Results for 'Giacomo Garcya'

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  1. Autografi vichiani inediti.Giacomo Garcya - 1979 - Bollettino Del Centro di Studi Vichiani 9:119-122.
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  2. Il Testamento Letterario di Giacomo Leopardi Pensieri Dello Zibaldone.Giacomo Leopardi & Vincenzo Cardarelli - 1985 - Fògola.
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  3. Come Leopardi Vide Il Mondo Aforismi, Epigrammi, Pensieri, Sentenze Tratti Dall'opera di Giacomo Leopardi.Giacomo Leopardi - 1999
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  4. Vico, l¿ empio Sergio e lo stupido Maometto.Antonio Garcya - 1980 - Bollettino Del Centro di Studi Vichiani 10:138-142.
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  5.  74
    Mirrors in the Brain: How Our Minds Share Actions and Emotions.Giacomo Rizzolatti & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    When we witness a great actor, musician, or sportsperson performing, we share something of their experience. Only recently has it become clear just how this sharing of experience is realised within the human brain. 'Mirrors in the brain' provides an accessible overview of mirror neurons, written by the man who first discovered them.
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  6.  29
    Robert Brandom's Normative Inferentialism.Giacomo Turbanti - 2017 - Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
    The philosophy of language of Robert Brandom is based on a theoretical structure composed of three main elements: the normative analysis of linguistic practices, the inferential characterization of conceptual contents and the expressive articulation of the relations between the former two. Normative pragmatics aims to explain how linguistic practices are sufficient to confer contentful states in those who engage in them. Inferential semantics provides a theory of such pragmatic significances in terms of the inferential relations that articulate conceptual contents. Rational (...)
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  7. Common Knowledge and Convention.Giacomo Sillari - 2008 - Topoi 27 (1-2):29-39.
    This paper investigates the epistemic assumptions that David Lewis makes in his account of social conventions. In particular, I focus on the assumption that the agents have common knowledge of the convention to which they are parties. While evolutionary analyses show that the common knowledge assumption is unnecessary in certain classes of games, Lewis’ original account (and, more recently, Cubitt and Sugden’s reconstruction) stresses the importance of including it in the definition of convention. I discuss arguments pro et contra to (...)
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  8. Rule-Following as Coordination: A Game-Theoretic Approach.Giacomo Sillari - 2013 - Synthese 190 (5):871-890.
    Famously, Kripke has argued that the central portion of the Philosophical Investigations describes both a skeptical paradox and its skeptical solution. Solving the paradox involves the element of the community, which determines correctness conditions for rule-following behavior. What do such conditions precisely consist of? Is it accurate to say that there is no fact to the matter of rule following? How are the correctness conditions sustained in the community? My answers to these questions revolve around the idea that a rule (...)
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  9.  35
    On the Basis of Moral Equality: A Rejection of the Relation-First Approach.Giacomo Floris - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (1):237-250.
    The principle of moral equality is one of the cornerstones of any liberal theory of justice. It is usually assumed that persons’ equal moral status should be grounded in the equal possession of a status-conferring property. Call this the property-first approach to the basis of moral equality. This approach, however, faces some well-known difficulties: in particular, it is difficult to see how the possession of a scalar property can account for persons’ equal moral status. A plausible way of circumventing such (...)
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  10.  60
    A Logical Framework for Convention.Giacomo Sillari - 2005 - Synthese 147 (2):379-400.
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  11.  80
    Axiomatic Characterization of the AGM Theory of Belief Revision in a Temporal Logic.Giacomo Bonanno - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence 171 (2-3):144-160.
    Since belief revision deals with the interaction of belief and information over time, branching-time temporal logic seems a natural setting for a theory of belief change. We propose two extensions of a modal logic that, besides the next-time temporal operator, contains a belief operator and an information operator. The first logic is shown to provide an axiomatic characterization of the first six postulates of the AGM theory of belief revision, while the second, stronger, logic provides an axiomatic characterization of the (...)
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  12.  99
    Quantified Logic of Awareness and Impossible Possible Worlds.Giacomo Sillari - 2008 - Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (4):514-529.
