Results for 'Giohanny Olave'

149 found
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  1.  4
    Origen y función de la argumentación: Pasos hacia una explicación evolutiva y cognitiva, de Cristián Santibáñez (2018). Palestra, 370 p. [REVIEW]Giohanny Olave - 2020 - Co-herencia 17 (32):289-292.
    Dentro de la abundante bibliografía disponible en el campo de los estudios argumentativos, el libro del sociólogo y lingüista Cristián Santibáñez ofrece una perspectiva poco transitada en los estudios en español sobre el tema. Por medio de un enfoque evolutivo-cognitivo, Santibáñez responde en extenso a una pregunta esencial: “¿Por qué argumentamos?”. Pese a que el autor augura que responder este interrogante puede llegar a impacientar a los teóricos clásicos de la argumentación, la contribución que realiza en esa área es invaluable, (...)
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  2. Métodos de Análisis Del Discurso. Perspectivas Argentinas.Oscar Iván Londoño Zapata & Giohanny Olave Arias - 2019
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  3.  39
    The Ways of Aristotle: Aristotelian Phrónêsis, Aristotelian Philosophy of Dialogue, and Action Research.Olav Eikeland - 2008 - Bern: Peter Lang.
    This book is a meticulous study of Aristotle's phronesis and its applications to the fields of personal development or character formation and of ethical ...
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  4.  26
    Why Change Your Beliefs Rather Than Your Desires? Two Puzzles.Olav Benjamin Vassend - forthcoming - Analysis.
    In standard decision theory, the probability function ought to be updated in light of evidence, but the utility function generally stays fixed. However, there is nothing in the formal theory that prevents one from instead updating the utility function, while keeping the probability function fixed. Moreover, there are good arguments for updating the utilities and not just the probabilities. Hence, the first puzzle is whether there is anything that justifies updating beliefs, but not desires, in light of evidence. The paper (...)
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  5. Darwin and Moral Realism: Survival of the Iffiest.Knut Olav Skarsaune - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 152 (2):229-243.
    This paper defends moral realism against Sharon Street’s “Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value” (this journal, 2006). I argue by separation of cases: From the assumption that a certain normative claim is true, I argue that the first horn of the dilemma is tenable for realists. Then, from the assumption that the same normative claim is false, I argue that the second horn is tenable. Either way, then, the Darwinian dilemma does not add anything to realists’ epistemic worries.
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  6.  36
    New Semantics for Bayesian Inference: The Interpretive Problem and Its Solutions.Olav Benjamin Vassend - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (4):696-718.
    Scientists often study hypotheses that they know to be false. This creates an interpretive problem for Bayesians because the probability assigned to a hypothesis is typically interpreted as the probability that the hypothesis is true. I argue that solving the interpretive problem requires coming up with a new semantics for Bayesian inference. I present and contrast two new semantic frameworks, and I argue that both of them support the claim that there is pervasive pragmatic encroachment on whether a given Bayesian (...)
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  7.  66
    Indexicals: What They Are Essential For.Olav Gjelsvik - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (3):295-314.
    Cappelen and Dever have recently defended the view that indexicals are not essential: They do not signify anything philosophically deep and we do not need indexicals for any important philosophical work. This paper contests their view from the point of view of an account of intentional agency. It argues that we need indexicals essentially when accounting for what it is do something intentionally and, as a consequence, intentional action, and defends a view of intentional action as a possible conclusion of (...)
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  8.  96
    Symbolic Meanings of Prices: Constructing the Value of Contemporary Art in Amsterdam and New York Galleries. [REVIEW]Olav Velthuis - 2003 - Theory and Society 32 (2):181-215.
    This article develops a sociological analysis of the price mechanism on the market for contemporary art. On the basis of in-depth interviews with art dealers in New York and Amsterdam, I address two pricing norms: one norm inhibits art dealers from decreasing prices; the other induces them to set prices according to size. To account for these pricing norms, I argue that price setting is not just an economic but also a signifying act: despite their impersonal, businesslike connotations, actors on (...)
