Results for 'Gillian Crozier'

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  1.  99
    The Philosophers' Brief on Chimpanzee Personhood.Kristin Andrews, Gillian Crozier, Sue Donaldson, Andrew Fenton, L. Syd M. Johnson, Robert Jones, Will Kymlicka, Letitia Meynell, Nathan Nobis, David Pena-Guzman, James Rocha, Bernard Rollin, Jeff Sebo, Adam Shriver, Rebecca Walker & Gary Comstock - 2018 - Proposed Brief by Amici Curiae Philosophers in Support of the Petitioner-Appelllant Court of Appeals, State of New York,.
    In this brief, we argue that there is a diversity of ways in which humans (Homo sapiens) are ‘persons’ and there are no non-arbitrary conceptions of ‘personhood’ that can include all humans and exclude all nonhuman animals. To do so we describe and assess the four most prominent conceptions of ‘personhood’ that can be found in the rulings concerning Kiko and Tommy, with particular focus on the most recent decision, Nonhuman Rights Project, Inc v Lavery.
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  2.  8
    Acoustic Adaptation in Bird Songs: A Case Study in Cultural Selection.Gillian Crozier - unknown
    The greatest challenge for Cultural Selection Theory, which holds that Darwinian natural selection contributes to cultural evolution, lies is the paucity of evidence for structural mechanisms in cultural systems that are sufficient for adaptation by natural selection. In part, clarification is required with respect to the interaction between cultural systems and their purported selective environments. Edmonds, Hull, and others have argued that Cultural Selection Theory requires simple, conclusive, unambiguous case studies in order to meet this challenge. To this end, I (...)
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  3.  7
    Towards Improving the Ethics of Ecological Research.G. K. D. Crozier & Albrecht I. Schulte-Hostedde - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (3):577-594.
    We argue that the ecological research community should develop a plan for improving the ethical consistency and moral robustness of the field. We propose a particular ethics strategy—specifically, an ongoing process of collective ethical reflection that the community of ecological researchers, with the cooperation of applied ethicists and philosophers of biology, can use to address the needs we identify. We suggest a particular set of conceptual and analytic tools that, we argue, collectively have the resources to provide an empirically grounded (...)
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  4.  95
    Quine on the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction.Russell Gillian - 2014 - In Gilbert Harman & Ernie Lepore (eds.), A Companion to W.V.O. Quine. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 181-202.
    A critical survey of Quine's arguments against the analytic/synthetic distinction.
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  5.  63
    At the Intersections of Emotional and Biological Labor: Understanding Transnational Commercial Surrogacy as Social Reproduction.G. K. D. Crozier, Jennifer L. Johnson & Christopher Hajzler - 2014 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (2):45-74.
    This paper focuses on how surrogacy is to be valued in the transnational context, and what it means for surrogacy to be considered a form of paid, social reproductive labor. By social reproduction, we refer to the social processes and activities, such as child rearing and caring for dependents, that are necessary to uphold a productive society. Since these are complex and nuanced questions, and ones that are likely to need different answers in different countries and social contexts, this paper (...)
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  6.  21
    Care Workers in the Global Market Appraising Applications of Feminist Care Ethics.G. K. D. Crozier - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1):113-137.
    In the current global care regime, care shortages in wealthy nations such as the United States, Canada, Italy, and Hong Kong are being addressed through the global supply of cheap migrant care labor from less wealthy nations. This paper argues that Feminist Care Ethics has a great deal to offer in the analysis of this global care regime. Joan Tronto's own critiques of the migration of care workers have focused on analogies between workers and imported slaves: both are intrinsically exploited, (...)
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  7.  42
    Braybrooke on Needs.Brock Gillian - 1994 - Ethics 104 (4):811-823.
    In 'Meeting Needs', Braybrooke argues that a new and improved version of utilitarianism can be constructed around making a priority of satisfying needs. In this paper I concentrate on Braybrooke's suggestion about the method for determining needs, and more generally, the method of settling issues concerning matters of need. (This emphasis is chosen since these problems are most devastating to his project as currently formulated.) I argue that Braybrooke's method is seriously flawed. Braybrooke believes that the process for settling issues (...)
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  8. Reviews : David Held, Introduction to Critical Theory: Horkheimer to Habermas (London, Hutchinson, 1980).Michael Crozier - 1982 - Thesis Eleven 5 (1):317-319.
