Results for 'Gertrude Hirsch'

910 found
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  1.  39
    Building Confidence in Climate Model Projections: An Analysis of Inferences From Fit.Baumberger Christoph, Knutti Reto & Hirsch Hadorn Gertrude - 2017 - Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change:1-20.
    Climate model projections are used to inform policy decisions and constitute a major focus of climate research. Confidence in climate projections relies on the adequacy of climate models for those projections. The question of how to argue for the adequacy of models for climate projections has not gotten sufficient attention in the climate modelling community. The most common way to evaluate a climate model is to assess in a quantitative way degrees of “model fit”; i.e., how well model results fit (...)
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  2. Wozu Wissenschaftsphilosophie? Positionen Und Fragen Zur Gegenwärtigen Wissenschaftsphilosophie.Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Gertrude Hirsch - 1988
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  3. De Lege Ferenda: Réflexions Sur le Droit Désirable En l'Honneur du Professeur Alain Hirsch.Anne Héritier Lachat & Laurent Hirsch (eds.) - 2004 - Editions Slatkine.
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  4.  10
    Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Gertrude Hirsch (eds.), Wozu Wissenschaftsphilosophie? Positionen und Fragen zur gegenwärtigen Wissenschaftsphilosophie.Martin Carrier - 1989 - Studia Philosophica 48.
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  5.  7
    Brun, Georg/Hirsch Hadorn, Gertrude: Textanalyse in den Wissenschaften. Inhalte und Argumente analysieren und verstehen; Zürich 2009.Susanne Hahn & Geo Siegwart - 2014 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 40 (98).
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  6. The Concept of Identity.Eli Hirsch - 1982 - Oxford University Press.
    In this book, Eli Hirsch focuses on identity through time, first with respect to ordinary bodies, then underlying matter, and eventually persons.
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  7.  84
    Dividing Reality.Eli Hirsch - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    The central question in this book is why it seems reasonable for the words of our language to divide up the world in ordinary ways rather than other imaginable ways. Hirsch calls this the division problem. His book aims to bring this problem into sharp focus, to distinguish it from various related problems, and to consider the best prospects for solving it. In exploring various possible responses to the division problem, Hirsch examines series of "division principles" which purport (...)
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  8. Validity in Interpretation.E. D. Hirsch - 1967 - Yale University Press.
    By demonstrating the uniformity and universality of the principles of valid interpretation of verbal texts of any sort, this closely reasoned examination provides a theoretical foundation for a discipline that is fundamental to virtually all humanistic studies. It defines the grounds on which textual interpretation can claim to establish objective knowledge, defends that claim against such skeptical attitudes as historicism and psychologism, and shows that many confusions can be avoided if the distinctions between meaning and significance, interpretation and criticism are (...)
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  9.  48
    The Knowledge Deficit: Closing the Shocking Education Gap for American Children.E. D. Hirsch - 2006 - Houghton Mifflin.
    Perhaps our most insightful thinker on what schools teach, E. D. Hirsch, Jr., shows why American students--beginning with a fourth-grade slump--perform less well than students in other industrialized countries. Drawing on classroom observation, the history of ideas, and current scientific understanding of the patterns of intellectual growth, Hirsch builds the case that our schools have indeed made progress in teaching the mechanics of reading. But, as he brilliantly shows, they fail virtually all American children--poor and middle class, in (...)
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  10.  15
    Practically StrangeDividing Reality.Mark Heller & Eli Hirsch - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (1):203.
    In Eli Hirsch’s clever and careful Dividing Reality he asks us to consider several strange languages. For example, in the Gricular language there is no word that applies to all and only green things and none that applies to all and only circular things, but there are the three words “gricular,” which applies to anything that is either green or circular, “grincular,” which applies to anything that is either green or not circular, and “ngricular,” which applies to anything that (...)
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  11. Coasting in the Countertransference: Conflicts of Self Interest Between Analyst and Patient.Irwin Hirsch - 2008 - Routledge.
    _Winner of the 2009 Goethe Award for Psychoanalytic Scholarship!_ Irwin Hirsch, author of _Coasting in the Countertransference,_ asserts that countertransference experience always has the potential to be used productively to benefit patients. However, he also observes that it is not unusual for analysts to 'coast' in their countertransferences, and to not use this experience to help treatment progress toward reaching patients' and analysts' stated analytic goals. He believes that it is quite common that analysts who have some conscious awareness (...)
