Results for 'Gideon Salter'

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  1.  1
    Praying Together: Corporate Prayer and Shared Situations.Joshua Cockayne & Gideon Salter - 2019 - Zygon 54 (3):702-730.
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  2. The Framework of an Ordered Society.Arthur Salter - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Originally published in 1933, this book presents the content of the Alfred Marshall Lectures for that year, which were delivered by Sir Arthur Salter at Cambridge University. The text sets out Salter's vision regarding the fundamental components of an ordered society. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in political philosophy and the nature of statehood.
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  3.  2
    Taxonomizing Views of Clinical Ethics Expertise.Erica K. Salter & Abram Brummett - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):50-61.
    Our aim in this article is to bring some clarity to the clinical ethics expertise debate by critiquing and replacing the taxonomy offered by the Core Competencies report. The orienting question for our taxonomy is: Can clinical ethicists offer justified, normative recommendations for active patient cases? Views that answer “no” are characterized as a “negative” view of clinical ethics expertise and are further differentiated based on why they think ethicists cannot give justified normative recommendations and what they think ethicists can (...)
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  4.  41
    Deciding for a Child: A Comprehensive Analysis of the Best Interest Standard. [REVIEW]Erica K. Salter - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (3):179-198.
    This article critically examines, and ultimately rejects, the best interest standard as the predominant, go-to ethical and legal standard of decision making for children. After an introduction to the presumption of parental authority, it characterizes and distinguishes six versions of the best interest standard according to two key dimensions related to the types of interests emphasized. Then the article brings three main criticisms against the best interest standard: (1) that it is ill-defined and inconsistently appealed to and applied, (2) that (...)
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  5. “Empiricism Contra Experiment: Harvey, Locke and the Revisionist View of Experimental Philosophy”.Alan Salter & Charles T. Wolfe - 2009 - Bulletin d'histoire et d'épistémologie des sciences de la vie 16 (2):113-140.
    In this paper we suggest a revisionist perspective on two significant figures in early modern life science and philosophy: William Harvey and John Locke. Harvey, the discoverer of the circulation of the blood, is often named as one of the rare representatives of the ‘life sciences’ who was a major figure in the Scientific Revolution. While this status itself is problematic, we would like to call attention to a different kind of problem: Harvey dislikes abstraction and controlled experiments (aside from (...)
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  6.  7
    Voluntary Process and the Readiness Potential: Asking the Right Questions.David Salter - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):181-182.
  7.  17
    Resisting the Siren Call of Individualism in Pediatric Decision-Making and the Role of Relational Interests.E. K. Salter - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (1):26-40.
    The siren call of individualism is compelling. And although we have recognized its dangerous allure in the realm of adult decision-making, it has had profound and yet unnoticed dangerous effects in pediatric decision-making as well. Liberal individualism as instantiated in the best interest standard conceptualizes the child as independent and unencumbered and the goal of child rearing as rational autonomous adulthood, a characterization that is both ontologically false and normatively dangerous. Although a notion of the individuated child might have a (...)
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  8.  7
    From the Experience of Hate Crime: Towards a Phenomenological Approach.Kim Mcguire & Michael Salter - unknown
    This study is in two parts and contains six chapters. The first part is mainly analytical with an emphasis on descriptive explication, while Part Two is expressly critical. There is a deliberate step-by-step progression from descriptive elements of surface phenomena addressed in Part One, to more critical analysis of depth and constitutive elements of hate crime as lived experientially, which we discuss in Part Two. Our approach is phenomenological in a distinctly Husserlian sense, as opposed to a would-be summation of (...)
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  9.  54
    Truth, Consequences and Culture: A Comparative Examination of Cheating and Attitudes About Cheating Among U.S. And U.K. Students. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Salter, Daryl M. Guffey & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (1):37-50.
    As Post observes, accounting firms are unique among multinationals. They are more likely than firms in almost any other category to go abroad. They also have less choice in location as their expansion is determined largely by the desired locations of their clients. Given the widespread global presence of such firms, it can be argued that the global audit firm is uniquely at risk from variations in ethical perceptions across nations. This study extends the U.S. accounting literature on determinants of (...)
