42 found
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  1.  20
    Ethical Issues to Consider Before Introducing Neurotechnological Thought Apprehension in Psychiatry.Gerben Meynen - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):5-14.
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  2.  91
    Forensic Brain-Reading and Mental Privacy in European Human Rights Law: Foundations and Challenges.Sjors Ligthart, Thomas Douglas, Christoph Bublitz, Tijs Kooijmans & Gerben Meynen - 2020 - Neuroethics:1-13.
    A central question in the current neurolegal and neuroethical literature is how brain-reading technologies could contribute to criminal justice. Some of these technologies have already been deployed within different criminal justice systems in Europe, including Slovenia, Italy, England and Wales, and the Netherlands, typically to determine guilt, legal responsibility, or recidivism risk. In this regard, the question arises whether brain-reading could permissibly be used against the person's will. To provide adequate legal protection from such non-consensual brain-reading in the European legal (...)
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  3.  9
    Legal Insanity: Explorations in Psychiatry, Law, and Ethics.Gerben Meynen - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
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  4. Depression, Possibilities, and Competence: A Phenomenological Perspective. [REVIEW]Gerben Meynen - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (3):181-193.
    Competent decision-making is required for informed consent. In this paper, I aim, from a phenomenological perspective, to identify the specific facets of competent decision-making that may form a challenge to depressed patients. On a phenomenological account, mood and emotions are crucial to the way in which human beings encounter the world. More precisely, mood is intimately related to the options and future possibilities we perceive in the world around us. I examine how possibilities should be understood in this context, and (...)
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  5.  84
    Informed Consent Instead of Assent is Appropriate in Children From the Age of Twelve: Policy Implications of New Findings on Children’s Competence to Consent to Clinical Research.Irma M. Hein, Martine C. De Vries, Pieter W. Troost, Gerben Meynen, Johannes B. Van Goudoever & Ramón J. L. Lindauer - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundFor many decades, the debate on children’s competence to give informed consent in medical settings concentrated on ethical and legal aspects, with little empirical underpinnings. Recently, data from empirical research became available to advance the discussion. It was shown that children’s competence to consent to clinical research could be accurately assessed by the modified MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Clinical Research. Age limits for children to be deemed competent to decide on research participation have been studied: generally children of 11.2 (...)
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  6.  28
    Competence in Chronic Mental Illness: The Relevance of Practical Wisdom.Guy A. M. Widdershoven, Andrea Ruissen, Anton J. L. M. van Balkom & Gerben Meynen - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (6):374-378.
  7. The Future of Neuroethics and the Relevance of the Law.Sjors Ligthart, Thomas Douglas, Christoph Bublitz & Gerben Meynen - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (3):120-121.
    Open Peer Commentary, referring to "Neuroethics at 15: The Current and Future Environment for Neuroethics".
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  8.  8
    Reduced Self-Control After 3 Months of Imprisonment; A Pilot Study.Jesse Meijers, Joke M. Harte, Gerben Meynen, Pim Cuijpers & Erik J. A. Scherder - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  9.  12
    Autonomy in Predictive Brain Implants: The Importance of Embodiment and Dialogue.Guy A. M. Widdershoven, Gerben Meynen & Damiaan Denys - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (4):16-18.
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  10.  50
    Neurolaw: Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law. Review Essay.Gerben Meynen - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (4):819-829.
    Neurolaw is a new, rapidly developing area of interdisciplinary research on the meaning and implications of neuroscience for the law and legal practices. In this article three recently published volumes in this field will be reviewed.
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  11.  35
    Moral Progress: An Introduction.Albert W. Musschenga & Gerben Meynen - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (1):3-15.
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  12.  18
    Nocebo and Informed Consent in the Internet Era.Gerben Meynen, Dick F. Swaab & Guy Widdershoven - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (3):31-33.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 3, Page 31-33, March 2012.
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  13. Free Will and Mental Disorder: Exploring the Relationship.Gerben Meynen - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (6):429-443.
    A link between mental disorder and freedom is clearly present in the introduction of the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). It mentions “an important loss of freedom” as one of the possible defining features of mental disorder. Meanwhile, it remains unclear how “an important loss of freedom” should be understood. In order to get a clearer view on the relationship between mental disorder and (a loss of) freedom, in this article, I will explore (...)
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  14.  14
    Psychiatric Genomics and the Role of the Family: Beyond the Doctor–Patient Relationship.Guy Widdershoven, Yolande Voskes & Gerben Meynen - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (4):20-22.
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  15.  15
    Ethical Dilemmas in the Practice of DBS.Guy Widdershoven, Gerben Meynen, Laura Hartman & Damiaan Denys - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (4):83-85.
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  16.  4
    Evaluating PAD Requests in Psychiatry: The Importance of Involving Others.Guy Widdershoven, Yolande Voskes, Gerben Meynen & Suzanne Metselaar - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (10):63-65.
    Volume 19, Issue 10, October 2019, Page 63-65.
