Results for 'Giora Hon Yaakov Zik'

294 found
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  1.  1
    Geometry of Light and Shadow: Francesco Maurolyco (1494–1575) and the Pinhole Camera.Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik - 2007 - Annals of Science 64 (4):549-578.
    In his Theoremata de lumine, et umbre , Francesco Maurolyco discussed, inter alia, the problem of the pinhole camera. Maurolyco outlined a framework based on Euclidean geometry in which he applied the rectilinear propagation of light to the casting of shadow on a screen behind a pinhole. We limit our discussion to the problem of how the image behind an aperture is formed, and follow the way Maurolyco combined theory with instrument to solve the problem of the projection of light (...)
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  2.  10
    Kepler'sOptical Part of Astronomy(1604): Introducing the Ecliptic Instrument.Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (3):307-345.
    The year 2009 marks the 400th anniversary of the publication of one of the most revolutionary scientific texts ever written. In this book, appropriately entitled, Astronomia nova, Johannes Kepler developed an astronomical theory which departs fundamentally from the systems of Ptolemy and Copernicus. One of the great innovations of this theory is its dependence on the science of optics. The declared goal of Kepler in his earlier publication, Paralipomena to Witelo whereby The Optical Part of Astronomy is Treated , was (...)
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  3.  63
    Galileo’s Knowledge of Optics and the Functioning of the Telescope - Revised.Zik Yaakov & Hon Giora - manuscript
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  4. Magnification: How to Turn a Spyglass Into an Astronomical Telescope.Zik Yaakov & Hon Giora - 2012 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 66:439–464.
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  5.  11
    Histories of Kinematics and Einstein's Relativity Theory: A Collage of Historiographies. [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):131-134.
    Histories of kinematics and Einstein’s relativity theory: A collage of historiographies Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9532-6 Authors Giora Hon, Department of Philosophy, University of Haifa, 31905 Haifa, Israel Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  6.  14
    ‘Natures’ and ‘Laws’: The Making of the Concept of Law of Nature – Robert Grosseteste and Roger Bacon.Yael Kedar & Giora Hon - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 61:21-31.
  7.  12
    Maxwell’s Contrived Analogy: An Early Version of the Methodology of Modeling.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (4):236-257.
    The term “analogy” stands for a variety of methodological practices all related in one way or another to the idea of proportionality. We claim that in his first substantial contribution to electromagnetism James Clerk Maxwell developed a methodology of analogy which was completely new at the time or, to borrow John North’s expression, Maxwell’s methodology was a “newly contrived analogue”. In his initial response to Michael Faraday’s experimental researches in electromagnetism, Maxwell did not seek an analogy with some physical system (...)
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  8.  13
    Kepler's Move From Orbs to Orbits: Documenting a Revolutionary Scientific Concept.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1):74-111.
    This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] and models , by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. To demonstrate the claim that orbit is a revolutionary concept we pursue three (...)
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  9.  13
    Towards a Typology of Experimental Errors: An Epistemological View.Giora Hon - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (4):469-504.
  10.  81
    The Unnatural Nature of the Laws of Nature: Symmetry and Asymmetry.Giora Hon - 1993 - In S. French & H. Kamminga (eds.), Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 171--187.
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  11.  3
    On Kepler's Awareness of the Problem of Experimental Error.Giora Hon - 1987 - Annals of Science 44 (6):545-591.
    This paper is an account of Kepler's explicit awareness of the problem of experimental error. As a study of the Astronomia nova shows, Kepler exploited his awareness of the occurrences of experimental errors to guide him to the right conclusion. Errors were thus employed, so to speak, perhaps for the first time, to bring about a major physical discovery: Kepler's laws of planetary motion. ‘Know then’, to use Kepler's own words, ‘that errors show us the way to truth.’ With a (...)
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  12.  7
    Going Wrong.Giora Hon - 1995 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (1):3 - 20.
  13.  13
    Unpacking "For Reasons of Symmetry": Two Categories of Symmetry Arguments.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (4):419-439.