     
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  12. Why Knowledge Matters: Rescuing Our Children From Failed Educational Theories.E. D. Hirsch - 2016 - Harvard Education Press.
    In _Why Knowledge Matters_, influential scholar E. D. Hirsch, Jr., addresses critical issues in contemporary education reform and shows how cherished truisms about education and child development have led to unintended and negative consequences. Hirsch, author of _The Knowledge Deficit_, draws on recent findings in neuroscience and data from France to provide new evidence for the argument that a carefully planned, knowledge-based elementary curriculum is essential to providing the foundations for children’s life success and ensuring equal opportunity for (...)
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  13. Quantifier Variance and Realism.Eli Hirsch - 2002 - Philosophical Issues 12 (1):51-73.
  14. Physical-Object Ontology, Verbal Disputes, and Common Sense.Eli Hirsch - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (1):67–97.
    Two main claims are defended in this paper: first, that typical disputes in the literature about the ontology of physical objects are merely verbal; second, that the proper way to resolve these disputes is by appealing to common sense or ordinary language. A verbal dispute is characterized not in terms of private idiolects, but in terms of different linguistic communities representing different positions. If we imagine a community that makes Chisholm's mereological essentialist assertions, and another community that makes Lewis's four-dimensionalist (...)
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  15.  42
    Quantifier Variance.Eli Hirsch & Jared Warren - 2019 - In The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Relativism. New York: pp. 349-357.
    Quantifier variance is a well-known view in contemporary metaontology, but it remains very widely misunderstood by critics. Here we briefly and clearly explain the metasemantics of quantifier variance and distinguish between modest and strong forms of variance (Section I), explain some key applications (Section II), clear up some misunderstandings and address objections (Section III), and point the way toward future directions of quantifier-variance-related research (Section IV).
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  16. Quantifier Variance and Realism: Essays in Metaontology.Eli Hirsch - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    A sense of unity -- Basic objects : a reply to Xu -- Objectivity without objects -- The vagueness of identity -- Quantifier variance and realism -- Against revisionary ontology -- Comments on Theodore Sider's four dimensionalism -- Sosa's existential relativism -- Physical-object ontology, verbal disputes, and common sense -- Ontological arguments : interpretive charity and quantifier variance -- Language, ontology, and structure -- Ontology and alternative languages.
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  17. Ontology and Alternative Languages.Eli Hirsch - 2009 - In David John Chalmers, David Manley & Ryan Wasserman (eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press. pp. 231--58.
  18. Ontological Arguments : Interpretive Charity and Quantifier Variance.Eli Hirsch - 2008 - In Theodore Sider, John Hawthorne & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics. Blackwell. pp. 367--81.
  19.  20
    Quantifier Variance and Realism.Eli Hirsch - 2002 - Noûs 36 (s1):51-73.
  20. Ethics Dumping: Introduction.Doris Schroeder, Julie Cook, François Hirsch, Solveig Fenet & Vasantha Muthuswamy - 2018 - In Doris Schroeder, Julie Cook, François Hirsch, Solveig Fenet & Vasantha Muthuswamy (eds.), Ethics Dumping: Case Studies From North-South Research Collaborations. Springer. pp. 1-8.
    Achieving equity in international research is a pressing concern. Exploitation in any scenario, whether of human research participants, institutions, local communities, animals or the environment, raises the overarching question of how to avoid such exploitation. Agreed principles can be universally applied to research in any discipline or geographical area, whatever methodologies are employed. This chapter introduces a collection of case studies, presenting a range of up-to-date examples of exploitation in North-South research collaborations, in order to raise awareness of ethics dumping.
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  21. Against Revisionary Ontology.Eli Hirsch - 2002 - Philosophical Topics 30 (1):103-127.
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  22.  9
    Physical-Object Ontology, Verbal Disputes, and Common Sense.Eli Hirsch - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (1):67-97.
    Two main claims are defended in this paper: first, that typical disputes in the literature about the ontology of physical objects are merely verbal; second, that the proper way to resolve these disputes is by appealing to common sense or ordinary language. A verbal dispute is characterized not in terms of private idiolects, but in terms of different linguistic communities representing different positions. If we imagine a community that makes Chisholm’s mereological essentialist assertions, and another community that makes Lewis’s four-dimensionalist (...)
