Results for 'Gerald L. Hull'

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  1. Mechanisms of Adaptive Behavior: Clark L. Hull's Theoretical Papers, with Commentary.Clark L. Hull, A. Amsel & M. E. Rashotte - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):171-182.
  2. Tracking the Moral Truth: Debunking Street’s Darwinian Dilemma.Gerald L. Hull - manuscript
    Sharon Street’s 2006 article “A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value” challenges the epistemological pretensions of the moral realist, of the nonnaturalist in particular. Given that “Evolutionary forces have played a tremendous role in shaping the content of human evaluative attitudes” – why should one suppose such attitudes and concomitant beliefs would track an independent moral reality? Especially since, on a nonnaturalist view, moral truth is causally inert. I abstract a logical skeleton of Street’s argument and, with its aid, (...)
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  3.  8
    Renewing the Hunt for Heffalump: Identifying Potential Entrepreneurs by Personality Characteristics.David L. Hull, John L. Bosley & Gerald G. Udell - 1980 - Journal of Small Business Management 18 (1):11-18.
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  4.  10
    L.S. Jacyna, Medicine and Modernism: A Biography of Sir Henry Head. London, Pickering and Chatto, 2008. Pp. Viii+353. ISBN 978-1-85196-907-4. £60.00. [REVIEW]Andrew Hull - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (1):136-138.
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  5.  47
    Science and Selection: Essays on Biological Evolution and the Philosophy of Science.David L. Hull - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    One way to understand science is as a selection process. David Hull, one of the dominant figures in contemporary philosophy of science, sets out in this 2001 volume a general analysis of this selection process that applies equally to biological evolution, the reaction of the immune system to antigens, operant learning, and social and conceptual change in science. Hull aims to distinguish between those characteristics that are contingent features of selection and those that are essential. Science and Selection (...)
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  6. A General Account of Selection: Biology, Immunology, and Behavior-Open Peer Commentary-Operant Learning and Selectionism: Risks and Benefits of Seeking Interdisciplinary Parallels.D. L. Hull, R. E. Langman, S. S. Glenn & R. W. Malott - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):544-544.
    Seeking parallels among disciplines can have both risks and benefits. Finding parallels may be a vacuous exercise in categorization, generating no new insights. And pointing to analogous functions may cause us to treat them as homologous. Hull et al. have provided a basis for the generation of insights in different selectionist areas, without confusing analogy with homology.
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  7. A General Account of Selection: Biology, Immunology, and Behavior-Open Peer Commentary-Is Operant Selectionism Coherent?D. L. Hull, R. E. Langman, S. S. Glenn, F. Tonneau & M. B. C. Sokolowski - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):558-558.
    Hull et al.'s analysis of operant behavior in terms of interaction and replication does not seem consistent with a genuine selection model. The putative replicators do not replicate, and the overall process is more reminiscent of directed mutation than of natural selection. General analogies between natural selection and operant reinforcement are too superficial to be of much scientific use.
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  8.  7
    O-Glycosylation Pathway for Mucin-Type Glycoproteins.Kermit L. Carraway & Steven R. Hull - 1989 - Bioessays 10 (4):117-121.
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  9.  3
    Crazing and Fracture Associated with the Interaction of Shear Bands in Polystyrene.L. Camwell & D. Hull - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 27 (5):1135-1150.
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  10. The Seven Deadly Sins of Research on Affect.L. Clore Gerald, Michael Justin Storbeck & David Centerbar D. Robinson - 2005 - In Lisa Feldman Barrett, Paula M. Niedenthal & Piotr Winkielman (eds.), Emotion and Consciousness. Guilford Press.
     
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  11. Science as a Process an Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science.DAVID L. HULL - 1988 - University of Chicago Press.
     
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  12.  60
    Principles of Behavior. An Introduction to Behavior Theory.Clark L. Hull - 1943 - Journal of Philosophy 40 (20):558-559.
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  13. A Matter of Individuality.David L. Hull - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):335-360.
    Biological species have been treated traditionally as spatiotemporally unrestricted classes. If they are to perform the function which they do in the evolutionary process, they must be spatiotemporally localized individuals, historical entities. Reinterpreting biological species as historical entities solves several important anomalies in biology, in philosophy of biology, and within philosophy itself. It also has important implications for any attempt to present an "evolutionary" analysis of science and for sciences such as anthropology which are devoted to the study of single (...)
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  14. The Philosophy of Biology.David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 1973 - London: Oxford University Press.
    Drawing on work of the past decade, this volume brings together articles from the philosophy, history, and sociology of science, and many other branches of the biological sciences. The volume delves into the latest theoretical controversies as well as burning questions of contemporary social importance. The issues considered include the nature of evolutionary theory, biology and ethics, the challenge from religion, and the social implications of biology today (in particular the Human Genome Project).
     
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  15. Philosophy of Biological Science.David L. Hull - 1974 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
  16. Individuality and Selection.David L. Hull - 1980 - Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11:311-332.
     