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  9.  13
    Confirmation and the Ordinal Equivalence Thesis.Olav Vassend - 2019 - Synthese 196 (3):1079-1095.
    According to a widespread but implicit thesis in Bayesian confirmation theory, two confirmation measures are considered equivalent if they are ordinally equivalent—call this the “ordinal equivalence thesis”. I argue that adopting OET has significant costs. First, adopting OET renders one incapable of determining whether a piece of evidence substantially favors one hypothesis over another. Second, OET must be rejected if merely ordinal conclusions are to be drawn from the expected value of a confirmation measure. Furthermore, several arguments and applications of (...)
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  10.  14
    A Verisimilitude Framework for Inductive Inference, with an Application to Phylogenetics.Olav B. Vassend - 2020 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 71 (4):1359-1383.
    Bayesianism and likelihoodism are two of the most important frameworks philosophers of science use to analyse scientific methodology. However, both frameworks face a serious objection: much scientific inquiry takes place in highly idealized frameworks where all the hypotheses are known to be false. Yet, both Bayesianism and likelihoodism seem to be based on the assumption that the goal of scientific inquiry is always truth rather than closeness to the truth. Here, I argue in favour of a verisimilitude framework for inductive (...)
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  11. How To Be a Moral Platonist.Knut Olav Skarsune - 2015 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics (10).
    Contrary to popular opinion, non-natural realism can explain both why normative properties supervene on descriptive properties, and why this pattern is analytic. The explanation proceeds by positing a subtle polysemy in normative predicates like “good”. Such predicates express slightly different senses when they are applied to particulars (like Florence Nightingale) and to kinds (like altruism). The former sense, “goodPAR”, can be defined in terms of the latter, “goodKIN”, as follows: x is goodPAR iff there is a kind K such that (...)
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  12.  33
    Confirmation Measures and Sensitivity.Olav B. Vassend - unknown
    Stevens draws a useful distinction between ordinal scales, interval scales, and ratio scales. Most recent discussions of confirmation measures have proceeded on the ordinal level of analysis. In this paper, I give a more quantitative analysis. In particular, I show that the requirement that our desired confirmation measure be at least an \emph{interval} measure naturally yields necessary conditions that jointly entail the log-likelihood measure. Thus I conclude that the log-likelihood measure is the only good candidate interval measure.
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  13.  39
    The Philosophical Significance of Stein’s Paradox.Olav Vassend, Elliott Sober & Branden Fitelson - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (3):411-433.
    Charles Stein discovered a paradox in 1955 that many statisticians think is of fundamental importance. Here we explore its philosophical implications. We outline the nature of Stein’s result and of subsequent work on shrinkage estimators; then we describe how these results are related to Bayesianism and to model selection criteria like AIC. We also discuss their bearing on scientific realism and instrumentalism. We argue that results concerning shrinkage estimators underwrite a surprising form of holistic pragmatism.
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  14.  23
    Confirmation and the Ordinal Equivalence Thesis.Olav Benjamin Vassend - 2017 - Synthese:1-17.
    According to a widespread but implicit thesis in Bayesian confirmation theory, two confirmation measures are considered equivalent if they are ordinally equivalent—call this the “ordinal equivalence thesis”. I argue that adopting OET has significant costs. First, adopting OET renders one incapable of determining whether a piece of evidence substantially favors one hypothesis over another. Second, OET must be rejected if merely ordinal conclusions are to be drawn from the expected value of a confirmation measure. Furthermore, several arguments and applications of (...)
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  15. Moral Deference and Authentic Interaction.Knut Olav Skarsaune - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy 113 (7):346-357.
    The article defends a mild form of pessimism about moral deference, by arguing that deference is incompatible with authentic interaction, that is, acting in a way that communicates our own normative judgment. The point of such interaction is ultimately that it allows us to get to know and engage one another. This vindication of our intuitive resistance to moral deference is upheld, in a certain range of cases, against David Enoch’s recent objection to views that motivate pessimism by appealing to (...)
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  16.  18
    Bibliography of the Philosophical Writings of A. N. Prior.Olav Flo - 1970 - Theoria 36 (3):189-213.