    Among the many possible approaches to dealing with logical omniscience, I consider here awareness and impossible worlds structures. The former approach, pioneered by Fagin and Halpern, distinguishes between implicit and explicit knowledge, and avoids logical omniscience with respect to explicit knowledge. The latter, developed by Rantala and by Hintikka, allows for the existence of logically impossible worlds to which the agents are taken to have access; since such worlds need not behave consistently, the agents’ knowledge is fallible relative to logical (...)
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  13.  54
    Assurance Services for Sustainability Reports: Standards and Empirical Evidence. [REVIEW]Giacomo Manetti & Lucia Becatti - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):289 - 298.
    This article contributes to the growing scholarship on the topic of assurance services for sustainability reports. We first synthetically illustrate the main international standards for the implementation of assurance services regarding the subject documents. The second part of our article is an empirical analysis of reports drawn up on the basis of the current Global Reporting Initiative 2006 guidelines, and looks at how effectively these standards have been implemented, analyzing the different typologies of assurance statement.
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  14. A Simple Modal Logic for Belief Revision.Giacomo Bonanno - 2005 - Synthese 147 (2):193-228.
    We propose a modal logic based on three operators, representing intial beliefs, information and revised beliefs. Three simple axioms are used to provide a sound and complete axiomatization of the qualitative part of Bayes’ rule. Some theorems of this logic are derived concerning the interaction between current beliefs and future beliefs. Information flows and iterated revision are also discussed.
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  15.  53
    Rational Choice and Agm Belief Revision.Giacomo Bonanno - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence 173 (12-13):1194-1203.
    We establish a correspondence between the rationalizability of choice studied in the revealed preference literature and the notion of minimal belief revision captured by the AGM postulates. A choice frame consists of a set of alternatives , a collection E of subsets of (representing possible choice sets) and a function f : E ! 2 (representing choices made). A choice frame is rationalizable if there exists a total pre-order R on..
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  16. Understanding Undermining Defeat.Giacomo Melis - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 170 (3):433-442.
    Taking the inspiration from some points made by Scott Sturgeon and Albert Casullo, I articulate a view according to which an important difference between undermining and overriding defeaters is that the former require the subject to engage in some higher-order epistemic thinking, while the latter don’t. With the help of some examples, I argue that underminers push the cognizer to reflect on the way she formed a belief by challenging the epistemic worthiness of either the source of justification or the (...)
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  17.  56
    The Role of Stakeholders in Sustainability Reporting Assurance.Giacomo Manetti & Simone Toccafondi - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (3):363-377.
    The main purpose of this exploratory analysis is to understand whether, based on evidence gathered from international best practices selected among corporations which adopt the Global Reporting Initiative guidelines in sustainability reporting (SR), stakeholders are significantly consulted and involved—as international literature would indicate—by assurance providers, during assurance processes of SR. We aim at verifying if this practice—known as stakeholder assurance—is in fact widespread in SR assurance by carrying out empirical research, through content analysis, into a sample of 161 assurance statements (...)
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  18.  13
    Neural Circuits for Spatial Attention and Unilateral Neglect.Giacomo Rizzolatti & Rosolino Camarda - 1987 - In M. Jeannerod (ed.), Neurophysiological and Neuropsychological Aspects of Spatial Neglect. Elsevier Science. pp. 45--289.
  19.  1
    Hyperscanning Alone Cannot Prove Causality. Multibrain Stimulation Can.Giacomo Novembre & Gian Domenico Iannetti - 2021 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 25 (2):96-99.
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  20. Undermining Defeat and Propositional Justification.Giacomo Melis - 2016 - Argumenta 1 (2):271-280.
    I extend the Higher-Order View of Undermining Defeat (HOVUD) defended in Melis (2014) to account for the defeat of propositional justification. In doing so, I clarify the important notion of higher-order commitment, and I make some considerations concerning the defeat of externalist epistemic warrants.
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  21.  55
    The Logic of Rational Play in Games of Perfect Information.Giacomo Bonanno - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (1):37-65.