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  23.  83
    Neuroimaging and Disorders of Consciousness: Envisioning an Ethical Research Agenda.Joseph J. Fins, Judy Illes, James L. Bernat, Joy Hirsch, Steven Laureys & Emily Murphy - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (9):3 – 12.
    The application of neuroimaging technology to the study of the injured brain has transformed how neuroscientists understand disorders of consciousness, such as the vegetative and minimally conscious states, and deepened our understanding of mechanisms of recovery. This scientific progress, and its potential clinical translation, provides an opportunity for ethical reflection. It was against this scientific backdrop that we convened a conference of leading investigators in neuroimaging, disorders of consciousness and neuroethics. Our goal was to develop an ethical frame to move (...)
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  24. Language, Ontology, and Structure.Eli Hirsch - 2008 - Noûs 42 (3):509-528.
  25.  9
    Accounting for Individual Differences in Decision-Making Competence: Personality and Gender Differences.Joshua Weller, Andrea Ceschi, Lauren Hirsch, Riccardo Sartori & Arianna Costantini - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  26. The Metaphysically Best Language.Eli Hirsch - 2013 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (3):709-716.
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  27. Quantifier Variance and the Demand for a Semantics.Eli Hirsch & Jared Warren - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (3):592-605.
    In the work of both Matti Eklund and John Hawthorne there is an influential semantic argument for a maximally expansive ontology that is thought to undermine even modest forms of quantifier variance. The crucial premise of the argument holds that it is impossible for an ontologically "smaller" language to give a Tarskian semantics for an ontologically "bigger" language. After explaining the Eklund-Hawthorne argument (in section I), we show this crucial premise to be mistaken (in section II) by developing a Tarskian (...)
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  28.  7
    Dividing Reality.Eli Hirsch - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (1):217-221.
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  29.  20
    Understanding and Assessing Uncertainty of Observational Datasets for Model Evaluation Using Ensembles.Marius Zumwald, Benedikt Knüsel, Christoph Baumberger, Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn, David Bresch & Reto Knutti - 2020 - WIREs Climate Change 10:1-19.
    In climate science, observational gridded climate datasets that are based on in situ measurements serve as evidence for scientific claims and they are used to both calibrate and evaluate models. However, datasets only represent selected aspects of the real world, so when they are used for a specific purpose they can be a source of uncertainty. Here, we present a framework for understanding this uncertainty of observational datasets which distinguishes three general sources of uncertainty: (1) uncertainty that arises during the (...)
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  30.  12
    A Nemesis for Heritability Estimation.Jerry Hirsch - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):137-138.
  31.  4
    Object and Property.Eli Hirsch - 1996 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):238-240.
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  32.  18
    Direct Observations of Defects in Quenched Gold.J. Silcox & P. B. Hirsch - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (37):72-89.
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  33.  18
    Dislocation Loops in Quenched Aluminium.P. B. Hirsch, J. Silcox, R. E. Smallman & K. H. Westmacott - 1958 - Philosophical Magazine 3 (32):897-908.
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  34.  31
    Complete Representations in Algebraic Logic.Robin Hirsch & Ian Hodkinson - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (3):816-847.
    A boolean algebra is shown to be completely representable if and only if it is atomic, whereas it is shown that neither the class of completely representable relation algebras nor the class of completely representable cylindric algebras of any fixed dimension (at least 3) are elementary.
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  35. Relation Algebra Reducts of Cylindric Algebras and an Application to Proof Theory.Robin Hirsch, Ian Hodkinson & Roger D. Maddux - 2002 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (1):197-213.
    We confirm a conjecture, about neat embeddings of cylindric algebras, made in 1969 by J. D. Monk, and a later conjecture by Maddux about relation algebras obtained from cylindric algebras. These results in algebraic logic have the following consequence for predicate logic: for every finite cardinal α ≥ 3 there is a logically valid sentence X, in a first-order language L with equality and exactly one nonlogical binary relation symbol E, such that X contains only 3 variables (each of which (...)
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  36.  2
    Ethics Dumping: Case Studies From North-South Research Collaborations.Doris Schroeder, Julie Cook, François Hirsch, Solveig Fenet & Vasantha Muthuswamy (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Springer.