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  17.  23
    A Formalism Supplementing Cognitive Semantics Based on a New Approach to Mereology.Olav K. Wiegand - 2006 - In Ingvar Johansson, Bertin Klein & Thomas Roth-Berghofer (eds.), Wspi 2006: Contributions to the Third International Workshop on Philosophy and Informatics.
  18. Creatures of Imagination and Belief.Olav Asheim - 1996 - Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (1):61-78.
     
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  19.  30
    Claiming Knowledge: Strategies of Epistemology From Theosophy to the New Age.Olav Hammer - 2001 - Brill.
    This volume deals with the transformation of unchurched religious creativity in the late modern West.
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  20.  32
    The Phenomenological Semantics of Natural Language, Part I.Olav K. Wiegand - 2001 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 1:241-255.
  21. Addiction: Choice or Compulsion?Edmund Henden, Hans Olav Melberg & Ole Rogeberg - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychiatry 4 (77):11.
    Normative thinking about addiction has traditionally been divided between, on the one hand, a medical model which sees addiction as a disease characterized by compulsive and relapsing drug use over which the addict has little or no control and, on the other, a moral model which sees addiction as a choice characterized by voluntary behaviour under the control of the addict. Proponents of the former appeal to evidence showing that regular consumption of drugs causes persistent changes in the brain structures (...)
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  22.  41
    Addiction and Responsibility: A Survey of Opinions.Hans Olav Melberg, Edmund Henden & Olav Gjelsvik - 2013 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 56 (5):558 - 570.
    ABSTRACT This article reports the result of a survey about causal beliefs, normative conceptions and moral evaluations of addicts and addiction in the general population. Specifically, we focused on four issues: To what extent are the normative conceptions of addiction current in the philosophical and scientific literature reflected in laypersons' conception of addiction? How do laypersons rate addicts on perceived responsibility? Which factors influence laypersons' responsibility attributions in the context of addiction? What feelings and attitudes (anger/sympathy/help-giving intentions) do laypersons have (...)
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  23.  50
    Acceptance of Unsupported Claims About Reality: A Blind Spot in Economics.Ole Rogeberg & Hans Olav Melberg - 2011 - Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (1):29-52.
    Do economists accept absurd and unsupported claims about reality, and if so, why? We define four types of claims commonly made in economics that require different types of evidence, and show examples of each from the rational addiction literature. Claims about real world causal mechanisms and welfare effects seem poorly supported. A survey mailed to all researchers with peer-reviewed work on rational addiction theory provides some evidence that criteria for evaluating claims of pure theory and statistical prediction are better understood (...)
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  24.  8
    The Epistemology of Decision-Making “Naturalised”.Olav Gjelsvik - 2000 - In A. Orenstein & Petr Kotatko (eds.), Knowledge, Language and Logic: Questions for Quine. Kluwer Academic Print on Demand. pp. 109--129.
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  25.  32
    What is Wrong with the Brains of Addicts?".Edmund Henden & Olav Gjelsvik - 2016 - Neuroethics (1):1-8.
    In his target article and recent interesting book about addiction and the brain, Marc Lewis claims that the prevalent medical view of addiction as a brain disease or a disorder, is mistaken. In this commentary we critically examine his arguments for this claim. We find these arguments to rest on some problematical and largely undefended assumptions about notions of disease, disorder and the demarcation between them and good health. Even if addiction does seem to differ from some typical brain diseases, (...)
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  26.  67
    A Kripkean Objection to Kripke's Argument Against Identity-Theories.Olav Gjelsvik - 1987 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 30 (4):435 – 450.
    This paper analyses and criticizes S. Kripke's celebrated argument against materialist identity?theories. While criticisms of Kripke in the literature attack one or more of his premisses, an attempt is made here to show that Kripke's conclusion is unjustified even if his premisses are accepted. Kripke's premisses have sufficient independent plausibility to make this strategy interesting. Having stated Kripke's argument, it is pointed out that Kripke must assume that the contents of the Cartesian intuitions are clear and of a kind suited (...)
