42 found
Order:
  1.  24
    In Defense of Broad Consent.Gert Helgesson - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (1):40-50.
    Proper procedures for informed consent are widely recognized as an ethical requirement for biomedical research involving human beings, in particular as a means to respect the autonomy and personal integrity of potential and actual research participants.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  2.  15
    Criminalization of Scientific Misconduct.William Bülow & Gert Helgesson - forthcoming - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
    This paper discusses the criminalization of scientific misconduct, as discussed and defended in the bioethics literature. In doing so it argues against the claim that fabrication, falsification and plagiarism (FFP) together identify the most serious forms of misconduct, which hence ought to be criminalized, whereas other forms of misconduct should not. Drawing the line strictly at FFP is problematic both in terms of what is included and what is excluded. It is also argued that the criminalization of scientific misconduct, despite (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  7
    Making Researchers Moral: Why Trustworthiness Requires More Than Ethics Guidelines and Review.Linus Johnsson, Stefan Eriksson, Gert Helgesson & Mats G. Hansson - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (1):29-46.
    Research ethics, once a platform for declaring intent, discussing moral issues and providing advice and guidance to researchers, has developed over time into an extra-legal regulatory system, complete with steering documents (ethics guidelines), overseeing bodies (research ethics committees) and formal procedures (informed consent). The process of institutionalizing distrust is usually motivated by reference to past atrocities committed in the name of research and the need to secure the trustworthiness of the research system. This article examines some limitations of this approach. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  4.  35
    Paternalism in the Name of Autonomy.Manne Sjöstrand, Stefan Eriksson, Niklas Juth & Gert Helgesson - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (6):jht049.
    Different ideas of the normative relevance of autonomy can give rise to profoundly different action-guiding principles in healthcare. If autonomy is seen as a value rather than as a right, it can be argued that patients’ decisions should sometimes be overruled in order to protect or promote their own autonomy. We refer to this as paternalism in the name of autonomy. In this paper, we discuss different elements of autonomy (decision-making capacity, efficiency, and authenticity) and arguments in favor of paternalism (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  5.  4
    The False Academy: Predatory Publishing in Science and Bioethics.Stefan Eriksson & Gert Helgesson - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (2):163-170.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  6.  20
    Plagiarism in Research.Gert Helgesson & Stefan Eriksson - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (1):91-101.
  7.  5
    Skepticism Towards the Swedish Vision Zero for Suicide: Interviews with 12 Psychiatrists.Petter Karlsson, Gert Helgesson, David Titelman, Manne Sjöstrand & Niklas Juth - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):26.
    The main causes of suicide and how suicide could and should be prevented are ongoing controversies in the scientific literature as well as in public media. In the bill on public health from 2008, the Swedish Parliament adopted an overarching “Vision Zero for Suicide” and nine strategies for suicide prevention. However, how the VZ should be interpreted in healthcare is unclear. The VZ has been criticized both from a philosophical perspective and against the background of clinical experience and alleged empirical (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  5
    Hostage Authorship and the Problem of Dirty Hands.William Bülow & Gert Helgesson - 2018 - Research Ethics 14 (1):1-9.
    This article discusses gift authorship, the practice where co-authorship is awarded to a person who has not contributed significantly to the study. From an ethical point of view, gift authorship raises concerns about desert, fairness, honesty and transparency, and its prevalence in research is rightly considered a serious ethical concern. We argue that even though misuse of authorship is always bad, there are instances where accepting requests of gift authorship may nevertheless be the right thing to do. More specifically, we (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  19
    Ethical Deliberations About Involuntary Treatment: Interviews with Swedish Psychiatrists.Manne Sjöstrand, Lars Sandman, Petter Karlsson, Gert Helgesson, Stefan Eriksson & Niklas Juth - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-12.
    BackgroundInvoluntary treatment is a key issue in healthcare ethics. In this study, ethical issues relating to involuntary psychiatric treatment are investigated through interviews with Swedish psychiatrists.MethodsIn-depth interviews were conducted with eight Swedish psychiatrists, focusing on their experiences of and views on compulsory treatment. In relation to this, issues about patient autonomy were also discussed. The interviews were analysed using a descriptive qualitative approach.ResultsThe answers focus on two main aspects of compulsory treatment. Firstly, deliberations about when and why it was justifiable (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10.  48
    Coercive Treatment and Autonomy in Psychiatry.Manne Sjöstrand & Gert Helgesson - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (2):113–120.
  11. Autonomy-Based Arguments Against Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia: A Critique. [REVIEW]Manne Sjöstrand, Gert Helgesson, Stefan Eriksson & Niklas Juth - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):225-230.