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  10. A New Type of Naturalism.-Montgomery.William Mackintire Salter - 1908 - International Journal of Ethics 19 (1):90-107.
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  11.  7
    Conflating Capacity & Authority: Why We're Asking the Wrong Question in the Adolescent Decision‐Making Debate.Erica K. Salter - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (1):32-41.
    Whether adolescents should be allowed to make their own medical decisions has been a topic of discussion in bioethics for at least two decades now. Are adolescents sufficiently capacitated to make their own medical decisions? Is the mature-minor doctrine, an uncommon legal exception to the rule of parental decision-making authority, something we should expand or eliminate? Bioethicists have dealt with the curious liminality of adolescents—their being neither children nor adults—in a variety of ways. However, recently there has been a trend (...)
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  12.  26
    Nietzsche's Superman.William M. Salter - 1915 - Journal of Philosophy 12 (16):421.
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  13. Nietzsche's Moral Aim.William Mackintire Salter - 1915 - International Journal of Ethics 25 (2):226-251.
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  14. Spaces Speak, Are You Listening?: Experiencing Aural Architecture.Barry Blesser & Linda-Ruth Salter - 2006 - MIT Press.
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  15. Does Political Compulsion Need to Be Justified?William M. Salter - 1899 - International Journal of Ethics 10 (1):97-98.
  16.  47
    The Limits of Empathy: Problems in Medical Education and Practice.Anna Smajdor, Andrea Stöckl & Charlotte Salter - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):380-383.
    Empathy is commonly regarded as an essential attribute for doctors and there is a conviction that empathy must be taught to medical students. Yet it is not clear exactly what empathy is, from a philosophical or sociological point of view, or whether it can be taught. The meaning, role and relevance of empathy in medical education have tended to be unquestioningly assumed; there is a need to examine and contextualise these assumptions. This paper opens up that debate, arguing that ‘empathy’, (...)
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  17.  44
    Hugo Grotius.John Salter - 2001 - Political Theory 29 (4):537-555.
  18. Schopenhauer's Contact with Pragmatism.Wm MacKintire Salter - 1910 - Philosophical Review 19 (2):137-153.
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  19.  17
    The Re-Contextualization of the Patient: What Home Health Care Can Teach Us About Medical Decision-Making.Erica K. Salter - 2015 - HEC Forum 27 (2):143-156.
    This article examines the role of context in the development and deployment of standards of medical decision-making. First, it demonstrates that bioethics, and our dominant standards of medical decision-making, developed out of a specific historical and philosophical environment that prioritized technology over the person, standardization over particularity, individuality over relationship and rationality over other forms of knowing. These forces de-contextualize the patient and encourage decision-making that conforms to the unnatural and contrived environment of the hospital. The article then explores several (...)
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  20.  33
    Grotius and Pufendorf on the Right of Necessity.John Salter - 2005 - History of Political Thought 26 (2):285-302.
  21.  9
    Museum Spaces as Psychological Affordances: Representations of Immigration History and National Identity.Sahana Mukherjee, Phia S. Salter & Ludwin E. Molina - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  22. Animals and War: Confronting the Military-Animal Industrial Complex.Anthony J. Nocella, Colin Salter & Judy K. C. Bentley (eds.) - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    Animals and War: Confronting the Military-Animal Industrial Complex is the first book to examine how nonhuman animals are used in war and the military. Animals and War contributes significantly to the fields of social justice, animal rights, and anti-war/peace activist communities. This book also will be read by peace, conflict, social justice, and critical animal studies scholars, students, and practitioners.
     
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  23. America's Duty in the Philippines.William M. Salter - 1902 - International Journal of Ethics 12 (3):360-375.
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  24.  30
    Adam Smith on Feudalism, Commerce and Slavery.J. Salter - 1992 - History of Political Thought 13 (2):219.
    I will argue in what follows that the reading of Smith which attributes to him a theory of the transition from feudalism to capitalism, and the implications which follow from it, are unfounded. There are three key aspects of the interpretation which I will challenge. First, that Smith's account of the destruction of feudal power by the progress of commerce is related to an explanation of the transition to the commercial stage; second, that the decline in baronial power incorporates Smith's (...)
