55 found
Order:
See also
Gerald Lang
University of Leeds
  1. The Right Kind of Solution to the Wrong Kind of Reason Problem.Gerald Lang - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (4):472-489.
    Recent discussion of Scanlon's account of value, which analyses the value of X in terms of agents' reasons for having certain pro-attitudes or contra-attitudes towards X, has generated the problem (WKR problem): this is the problem, for the buck-passing view, of being able to acknowledge that there may be good reasons for attributing final value to X that have nothing to do with the final value that X actually possesses. I briefly review some of the existing solutions offered to the (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  2. Consequentialism, Cluelessness, and Indifference.Gerald Lang - 2008 - Journal of Value Inquiry 42 (4):477-485.
  3. In Defense of Batman: Reply to Bradley.Gerald Lang & Rob Lawlor - 2013 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (3):1-7.
  4.  72
    Invigilating Republican Liberty.Gerald Lang - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (247):273-293.
    Republican liberty, as recently defended by Philip Pettit and Quentin Skinner, characterises liberty in terms of the absence of domination, instead of, or in addition to, the absence of interference, as favoured by Berlin-style negative liberty. This article considers several claims made on behalf of republican liberty, particularly in Pettit's and Skinner's recent writings, and finds them wanting. No relevant moral or political concern expressed by republicans, it will be contended here, fails to be accommodated by negative liberty.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5.  6
    Numbers Scepticism, Equal Chances and Pluralism.Gerald Lang & Rob Lawlor - 2016 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 15 (3):298-315.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6.  53
    Rawlsian Incentives and the Freedom Objection.Gerald Lang - 2016 - Journal of Social Philosophy 47 (2):231-249.
    One Rawlsian response to G. A. Cohen’s criticisms of justice as fairness which Cohen canvasses, and then dismisses, is the 'Freedom Objection'. It comes in two versions. The 'First Version' asserts that there is an unresolved trilemma among the three principles of equality, Pareto-optimality, and freedom of occupational choice, while the 'Second Version' imputes to Rawls’s theory a concern to protect occupational freedom over equality of condition. This article is mainly concerned with advancing three claims. First, the 'ethical solution' Cohen (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7. What's the Matter? Review of Derek Parfit, On What Matters.Gerald Lang - 2012 - Utilitas 24 (2):300-312.
  8.  53
    Fairness in Life and Death Cases.Gerald Lang - 2005 - Erkenntnis 62 (3):321-351.
    John Taurek famously argued that, in ‘conflict cases’, where we are confronted with a smaller and a larger group of individuals, and can choose which group to save from harm, we should toss a coin, rather than saving the larger group. This is primarily because coin-tossing is fairer: it ensures that each individual, regardless of the group to which he or she belongs, has an equal chance of being saved. This article provides a new response to Taurek’s argument. It proposes (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  9.  12
    Numbers Scepticism, Equal Chances and Pluralism: Taurek Revisited.Rob Lawlor & Gerald Lang - 2016 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 15 (3):298-315.
    The ‘standard interpretation’ of John Taurek’s argument in ‘Should the Numbers Count?’ imputes two theses to him: first, ‘numbers scepticism’, or scepticism about the moral force of an appeal to the mere number of individuals saved in conflict cases; and second, the ‘equal greatest chances’ principle of rescue, which requires that every individual has an equal chance of being rescued. The standard interpretation is criticized here on a number of grounds. First, whilst Taurek clearly believes that equal chances are all-important, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  92
    Luck Egalitarianism, Permissible Inequalities, and Moral Hazard.Gerald Lang - 2009 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (3):317-338.
