Results for 'Gerald J. Johnson'

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  1.  34
    Talking about computers: From Metaphor to Jargon. [REVIEW]Gerald J. Johnson - 1992 - AI and Society 6 (3):263-270.
    The language used to talk about computers is uniquely colorful and sometimes extraordinarily difficult. This paper examines ‘computer discourse’ and points out its highly metaphorical nature. While the use of metaphor is unavoidable, it often leads, especially in informal settings, to the mannered use of words we call jargon. Metaphor becomes jargon when it is used too literally in a self-conscious manner. Experts often use their metaphors as though they were literally true. Technical details fall away and the metaphor is (...)
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  2. Philosophy of the Common Law.Gerald J. Postema - 2002 - In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law. Oxford University Press.
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  3.  41
    Public Practical Reason: An Archeology*: GERALD J. POSTEMA.Gerald J. Postema - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):43-86.
    Kant argues that the “discipline” of reason holds us to public argument and reflective thought. When we speak the language of reasoned judgment, Kant maintains, we “speak with a universal voice,” expecting and claiming the assent of all other rational beings. This language carries with it a discipline requiring us to submit our judgments to the forum of our rational peers. Remarkably, Kant does not restrict this thought to the realm of politics, but rather treats politics as the model for (...)
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  4.  27
    Thought Experiments.Gerald J. Massey - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (177):530-534.
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  5.  40
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Time and Space.Gerald J. Massey - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (1):90-92.
  6. Bentham and the common law tradition.Gerald J. Postema (ed.) - 1986 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a philosophical interpretation of the historical debate between Bentham and classical Common Law Theory, a debate that is fundamental to philosophical thought and has shaped contemporary conceptions of nature, tasks, and limits of law and adjudication. The author explores the philosophical foundations of Common Law theory, focusing particularly on the writings of Sir Mathew Hale and David Hume.
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  7.  88
    The Fallacy behind Fallacies.Gerald J. Massey - 1981 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 6 (1):489-500.
  8.  58
    Tom, Dick, and Harry, and All the King's Men.Gerald J. Massey - 1976 - American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (2):89 - 107.
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  9.  58
    Public Practical Reason: An Archeology.Gerald J. Postema - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):43-86.
    Kant argues that the “discipline” of reason holds us topublicargument and reflective thought. When we speak the language of reasoned judgment, Kant maintains, we “speak with a universal voice,” expecting and claiming the assent of all other rational beings. This language carries with it a discipline requiring us to submit our judgments to the forum of our rational peers. Remarkably, Kant does not restrict this thought to the realm of politics, but rather treats politics as the model for reason's authority (...)
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  10.  49
    Toward a clarification of grünbaum's conception of an intrinsic metric.Gerald J. Massey - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (4):331-345.
    Much of Grünbaum's work may be regarded as a careful development and systematic elaboration of the Riemann-Poincaré thesis of the conventionality of congruence, the thesis that the continuous manifolds of space, time, and space-time are intrinsically metrically amorphous, i.e. are devoid of intrinsic metrics. Therefore, to appreciate Grünbaum's philosophical contributions, one must have a clear understanding of what he means by an intrinsic metric. The second and fourth sections of this paper are exegetical; in them we try to piece together, (...)
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  11.  5
    Transmogrifying Teleological Talk?Gerald J. Krieger - 1998 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (1):3 - 34.
    Some biologists such as Ernst Mayr insist on replacing the expression teleology which they find suspect with teleonomy to only refer to goal-directed processes in the life sciences. Others like Francisco Ayala argue that the extant word teleology is preferable provided one differentiates the myriads of applications utilized in biology. When one understands the history of the term teleology it is not surprising that there are two divergent theses concerning the use of the locution in evolutionary biology. This paper offers (...)
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  12.  69
    Morality in the first person plural.Gerald J. Postema - 1995 - Law and Philosophy 14 (1):35 - 64.
  13.  78
    “Cemented with Diseased Qualities”: Sympathy and Comparison in Hume’s Moral Psychology.Gerald J. Postema - 2005 - Hume Studies 31 (2):249-298.
    Mandeville writes that it was said of Montaigne “that he was pretty well vers’d in the Defects of Man-kind, but unacquainted with the Excellencies of human Nature,” adding, “If I fare no worse, I shall think my self well used.” Mandeville transformed Montaigne’s suggestion into a methodology for his systematic attempt to “anatomize the invisible Parts of Man”. His tale of “the grumbling hive,” and his extensive commentary on it, were designed to demonstrate that “if Mankind could be cured of (...)