    Respect for autonomy is typically considered a key reason for allowing physician assisted suicide and euthanasia. However, several recent papers have claimed this to be grounded in a misconception of the normative relevance of autonomy. It has been argued that autonomy is properly conceived of as a value, and that this makes assisted suicide as well as euthanasia wrong, since they destroy the autonomy of the patient. This paper evaluates this line of reasoning by investigating the conception of valuable autonomy. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  7
    Value-Impregnated Factual Claims and Slippery-Slope Arguments.Gert Helgesson, Niels Lynøe & Niklas Juth - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (1):147-150.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  32
    Do Ethical Guidelines Give Guidance? A Critical Examination of Eight Ethics Regulations.Stefan Eriksson, Anna T. Höglund & Gert Helgesson - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (1):15-29.
    The number of legal and nonlegal ethical regulations in the biomedical field has increased tremendously, leaving present-day practitioners and researchers in a virtual crossfire of legislations and guidelines. Judging by the production and by the way these regulations are motivated and presented, they are held to be of great importance to ethical practice. This view is shared by many commentators. For instance, Commons and Baldwin write that, within the nursing profession, patient care can be performed unethically or ethically depending on (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  14.  7
    Notions of Just Health Care at Three Swedish Hospitals.Carl-Åke Elmersjö & Gert Helgesson - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (2):145-151.
    This article investigates what notions of “just health care” are found at three Swedish hospitals among health care personnel and whether these notions are relevant to what priorities are actually made. Fieldwork at all three hospitals and 114 in-depth interviews were conducted. Data have been subject to conceptual and ethical analysis and categorisation. According to our findings, justice is an important idea to health care personnel at the studied hospitals. Two main notions of just health care were found. The main (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  15.  17
    Queen Christina’s Moral Claim on the Living: Justification of a Tenacious Moral Intuition. [REVIEW]Malin Masterton, Gert Helgesson, Anna T. Höglund & Mats G. Hansson - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (3):321-327.
    In the long-running debate on the interest of the dead, Joan C. Callahan argues against such interests and although Søren Holm for practical reasons is prepared to consider posthumous interests, he does not see any moral basis to support such interests. He argues that the whole question is irresolvable, yet finds privacy interests where Tutankhamen is concerned. Callahan argues that there can be reasons to hold on to the fiction that there are posthumous interests, namely if it is comforting for (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  16.  23
    Adequate Trust Avails, Mistaken Trust Matters: On the Moral Responsibility of Doctors as Proxies for Patients' Trust in Biobank Research.Linus Johnsson, Gert Helgesson, Mats G. Hansson & Stefan Eriksson - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (9):485-492.
    In Sweden, most patients are recruited into biobank research by non-researcher doctors. Patients' trust in doctors may therefore be important to their willingness to participate. We suggest a model of trust that makes sense of such transitions of trust between domains and distinguishes adequate trust from mistaken trust. The unique position of doctors implies, we argue, a Kantian imperfect duty to compensate for patients' mistaken trust. There are at least three kinds of mistaken trust, each of which requires a different (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17.  13
    How to Reveal Disguised Paternalism.Niels Lynöe, Niklas Juth & Gert Helgesson - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (1):59-65.
    In a Swedish setting physicians are unlikely to give explicitly paternalistic reasons when asked about their attitudes towards patients’ involvement in decision-making. There is considerable risk that they will disguise their paternalism by giving ‘socially correct answers’. We suggest that disguised paternalism can be revealed with the help of indexes based on certain responses in postal questionnaires. The indexes were developed using material from a study examining attitudes of Swedish physicians to physician-assisted suicide (PAS). Apart from being asked about their (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18. Early Stopping of Clinical Trials: Charting the Ethical Terrain.Malmqvist Erik, Juth Niklas, Lynöe Niels & Helgesson Gert - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (1):51-78.
    Randomized and double-blind clinical trials are widely regarded as the most reliable way of studying the effects of medical interventions. According to received wisdom, if a new drug or treatment is to be accepted in clinical practice, its safety and efficacy must first be demonstrated in such trials. For ethical and scientific reasons, it is generally considered necessary to monitor a trial in various ways as it proceeds and to analyze data as they accumulate. Monitoring and interim analyses are often (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  53
    Can the Dead Be Brought Into Disrepute?Malin Masterton, Mats G. Hansson, Anna T. Höglund & Gert Helgesson - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (2):137-149.
    Queen Christina of Sweden was unconventional in her time, leading to hypotheses on her gender and possible hermaphroditic nature. If genetic analysis can substantiate the latter claim, could this bring the queen into disrepute 300 years after her death? Joan C. Callahan has argued that if a reputation changes, this constitutes a change only in the group of people changing their views and not in the person whose reputation it is. Is this so? This paper analyses what constitutes change and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  20.  10
    Conceptions of Decision-Making Capacity in Psychiatry: Interviews with Swedish Psychiatrists.Manne Sjöstrand, Petter Karlsson, Lars Sandman, Gert Helgesson, Stefan Eriksson & Niklas Juth - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):34.