  14.  15
    From Proportion to Balance: The Background to Symmetry in Science.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):1-21.
    We call attention to the historical fact that the meaning of symmetry in antiquity—as it appears in Vitruvius’s De architectura—is entirely different from the modern concept. This leads us to the question, what is the evidence for the changes in the meaning of the term symmetry, and what were the different meanings attached to it? We show that the meaning of the term in an aesthetic sense gradually shifted in the context of architecture before the image of the balance was (...)
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  15.  56
    A Critical Note on J. S. Mill's Classification of Fallacies.Giora Hon - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (2):263-268.
  16.  46
    Disturbing, but Not Surprising: Did Gödel Surprise Einstein with a Rotating Universe and Time Travel? [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (4):501-521.
    The question is raised as to the kind of methodology required to deal with foundational issues. A comparative study of the methodologies of Gödel and Einstein reveals some similar traits which reflect a concern with foundational problems. It is claimed that the interest in foundational problems stipulates a certain methodology, namely, the methodology of limiting cases.
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  17.  1
    Searching for Asses, Finding a Kingdom: The Story of the Invention of the Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (STM).Galina Granek & Giora Hon - 2008 - Annals of Science 65 (1):101-125.
    Summary We offer a novel historical-philosophical framework for discussing experimental practice which we call ?Generating Experimental Knowledge?. It combines three different perspectives: experimental systems, concept formation, and the pivotal role of error. We then present an historical account of the invention of the Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (STM), or Raster-Tunnelmikroskop, and interpret it within the proposed framework. We show that at the outset of the STM project, Binnig and Rohrer?the inventors of the machine?filed two patent disclosures; the first is dated 22 (...)
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  18.  7
    H. Hertz: 'The Electrostatic and Electromagnetic Properties of the Cathode Rays Are Either Nil or Very Feeble.' (1883) a Case-Study of an Experimental Error.Giora Hon - 1987 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (3):367-382.
  19.  16
    Gödel, Einstein, Mach: Casting Constraints on All-Embracing Concepts. [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (1):25-64.
    Can a theory turn back, as it were, upon itselfand vouch for its own features? That is, canthe derived elements of a theory be the veryprimitive terms that provide thepresuppositions of the theory? This form of anall-embracing feature assumes a totality inwhich there occurs quantification over thattotality, quantification that is defined bythis very totality. I argue that the Machprinciple exhibits such a feature ofall-embracing nature. To clarify the argument,I distinguish between on the one handcompleteness and on the other wholeness andtotality, (...)
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  20.  1
    Is There a Concept of Experimental Error in Greek Astronomy?Giora Hon - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (2):129-150.
    The attempt to narrow the general discourse of the problem of error and to focus it on the specific problem of experimental error may be approached from different directions. One possibility is to establish a focusing process from the standpoint of history; such an approach requires a careful scrutiny of the history of science with a view to identifying the juncture when the problem of experimental error was properly understood and accounted for. In a study of this kind one would (...)
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  21.  6
    Exploiting Errors.Giora Hon - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (3):465-480.
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  22.  43
    Science and Instruments: The Telescope as a Scientific Instrument at the Beginning of the Seventeenth Century.Yaakov Zik - 2001 - Perspectives on Science 9 (3):259-284.
    : Scientific observation is determined by the human sensory system, which generally relies on instruments that serve as mediators between the world and the senses. Instruments came in the shape of Heron's Dioptra, Levi Ben Gerson's Cross-staff, Egnatio Danti's Torqvetto Astronomico, Tycho's Quadrant, Galileo's Geometric Military Compass, or Kepler's Ecliptic Instrument. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, however, it was unclear how an instrument such as the telescope could be employed to acquire new information and expand knowledge about the (...)
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  23. Galileo and the Telescope: The Status of Theoretical and Practical Knowledge and Techniques of Measurement and Experimentation in the Development of the Instrument.Yaakov Zik - 1999 - Nuncius 2:31-67.