    In this article, I appeal to the phenomenon of moral hazard in order to explain how at least some of the inequalities permitted by Luck Egalitarianism can be given an alternative, more plausible grounding than that which is supplied by Luck Egalitarianism. This alternative grounding robs Luck Egalitarianism of a potentially significant source of intuitive support whilst enabling conditional welfare policies to survive the attacks on them made by Elizabeth Anderson, Jonathan Wolff, and others.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  11.  34
    How We Fight: Ethics in War.Helen Frowe & Gerald Lang (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    How We Fight: Ethics in War contains ten groundbreaking essays by some of the leading philosophers of war. The essays offer new perspectives on key debates including pacifism, punitive justifications for war, the distribution of risk between combatants and non-combatants, the structure of 'just war theory', and bases of individual liability in war.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  21
    Numbers Scepticism, Equal Chances and Pluralism Taurek Revisited.Gerald Lang & Rob Lawlor - 2016 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 15 (3):298-315.
    The ‘standard interpretation’ of John Taurek’s argument in ‘Should the Numbers Count?’ imputes two theses to him: first, ‘numbers scepticism’, or scepticism about the moral force of an appeal to the mere number of individuals saved in conflict cases; and second, the ‘equal greatest chances’ principle of rescue, which requires that every individual has an equal chance of being rescued. The standard interpretation is criticized here on a number of grounds. First, whilst Taurek clearly believes that equal chances are all-important, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  85
    Should Utilitarianism Be Scalar?Gerald Lang - 2013 - Utilitas 25 (1):80-95.
    Scalar utilitarianism, a form of utilitarianism advocated by Alastair Norcross, retains utilitarianism's evaluative commitments while dispensing with utilitarianism's deontic commitments, or its commitment to the existence or significance of moral duties, obligations and requirements. This article disputes the effectiveness of the arguments that have been used to defend scalar utilitarianism. It is contended that Norcross's central does not succeed, and it is suggested, more positively, that utilitarians cannot easily distance themselves from deontic assessment, just as long as scalar utilitarians admit (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  54
    The Rule-Following Considerations and Metaethics: Some False Moves.Gerald Lang - 2001 - European Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):190–209.
    In a series of influential papers, John McDowell has argued that the rule‐following considerations explored in Wittgenstein’s later work provide support for a particularist form of moral objectivity. The article distinguishes three such arguments in McDowell’s writings, labelled the Anthropocentricism Argument, the Shapelessness Argument, and the Anti‐Humean Argument, respectively, and the author disputes the effectiveness of each of them. As far as these metaethical debates are concerned, the article concludes that the rule‐following considerations leave everything in their place.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  15.  25
    What Follows From Defensive Non-Liaibility?Gerald Lang - 2017 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 117 (3):231-252.
    Theories of self-defence tend to invest heavily in ‘liability justifications’: if the Attacker is liable to have defensive violence deployed against him by the Defender, then he will not be wronged by such violence, and selfdefence becomes, as a result, morally unproblematic. This paper contends that liability justifications are overrated. The deeper contribution to an explanation of why defensive permissions exist is made by the Defender’s non-liability. Drawing on both canonical cases of self-defence, featuring Culpable Attackers, and more penumbral cases (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  23
    Catherine Wilson, Metaethics From a First-Person Standpoint. [REVIEW]Gerald Lang - 2017 - Ratio.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  77
    Thinking Big, Thinking Small: Smilansky's Paradoxes.Gerald Lang - 2009 - Iyyun 58:277-291.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  30
    Jobs, Institutions, and Beneficial Retirement.Gerald Lang - 2014 - Ratio 27 (2):205-221.
    According to Saul Smilansky's ‘Paradox of Beneficial Retirement’, many serving members of professions may have decisive integrity-based reasons for retiring immediately. The Paradox of Beneficial Retirement holds that a below-par performance in one's job does not require any outright incompetence, but may take a purely relational form, in which a good performance is not good enough if it would be improved upon by someone else who would be appointed instead. It is argued, in response, that jobs in the sectors Smilansky (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19. Just Cause, Liability, and the Moral Inequality of Combatants.Gerald Lang - 2012 - Theoretical and Applied Ethics 1 (4):54-60.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  57
    Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams.Ulrike Heuer & Gerald Lang (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Luck, Value, and Commitment comprises eleven new essays which engage with, or take their point of departure from, the influential work in moral and political philosophy of Bernard Williams (1929-2003).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  97
    Punishment and the Rebalancing of Status.Gerald Lang - 2014 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 4 (3):53-67.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. A Dilemma for Objective Act-Utilitarianism.Gerald Lang - 2004 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (2):221-239.