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  14.  10
    In Defense of the Asymmetry.Gerald J. Massey - 1975 - Philosophy in Context 4 (9999):44-56.
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  15.  65
    Tense logic! Why bother?Gerald J. Massey - 1969 - Noûs 3 (1):17-32.
  16.  31
    Backdoor analycity.Gerald J. Massey - 1991 - In Tamara Horowitz & Gerald J. Massey (eds.), Thought Experiments in Science and Philosophy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    When they abandoned the analytic-synthetic distinction, analytic philosophers substituted for it uncritical appeals to thought experiments or conceivability arguments. Although the history of philosophy is replete with thought experiments, medieval and early modern philosophers developed sophisticated theories concerning what governs what happens in thought experiments. By contrast, contemporary philosophers subscribe to the thesis of facile conception according to which casual allegations of conceivability or inconceivability are taken as good evidence of possibility or impossibility. Philosophers need to adopt standards of thought (...)
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  17.  72
    Jurisprudence as Practical Philosophy.Gerald J. Postema - 1998 - Legal Theory 4 (3):329-357.
    Nowhere has H.L.A. Hart's influence on philosophical jurisprudence in the English-speaking world been greater than in the way its fundamental project and method are conceived by its practitioners. Disagreements abound, of course. Philosophers debate the extent to which jurisprudence can or should proceed without appeal to moral or other values. They disagree about which participant perspective—that of the judge, lawyer, citizen, or “bad man”—is primary and about what taking up the participant perspective commits the theorist to. However, virtually unchallenged is (...)
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  18.  14
    A Sidelight on Grotius in Paris.Gerald J. Toomer - 2011 - Grotiana 32 (1):64-81.
    This article consists of an annotated edition and translation of a previously unpublished Latin letter to G. J. Vossius from Christianus Ravius, refuting the accusation made by Johann Seyffert in his pamphlet attacking Grotius, Classicum Belli Sacri adversus Hugonem Grotium Papistam , that Grotius, while representative of the Swedish government in Paris, had advised Ravius to convert to Catholicism. The historical introduction outlines the details of and probable reasons for Seyffert's published attacks on Grotius, Grotius's attitude towards those attacks , (...)
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  19.  67
    Implicit law.Gerald J. Postema - 1994 - Law and Philosophy 13 (3):361 - 387.
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  20. Philosophy of the Common Law.Gerald J. Postema - 2002 - In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence & Philosophy of Law. Oxford University Press.
     
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  21. Understanding Symbolic Logic.Gerald J. Massey - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (4):678-679.
     
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  22.  19
    Effect of m value on visual search.Gerald J. Organt - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (1):171.
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  23.  76
    Hume’s reply to the sensible knave.Gerald J. Postema - 1988 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 5 (1):23 - 40.
  24.  67
    Shaping access to Hospital Ethics Committees: Some critical issues.Gerald J. Mozdzierz, C. William Reiquam & Linda C. Smith - 1989 - HEC Forum 1 (1):31-39.
  25.  9
    Ethics in modern management.Gerald J. Williams - 1992 - New York: Quorum Books.
    Is there such a thing as "business ethics?" Author Gerald J. Williams compellingly answers this question in Ethics in Modern Management. Though he agrees that greed and self-interest are at work in the business environment, he also notes that they can be found in just about every area of human endeavor, and it is a fallacy to think that one can justify these vices simply because one operates in the business environment, where such behavior might be more readily condoned. (...)
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  26. Salience Reasoning.Gerald J. Postema - 2008 - Topoi 27 (1-2):41-55.
    The thesis of this essay is that social conventions of the kind Lewis modeled are generated and maintained by a form of practical reasoning which is essentially common. This thesis is defended indirectly by arguing for an interpretation of the role of salience in Lewis’s account of conventions. The remarkable ability of people to identify salient options and appreciate their practical significance in contexts of social interaction, it is argued, is best explained in terms of their exercise of what I (...)
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  27.  35
    Time in Law's Domain.Gerald J. Postema - 2018 - Ratio Juris 31 (2):160-182.
    Law bends the past of a community's common life towards its future. Precedent is one of law's favored tools for doing the bending, and legal systems that assign precedent a starring role seem especially mindful of time. Yet, mindfulness of time goes far deeper into law's DNA. It is not limited to the doctrine of precedent or unique to common‐law jurisdictions. Recognizing that time is an elemental dimension of human experience and basic ordering principle of practical agency, law utilizes and (...)