    This open access book provides original, up-to-date case studies of “ethics dumping” that were largely facilitated by loopholes in the ethics governance of low and middle-income countries. It is instructive even to experienced researchers since it provides a voice to vulnerable populations from the fore mentioned countries. Ensuring the ethical conduct of North-South collaborations in research is a process fraught with difficulties. The background conditions under which such collaborations take place include extreme differentials in available income and power, as well (...)
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  37.  4
    Eucalyptus Camaldulensis in South Africa – Past, Present, Future.Heidi Hirsch, Michael H. Allsopp, Susan Canavan, Michael Cheek, Sjirk Geerts, Coert J. Geldenhuys, Graham Harding, Brett P. Hurley, Wayne Jones, Jan-Hendrik Keet, Hildegard Klein, Sheunesu Ruwanza, Brian W. van Wilgen, Michael J. Wingfield & David M. Richardson - 2020 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 75 (1):1-22.
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  38.  25
    The Right to Have Rights as a Right to Enter: Addressing a Lacuna in the International Refugee Protection Regime.Asher Lazarus Hirsch & Nathan Bell - 2017 - Human Rights Review 18 (4):417-437.
    This paper draws upon Hannah Arendt's idea of the 'right to have rights' to critique the current protection gap faced by refugees today. While refugees are protected from refoulement once they make it to the jurisdiction or territory of a state, they face an ever-increasing array of non-entrée policies designed to stymie access to state territory. Without being able to enter a state capable of securing their claims to safety and dignity, refugees cannot achieve the rights which ought to be (...)
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  39. The Schools We Need and Why We Don't Have Them.E. D. Hirsch - 1996
  40. Comments on Theodore Sider’s Four Dimensionalism. [REVIEW]Eli Hirsch - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (3):658–664.
    Theodore Sider has given us a terrific book, bursting at the seams with new arguments and new takes on old arguments. Whether or not one is convinced by his conclusions, the thoroughness, lucidity, fair-mindedness—and the sheer exuberance—of his discussions make Four Dimensionalism a major contribution to contemporary metaphysics.
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  41. Charity to Charity.Eli Hirsch - 2013 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (1):435-442.
  42.  13
    Distributed Neural Activity Patterns During Human-to-Human Competition.Matthew Piva, Xian Zhang, J. Adam Noah, Steve W. C. Chang & Joy Hirsch - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  43.  81
    The Aims of Interpretation.E. D. Hirsch - 1977 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 35 (3):370-373.
  44. Validity in interpretation.E. D. Hirsch - 1967 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 160:493-494.
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  45. Step by Step – Building Representations in Algebraic Logic.Robin Hirsch & Ian Hodkinson - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (1):225-279.
    We consider the problem of finding and classifying representations in algebraic logic. This is approached by letting two players build a representation using a game. Homogeneous and universal representations are characterized according to the outcome of certain games. The Lyndon conditions defining representable relation algebras (for the finite case) and a similar schema for cylindric algebras are derived. Finite relation algebras with homogeneous representations are characterized by first order formulas. Equivalence games are defined, and are used to establish whether an (...)
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  46.  8
    Extended Jogs in Dislocations in Face-Centred Cubic Metals.P. B. Hirsch - 1962 - Philosophical Magazine 7 (73):67-93.
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  47.  40
    LXVIII. Direct Observations of the Arrangement and Motion of Dislocations in Aluminium.P. B. Hirsch, R. W. Horne & M. J. Whelan - 1956 - Philosophical Magazine 1 (7):677-684.
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  48.  52
    Provability with Finitely Many Variables.Robin Hirsch, Ian Hodkinson & Roger D. Maddux - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (3):348-379.
    For every finite n ≥ 4 there is a logically valid sentence φ n with the following properties: φ n contains only 3 variables (each of which occurs many times); φ n contains exactly one nonlogical binary relation symbol (no function symbols, no constants, and no equality symbol): φ n has a proof in first-order logic with equality that contains exactly n variables, but no proof containing only n - 1 variables. This result was first proved using the machinery of (...)
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  49.  3
    Electron Diffraction From Crystals Containing Stacking Faults: I.M. J. Whelan & P. B. Hirsch - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (21):1121-1142.
  50.  40
    Basic Objects: A Reply to Xu.Eli Hirsch - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (3-4):406–412.
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