    Act-utilitarianism comes in two standard varieties: ‘subjective’ act-utilitarianism, which tells agents to attempt to maximize utility directly, and ‘objective’ act-utilitarianism, which permits agents to use non-utilitarian decision-making procedures. This article argues that objective actutilitarianism is exposed to a dilemma. On one horn of it is the contention that objective act-utilitarianism makes inconsistent claims about the rightness of acts. On the other horn of it is the contention that objective act-utilitarianism collapses back into what is, essentially, subjective act-utilitarianism. Three objective act-utilitarian (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  38
    Is There Potential in Potentiality?Gerald Lang - 2012 - Philosophical Papers 41 (1):129-147.
    Philosophical Papers, Volume 41, Issue 1, Page 129-147, March 2012.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  22
    Discrimination, Partial Concern, and Arbitrariness.Gerald Lang - 2012 - In Ulrike Heuer & Gerald Lang (eds.), Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams. Oxford University Press, Usa. pp. 293.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25. Introduction.Gerald Lang & Ulrike Heuer - 2012 - In Ulrike Heuer & Gerald Lang (eds.), Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams. Oxford University Press. pp. 1-16.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  60
    Nudging the Responsibility Objection.Gerald Lang - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (1):56–71.
    The ‘Responsibility Objection’ to Judith Thomson's famous argument for the permissibility of abortion challenges the relevance of her ‘Violinist Analogy’ to certain types of voluntary unwanted pregnancy, on the grounds that those pregnancies, even though they may be unwanted, are pregnancies for which the woman can be plausibly held responsible. This article considers the force of a number of recent objections to the Responsibility Objection, advanced by Harry Silverstein, David Boonin, and Jeff McMahan, and judges them to be unpersuasive. It (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  54
    Legitimating Torture?Gerald Lang - 2017 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 11 (2):331-349.
    Steinhoff defends the moral and legal permissibility of torture in a limited range of circumstances. This article criticizes Steinhoff’s arguments. The analogy between ordinary defensive violence and defensive torture which Steinhoff argues for is partly spoiled by the presence, within defensive torture, of opportunistic harm, in addition to eliminative harm. Steinhoff’s arguments that the mere legalization of defensive torture would not metastasize into a more full-fledged institutionalization of torture are also found wanting. As a minimal form of institutionalization, the mere (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  48
    Luck Egalitarianism and the See-Saw Objection.Gerald Lang - 2006 - American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):43 - 56.
  29.  56
    What Does Ivan Ilyich Need To Be Rescued From?Gerald Lang - 2014 - Philosophy 89 (2):1-23.
    Tolstoy's The Death of Ivan Ilyich describes how a man's exposure to imminent death allows him to secure redemption from a flawed life. Through close textual attention to Tolstoy's novella and extensive engagement with Frances Kamm's treatment of it, this article quarrels with this of Ivan's case, offering a sourer, more pessimistic view. It is argued that Ivan's reconciliation to death is facilitated by a series of mistakes he makes en route to his dying moments. Two more general lessons are (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  9
    Catherine Wilson, Metaethics From a First Person Standpoint: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy. OpenBook Publishers, Cambridge, 2016, £29.95 , £14.95 , 122 Pp. [REVIEW]Gerald Lang - 2018 - Ratio 31 (S1):111-114.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  20
    Lippert-Rasmussen, Kasper. Luck Egalitarianism.Gerald Lang - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (1):215-217.
  32.  33
    Shaping the Normative Landscape By David Owens.Gerald Lang - 2015 - Analysis 75 (1):175-177.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  56
    Excuses for the Moral Equality of Combatants.Gerald Lang - 2011 - Analysis 71 (3):512-523.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  32
    How Far Can You Go With Quietism?Gerald Lang - 2010 - Problema 4:3-37.
