Results for 'Gerd Gra��hoff'

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  1.  27
    Minimal Assumption Derivation of a Bell-Type Inequality.Gerd Graßhoff, Samuel Portmann & Adrian Wüthrich - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):663 - 680.
    John Bell showed that a big class of local hidden-variable models stands in conflict with quantum mechanics and experiment. Recently, there were suggestions that empirically adequate hidden-variable models might exist which presuppose a weaker notion of local causality. We will show that a Bell-type inequality can be derived also from these weaker assumptions.
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  2.  51
    Minimal Assumption Derivation of a Bell-Type Inequality.Gerd Graßhoff, Samuel Portmann & and Adrian Wüthrich - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):663 - 680.
    Institute of Theoretical Physics, Exact Sciences Sidlerstrasse 5, University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern Switzerland portmann{at}itp.unibe.ch' + u + '@' + d + ''//--> awuethr{at}itp.unibe.ch' + u + '@' + d + ''//--> John Bell showed that a big class of local hidden-variable models stands in conflict with quantum mechanics and experiment. Recently, there were suggestions that empirically adequate hidden-variable models might exist which presuppose a weaker notion of local causality. We will show that a Bell-type inequality can be derived also (...)
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  3.  25
    Hertzian Objects in Wittgenstein's Tractatus.Gerd Graßhoff - 1997 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 5 (1):87-120.
  4.  16
    Hertzian Objects in Wittgenstein's Tractatus.Gerd Graßhoff - 1997 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 5 (1):87 – 120.
  5.  10
    Zur Shalev;, Charles Burnett . Ptolemy's Geography in the Renaissance. Xiii + 240 Pp., Illus., App., Index. London: Warburg Institute; Turin: Nino Aragno Editore, 2011. £50, €59.90. [REVIEW]Gerd Graßhoff - 2012 - Isis 103 (4):781-782.
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  6. Modelling the Astrophysical Object SS433 - Methodology of Model Construction by a Research Collective.Gerd Graßhoff - 1998 - Philosophia Naturalis 35:161-200.
     
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  7.  34
    In Pursuit of Formaldehyde: Causally Explanatory Models and Falsification.Kärin Nickelsen & Gerd Graßhoff - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (3):297-305.
    Falsification no longer is the cornerstone of philosophy of science; but it still looms widely that scientists ought to drop an explanatory hypothesis in view of negative results. We shall argue that, to the contrary, negative empirical results are unable to disqualify causally explanatory hypotheses—not because of the shielding effect of auxiliary assumptions but because of the fact that the causal irrelevance of a factor cannot empirically be established. This perspective is elaborated at a case study taken from the history (...)
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  8.  6
    In Pursuit of Formaldehyde: Causally Explanatory Models and Falsification.Kärin Nickelsen & Gerd Graßhoff - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (3):297-305.
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  9. Causal Regularities.Michael May & Gerd Graßhoff - 2001 - In Wolfgang Spohn, Marion Ledwig & Michael Esfeld (eds.), Current Issues in Causation. Mentis. pp. 85.
     
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  10. Experimentation and Methodology Applied to Cold Fusion Research.Gerd Graßhoff & Michael Schneegans - 1995 - Philosophia Naturalis 32 (1):47-70.
     