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  17.  17
    Are Species Really Individuals?David L. Hull - 1976 - Systematic Zoology 25:174-191.
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  18.  74
    A General Account of Selection: Biology, Immunology, and Behavior.David L. Hull, Rodney E. Langman & Sigrid S. Glenn - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):511-528.
    Authors frequently refer to gene-based selection in biological evolution, the reaction of the immune system to antigens, and operant learning as exemplifying selection processes in the same sense of this term. However, as obvious as this claim may seem on the surface, setting out an account of “selection” that is general enough to incorporate all three of these processes without becoming so general as to be vacuous is far from easy. In this target article, we set out such a general (...)
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  19. Units of Evolution: A Metaphysical Essay.David L. Hull - 1981 - In Uffe Juul Jensen & Rom Harré (eds.), The Philosophy of Evolution. St. Martin's Press. pp. 23--44.
     
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  20.  31
    The Metaphysics of Evolution.David L. Hull - 1989 - State University of New York Press.
    Extreme variation in the meaning of the term “species” throughout the history of biology has often frustrated attempts of historians, philosophers and biologists to communicate with one another about the transition in biological thinking from the static species concept to the modern notion of evolving species. The most important change which has underlain all the other fluctuations in the meaning of the word “species” is the change from it denoting such metaphysical entities as essences, Forms or Natures to denoting classes (...)
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  21. The Effect of Essentialism on Taxonomy—Two Thousand Years of Stasis.David L. Hull - 1964 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 15 (60):314-326.
  22.  46
    A Mechanism and its Metaphysics: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science. [REVIEW]David L. Hull - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):123-155.
    The claim that conceptual systems change is a platitude. That our conceptual systems are theory-laden is no less platitudinous. Given evolutionary theory, biologists are led to divide up the living world into genes, organisms, species, etc. in a particular way. No theory-neutral individuation of individuals or partitioning of these individuals into natural kinds is possible. Parallel observations should hold for philosophical theories about scientific theories. In this paper I summarize a theory of scientific change which I set out in considerable (...)
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  23.  29
    Central Subjects and Historical Narratives.David L. Hull - 1975 - History and Theory 14 (3):253-274.
    A central subject is the main strand around which the fabric of an historical narrative is woven. Such a subject must possess both spatial and temporal continuity. It is integrated into an historical entity through the relationship between those properties which make it an individual, and their interaction with the historical event. Scientific theory is useful in the reconstruction of past events and the definition of the central subject. Ideas used as central subjects present the problem of finding internal principles (...)
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  24. On the Plurality of Species: Questioning the Party Line.David L. Hull - 1999 - In R. Wilson (ed.), Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. MIT Press. pp. 23-48.
  25. The Effect of Essentialism on Taxonomy—Two Thousand Years of Stasis.David L. Hull - 1965 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (61):1-18.
  26.  19
    Genealogical Actors in Ecological Roles.David L. Hull - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (2):168-184.
  27.  25
    A Period of Development: A Response.David L. Hull - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):241-263.
  28.  5
    The Place of Innate Individual and Species Differences in a Natural-Science Theory of Behavior.C. L. Hull - 1945 - Psychological Review 52 (2):55-60.
  29. On Human Nature.David L. Hull - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:3-13.
    If species are the things that evolve at least in large part through the action of natural selection, then both genetic and phenotypic variability are essential to biological species. If all species are variable, then Homo sapiens must be variable. Hence, it is very unlikely that the human species as a biological species can be characterized by a set of invariable traits. It might be the case that at this moment in evolutionary history, all human beings happen to possess a (...)
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  30. The Use and Abuse of Sir Karl Popper.David L. Hull - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (4):481-504.
    Karl Popper has been one of the few philosophers of sciences who has influenced scientists. I evaluate Popper's influence on our understanding of evolutionary theory from his earliest publications to the present. Popper concluded that three sorts of statements in evolutionary biology are not genuine laws of nature. I take him to be right on this score. Popper's later distinction between evolutionary theory as a metaphysical research program and as a scientific theory led more than one scientist to misunderstand his (...)
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  31. Science and Selection: Essays on Biological Evolution and the Philosophy of Science.David L. Hull - 2002 - Journal of the History of Biology 35 (2):414-415.
     