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  17.  9
    Why Authenticity May Be an Inherent Bioethical DBS Concern.Gerben Meynen & Guy Widdershoven - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (1):37-39.
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  18.  76
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Online Intelligence: A Phenomenological Account of Why Worrying is Unhelpful.Gerben Meynen - 2011 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6:7-.
    Worrying is the central feature of generalized anxiety disorder . Many people worry from time to time, but in GAD the worrying is prolonged and difficult to control. Worrying is a specific way of coping with perceived threats and feared situations. Meanwhile, it is not considered to be a helpful coping strategy, and the phenomenological account developed in this paper aims to show why. It builds on several phenomenological notions and in particular on Michael Wheeler's application of these notions to (...)
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  19.  22
    Exploring the Similarities and Differences Between Medical Assessments of Competence and Criminal Responsibility.Gerben Meynen - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):443-451.
    The medical assessments of criminal responsibility and competence to consent to treatment are performed, developed and debated in distinct domains. In this paper I try to connect these domains by exploring the similarities and differences between both assessments. In my view, in both assessments a decision-making process is evaluated in relation to the possible influence of a mental disorder on this process. I will argue that, in spite of the relevance of the differences, both practices could benefit from the recognition (...)
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  20.  98
    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Free Will, and Control.Gerben Meynen - 2012 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (4):323-332.
    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is considered to be one of the more common serious mental disorders, with a prevalence rate of about 1% (Heyman et al. 2006). It is characterized by obsessions, or compulsions, or both. According to the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association 1994), obsessions are “recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced at some time during the disturbance, as intrusive and inappropriate and that cause marked anxiety or distress.” Compulsions, on the other hand, are repetitive behaviors (e.g., (...)
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  21.  15
    Dealing With the Nocebo Effect: Taking Physician–Patient Interaction Seriously.Suzanne Metselaar, Gerben Meynen & Guy Widdershoven - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (6):48-50.
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  22.  30
    Free Will and Psychiatric Assessments of Criminal Responsibility: A Parallel with Informed Consent. [REVIEW]Gerben Meynen - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (4):313-320.
    In some criminal cases a forensic psychiatrist is asked to make an assessment of the state of mind of the defendant at the time of the legally relevant act. A considerable number of people seem to hold that the basis for this assessment is that free will is required for legal responsibility, and that mental disorders can compromise free will. In fact, because of the alleged relationship between the forensic assessment and free will, researchers in forensic psychiatry also consider the (...)
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  23.  23
    Should or Should Not Forensic Psychiatrists Think About Free Will?Gerben Meynen - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (2):203-212.
    The forensic psychiatrist’s task is often considered to be tightly connected to the concept of free will. Yet, there is also a lack of clarity about the role of the concept of free will in forensic psychiatry. Recently, Morse has argued that forensic psychiatrists should not mention free will in their reports or testimonies, and, moreover, that they should not even think about free will. Starting from a discussion on Morse’s claims, I will develop my own view on how forensic (...)
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  24.  12
    Autonomy, Free Will, and a Rational Life-Plan: A Practical Perspective.Gerben Meynen & Guy Widdershoven - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (4):64-65.
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  25.  86
    Wegner on Hallucinations, Inconsistency, and the Illusion of Free Will. Some Critical Remarks.Gerben Meynen - 2010 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):359-372.
    Wegner’s argument on the illusory nature of conscious will, as developed in The Illusion of Conscious Will (2002) and other publications, has had major impact. Based on empirical data, he develops a theory of apparent mental causation in order to explain the occurrence of the illusion of conscious will. Part of the evidence for his argument is derived from a specific interpretation of the phenomenon of auditory verbal hallucinations as they may occur in schizophrenia. The aim of this paper is (...)
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  26.  10
    Emotionality and Competence: Changing Emotions Versus Dealing With Emotions.Gerben Meynen & Guy Widdershoven - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (3):64-66.
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  27.  60
    Psychopathology and Causal Explanation in Practice. A Critical Note on Heidegger’s Zollikon Seminars.Gerben Meynen & Jacco Verburgt - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (1):57-66.
    From 1959 until 1969, Heidegger lectured to psychiatrists and psychiatry students at the University of Zurich Psychiatric Clinic and in Zollikon. The transcriptions of these lectures were published as the Zollikon Seminars. In these seminars Heidegger is highly critical of psychoanalysis, because of its causal and objectifying approach to the human being. In general, Heidegger considers it an objectification or even an elimination of the human being to approach a patient from a causal perspective. In our view Heidegger has overlooked (...)
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  28.  13
    Medicine in Danger?: Response To: ‘On Heidegger, Medicine, and the Modernity of Modern Medical Technology’ by Iain Brassington, Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy November 2006 Epub Ahead of Print.Gerben Meynen & Jacco H. P. Verburgt - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):477-478.