     
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  24. Is the Identification of Experimental Error Contextually Dependent? The Case of Kaufmann's Experiment and its Varied Reception.Giora Hon - 1995 - In Jed Z. Buchwald (ed.), Scientific Practice: Theories and Stories of Doing Physics. University of Chicago Press. pp. 170--223.
     
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  25.  21
    Can Error Imply Existence?Giora Hon - 2006 - Philosophy and Theology 18 (2):201-218.
    Descartes’s Cogito, “I am thinking, therefore I exist,” is perhaps the most famous assertion in the history of philosophy. Thirteen hundred years earlier, St. Augustine formulated a similar claim, arguing “if I am mistaken, I am.” Did St. Augustine anticipate Descartes? We show that Descartes’s dictum is a novel insight and less vulnerable to criticism than the claim of St. Augustine. Whereas Descartes searched for one true proposition on which he could base scientificknowledge, St. Augustine sought to refute the skeptics (...)
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  26.  21
    Kepler's Move From.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1).
    : This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] (spherical shells to which the planets were attached) and models (called hypotheses at the time), by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. (...)
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  27.  17
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]R. S. Woolhouse, George N. Schlesinger, Lawrence Udell Fike, Lila Luce, Giora Hon, Ruth Weintraub & Mark Rowlands - 1993 - Philosophia 22 (3-4):293-296.
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  28.  11
    Symmetry and Asymmetry in Electrodynamics From Rowland to Einstein.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):635-660.
  29.  4
    Can the Monster Errour Be Slain?Giora Hon - 1991 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5 (3):257 – 268.
    Abstract One cannot discount experimental errors and turn the attention to the logicomathematical structure of a physical theory without distorting the nature of the scientific method. The occurrence of errors in experiments constitutes an inherent feature of the attempt to test theories in the physical world. This feature deserves proper attention which has been neglected. An attempt is made to address this problem.
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  30.  3
    The Modeling of Nature.Giora Hon - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):338-340.
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  31.  3
    Book Review:Observation, Experiment, and Hypothesis in Modern Physical Science Peter Achinstein, Owen Hannaway. [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (3):482-.
  32.  5
    Observation, Experiment, and Hypothesis in Modern Physical Science.Giora Hon - 1985
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  33. Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice.Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon & Arthur Petersen (eds.) - forthcoming - Pickering & Chatto.
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  34. Does a Living System Have a State?Giora Hon - 2003 - In A. Rojszczak, J. Cachro & G. Kurczewski (eds.), Philosophical Dimensions of Logic and Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 139--150.
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  35. From Proportion to Balance: The Background to Symmetry in Science.Giora Hon & Bernard Goldstein - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 36 (1):1-21.
    We call attention to the historical fact that the meaning of symmetry in antiquity—as it appears in Vitruvius’s De architectura—is entirely different from the modern concept. This leads us to the question, what is the evidence for the changes in the meaning of the term symmetry, and what were the different meanings attached to it? We show that the meaning of the term in an aesthetic sense gradually shifted in the context of architecture before the image of the balance was (...)
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  36. Models and Precision: The Quality of Ptolemy's Observations and Parameters by John Phillips Britton. [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 1995 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 86:469-470.
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  37. Models and Precision: The Quality of Ptolemy's Observations and ParametersJohn Phillips Britton.Giora Hon - 1995 - Isis 86 (3):469-470.
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  38. Maxwell’s Contrived Analogy: An Early Version of the Methodology of Modeling.Giora Hon & Bernard Goldstein - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 43 (4):236-257.
    The term “analogy” stands for a variety of methodological practices all related in one way or another to the idea of proportionality. We claim that in his first substantial contribution to electromagnetism James Clerk Maxwell developed a methodology of analogy which was completely new at the time or, to borrow John North’s expression, Maxwell’s methodology was a “newly contrived analogue”. In his initial response to Michael Faraday’s experimental researches in electromagnetism, Maxwell did not seek an analogy with some physical system (...)
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  39. Mapping Going Amiss.Giora Hon, Jutta Schickore & Friedrich Steinle - 2009 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 267:1-7.