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  32.  37
    The Professionalization of Science Studies: Cutting Some Slack. [REVIEW]David L. Hull - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (1):61-91.
    During the past hundred years or so, those scholars studying science have isolated themselves as much as possible from scientists as well as from workers in other disciplines who study science. The result of this effort is history of science, philosophy of science and sociology of science as separate disciplines. I argue in this paper that now is the time for these disciplinary boundaries to be lowered or at least made more permeable so that a unified discipline of Science Studies (...)
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  33. Reduction in Genetics--Biology or Philosophy?David L. Hull - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):491-499.
    A belief common among philosophers and biologists alike is that Mendelian genetics has been or is in the process of being reduced to molecular genetics, in the sense of formal theory reduction current in the literature. The purpose of this paper is to show that there are numerous empirical and conceptual difficulties which stand in the way of establishing a systematic inferential relation between Mendelian and molecular genetics. These difficulties, however, have little to do with the traditional objections which have (...)
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  34.  43
    At Last: Serious Consideration.David L. Hull, Rodney E. Langman & Sigrid S. Glenn - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):559-569.
    For a long time, several natural phenomena have been considered unproblematically selection processes in the same sense of “selection.” In our target article we dealt with three of these phenomena: gene-based selection in biological evolution, the reaction of the immune system to antigens, and operant learning. We characterize selection in terms of three processes (variation, replication, and environmental interaction) resulting in the evolution of lineages via differential replication. Our commentators were largely supportive with respect to variation and environmental interaction but (...)
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  35.  12
    The Concept of the Habit-Family Hierarchy, and Maze Learning. Part I.C. L. Hull - 1934 - Psychological Review 41 (1):33-54.
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  36.  21
    The Metaphysics of Evolution.David L. Hull - 1967 - British Journal for the History of Science 3 (4):309-337.
    Extreme variation in the meaning of the term “species” throughout the history of biology has often frustrated attempts of historians, philosophers and biologists to communicate with one another about the transition in biological thinking from the static species concept to the modern notion of evolving species. The most important change which has underlain all the other fluctuations in the meaning of the word “species” is the change from it denoting such metaphysical entities as essences, Forms or Natures to denoting classes (...)
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  37.  6
    Mind, Mechanism, and Adaptive Behavior.C. L. Hull - 1937 - Psychological Review 44 (1):1-32.
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  38.  11
    The Structure and Confirmation of Evolutionary Theory. [REVIEW]David L. Hull - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):431.
  39.  43
    The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology.David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    The philosophy of biology is one of the most exciting new areas in the field of philosophy and one that is attracting much attention from working scientists. This Companion, edited by two of the founders of the field, includes newly commissioned essays by senior scholars and up-and-coming younger scholars who collectively examine the main areas of the subject - the nature of evolutionary theory, classification, teleology and function, ecology, and the problematic relationship between biology and religion, among other topics. Up-to-date (...)
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  40. Consent Forms and the Therapeutic Misconception.N. King, G. Henderson, L. Churchill, A. Davis, S. C. Hull, D. K. Nelson, P. Parham-Vetter, B. Rothschild, M. Easter & B. Wilfond - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27:1-7.
     
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  41.  53
    Darwin's Science and Victorian Philosophy of Science.David L. Hull - 2003 - In J. Hodges & Gregory Radick (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Darwin. Cambridge University Press. pp. 168--191.
  42. What’s Wrong with Invisible-Hand Explanations?David L. Hull - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):126.
    An invisible hand seems to play an important role in science. In this paper I set out the general structure of invisible-hand explanations, counter some objections that have been raised to them, and detail the role that they play in science. The most important issue is the character of the mechanisms that are supposed to bring about invisible-hand effects.
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  43. 'Introduction to Part V.David L. Hull - 1998 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press. pp. 295--299.
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  44.  13
    In Defence of Generalized Darwinism.Howard E. Aldrich, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, David L. Hull, Thorbjørn Knudsen, Joel Mokyr & Viktor J. Vanberg - 2008 - Journal of Evolutionary Economics 18:577-596.
    Darwin himself suggested the idea of generalizing the core Darwinian principles to cover the evolution of social entities. Also in the nineteenth century, influential social scientists proposed their extension to political society and economic institutions. Nevertheless, misunderstanding and misrepresentation have hindered the realization of the powerful potential in this longstanding idea. Some critics confuse generalization with analogy. Others mistakenly presume that generalizing Darwinism necessarily involves biological reductionism. This essay outlines the types of phenomena to which a generalized Darwinism applies, and (...)
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  45. Edward O. Wilson. On Human Nature. [REVIEW]David L. Hull - 1980 - Environmental Ethics 2 (1):81-88.
  46.  13
    Planck's Principle.David L. Hull, Peter D. Tessner & Arthur M. Diamond - 1978 - Science 202 (4369):717-723.
  47.  68
    What Philosophy of Biology is Not.David L. Hull - 1969 - Synthese 20 (2):157 - 184.
  48.  18
    The Goal-Gradient Hypothesis and Maze Learning.C. L. Hull - 1932 - Psychological Review 39 (1):25-43.
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  49.  38
    How Do You Like Me Now?Gerald Hull - manuscript
    These reflections are an attempt to get to the heart of the "reason is the slave of the passions" debate. The whole point of deliberation is to arrive at a choice. What factors persons find to be choice-relevant is a purely empirical matter. This has significant consequences for the views of Hume, Williams, Nagel, Parfit and Korsgaard regarding practical reason.
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  50.  42
    The Essence of Scientific Theories.David L. Hull - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):17-19.
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