    Decision-making capacity is a key concept in contemporary healthcare ethics. Previous research has mainly focused on philosophical, conceptual issues or on evaluation of different tools for assessing patients’ capacity. The aim of the present study is to investigate how the concept and its normative role are understood in Swedish psychiatric care. Of special interest for present purposes are the relationships between decisional capacity and psychiatric disorders and between health law and practical ethics.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  15
    Time for a Change in the Understanding of What Constitutes Text Plagiarism?Gert Helgesson - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (4):187-195.
    Plagiarism is plaguing research publications in many fields. It is problematic by being misleading about who deserves credit for scientific results, images, text or ideas, by involving scientific fraud and by distorting meta-analyses. However, different research traditions put different emphasis on the originality of text. Traditional rules regarding correct quotation seem to fit the humanities and many social sciences better than the natural and engineering sciences. This article suggests that we should stop applying a common standard regarding plagiarism to all (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  4
    The Role of Guidelines in Ethical Competence-Building: Perceptions Among Research Nurses and Physicians.Anna T. Höglund, Stefan Eriksson & Gert Helgesson - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (2):95-102.
    The aim of the present study was to describe and explore the perception of ethical guidelines and their role in ethical competence-building among Swedish physicians and research nurses. Twelve informants were interviewed in depth. The results demonstrated that the informants had a critical attitude towards ethical guidelines and claimed to make little use of them in practical moral judgements. Ethical competence was seen primarily as character-building, related to virtues such as being empathic, honest and loyal to patients. Ethical competence was (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  16
    Autonomy, the Right Not to Know, and the Right to Know Personal Research Results: What Rights Are There, and Who Should Decide About Exceptions?Gert Helgesson - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):28-37.
    This paper defends the right not to know personal health information, while it discards the right of research participants to receive individual research results. Disagreement regarding the right not to know stems from two different conceptions of autonomy, leading to opposing normative conclusions. Researchers occasionally have good reason to inform research participants about incidental findings in spite of the absence of a right to know such information. Such decisions have to be made by health care personnel and researchers on a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  5
    The Right to Withdraw Consent to Research on Biobank Samples.Gert Helgesson & Linus Johnsson - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):315-321.
  25.  5
    Towards a Palliative Care Approach in Psychiatry: Do We Need a New Definition?Anna Lindblad, Gert Helgesson & Manne Sjöstrand - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (1):26-30.
    Psychiatry today is mainly practised within a curative framework. However, many mental disorders are persistent and negatively affect quality of life as well as life expectancy. This tension between treatment goals and the actual illness trajectory has evoked a growing academic interest in ‘palliative psychiatry’, namely the application of a palliative care approach in patients with severe persistent mental illness. Recently, Trachsel et al presented a working definition of palliative psychiatry. This first official attempt to capture the concept is based (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  2
    Autonomy, the Right Not to Know, and the Right to Know Personal Research Results: What Rights Are There, and Who Should Decide About Exceptions?Gert Helgesson - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):28-37.
  27.  37
    Does Informed Consent Have an Expiry Date? A Critical Reappraisal of Informed Consent as a Process.Gert Helgesson & Stefan Eriksson - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (1):85-92.
    Informed consent is central to modern research ethics. Informed consent procedures have mainly been justified in terms of respect for autonomy, the core idea being that it should be every competent individual’s right to decide for herself whether or not to participate in scientific studies. A number of conditions are normally raised with regard to morally valid informed consent. These include that potential research subjects get adequate information, understand those aspects that are relevant to them, and, based on that information, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28.  15
    Provide Expertise or Facilitate Ethical Reflection? A Comment on the Debate Between Cowley and Crosthwaite.Stefan Eriksson, Gert Helgesson & Pär Segerdahl - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (3):389-392.
  29.  15
    The Ethics of Implementing Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in Developed Countries.Erik Malmqvist, Gert Helgesson, Johannes Lehtinen, Kari Natunen & Matti Lehtinen - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (1):19-27.
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the world’s most common sexually transmitted infection. It is a prerequisite for cervical cancer, the second most common cause of death in cancer among women worldwide, and is also believed to cause other anogenital and head and neck cancers. Vaccines that protect against the most common cancer-causing HPV types have recently become available, and different countries have taken different approaches to implementing vaccination. This paper examines the ethics of alternative HPV vaccination strategies. It devotes particular (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  1
    Do Ethical Guidelines Give Guidance? A Critical Examination of Eight Ethics Regulations.Stefan Eriksson, Anna Hoglund & Gert Helgesson - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (1):15-29.