    For the past 20 years or so the literature on noncooperative games has been centered on the search for an equilibrium concept that expresses the notion of rational behavior in interactive situations. A basic tenet in this literature is that if a “rational solution” exists, it must be a Nash equilibrium. The consensus view, however, is that not all Nash equilibria can be accepted as rational solutions. Consider, for example, the game of Figure 1.
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  22.  14
    Two Concerns About the Rejection of Social Cruelty as the Basis of Moral Equality.Giacomo Floris - 2019 - European Journal of Political Theory 19 (3):408-416.
    In his recent book, Humanity without Dignity: Moral Equality, Respect, and Human Rights, Andrea Sangiovanni argues that the principle of moral equality should be grounded in the wrongness of treating others as inferiors insofar as this constitutes an act of social cruelty. In this short piece, I will raise two concerns about the rejection of social cruelty as the basis of moral equality: first, Sangiovanni’s account seems to give rise to disturbing implications as to how those beings that have basic (...)
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  23. Making Grateful Kids: The Science of Building Character.Jeffrey Froh & Giacomo Bono - 2014 - Templeton Press.
    If there was a new wonder drug on the market that got kids to behave better, improve their grades, feel happier, and avoid risky behaviors, many parents around the world would be willing to empty their bank accounts to acquire it. Amazingly, such a product actually does exist. It’s not regulated by the FDA, it has no ill side-effects, and it’s absolutely free and avail­able to anyone at any time. This miracle cure is gratitude. Over the past decade, science has (...)
     
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  24.  84
    The Intertwinement of Propositional and Doxastic Justification.Giacomo Melis - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (2):367-379.
    One important distinction in the debate over the nature of epistemic justification is the one between propositional and doxastic justification. Roughly, while doxastic justification is a property of beliefs, propositional justification is a property of propositions. On a rather common view, which accounts for doxastic justification in terms of propositional justification plus the so-called ‘basing relation’, propositional justification is seen as the prior notion, and doxastic justification is explained in terms of it. According to the opposing view, the direction of (...)
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  25.  60
    Memory and Perfect Recall in Extensive Games.Giacomo Bonanno - 2004 - Games and Economic Behavior 47 (2):237-256.
    The notion of perfect recall in extensive games was introduced by Kuhn (1953), who interpreted it as "equivalent to the assertion that each player is allowed by the rules of the game to remember everything he knew at previous moves and all of his choices at those moves''. We provide a characterization and axiomatization of perfect recall based on two notions of memory: (1) memory of past knowledge and (2) memory of past actions.
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  26.  57
    A Syntactic Approach to Rationality in Games with Ordinal Payoffs.Giacomo Bonanno - 2008 - In Giacomo Bonanno, Wiebe van der Hoek & Michael Wooldridge (eds.), Logic and the Foundations of Game and Decision Theory. Amsterdam University Press.
    We consider strategic-form games with ordinal payoffs and provide a syntactic analysis of common belief/knowledge of rationality, which we define axiomatically. Two axioms are considered. The first says that a player is irrational if she chooses a particular strategy while believing that another strategy is better. We show that common belief of this weak notion of rationality characterizes the iterated deletion of pure strategies that are strictly dominated by pure strategies. The second axiom says that a player is irrational if (...)
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  27.  21
    On the Logic of Common Belief.Giacomo Bonanno - 1996 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 42 (1):305-311.
    We investigate an axiomatization of the notion of common belief that makes use of no rules of inference and highlight the property of the set of accessibility relations that characterizes each axiom.
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  28.  29
    Normativity and the Realist Stance in Semantics.Giacomo Turbanti - 2012 - Humana Mente 5 (21).
    Recent attempts to define and support realism in semantics seem to acknowledge, as the only defence from skeptical attacks to the notion of meaning, a flat acceptance of the existence of representational relations between language and things in the world. In this paper I reconsider part of the mistrust about the normative character of meaning, in order to show that some of the worries urging the realists to cling on representationalism actually rest on misconceptions. To the contrary, I suggest that (...)
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  29. Modal Logic and Game Theory: Two Alternative Approaches.Giacomo Bonanno - 2002 - Risk Decision and Policy 7:309-324.