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  11.  22
    Bell-Type Inequalities From Separate Common Causes.Gerd Graßhoff & Adrian Wüthrich - 2010 - In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), EPSA Philosophical Issues in the Sciences · Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association. Springer. pp. 87--92.
  12.  19
    Inferences to Causal Relevance From Experiments.Gerd Graßhoff - 2011 - In Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer. pp. 167--182.
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  13.  1
    Ptolemy's Geography in the Renaissance. [REVIEW]Gerd Graßhoff - 2012 - Isis 103:781-782.
  14.  8
    Of Paths and Places: The Origin of Ptolemy’s Geography.Elisabeth Rinner, Florian Mittenhuber & Gerd Graßhoff - 2017 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 71 (6):483-508.
    In his Geography, Ptolemy recorded the geographical coordinates of more than 6,300 toponyms of the known oikoumenē. This study presents the type of geographical information that was used by Ptolemy as well as the methods he applied to derive his geographical coordinates. A new methodological approach was developed in order to analyse the characteristic deviations of Ptolemy’s data from their reconstructed reference locations. The clusters of displacement vectors establish that Ptolemy did not obtain his coordinates from astronomical observations at each (...)
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  15.  58
    Bell-Type Inequalities From Separate Common Causes.Gerd Grasshoff & Adrian Wuethrich - unknown
    In the light of recent discussions we present the main results of our project, the aim of which was to derive a Bell-type inequality from the weakest possible assumptions. A principal outcome of the project is that a Bell-type inequality can be derived from the assumption of separate common causes (Graßhoff, Portmann and Wüthrich 2005), even without the assumption of perfectly anticorrelating event types (Portmann and Wüthrich 2007). We also address the critique that in Graßhoff et al. (2005) we implicitly (...)
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  16.  2
    Semantik Und Ontologie.Mark Siebel & Mark Textor (eds.) - 2004 - Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag.
    Der zweite Band der Reihe Philosophische Forschung spannt zwei Kerngebiete der Analytischen Philosophie zusammen: die Semantik und die Ontologie. Was sind die Grundbausteine unserer Ontologie? Wie beziehen wir uns sprachlich bzw. geistig auf sie? Diese und weitere Fragen werden von international renommierten Philosophen aus historischer und systematischer Perspektivediskutiert. Die Beiträge sind in Deutsch und English verfasst. Sie stammen von Christian Beyer, Johannes Brandl, Dagfinn Føllesdal, Dorothea Frede, Rolf George, Gerd Graßhoff, Peter Hacker, Andreas Kemmerling, Edgar Morscher, Kevin Mulligan, Rolf (...)
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  17. Hertzian Objects in Wittgenstein's Tractatus.Gerd Gra - 1997 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 5 (1):87 – 120.
     