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  9. Careworkers in the Global Market: Appraising Applications of Feminist Care Ethics.G. K. D. Crozier - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1):113.
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  10. Prospettiva Culture and the City.Michael Crozier - 1996 - Thesis Eleven 46 (1):67-88.
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  11. Introduction.Michael Crozier, Peter Murphy & Peter Beilharz - 1996 - Thesis Eleven 46 (1):3-3.
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  12.  88
    The Civic Paradigm and Shaftesbury.Michael Crozier - 1995 - Thesis Eleven 40 (1):68-92.
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  13.  10
    NIMBY Claims, Free Riders and Universalisability.G. K. D. Crozier & Christopher Hajzler - 2010 - Ethics, Place and Environment 13 (3):317-320.
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  14. Ferenc Feher and the European Hermeneutic: Reflections On the Frozen Revolution.Michael Crozier - 1995 - Thesis Eleven 42 (1):10-18.
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  15.  17
    Differentiating Shame From Embarrassment.W. R. Crozier - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (3):269-276.
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  16. Review Essays : Encountering Benjamin.Michael Crozier - 1985 - Thesis Eleven 10 (1):225-233.
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  17.  4
    Stem Cell Tourism and The Role of Health Professional Organizations.G. K. D. Crozier & Kyle Thomsen - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (5):36-38.
  18.  2
    Too Blunt a Tool: A Case for Subsuming Analyses of Exploitation in Transnational Gestational Surrogacy Under a Justice or Human Rights Framework.G. K. D. Crozier - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (5):38-40.
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  19.  29
    Reconsidering Cultural Selection Theory.G. K. D. Crozier - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):455-479.
    This paper examines conceptual issues that arise in applications of Darwinian natural selection to cultural systems. I argue that many criticisms of cultural selectionist models have been based on an over-detailed reading of the analogy between biological and cultural units of selection. I identify five of the most powerful objections to cultural selection theory and argue that none cuts to its heart. Some objections are based on mistaken assumptions about the simplicity of the mechanisms of biological heredity. Other objections are (...)
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  20.  35
    The Ethics of Moral Compromise for Stem Cell Research Policy.Zubin Master & G. K. D. Crozier - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (1):50-65.
    In the US, stem cell research is at a moral impasse—many see this research as ethically mandated due to its potential for ameliorating major diseases, while others see this research as ethically impermissible because it typically involves the destruction of embryos and use of ova from women. Because their creation does not require embryos or ova, induced pluripotent stem cells offer the most promising path for addressing the main ethical objections to stem cell research; however, this technology is still in (...)
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  21.  28
    Jennifer Caseldine-Bracht is a Ph. D. Student in the Department of Philosophy at Michigan State University. She is a Research Associate for the Institute of Human Rights at Indiana University-Purdue University, Fort Wayne. [REVIEW]G. K. D. Crozier & Maya J. Goldenberg - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1).
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  22.  14
    How to Address the Ethics of Reproductive Travel to Developing Countries: A Comparison of National Self-Sufficiency and Regulated Market Approaches.G. K. D. Crozier & Dominique Martin - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (1):45-54.
    One of the areas of concern raised by cross-border reproductive travel regards the treatment of women who are solicited to provide their ova or surrogacy services to foreign consumers. This is particularly troublesome in the context of developing countries where endemic poverty and low standards for both medical care and informed consent may place these women at risk of exploitation and harm. We explore two contrasting proposals for policy development regarding the industry, both of which seek to promote ethical outcomes (...)
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  23.  21
    Practicing Evil: Training and Psychological Barriers in the Martial Arts.Russell Gillian - 2014 - In Philosophy and the Martial Arts. pp. 28-49.
  24.  18
    Self-Consciousness in Shame: The Role of the 'Other'.Ray W. Crozier - 1998 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 28 (3):273–286.
    Although several philosophical approaches to shame emphasize the role of the ‘other’ this has attracted less attention from psychologists. The psychological construct of self-awareness does not adequately account for the shift in perspective that is involved in shame or embarrassment. This paper outlines a framework for the analysis of shame which emphasises the adoption of another perspective on the self. It proposes that shame is experienced when an individual recognises that an action can give rise to a negative interpretation by (...)