    Two views of game theory are discussed: (1) game theory as a description of the behavior of rational individuals who recognize each other’s rationality and reasoning abilities, and (2) game theory as an internally consistent recommendation to individuals on how to act in interactive situations. It is shown that the same mathematical tool, namely modal logic, can be used to explicitly model both views.
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  30. Belief Revision in a Temporal Framework.Giacomo Bonanno - 2008 - In Krzysztof Apt & Robert van Rooij (eds.), New Perspectives on Games and Interaction. Amsterdam University Press.
    The theory of belief revision deals with (rational) changes in beliefs in response to new information. In the literature a distinction has been drawn between belief revision and belief update (see [6]). The former deals with situations where the objective facts describing the world do not change (so that only the beliefs of the agent change over time), while the letter allows for situations where both the facts and the doxastic state of the agent change over time. We focus on (...)
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  31.  56
    Temporal Interaction of Information and Belief.Giacomo Bonanno - 2007 - Studia Logica 86 (3):375-401.
    The temporal updating of an agent’s beliefs in response to a flow of information is modeled in a simple modal logic that, for every date t, contains a normal belief operator B t and a non-normal information operator I t which is analogous to the ‘only knowing’ operator discussed in the computer science literature. Soundness and completeness of the logic are proved and the relationship between the proposed logic, the AGM theory of belief revision and the notion of plausibility is (...)
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  32.  9
    31 Cortical Mechanisms Subserving Object Grasping, Action Understanding, and Imitation.Giacomo Rizzolatti, Leonardo Fogassi & Vittorio Gállese - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences Iii. MIT Press. pp. 427.
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  33.  7
    Nonconscious Motor Images.Giacomo Rizzolatti - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):220-220.
  34.  11
    Progression and Verification of Situation Calculus Agents with Bounded Beliefs.Giuseppe De Giacomo, Yves Lespérance, Fabio Patrizi & Stavros Vassos - 2016 - Studia Logica 104 (4):705-739.
    We investigate agents that have incomplete information and make decisions based on their beliefs expressed as situation calculus bounded action theories. Such theories have an infinite object domain, but the number of objects that belong to fluents at each time point is bounded by a given constant. Recently, it has been shown that verifying temporal properties over such theories is decidable. We take a first-person view and use the theory to capture what the agent believes about the domain of interest (...)
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  35.  26
    Mirror Neurons.Giacomo Rizzolatti & Vittorio Gallese - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
  36.  4
    La communauté et le reste.Giacomo Petrarca - 2015 - Les Cahiers Philosophiques de Strasbourg 37:67-85.
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  37.  19
    Neural Expectations: A Possible Evolutionary Path From Manual Skills to Language.Michael A. Arbib & Giacomo Rizzolatti - forthcoming - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal.
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  38.  46
    Branching Time, Perfect Information Games and Backward Induction.Giacomo Bonanno - 2001 - Games and Economic Behavior 36 (1):57-73.
    The logical foundations of game-theoretic solution concepts have so far been explored within the con¯nes of epistemic logic. In this paper we turn to a di®erent branch of modal logic, namely temporal logic, and propose to view the solution of a game as a complete prediction about future play. The branching time framework is extended by adding agents and by de¯ning the notion of prediction. A syntactic characterization of backward induction in terms of the property of internal consistency of prediction (...)
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  39.  36
    Messianism Without Delay: On the "Post-Religious" Political Theology of Walter Benjamin.Giacomo Marramao - 2008 - Constellations 15 (3):397-405.
  40.  38
    Editorial Introduction to the Special Issue LOFT Sevilla.Giacomo Bonanno, Hans van Ditmarsch & Wiebe van der Hoek - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (6):795-798.
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  41.  41
    Through the Looking Glass: Self and Others.Corrado Sinigaglia & Giacomo Rizzolatti - 2011 - Cosciousness and Cognition 20 (1):64-74.
    In the present article we discuss the relevance of the mirror mechanism for our sense of self and our sense of others. We argue that, by providing us with an understanding from the inside of actions, the mirror mechanism radically challenges the traditional view of the self and of the others. Indeed, this mechanism not only reveals the common ground on the basis of which we become aware of ourselves as selves distinct from other selves, but also sheds new light (...)