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  25.  52
    Hume and Mutual Advantage.J. Salter - 2012 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 11 (3):302-321.
    Hume’s theory of justice is commonly regarded by contemporary theorists of justice as a theory of justice as mutual advantage. It is thus widely thought to manifest all the unattractive features of such theories: in particular, it is thought to endorse the exclusion of people with serious mental or physical disabilities from the scope and protection of justice and to justify the European expropriation of the lands of defenceless aboriginal people. I argue that this reading of Hume is mistaken. Mutual (...)
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  26.  17
    The Goods of Community? The Potential of Journalism as a Social Practice.Lee Salter - 2008 - Philosophy of Management 7 (1):33-44.
    This paper considers the question of whether journalism can be considered to be a social practice. After considering some of the goods of journalism the paper moves to investigate how external goods can corrupt the practice and make it somewhat ineffective. The paper therefore looks to consider ways in which the goods claimed have been better served in ‘radical’ journalism. Bristol Independent Media Centre is then evaluated as an example of an active project in which the goods of community are (...)
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  27.  81
    Neo-Fascist Legal Theory on Trial: An Interpretation of Carl Schmitt's Defence at Nuremberg From the Perspective of Franz Neumann's Critical Theory of Law.Michael Salter - 1999 - Res Publica 5 (2):161-193.
    This article addresses, from a Frankfurt School perspective on law identified with Franz Neumann and more recently Habermas, the attack upon the principles of war criminality formulated at the Nuremberg trials by the increasingly influential legal and political theory of Carl Schmitt. It also considers the contradictions within certain of the defence arguments that Schmitt himself resorted to when interrogated as a possible war crimes defendant at Nuremberg. The overall argument is that a distinctly internal, or “immanent”, form of critique (...)
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  28.  6
    Recovery After Genocide: Understanding the Dimensions of Recovery Capital Among Incarcerated Genocide Perpetrators in Rwanda.Kevin Barnes-Ceeney, Lior Gideon, Laurie Leitch & Kento Yasuhara - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  29.  21
    Too Quick to Judge.Rebecca L. Volpe & Erica Rangel Salter - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (4):612-614.
  30.  38
    Thoughts Suggested by Professor Patten’s Recent Article.William M. Salter - 1919 - The Monist 29 (4):610-615.
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  31.  3
    Towards a Phenomenology of Legal Thinking+ Jurisprudence and Philosophy.Michael Salter - 1992 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 23 (2):167-182.
  32.  44
    Mr. Bernard Shaw as a Social Critic.William Mackintire Salter - 1908 - International Journal of Ethics 18 (4):446-458.
  33. Edward Said and Post-Colonial International Relations.M. Salter - 2010 - In Cerwyn Moore & Chris Farrands (eds.), International Relations Theory and Philosophy: Interpretive Dialogues. Routledge.
     
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  34.  48
    Confessions of a Whistle-Blower: Lessons Learned.Anna C. Salter - 1998 - Ethics and Behavior 8 (2):115 – 124.
    In 1988 I began a report on the accuracy of expert testimony in child sexual abuse cases utilizing Ralph Underwager and Hollida Wakefield as a case study (Wakefield & Underwager, 1988). In response, Underwager and Wakefield began a campaign of harassment and intimidation, which included multiple lawsuits; an ethics charge; phony (and secretly taped) phone calls; and ad hominem attacks, including one that I was laundering federal grant monies. The harassment and intimidation failed as the author refused demands to retract. (...)
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  35.  4
    The Bare Classroom- Representation and the Liminal Presence of Others.Ido Gideon - 2019 - Ethics and Education 14 (2):258-270.
    ABSTRACTThis article begins with an account of an improvised classroom in a refugee camp. From this account, and building on Heidegger's' analysis of spatiality, two fundamental characteristics are identified as: first, that classrooms are 'sanctioned-off' from the world, and secondly, that educational situations involve attention to the world.Arendt's distinction between education and politics is presented not only as a normative call to action, but also, and perhaps primarily, as a phenomenology of education as a basic human activity. The article turns (...)
