.Gerald J. Postema - 1988 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 5 (1):23 - 40.
  20.  37
    Integrity : Justice in Workclothes.Gerald J. Postema - 2004 - In Ronald Dworkin & Justine Burley (eds.), Dworkin and His Critics: With Replies by Dworkin. Blackwell. pp. 291--318.
  21.  20
    Time in Law's Domain.Gerald J. Postema - 2018 - Ratio Juris 31 (2):160-182.
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  22.  14
    A Theory of Criminal Justice.Gerald J. Postema - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):479.
  23.  18
    Politics is About the Grievance.Gerald J. Postema - 2005 - Legal Theory 11 (3):293-323.
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  24.  28
    Tom, Dick, and Harry, and All the King's Men.Gerald J. Massey - 1976 - American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (2):89 - 107.
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  25.  87
    Whence Avidity? Hume’s Psychology and the Origins of Justice.Gerald J. Postema - 2006 - Synthese 152 (3):371-391.
    Hume's account of the roots of justice focuses on the need to secure possession against the corrosive effects of unrestrained avidity. The reasons for this focus lie deep in his understanding of human psychology, especially, the mimetic passions shaped by the principles of sympathy, social referencing, and reversal comparison. The need for esteem drives human beings to attach their pride to those things they think are especially valued by those whom they especially admire. Most predominant among these goods are riches (...)
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  26.  6
    Law as Command: The Model of Command in Modern Jurisprudence.Gerald J. Postema - 2001 - Philosophical Issues 11 (1):470-501.
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  27.  17
    Melody and Law's Mindfulness of Time.Gerald J. Postema - 2004 - Ratio Juris 17 (2):203-226.
    . A structured awareness of time lies at the core of the law's distinctive normativity. Melody is offered as a rough model of this mindfulness of time, since some important features of this awareness are also present in a hearer's grasp of melody. The model of melody is used, first, to identify some temporal dimensions of intentional action and then to highlight law's mindfulness of time. Its role in the structure of legal thinking, and especially in precedent‐sensitive legal reasoning, is (...)
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  28.  12
    Unselfishness: The Role of the Vicarious Affects in Moral Philosophy and Social Theory.Gerald J. Postema & Nicholas Rescher - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (3):410.
  29.  55
    Philosophy and the Law of Torts.Gerald J. Postema (ed.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    When accidents occur and people suffer injuries, who ought to bear the loss? Tort law offers a complex set of rules to answer this question, but up to now philosophers have offered little by way of analysis of these rules. In eight essays commissioned for this volume, leading legal theorists examine the philosophical foundations of tort law. Amongst the questions they address are the following: how are the notions at the core of tort practice to be understood? Is an explanation (...)
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  30.  63
    Collective Evils, Harms, and the Law:The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, Vol 1. Harm to Others. Jeffrey Alexander; The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, Vol 2. Offense to Others. Joel Feinberg. [REVIEW]Gerald J. Postema - 1987 - Ethics 97 (2):414-.
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  31.  57
    The Cautious, Jealous Virtue: Hume on Justice by Annette C. Baier. [REVIEW]Gerald J. Postema - 2011 - Hume Studies 37 (2):280-284.
    Annette Baier was the dean of contemporary Hume studies and one of the most insightful and influential philosophers writing on Hume. Since the late 1970s, her writings and the example of her distinctive mode of scholarship have inspired generations of scholars to look with fresh eyes at Hume's work. The special turn of her philosophical mind and personal style of writing are especially well-suited to uncover, appreciate, and effectively communicate the rich, nuanced, and humane dimensions of Hume's moral philosophy. Her (...)
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  32.  47
    The Pedagogy of Logic: Humanistic Dimensions.Gerald J. Massey - 1981 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (3/4):303-336.
  33.  14
    Backdoor Analycity.Gerald J. Massey - 1991 - In Tamara Horowitz (ed.), Thought Experiments in Science and Philosophy. Rowman & Littlefield.