     
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  40. Paving Ways - the Pittsburgh Center for the Philosophy of Science and the Case of Philosophy of Science in Israel.Giora Hon - unknown
    A view of the Center for Philosophy of Science from an Israeli perspective.
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  41. Symmetry and Asymmetry in Electrodynamics From Rowland to Einstein.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (4):635-660.
  42. Symmetry and Asymmetry in Electrodynamics From Rowland to Einstein.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (4):635-660.
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  43. Towards a Topology of Experimental Errors: An Epistemological View.Giora Hon - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 20 (4):469.
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  44. The Modeling of Nature: Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Nature in Synthesis. [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):338-340.
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  45. Can Error Imply Existence?: St. Augustine, the Skeptics, and Descartes.Rami Raveh & Giora Hon - 2006 - Philosophy and Theology 18 (2):201-218.
    Descartes’s Cogito, “I am thinking, therefore I exist,” is perhaps the most famous assertion in the history of philosophy. Thirteen hundred years earlier, St. Augustine formulated a similar claim, arguing “if I am mistaken, I am.” Did St. Augustine anticipate Descartes? We show that Descartes’s dictum is a novel insight and less vulnerable to criticism than the claim of St. Augustine. Whereas Descartes searched for one true proposition on which he could base scientificknowledge, St. Augustine sought to refute the skeptics (...)
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  46.  28
    Kepler's Optical Part of Astronomy (1604): Introducing the Ecliptic Instrument.Zik Giora Hon Yaakov - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (3):pp. 307-345.
    The year 2009 marks the 400th anniversary of the publication of one of the most revolutionary scientific texts ever written. In this book, appropriately entitled, Astronomia nova, Johannes Kepler developed an astronomical theory which departs fundamentally from the systems of Ptolemy and Copernicus. One of the great innovations of this theory is its dependence on the science of optics. The declared goal of Kepler in his earlier publication, Paralipomena to Witelo whereby The Optical Part of Astronomy is Treated, was to (...)
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  47.  37
    Comments on “Did Godel Surprise Einstein with a Rotating Universe and Time Travel?” by Giora Hon.Palle Yourgrau - 1998 - Foundations of Physics 28 (11):1719-1727.
    A comparison of a recent paper by Giora Hon in this journal with a book I wrote several years ago, on Gödel's philosophy of time, reveals that the substance, and indeed many of the words themselves, appearing in Hon's essay are in fact original to my book—the ideas of which he sadly failed to understand.
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  48.  4
    O Happy Error. A Comment on Giora Hon.Gereon Wolters - 2003 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 232:295-300.
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  49.  23
    Guo, Xiaodong 郭曉東, Comprehending Benevolence and Controlling Human Proclivity : A Study of Cheng Mingdao's Philosophy From the Perspective of Moral Cultivation 識仁與定性 : 功夫論視域下的程明道哲學研究.Tze-ki Hon - 2010 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (1):113-114.
    Guo, Xiaodong 郭曉東, Comprehending Benevolence and Controlling Human Proclivity : A Study of Cheng Mingdao’s Philosophy from the Perspective of Moral Cultivation 識仁與定性 : 功夫論視域下的程明道哲學研究 Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11712-009-9143-8 Authors Tze-ki Hon, State University of New York, SUNY-Geneseo History Department 1 College Circle Geneseo NY 14454 USA Journal Dao Online ISSN 1569-7274 Print ISSN 1540-3009 Journal Volume Volume 9 Journal Issue Volume 9, Number 1.
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  50.  6
    Preoccupied Minds Feel Less Control: Sense of Agency is Modulated by Cognitive Load.Nicholas Hon, Jia-Hou Poh & Chun-Siong Soon - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):556-561.
    People have little difficulty distinguishing effects they cause and those they do not. An important question is what underlies this sense of agency. A prevailing idea is that the sense of agency arises from a comparison between a predictive representation of the effect and the actual effect that occurs, with a clear match between the two producing a strong sense of agency. Although there is general agreement on this comparison process, one important theoretical issue that has yet to be fully (...)
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