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  27.  32
    Self-Reflection and Life-Narratives in Robert Musil’s The Man Without Qualities.Olav Krämer - 2011 - Iris 3 (6):109-125.
    The role of narrativity in the constitution of personal identity, a widely discussed topic in recent philosophy, is also an important issue in Robert Musil’s novel “The Man without Qualities.” Apart from a theoretical passage, where the coherence established by life-narratives is explicitly rejected as an illusion, the novel displays various instances of reflection in which characters seek to articulate their identity by narrating parts of their lives. Not all of these self-narratives are presented as flawed; rather, by highlighting the (...)
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  28.  3
    RJan-Olav Henriksen, "Religious Pluralism and Pragmatist Theology: Openness and Resistance.".Mark Porrovecchio - 2021 - Philosophy in Review 41 (1):19-21.
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  29.  58
    Intention and Alternatives.Olav Gjelsvik - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 82 (2):159 - 177.
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  30.  61
    Reply to Olav Gjelsvik.John Mcdowell - 2004 - Theoria 70 (2-3):192-196.
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  31.  37
    Arne Naess: Selected List of His Philosophical Writings in the English and German Languages. 1936–1970.Olav Flo - 1971 - Synthese 23 (2-3):348-352.
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  32. Bibliography of the Philosophical and Other Writings of Jens Erik Fenstad, Guttorm Flöistad, Dagfinn Föllesdal, Finngeir Hiorth and Dag Prawitz, 1953-1970.Olav Flo - 1972 - Universitetsforlaget.
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  33.  11
    A Values Base for the Norwegian Kindergarten: Common Ground Across Cultural Affiliations?Olav Hovdelien - 2013 - Journal of Moral Education 42 (1):102-113.
    One of the major challenges facing modern-day secular states is the issue of social integration. The issue discussed in this article is how it is possible to arrive at unifying values in a multicultural society that is characterised by secularisation and disintegration of the Christian hegemony of former times on the one hand and by the emergence of cultural and religious diversity on the other. The analysis is centred around Norwegian kindergarten, which represent a key institution for communicating values and (...)
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  34.  3
    Medicine in the Focal Spot of the Natural Sciences, Technology, and Humanity.Olav Hilmar Iversen - 1989 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (3):315.
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  35.  2
    Anamnesis - Dialogical Recollection Work as an Empirical Research Method.Olav Eikeland - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 50:65-69.
    The original article, which first appeared in Norwegian, is a detailed study of anamnesis or recollection in Plato and Aristotle. It discusses, first, how recollection is relevant for the understanding of central aspects of the philosophy of Aristotle, and then discusses how the “regained” Platonic-Aristotelian concept of anamnesis can be related to current methodological challenges in modern social research. After having received feedback on the original article from David Bloch, who has recently translated and commented the Aristotelian text “On memory (...)
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  36.  6
    If Phrónêsis Does Not Develop and Define Virtue as its Own Deliberative Goal — What Does?Olav Eikeland - 2016 - Labyrinth 18 (2):27-49.
    The article discusses relationships and contexts for "reason", "knowledge", and virtue in Aristotle, based on and elaborating some results from Eikeland. It positions Eikeland in relation to Moss but with a side view to Cammick, Kristjansson, and Taylor. These all seem to disagree among themselves but still agree partly in different ways with Eikeland. The text focuses on two questions: 1) the role or tasks of "reason", "knowledge", and "virtue" respectively in setting the end or goal for ethical deliberation, and (...)
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  37. Kva Er Omgrepet Hest Om Det Ikkje Er Eit Omgrep?Olav Asheim - 2013 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 48 (3-04):192-204.
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  38.  3
    Trust After Just 45 Seconds? An Experimental Vignette Study of How Leader Behavior and Emotional States Influence Immediate Trust in Strangers.Olav Kjellevold Olsen, Phillip V. Heesch, Christian Søreide & Sigurd W. Hystad - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  39.  13
    Review: Olav Valen-Sendstad, Der Wahrheitsbegriff in der Zweiwertigen Logik. [REVIEW]Augustus F. Bausch - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (2):148-149.