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  28. A Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionary Containing an Explanation of the Terms, and an Account of the Several Subjects, Comprized Under the Heads Mathematics, Astronomy, and Philosophy Both Natural and Experimental: With an Historical Account of the Rise, Progress, and Present State of These Sciences: Also Memoirs of the Lives and Writings of the Most Eminent Authors, Both Ancient and Modern, Who by Their Discoveries or Improvements Have Contributed to the Advance of Them. In Two Volumes. With Many Cuts and Copper Plates.Charles Hutton, J. Davis, Johnson & G. G. Robinson - 1796 - Printed by J. Davis, for J. Johnson, in St. Paul's Church-Yard; and G. G. And J. Robinson, in Paternoster-Row.
  29.  23
    The Authenticity of the De Perfectione Statuum of Duns Scotus.Gerald J. Kirby - 1933 - New Scholasticism 7 (2):134-152.
  30.  8
    Understanding symbolic logic.Gerald J. Massey - 1970 - New York,: Harper & Row.
  31.  64
    The Pedagogy of Logic.Gerald J. Massey - 1981 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (3-4):303-336.
  32.  25
    Retention characteristics of different reproduction cues in motor short-term memory.Gerald J. Laabs - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):168.
  33.  39
    The notion of satkārya in sāṃkhya: Toward a philosophical reconstruction.Gerald J. Larson - 1975 - Philosophy East and West 25 (1):31-40.
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  34.  19
    Engaging Student Relativism.Gerald J. Erion - 2005 - Discourse: Learning and Teaching in Philosophical and Religious Studies 5 (1):120-133.
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  35.  7
    A Short Introduction to Ethics.Gerald J. Williams - 1999 - Upa.
    A Short Introduction to Ethics provides a short, straightforward volume that prepares the reader for in-depth study of the questions, issues, and puzzles that must be dealt with in the study of standard ethics or moral philosophy.
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  36.  8
    Surface and bulk melting of small metal clusters.J. Chang * & E. Johnson - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (30):3617-3627.
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  37.  16
    Illinois.Gerald J. Mozdzierz & Ralph W. Snodgrass - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (2):123.
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  38.  16
    Psychotherapy dropouts: Do they have poor psychological adjustment?Gerald J. Stahler & Russell Eisenman - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (3):198-200.
  39. The oldest post-truth?: the rise of antisemitism in America and beyond.Gerald J. Steinacher - 2021 - In Marius Gudonis & Benjamin T. Jones (eds.), History in a post-truth world: theory and praxis. New York: Routledge.
     
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  40. Perspectives on Ethics and Water Policy in Delaware.Gerald J. Kauffman - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (9999):93-126.
    Water is a finite resource held in common by the community yet coveted by individuals and special interests. The water management field is filled with disputes about water allocation, rights, and pollution. Environmental ethics is a basis for equitable water policy making in Delaware. The resource allocation dilemma is examined in relation to conflicting objectives imposed by a market economy between individual self-interests and community environmental well being. Two forms of water law are practiced in the USA—eastern riparianrights and western (...)
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  41. Interests, universal and particular: Bentham's utilitarian theory of value.Gerald J. Postema - 2006 - Utilitas 18 (2):109-133.
    The basic concept of Bentham's moral and political philosophy was public utility. He linked it directly with the concept of the universal interest, which comprises a distinctive partnership of the interests of all members of the community. The ultimate end of government and aim of all of morality is ‘the advancement of the universal interest’. This essay articulates the structure of Bentham's notion of universal interest and locates it in his theory of value.
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  42.  48
    The theory of truth tabular connectives, both truth functional and modal.Gerald J. Massey - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):593-608.
  43. Integrity : Justice in workclothes.Gerald J. Postema - 2004 - In Ronald Dworkin & Justine Burley (eds.), Dworkin and His Critics: With Replies by Dworkin. Blackwell. pp. 291--318.
  44.  15
    Finite size melting of spherical solid–liquid aluminium interfaces.J. Chang, E. Johnson, T. Sakai & H. Saka - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (7):595-604.
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  45.  34
    A Theory of Criminal Justice.Gerald J. Postema - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):479.
  46. Quine and Duhem on holistic hypothesis testing.Gerald J. Massey - 2011 - American Philosophical Quarterly 48 (3):239-266.
  47.  22
    A methodology for moralists.Gerald J. Dalcourt - 1975 - Philosophica 16.
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  48.  24
    Hempel's criterion of maximal specificity.Gerald J. Massey - 1968 - Philosophical Studies 19 (3):43 - 47.
  49.  55
    The Indeterminacy of Translation.Gerald J. Massey - 1992 - Philosophical Topics 20 (1):317-345.
  50.  17
    The Indeterminacy of Translation.Gerald J. Massey - 1992 - Philosophical Topics 20 (1):317-345.
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