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  18. Regularity Theories Reassessed.Michael Baumgartner - 2006 - Philosophia 36 (3):327-354.
    For a long time, regularity accounts of causation have virtually vanished from the scene. Problems encountered within other theoretical frameworks have recently induced authors working on causation, laws of nature, or methodologies of causal reasoning – as e.g. May (Kausales Schliessen. Eine Untersuchung über kausale Erklärungen und Theorienbildung. Ph.D. thesis, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, 1999), Ragin (Fuzzy-set social science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000), Graßhoff and May (Causal regularities. In W. Spohn, M. Ledwig, & M. Esfeld (Eds.), Current issues in (...)
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  19.  13
    Separate- Versus Common-Common-Cause-Type Derivations of the Bell Inequalities.Gábor Hofer-Szabó - 2008 - Synthese 163 (2):199-215.
    Standard derivations of the Bell inequalities assume a common-commoncause-system that is a common screener-off for all correlations and some additional assumptions concerning locality and no-conspiracy. In a recent paper Graßhoff et al., "The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science", 56, 663–680 ) Bell inequalities have been derived via separate common causes assuming perfect correlations between the events. In the paper it will be shown that the assumptions of this separate-common-cause-type derivation of the Bell inequalities in the case of perfect (...)
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  20.  25
    Minimal Theory of Causation and Causal Distinctions.Michał Sikorski - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-10.
    The Minimal Theory of Causation, presented in Graßhoff and May, 2001, aspires to be a version of a regularity analysis of causation able to correctly predict our causal intuitions. In my article, I will argue that it is unsuccessful in this respect. The second aim of the paper will be to defend Hitchcock’s proposal concerning divisions of causal relations against criticism made, in Jakob, 2006 on the basis of the Minimal Theory of Causation.
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  21.  10
    Review of Graßmann, Robert, Theory of Number or Arithmetic in Strict Scientific Presentation by Strict Use of Formulas (1891). [REVIEW] Graßmann & Robert - 2013 - Philosophia Scientiae 17 (17-1):57-70.
    The author of this book pursues the objective of treating the whole of pure mathematics [die ganze reine Mathematik] in four sections [Abtheilungen]. One half of the first of these sections is dedicated to arithmetic and is already available. The other half of the first section “A heuristic treatise on number [Zahlenlehre in freier Gedankenentwicklung]” which treats the same discipline is supposed to follow. The author may have opted for such an unusual separation [of the treatment of arithme..
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  22. Metaphysics and Philosophy of Science in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Essays for Gerd Buchdahl.Gerd Buchdahl & R. S. Woolhouse - 1988
  23.  18
    Otfried Höffe: Praktische Philosophie Im Diskurs.Otfried Höffe, Andreas Vieth & Sebastian Laukötter (eds.) - 2009 - Ontos Verlag.
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  24. Grundprobleme der Wissenschaftslehre Über Die Struktur der Physik, Kausalität. Im Auftrag des Hönigswald-Archivs Hrsg. Von Gerd Wolandt Und Herbert Schmitt.Richard Hönigswald, Gerd Wolandt & Herbert Schmitt - 1965 - H. Bouvier.
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  25. Ausgewählte Schriften. Hrsg. Von Gottfried Martin Und Gerd Hergen Lübben.Ernst Marcus, Gottfried Martin & Gerd Hergen Lübben - 1969 - H. Bouvier.
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  26. Demokratie im Zeitalter der Globalisierung.Otfried Höffe - 1999
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  27. Critical Problems in the History of Science. [REVIEW]Gerd Buchdahl - 1961 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 12 (45):79-82.
  28.  13
    Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart.Gerd Gigerenzer, Peter M. Todd & A. B. C. Research Group - 1999 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press USA.
    Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart invites readers to embark on a new journey into a land of rationality that differs from the familiar territory of cognitive science and economics. Traditional views of rationality tend to see decision makers as possessing superhuman powers of reason, limitless knowledge, and all of eternity in which to ponder choices. To understand decisions in the real world, we need a different, more psychologically plausible notion of rationality, and this book provides it. It is about (...)
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  29. Platon, Politeia Herausgegeben von Otfried Höffe.Otfried Höffe - 1997
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  30. Take Heart [by] Ernest G. Hoff.Ernest Gockley Hoff - 1944 - Elgin, Ill., The Elgin Press.
     