    Ronald Dworkin’s Justice for Hedgehogs renews and amplifies his earlier attacks on metaethics. This article reviews the main lineaments of Dworkin’s anti-metaethical arguments and discusses, in detail, a number of issues which arise from them. First, it is suggested that Dworkin’s appraisal of what is doing most of the explanatory work in his account is largely askew. Second, it is claimed that Dworkin’s allegation that expressivism is self-defeating is wide of the mark, but that another charge in the same vicinity (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  47
    Doubly Good.Gerald Lang - 2001 - The Philosophers' Magazine 15 (15):57-57.
    A short review essay of Philippa Foot's Natural Goodness and Simon Blackburn's Being Good.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  5
    XII—What Follows From Defensive Non-Liability?Gerald Lang - 2017 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 117 (3):231-252.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Review of Jeff McMahan, The Ethics of Killing. [REVIEW]Gerald Lang - 2005 - Ratio 18 (3):365-369.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Review of Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Luck Egalitarianism. [REVIEW]Gerald Lang - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.
  39.  20
    How Interesting is the “Boring Problem” for Luck Egalitarianism?Gerald Lang - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (3):698-722.
    Imagine a two-person distributive case in which Ernest's choices yield X and Bertie's choices yield X + Y, producing an income gap between them of Y. Neither Ernest nor Bertie is responsible for this gap of Y, since neither of them has any control over what the other agent chooses. This is what Susan Hurley calls the “Boring Problem” for luck egalitarianism. Contrary to Hurley's relatively dismissive treatment of it, it is contended that the Boring Problem poses a deep problem (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. The Rule‐Following Considerations and Metaethics: Some False Moves.Gerald Lang - 2001 - European Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):190-209.
    In a series of influential papers, John McDowell has argued that the rule‐following considerations explored in Wittgenstein’s later work provide support for a particularist form of moral objectivity. The article distinguishes three such arguments in McDowell’s writings, labelled the Anthropocentricism Argument, the Shapelessness Argument, and the Anti‐Humean Argument, respectively, and the author disputes the effectiveness of each of them. As far as these metaethical debates are concerned, the article concludes that the rule‐following considerations leave everything in their place.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41. Doubly Good: Natural Goodness, Philippa Foot,(Clarendon Press)£ 15.99/$22.00 Being Good: A Short Introduction to Ethics, Simon Blackburn (Oxford University Press)£ 9.99. [REVIEW]Gerald Lang - 2001 - The Philosophers' Magazine 15:57.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  13
    What's the Matter? Review of Derek Parfit, On What Matters — ERRATUM.Gerald Lang - 2012 - Utilitas 24 (3):441.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  11
    Why Not Forfeiture?Gerald Lang - 2014 - In Helen Frowe and Gerald Lang (ed.), How We Fight: Ethics in War. Oxford University Press. pp. 38-61.
  44.  1
    One Another’s Equals, by Jeremy Waldron.Gerald Lang - forthcoming - Mind:fzy019.
    _ One Another’s Equals _, by WaldronJeremy. Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press, 2017. Pp. x + 264.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  22
    Review of N. Ann Davis, Richard Keshen, Jeff McMahan (Eds.), Ethics and Humanity: Themes From the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover[REVIEW]Gerald Lang - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (8).
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  19
    Moral Relativism & Cultural Chauvanism.Gerald Lang - 2002 - Philosophy Now 36:24-27.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  8
    Owning Up: Dworkin on Responsibility.Gerald Lang - 2015 - Jurisprudence 6 (2):298-308.
  48.  15
    Review of David Rodin, War and Self-Defense[REVIEW]Gerald Lang - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (5).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  14
    Review of Christopher Miles Coope, Worth and Welfare in the Controversy Over Abortion[REVIEW]Gerald Lang - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (2).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. An Enquiry Into Moral Realism.Gerald Lang - 1994
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 55