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  36.  17
    Sympathy with the Poor: Theories of Punishment in Hugo Grotius and Adam Smith.John Salter - 1999 - History of Political Thought 20 (2):205-224.
    Grotius argued that it was sometimes permissible to excuse from punishment those who commit crimes out of extreme poverty. The grounds for doing so were separate from the grounds of the right of necessity. Leniency was possible because the seriousness of the crime and the degree of guilt of the offender were separate considerations. Punishment should be related to guilt, which, according to Grotius, was partly a matter of the circumstances and motives of the offender. He thought there were some (...)
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  37.  38
    Adam Smith: Justice and Due Shares.John Salter - 2000 - Economics and Philosophy 16 (1):139-146.
    In a contribution to this journal Amos Witzum has challenged a common interpretation of Adam Smith's theory of justice, according to which Smith ‘employed a concept of justice – in the tradition of natural laws theories – whereby rights are related to guarding what is one's own rather than to what is one's due’ (Witzum, 1997, p. 242). Witzum claims that not only does Smith's conception of justice include one's due, and hence, distributional considerations, but the right to one's own (...)
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  38.  44
    Books Reviews.E. A. Salter - 1985 - British Journal of Aesthetics 25 (3):293-295.
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  39.  6
    Towards a Phenomenology of Legal Thinking.Michael Salter - 1992 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 23 (2):167-182.
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  40.  20
    The Application of Science and Scientific Autonomy in Great Britain: A Case Study of the Science and Engineering Research Council. [REVIEW]Brian Salter & Ted Tapper - 1993 - Minerva 31 (1):38-55.
  41.  44
    Carl Schmitt on the Secularisation of Religious Texts as a Resacralisation of Jurisprudence?Michael Salter - 2013 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 26 (1):113-147.
    Carl Schmitt, an increasingly influential German law professor, developed a provocative and historically oriented model of “political theology” with specific relevance to legal scholarship and the authorship of constitutional texts. His “political theology” is best understood neither as an expressly theological discourse within constitutional law, nor as a uniquely legal discourse shaped by a hidden theological agenda. Instead, it addresses the possibility of the continual resurfacing of theological ideas and beliefs within legal discourses of, for instance, sovereignty, the force of (...)
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  42.  38
    Reflections on Professor Patten's Views.William M. Salter - 1920 - The Monist 30 (1):144-152.
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  43. Schopenhauer's Contact with Theology.William Mackintire Salter - 1912 - Philosophical Review 21:273.
     
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  44.  42
    Schopenhauer's Type of Idealism.William Mackintire Salter - 1911 - The Monist 21 (1):1-18.
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  45.  19
    Nietzsche's Moral Aim.William Mackintire Salter - 1915 - International Journal of Ethics 25 (2):226-251.
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  46.  7
    Towards a Foundational Programme for Legal Studies.Michael Salter - 1988 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 19 (2):165-185.
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  47.  36
    Höffding on the Relation of the Mind to the Body.W. M. Salter - 1890 - The Monist 1 (1):118-123.
  48.  9
    Lawyers Watching Their Language: A Discussion Between a Teacher, a Research Student and a Lay Person.Michael Salter - 1991 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 4 (1):61-76.
  49.  25
    Sex Differences in Negotiating with Powerful Males.Frank Salter, Karl Grammer & Anja Rikowski - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (3):306-321.
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  50.  17
    Animals and War: Anthropocentrism and Technoscience.Colin Salter - 2015 - NanoEthics 9 (1):11-21.
    We are at the crux of a return of animals to the battlefield. Framed as an improvement over current limitations of biomimetic devices, couplings of microelectrical mechanical systems with insect bodies are currently being designed and created in laboratories, with funding from military agencies. Moving beyond the external attachment of computerized ‘backpacks’, MEMS are being implanted into larval stages to allow for living tissue to envelop otherwise fragile circuitry and electronics: the creation of bioelectronic interfaces. The weaponization of animals, with (...)
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