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  40. COMECON and EEC : A Comparative Analysis.Olav Lorents Bergthun & Terkel Troels Nielsen - 1968 - Res Publica 10 (3):407-432.
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  41. Module 1: The Emergence of Science.Olav Wicken - 2006 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 10:12.
     
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  42.  39
    On Referring to Gestalts.Olav K. Wiegand - 2010 - In Mirja Hartimo (ed.), Phenomenology and Mathematics. Springer. pp. 183--211.
  43.  11
    Geophysical Basin Modeling: Effective Stress, Temperature, and Pore Pressure Uncertainty.Giuseppe De Prisco, David Thanoon, Ran Bachrach, Ivar Brevik, Stephen A. Clark, Maarten P. Corver, Randolph E. F. Pepper, Thomas Hantschel, Hans Kristian Helgesen, Konstantin Osypov & Olav K. Leirfall - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (3):SZ27-SZ39.
    Seismic interpretation is a complex process, in which many data types are considered and integrated to create a structural and/or stratigraphic model. In many cases, interpreters rely only on a seismic image or its attributes obtained after data processing and migration. Traditionally, interpretation was started after seismic imaging with little feedback to the seismic imaging process. However, modern depth imaging and tomography require integrating geologic concepts and constraints into the imaging process. Interaction between an interpreter, earth-model builder, and depth imager (...)
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  44.  8
    Using Brain Potentials to Understand Prism Adaptation: The Error-Related Negativity and the P300.Stephane J. MacLean, Cameron D. Hassall, Yoko Ishigami, Olav E. Krigolson & Gail A. Eskes - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  45.  27
    The Experience of God and the World: Christianity's Reasons for Considering Panentheism a Viable Option.Jan-Olav Henriksen - 2017 - Zygon 52 (4):1080-1097.
    What reasons and resources can Christian theology find for developing a panentheist position that is also able to engage with contemporary science? By taking its point of departure in basic human experiences, Christian theology can, even in a Trinitarian fashion, be developed as a way to understand God's presence in the world as a presence where the actual occurrences point towards God's own work. This point is especially related to the experience of love. Furthermore, God's presence can be understood as (...)
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  46.  10
    Heidegger and Whitehead: A Phenomenological Examination Into the Intelligibility of Expeience.Olav Bryant Smith - 1995 - Process Studies 24:99-102.
  47. Ideal Counterpart Theorizing and the Accuracy Argument for Probabilism.Clinton Castro & Olav Vassend - 2018 - Analysis 78 (2):207-216.
    One of the main goals of Bayesian epistemology is to justify the rational norms credence functions ought to obey. Accuracy arguments attempt to justify these norms from the assumption that the source of value for credences relevant to their epistemic status is their accuracy. This assumption and some standard decision-theoretic principles are used to argue for norms like Probabilism, the thesis that an agent’s credence function is rational only if it obeys the probability axioms. We introduce an example that shows (...)
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  48.  7
    Time to Pay Back? Is.Svein Olav Daatland - 2002 - In Lars Andersson (ed.), Cultural Gerontology. Greenwood Publishing Group.
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  49.  23
    Jan-Olav Henriksen the Reconstruction of Religion: Lessing, Kierkegaard, and Neitzsche. (Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans, 2001). Pp. X+208. $22·00, £15·99 (Pbk). ISBN 0 8028 4927. [REVIEW][M. W. F. S.] - 2002 - Religious Studies 38 (2):247-248.
  50.  8
    Myths of the Self: Narrative Identity and Postmodern Metaphysics.Olav Bryant Smith - 2004 - Lexington Books.
    Myths of the Self is a departure from the standard fare of postmodern thought. In a unique and brilliant turn, Smith argues that the best way of dealing with the topic of the self is a synthesis of a narrative theory of identity, using Ricoeur as a source, along with the constructive "postmodern" metaphysics of Alfred North Whitehead. The resulting synthesis is a new and potentially invigorating spin on the genesis of postmodern thought.
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