    When they abandoned the analytic-synthetic distinction, analytic philosophers substituted for it uncritical appeals to thought experiments or conceivability arguments. Although the history of philosophy is replete with thought experiments, medieval and early modern philosophers developed sophisticated theories concerning what governs what happens in thought experiments. By contrast, contemporary philosophers subscribe to the thesis of facile conception according to which casual allegations of conceivability or inconceivability are taken as good evidence of possibility or impossibility. Philosophers need to adopt standards of thought (...)
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  34.  52
    Tense Logic! Why Bother?Gerald J. Massey - 1969 - Noûs 3 (1):17-32.
  35.  20
    Toward a Clarification of Grünbaum's Conception of an Intrinsic Metric.Gerald J. Massey - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (4):331-345.
    Much of Grünbaum's work may be regarded as a careful development and systematic elaboration of the Riemann-Poincaré thesis of the conventionality of congruence, the thesis that the continuous manifolds of space, time, and space-time are intrinsically metrically amorphous, i.e. are devoid of intrinsic metrics. Therefore, to appreciate Grünbaum's philosophical contributions, one must have a clear understanding of what he means by an intrinsic metric. The second and fourth sections of this paper are exegetical; in them we try to piece together, (...)
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  36.  33
    Nozick on Liberty, Compensation, and the Individual’s Right to Punish.Gerald J. Postema - 1980 - Social Theory and Practice 6 (3):311-337.
  37.  25
    The Theory of Truth Tabular Connectives, Both Truth Functional and Modal.Gerald J. Massey - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):593-608.
  38. Thought Experiments in Science and Philosophy.Tamara Horowitz & Gerald J. Massey (eds.) - 1991 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Despite their centrality and importance to both science and philosophy, relatively little has been written about thought experiments. This volume brings together a series of extremely interesting studies of the history, mechanics, and applications of this important intellectual resource. A distinguished list of philosophers and scientists consider the role of thought experiments in their various disciplines, and argue that an examination of thought experimentation goes to the heart of both science and philosophy.
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  39.  48
    The Indeterminacy of Translation: A Study in Philosophical Exegesis.Gerald J. Massey - 1992 - Philosophical Topics 20 (1):317-345.
  40.  53
    Shaping Access to Hospital Ethics Committees: Some Critical Issues.Gerald J. Mozdzierz, C. William Reiquam & Linda C. Smith - 1989 - HEC Forum 1 (1):31-39.
  41.  26
    Bentham and Dworkin on Positivism and Adjudication.Gerald J. Postema - 1980 - Social Theory and Practice 5 (3-4):347-376.
  42.  18
    Retention Characteristics of Different Reproduction Cues in Motor Short-Term Memory.Gerald J. Laabs - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):168.
  43.  7
    The Indeterminacy of Translation: A Study in Philosophical Exegesis.Gerald J. Massey - 1992 - Philosophical Topics 20 (1):317-345.
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  44.  2
    Engaging Student Relativism.Gerald J. Erion - 2005 - Discourse: Learning and Teaching in Philosophical and Religious Studies 5 (1):120-133.
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  45.  3
    Philosophy of Law.Gerald J. Postema & Martin P. Golding - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (3):388.
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  46.  11
    Politics is About the Grievance: Feinberg on the Legal Enforcement of Morals.J. Postema Gerald - 2005 - Legal Theory 11 (3):293-323.
  47.  16
    Review of The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences by James Robert Brown. [REVIEW]Gerald J. Massey - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (2):341-343.
  48.  6
    Binary Closure-Algebraic Operations That Are Functionally Complete.Gerald J. Massey - 1970 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 11 (3):340-342.
  49.  30
    Law as Command: The Model of Command in Modern Jurisprudence.Gerald J. Postema - 2001 - Noûs 35 (s1):470 - 501.
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  50.  8
    Current Periodical Articles.Dick Tom & Gerald J. Massey - 1976 - American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (1).
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