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  25.  75
    Book Review: Psychiatry and Empire Sloan Mahone and Megan Vaughan (Eds) Psychiatry and Empire, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. Ix + 243 Pp. ISBN-13: 978-1-4039-4711-6 Hbk. [REVIEW]Ivan Crozier - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (1):131-134.
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  26.  19
    Pillow Talk: Credibility, Trust and the Sexological Case History.Ivan Crozier - 2008 - History of Science 46 (4):375.
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  27.  8
    Symbolism and Sacredness of Human Parthenotes.Zubin Master & G. K. D. Crozier - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):37-39.
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  28.  17
    The Ethical Physician Encounters International Medical Travel.G. K. D. Crozier & F. Baylis - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (5):297-301.
    International medical travel occurs when patients cross national borders to purchase medical goods and services. On occasion, physicians in home countries will be the last point of domestic contact for patients seeking healthcare information before they travel abroad for care. When this is the case, physicians have a unique opportunity to inform patients about their options and help guide them towards ethical practices. This opportunity brings to the fore an important question: What role should physicians in more-developed home countries play (...)
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  29.  33
    Self-Consciousness, Exposure, and the Blush.W. Ray Crozier - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (1):1–17.
    Little is known about the circumstances that give rise to blushing and there have been no systematic attempts to classify and analyze the types of situations where it occurs. The study reported here analyzes a sample of recollections of occasions and a selection of literary episodes. The two sources of evidence yield somewhat different patterns but prominent themes in both are being the centre of attention, whether this is positive, neutral or negative, and the disclosure, or threat of exposure, of (...)
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  30.  1
    Becoming a Sexologist: Norman Haire, the 1929 London World League for Sexual Reform Congress, and Organizing Medical Knowledge About Sex in Interwar England.Ivan Crozier - 2001 - History of Science 39 (3):299-329.
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  31.  34
    The Soul and Forms of Georg Lukács.Michael Crozier - 1989 - Thesis Eleven 24 (1):90-111.
    The critic is one who glimpses destiny in forms: whose most profound experience is the soul-content which forms indi rectly and unconsciously conceal within themselves.1 Georg Lukács, 1910.
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  32.  3
    John Duns Scotus: Selected Writings on Ethics by Thomas Williams.William Crozier - 2017 - Franciscan Studies 75:541-546.
    Even amongst those with only a cursory knowledge of the moral philosophy of John Duns Scotus, the association of Scotus's thought with voluntarism is well known. Next to his much-discussed, highly controversial theory of the univocity of being, Scotus's ethical thought, particularly his interpretation of the role of God's will in dictating moral norms, remains one of the most disputed – and arguably most misunderstood – areas of his philosophical synthesis. As Efrem Bettoni noted many years ago, Scotus's understanding of (...)
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  33.  28
    Insuring Risk: Systems of Global Finance.Ann Capling & Michael Crozier - 1998 - Thesis Eleven 53 (1):19-28.
    Critical analyses of international financial markets tend to explain changes over recent decades in terms of a resurgent liberalism. This paper employs a systems theoretical approach to argue that there has been a far more fundamental transformation in the operations of these financial markets than simply a shift towards more liberalized regimes of regulation. The use of risk as resource and the systematic randomness of these new operational trends have perverse implications not only for the integrity of political systems but (...)
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  34.  12
    Blushing and the Exposed Self: Darwin Revisited.W. Ray Crozier - 2001 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 31 (1):61–72.
  35.  2
    On Being and Cognition: Ordinatio 1.3, John Duns Scotus Translated by John Van den Bercken, Fordham University Press, New York, 2016, Pp. 298, $65.00, Hbk. [REVIEW]William Crozier - 2018 - New Blackfriars 99 (1079):112-114.
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  36. Power and Uncertainty in Organization.Michel Crozier - 2000 - In Raymond Boudon & Mohamed Cherkaoui (eds.), Central Currents in Social Theory. Sage Publications. pp. 239.
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  37.  1
    Oxford First Book of Art.Cynthia C. Rostankowski & Wolfe Gillian - 2002 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 36 (4):116.
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  38.  14
    Simultanagnosia, Sense of Place and the Garden Idea.Michael Crozier - 2003 - Thesis Eleven 74 (1):76-88.