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  29.  6
    Accessing Medical Biobanks to Solve Crimes: Ethical Considerations.Nina F. de Groot, Britta C. van Beers, Lieven Decock & Gerben Meynen - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106133.
    Millions of human biological samples are stored worldwide for medical research or treatment purposes. These biospecimens are of enormous potential value to law enforcement as DNA profiles can be obtained from these samples. However, forensic use of such biospecimens raises a number of ethical questions. This article aims to explore ethical issues of using human bodily material in medical biobanks for crime investigation and prosecution purposes. Concerns about confidentiality, trust, autonomy and justice will be discussed. We explore how to balance (...)
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  30.  97
    Closed-Loop Brain Devices in Offender Rehabilitation: Autonomy, Human Rights, and Accountability.Sjors Ligthart, Tijs Kooijmans, Thomas Douglas & Gerben Meynen - forthcoming - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 30 (4).
    The current debate on closed-loop brain devices (CBDs) focuses on their use in a medical context; possible criminal justice applications have not received scholarly attention. Unlike in medicine, in criminal justice, CBDs might be offered on behalf of the State and for the purpose of protecting security, rather than realising healthcare aims. It would be possible to deploy CBDs in the rehabilitation of convicted offenders, similarly to the much-debated possibility of employing other brain interventions in this context. Although such use (...)
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  31.  1
    Is Virtually Everything Possible? The Relevance of Ethics and Human Rights for Introducing Extended Reality in Forensic Psychiatry.Sjors Ligthart, Gerben Meynen, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Tijs Kooijmans & Philipp Kellmeyer - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience:1-14.
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  32. Persuasive Technologies and the Right to Mental Liberty: The ‘Smart’ Rehabilitation of Criminal Offenders.Sjors Ligthart, Gerben Meynen & Thomas Douglas - forthcoming - In Marcello Ienca, O. Pollicino, L. Liguori, R. Andorno & E. Stefanini (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Information Technology, Life Sciences and Human Rights. Cambridge, UK:
    Every day, millions of people use mobile phones, play video games and surf the Internet. It is thus important to determine how technologies like these change what people think and how they behave. This is a central issue in the study of persuasive technologies. ‘Persuasive technologies’—henceforth ‘PTs’—are digital technologies, such as mobile apps, video games and virtual reality systems, that are deployed for the explicit purpose of changing attitudes and/or behaviours, without using coercion, deception or extreme forms of psychological manipulation (...)
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  33.  20
    The Insanity Defence Without Mental Illness? Some Considerations.Luca Malatesti, Marko Jurjako & Gerben Meynen - 2020 - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 71.
    In this paper we aim to offer a balanced argument to motivate (re)thinking about the mental illness clause within the insanity defence. This is the clause that states that mental illness should have a relevant causal or explanatory role for the presence of the incapacities or limited capacities that are covered by this defence. We offer three main considerations showing the important legal and epistemological roles that the mental illness clause plays in the evaluation of legal responsibility. Although we acknowledge (...)
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  34.  9
    Reconsidering Bias: A Hermeneutic Perspective.Suzanne Metselaar, Gerben Meynen & Guy Widdershoven - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):33-35.
  35.  7
    Reclaiming Narrative Identity and Recovery in Psychiatry.Suzanne Metselaar, Yolande Voskes, Gerben Meynen & Guy Widdershoven - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (3):188-190.
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  36.  4
    Responding to Human Brain Surrogates Research: The Value of Empirical Ethics.Suzanne Metselaar, Jeroen Geurts & Gerben Meynen - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):64-66.
    Greely argues that surrogates for living human brains in vivo might be of tremendous benefit to understanding human brain function—and eventually to curing devastating brain diseases—without...
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  37.  19
    Compulsions, Compatibilism, and Control.Gerben Meynen - forthcoming - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (4):343-345.
  38.  10
    Dealing With Placebo Effects: A Plea to Take Into Account Contextual Factors.Gerben Meynen & Guy Widdershoven - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (10):19-21.
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  39.  9
    Neuroscience-Based Psychiatric Assessments of Criminal Responsibility: Beyond Self-Report?Gerben Meynen - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (3):446-458.
    Many legal systems have an insanity defense, which means that although a person has committed a crime, she is not held criminally responsible for the act. A challenge with regard to these assessments is that forensic psychiatrists have to rely to a considerable extent on the defendant's self-report. Could neuroscience be a way to make these evaluations more objective? The current value of neuroimaging in insanity assessments will be examined. The author argues that neuroscience can be valuable for diagnosing neurological (...)
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  40.  6
    The Impact of Closed-Loop DBS on Agency: An Open Question.Gerben Meynen & Guy Widdershoven - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (2):79-80.
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  41. Vrije wil en: psychiatrische stoornissen.Gerben Meynen - 2008 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 100 (1):67-72.
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  42.  4
    Response to Crisp and Sullivan-Bissett.Guy A. M. Widdershoven, Andrea Ruissen, Anton J. L. M. van Balkom & Gerben Meynen - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (6):382-383.
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