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  31. Evolution – the Extended Synthesis.Massimo Pigliucci & Gerd B. Müller (eds.) - 2010 - MIT Press.
    In the six decades since the publication of Julian Huxley's Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, spectacular empirical advances in the biological sciences have been accompanied by equally significant developments within the core theoretical framework of the discipline. As a result, evolutionary theory today includes concepts and even entire new fields that were not part of the foundational structure of the Modern Synthesis. In this volume, sixteen leading evolutionary biologists and philosophers of science survey the conceptual changes that have emerged since Huxley's (...)
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  32.  26
    Review: Hoffe, Immanuel Kant.Karl Ameriks - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (3):636-637.
  33. Moral als Preis der Moderne.Höffe Otfried - forthcoming - Ethik in der Medizin: Eine Folgelast der Aufklärung.
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  34.  94
    Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science: The Classical Origins, Descartes to Kant.Gerd Buchdahl - 1969 - Oxford, Basil Blackwell.
  35. Extended Synthesis: Theory Expansion or Alternative?Gerd Muller & Massimo Pigliucci - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (3):275-276.
    A response to Lindsay Craig's essay, The So-Called Extended Synthesis and Population Genetics.
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  36.  23
    Građansko društvo kao građanski rat-Rajnhart Kozelek: Kritika i kriza, Plato, Beograd 1997.Vladimir N. Cvetković - 1997 - Theoria 40 (2):123-128.
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  37.  46
    In Search of a Better World: Lectures and Essays From Thirty Years.Gerd Buchdahl - 1994 - Philosophy 69 (267):116-118.
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  38.  6
    The Empire of Chance: How Probability Changed Science and Everyday Life.Gerd Gigerenzer, Zeno Swijtink, Theodore Porter, Lorraine Daston, John Beatty & Lorenz Kruger - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Empire of Chance tells how quantitative ideas of chance transformed the natural and social sciences, as well as daily life over the last three centuries. A continuous narrative connects the earliest application of probability and statistics in gambling and insurance to the most recent forays into law, medicine, polling and baseball. Separate chapters explore the theoretical and methodological impact in biology, physics and psychology. Themes recur - determinism, inference, causality, free will, evidence, the shifting meaning of probability - but (...)
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  39.  35
    Rationality for Mortals: How People Cope with Uncertainty.Gerd Gigerenzer - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    This volume collects Gigerenzer's recent articles on the psychology of rationality. This volume should appeal, like the earlier volumes, to a broad mixture of cognitive psychologists, philosophers, economists, and others who study decision making.
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  40.  48
    How to Improve Bayesian Reasoning Without Instruction: Frequency Formats.Gerd Gigerenzer & Ulrich Hoffrage - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (4):684-704.
  41.  79
    An Approach to Quantum Mechanics Via Conditional Probabilities.Gerd Niestegge - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (3):241-256.
    The well-known proposal to consider the Lüders-von Neumann measurement as a non-classical extension of probability conditionalization is further developed. The major results include some new concepts like the different grades of compatibility, the objective conditional probabilities which are independent of the underlying state and stem from a certain purely algebraic relation between the events, and an axiomatic approach to quantum mechanics. The main axioms are certain postulates concerning the conditional probabilities and own intrinsic probabilistic interpretations from the very beginning. A (...)
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  42. Homo Heuristicus: Why Biased Minds Make Better Inferences.Gerd Gigerenzer & Henry Brighton - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (1):107-143.
    Heuristics are efficient cognitive processes that ignore information. In contrast to the widely held view that less processing reduces accuracy, the study of heuristics shows that less information, computation, and time can in fact improve accuracy. We review the major progress made so far: the discovery of less-is-more effects; the study of the ecological rationality of heuristics, which examines in which environments a given strategy succeeds or fails, and why; an advancement from vague labels to computational models of heuristics; the (...)
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  43.  42
    Reasoning the Fast and Frugal Way: Models of Bounded Rationality.Gerd Gigerenzer & Daniel G. Goldstein - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (4):650-669.
    Humans and animals make inferences about the world under limited time and knowledge. In contrast, many models of rational inference treat the mind as a Laplacean Demon, equipped with unlimited time, knowledge, and computational might. Following H. Simon's notion of satisficing, the authors have proposed a family of algorithms based on a simple psychological mechanism: one-reason decision making. These fast and frugal algorithms violate fundamental tenets of classical rationality: They neither look up nor integrate all information. By computer simulation, the (...)
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  44.  55
    Domain-Specific Reasoning: Social Contracts, Cheating, and Perspective Change.Gerd Gigerenzer & Klaus Hug - 1992 - Cognition 43 (2):127-171.
    What counts as human rationality: reasoning processes that embody content-independent formal theories, such as propositional logic, or reasoning processes that are well designed for solving important adaptive problems? Most theories of human reasoning have been based on content-independent formal rationality, whereas adaptive reasoning, ecological or evolutionary, has been little explored. We elaborate and test an evolutionary approach, Cosmides' social contract theory, using the Wason selection task. In the first part, we disentangle the theoretical concept of a “social contract” from that (...)
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  45.  17
    Otfried Höffe, Aristoteles.Pierre Destrée - 2002 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 100 (1-2):248-249.
  46.  24
    EvoDevo Shapes the Extended Synthesis.Gerd B. Müller - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (2):119-121.
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  47.  5
    Diderot Et L'encyclopédie.Joseph Le Gras - 1928 - New York: B. Franklin.
  48. The Essential Wittgenstein.Gerd Brand - 1979 - Basic Books.
     
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  49. Religioznost građana Rusije i Evrope.Elena Kofanova & Marina Mcedlova - 2012 - Filozofija I Društvo 23 (1):21-39.
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  50.  26
    Lindsay Craig—The So-Called Extended Synthesis and Population Genetics : Extended Synthesis: Theory Expansion or Alternative?Gerd B. Müller & Massimo Pigliucci - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (3):275-276.
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