    A pervasive theme in George Seddon's extensive oeuvre is sense of place. Over a number of decades he has explored and reworked the conceptual and phenomenological aspects of this theme. This article takes its cue from Seddon's more recent critical observations on sense of place and considers the temporal and spatial dimensions of everyday experience in the informational age. Recent trends in gardening and garden theory are examined in the context of certain pathologies associated with this experience, and in particular (...)
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  39.  2
    Book Review: Kinsey Exposed: Alfred C. Kinsey: A Public/Private LifeAlfred C. Kinsey: A Public/Private Life. JonesJames H. . Pp. Xx + 937. £pD28.00. [REVIEW]Ivan Crozier - 1998 - History of Science 36 (1):115-118.
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  40.  12
    Volume 14 List of Contributors.P. Anker, P. D. Barclay, A. Bashford, S. Bergia, G. Clarsen, M. Colyvan, I. Crozier, T. Dartnall, I. Douven & S. M. Downes - 2005 - Metascience 14 (3):511-512.
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  41.  35
    Havelock Ellis, Eugenicist.Ivan Crozier - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):187-194.
    This article examines the contributions made towards eugenic thought in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by Havelock Ellis . Ellis was a significant social reformer who worked on the problems of sexuality from a scientific–naturalist secular perspective. In the later phases of his work, after he had completed much of his writing on sexuality, Ellis concentrated on issues of feminism and eugenics—problems he thought were interlinked. In this paper, I integrate his ideas about these subjects, and consider the (...)
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  42.  16
    The Problem of Power.Michel Crozier - 1973 - Social Research 40.
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  43.  31
    A Formal Investigation of Cultural Selection Theory: Acoustic Adaptation in Bird Song.G. K. D. Crozier - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (5):781-801.
    The greatest challenge for Cultural Selection Theory lies is the paucity of evidence for structural mechanisms in cultural systems that are sufficient for adaptation by natural selection. In part, clarification is required with respect to the interaction between cultural systems and their purported selective environments. Edmonds et al. have argued that Cultural Selection Theory requires simple, conclusive, unambiguous case studies in order to meet this challenge. To that end, this paper examines the songs of the Rufous-collared Sparrow, which seem to (...)
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  44.  8
    A Miller's Tale.David Oldroyd, Phil Dowe, Adrian Mackenzie, Alison Bashford, Geoffrey C. Bowker, Alan Chalmers, I. J. Crozier, John Dargavel, Wendy Riemens & Andrew Dowling - 1997 - Metascience 6 (1):105-184.
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  45.  14
    The Empathy Principle: Towards a Model for the Psychology of Art.W. Ray Crozier & Paul Greenhalgh - 1992 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 22 (1):63–79.
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  46.  14
    Agency and Responsibility in Health Care Worker Migration.G. K. D. Crozier - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (3):8 – 9.
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  47.  4
    Why Training in Ecological Research Must Incorporate Ethics Education.G. K. D. Crozier & Albrecht I. Schulte‐Hostedde - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (5):14-19.
    Like other science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields, ecological research needs ethics. Given the rapid pace of technological developments and social change, it is important for scientists to have the vocabulary and critical-thinking skills necessary to identify, analyze, and communicate the ethical issues generated by the research and practices within their fields of specialization. The goal of introducing ethics education for ecological researchers would be to promote a discipline in which scientists are willing and able to engage in ethical questions (...)
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  48.  2
    Quaestiones Disputatae "De Productione Rerum" "De Imagine" Et "De Anima" E Schola Bonaventuriana by Mikołaj Olszewski.William Crozier - 2016 - Franciscan Studies 74:389-391.
    The question of whether there exist other quaestiones disputatae attributable to St. Bonaventure, beyond those contained within the definitive Quaracchi critical edition of his Opera Omnia, is a subject which has divided scholarly opinion for nearly a century. During the mid-twentieth-century, several newly discovered sets of quaestiones disputatae were claimed as authentic Bonaventurian works. Most notably, the Quaestiones de theologia transcribed by George Tavard and the Quaestiones de cari-tate et de novissimis edited by Palémon Glorieux. This is to say nothing, (...)
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  49.  2
    Case Studies, Fields and the Dissemination of Knowledge.Ivan Crozier - forthcoming - Metascience:1-3.
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  50.  6
    Juvenile Ovarian Tissue Cryopreservation and Social Justice: An Imperative to Broaden the Discussion.G. K. D. Crozier & Brandon Michaud - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):46-47.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 46-47, June 2012.
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