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  42.  25
    What Can Music Tell Us About Social Interaction?Alessandro D’Ausilio, Giacomo Novembre, Luciano Fadiga & Peter E. Keller - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (3):111-114.
  43.  68
    How to Make Sense of the Com M on P Ri or Assumption Under Incomplete Information.Giacomo Bonanno & Klaus Nehring - 1999 - International Journal of Game Theory 28 (3):409-434.
    The Common Prior Assumption (CPA) plays an important role in game theory and the economics of information. It is the basic assumption behind decision-theoretic justifications of equilibrium reasoning in games (Aumann, 1987, Aumann and Brandenburger, 1995) and no-trade results with asymmetric information (Milgrom and Stokey, 1982). Recently several authors (Dekel and Gul, 1997, Gul, 1996, Lipman, 1995) have questioned whether the CPA is meaningful in situations of incomplete information, where there is no ex ante stage and where the primitives of (...)
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  44.  18
    Through the Looking Glass: Self and Others.Corrado Sinigaglia & Giacomo Rizzolatti - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):64-74.
    In the present article we discuss the relevance of the mirror mechanism for our sense of self and our sense of others. We argue that, by providing us with an understanding from the inside of actions, the mirror mechanism radically challenges the traditional view of the self and of the others. Indeed, this mechanism not only reveals the common ground on the basis of which we become aware of ourselves as selves distinct from other selves, but also sheds new light (...)
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  45.  39
    Synchronic Information, Knowledge and Common Knowledge in Extensive Games.Giacomo Bonanno - 1999 - Research in Economics 53 (1):77-99.
    Restricting attention to the class of extensive games defined by von Neumann and Morgenstern with the added assumption of perfect recall, we specify the information of each player at each node of the game-tree in a way which is coherent with the original information structure of the extensive form. We show that this approach provides a framework for a formal and rigorous treatment of questions of knowledge and common knowledge at every node of the tree. We construct a particular information (...)
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  46.  21
    Foreword.Giacomo Bonanno, Andreas Herzig, Wiebe van der Hoek & Jérôme Lang - 2011 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 21 (3-4):263-264.
  47.  37
    Players' Information in Extensive Games.Giacomo Bonanno - 1992 - Mathematical Social Sciences 24 (1):35-48.
    This paper suggests a way of formalizing the amount of information that can be conveyed to each player along every possible play of an extensive game. The information given to each player i when the play of the game reaches node x is expressed as a subset of the set of terminal nodes. Two definitions are put forward, one expressing the minimum amount of information and the other the maximum amount of information that can be conveyed without violating the constraint (...)
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  48.  20
    A Grammar of Action Generates Predictions in Skilled Musicians.Giacomo Novembre & Peter E. Keller - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1232-1243.
    The present study investigates shared representations of syntactic knowledge in music and action. We examined whether expectancy violations in musical harmonic sequences are also perceived as violations of the movement sequences necessary to produce them. Pianists imitated silent videos showing one hand playing chord sequences on a muted keyboard. Results indicate that, despite the absence of auditory feedback, imitation of a chord is fastest when it is congruent with the preceding harmonic context. This suggests that the harmonic rules implied by (...)
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  49.  7
    The Mirror Mechanism: Understanding Others From the Inside.Giacomo Rizzolatti & Maddalena Fabbri-Destro - 2013 - In Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael Lombardo & Helen Tager-Flusberg (eds.), Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Developmental Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 264.
  50.  66
    The Tacit Epistemology of the Gmo Debate: A Case Study. [REVIEW]Giacomo Borbone - 2009 - Axiomathes 19 (4):373-387.
    The issue of biotechnology has been chosen in the MIRRORS project in order to analyze the sometimes uneasy relationship between science and society. After analyzing the situation of biotechnology regarding the GMO debate in Spain, France and Italy during a previous MIRRORS Workshop (This MIRRORS Workshop is entitled European Policies and Knowledge Society, held in Catania on December 15th 2008, during the which the undersigned, Anna Benedetta Francese and Cinzia Rizza discussed three papers about this topic [see the MIRRORS website (...)
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