    The number of legal and nonlegal ethical regulations in the biomedical field has increased tremendously, leaving present-day practitioners and researchers in a virtual crossfire of legislations and guidelines. Judging by the production and by the way these regulations are motivated and presented, they are held to be of great importance to ethical practice. This view is shared by many commentators. For instance, Commons and Baldwin write that, within the nursing profession, patient care can be performed unethically or ethically depending on (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31.  8
    Ethical Aspects of Diagnosis and Interventions for Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Their Families.Gert Helgesson, Göran Bertilsson, Helena Domeij, Gunilla Fahlström, Emelie Heintz, Anders Hjern, Christina Nehlin Gordh, Viviann Nordin, Jenny Rangmar, Ann-Margret Rydell, Viveka Sundelin Wahlsten & Monica Hultcrantz - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):1.
    Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders is an umbrella term covering several conditions for which alcohol consumption during pregnancy is taken to play a causal role. The benefit of individuals being identified with a condition within FASD remains controversial. The objective of the present study was to identify ethical aspects and consequences of diagnostics, interventions, and family support in relation to FASD. Ethical aspects relating to diagnostics, interventions, and family support regarding FASD were compiled and discussed, drawing on a series of discussions (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  44
    Four Themes in Recent Swedish Bioethics Debates.Gert Helgesson & Stefan Eriksson - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (3):409-417.
    A wide variety of bioethical themes have recently been debated and researched in Sweden, including genetic screening, HPV vaccination strategies, end-of-life care, injustices and priority setting in healthcare, dual-use research, and the never-ending story of scientific fraud. Also, there are some new events related to Swedish biobanking that might be of general interest. Here we will concentrate on four themes: end-of-life care, dual-use research, scientific fraud, and biobanking.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  5
    Value-Impregnated Factual Claims May Undermine Medical Decision-Making.Niels Lynøe, Gert Helgesson & Niklas Juth - 2018 - Clinical Ethics 13 (3):151-158.
    Clinical decisions are expected to be based on factual evidence and official values derived from healthcare law and soft laws such as regulations and guidelines. But sometimes personal values instead influence clinical decisions. One way in which personal values may influence medical decision-making is by their affecting factual claims or assumptions made by healthcare providers. Such influence, which we call ‘value-impregnation,’ may be concealed to all concerned stakeholders. We suggest as a hypothesis that healthcare providers’ decision making is sometimes affected (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Children, Longitudinal Studies, and Informed Consent.Gert Helgesson - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):307-313.
  35.  6
    Responsibility for Scientific Misconduct in Collaborative Papers.Gert Helgesson & Stefan Eriksson - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (3):423-430.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  17
    The Moral Primacy of the Human Being: A Reply to Parker.Gert Helgesson & Stefan Eriksson - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):56-57.
    In a previous paper in the Journal of Medical Ethics, the authors argued that the research ethical principle stating that the individual shall have priority over science, found in many guidelines, is utterly unclear and because of this should be explicated or otherwise deleted. In a recent commentary, Parker argued that this leaves us defending a position that would allow totalitarian regimes to pursue glory at the expense of its citizens. The present response addresses this and similar accusations.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  12
    What Is Implicit? (¿Qué Está Implícito?).Gert Helgesson - 2002 - Critica 34 (100):33 - 54.
    This paper briefly surveys previous analyses of implicitness and proposes a new, two-dimensional account. The first dimension concerns whether an assumption follows or not in terms of analytical or contextual implications or because it is a reasonable interpretation. The second dimension concerns the intentions of the author. Both dimensions are needed for identifying implicit assumptions in critical analyses of texts. A definition of clear cases of implicit assumptions is given. /// Este artículo examina brevemente análisis previos sobre lo implícito y (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  4
    Parental Authority, Research Interests and Children's Right to Decide in Medical Research–an Uneasy Tension?Ulrica Swartling, Gert Helgesson, Mats G. Hansson & Johnny Ludvigsson - 2008 - Clinical Ethics 3 (2):69-74.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  2
    Scientific Authorship and Intellectual Involvement in the Research: Should They Coincide?Gert Helgesson - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (2):171-175.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  1
    Ulysses Contracts Regarding Compulsory Care for Patients with Borderline Personality Syndrome.Antoinette Lundahl, Gert Helgesson & Niklas Juth - 2017 - Clinical Ethics 12 (2):82-85.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Informants a Potential Threat to Confidentiality in Small Studies.Gert Helgesson - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (1):149-152.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. What Is Implicit?Gert Helgesson - 2002 - Critica 34 (100):33-54.
    This paper briefly surveys previous analyses of implicitness and proposes a new, two-dimensional account. The first dimension concerns whether an assumption follows or not in terms of analytical or contextual implications or because it is a reasonable interpretation. The second dimension concerns the intentions of the author. Both dimensions are needed for identifying implicit assumptions in critical analyses of texts. A definition of clear cases of implicit assumptions is given. /// Este artículo examina brevemente análisis previos sobre lo implícito y (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark