10 found
Order:
  1.  27
    Thirty years of Artificial Intelligence and Law: the second decade.Giovanni Sartor, Michał Araszkiewicz, Katie Atkinson, Floris Bex, Tom van Engers, Enrico Francesconi, Henry Prakken, Giovanni Sileno, Frank Schilder, Adam Wyner & Trevor Bench-Capon - 2022 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 30 (4):521-557.
    The first issue of Artificial Intelligence and Law journal was published in 1992. This paper provides commentaries on nine significant papers drawn from the Journal’s second decade. Four of the papers relate to reasoning with legal cases, introducing contextual considerations, predicting outcomes on the basis of natural language descriptions of the cases, comparing different ways of representing cases, and formalising precedential reasoning. One introduces a method of analysing arguments that was to become very widely used in AI and Law, namely (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  2.  11
    Disentangling deontic positions and abilities: a modal analysis.Giovanni Sileno & Matteo Pascucci - 2020 - In Giovanni Sileno & Matteo Pascucci (eds.), Proceedings of CILC 2020. CEUR Workshop Proceedings. pp. 36-50.
    Computational systems are traditionally approached from control-oriented perspectives; however, as soon as we move from centralized to decentralized computational infrastructures, direct control needs to be replaced by distributed coordination mechanisms that are on par with institutional constructs observable in human societies (contracts, agreements, enforcement mechanisms, etc.). This paper presents a formalization of Hohfeld's framework building upon a logic whose language includes primitive operators of ability and parametric deontic operators. The proposal is meant to highlight the fundamental interaction between deontic and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3.  17
    The search for symmetry in Hohfeldian modalities.Matteo Pascucci & Giovanni Sileno - 2021 - In Amrita Basu, Gem Stapleton, Sven Linker, Catherine Legg, Emmanuel Manalo & Petrucio Viana (eds.), Diagrammatic Representation and Inference. 12th International Conference, Diagrams 2021, Virtual, September 28–30, 2021, Proceedings. Springer. pp. 87-102.
    In this work we provide an analysis of some issues arising with geometrical representations of a family of deontic and potestative relations that can be classified as Hohfeldian modalities, traditionally illustrated on two diagrams, the Hohfeldian squares. Our main target is the lack of symmetry to be found in various formal accounts by drawing analogies with the square of opposition for alethic modalities. We argue that one should rather rely on an analogy with the alethic hexagon of opposition and exploit (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  13
    Reading agendas between the lines, an exercise.Giovanni Sileno, Alexander Boer & Tom van Engers - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (1):89-106.
    This work presents elements for an alternative operationalization of monitoring and diagnosis of multi-agent systems, developed in the context of compliance checking. In contrast to traditional accounts of model-based diagnosis, and most proposals concerning non-compliance, our method does not consider any commitment towards the individual unit of agency. Identity is considered to be mostly an attribute to assign responsibility, and not as the only referent to a source of intentionality. The proposed method requires as input a set of prototypical agent-roles (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  70
    Correction: thirty years of Artificial Intelligence and Law: the second decade.Giovanni Sartor, Michał Araszkiewicz, Katie Atkinson, Floris Bex, Tom van Engers, Enrico Francesconi, Henry Prakken, Giovanni Sileno, Frank Schilder, Adam Wyner & Trevor Bench-Capon - 2022 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 30 (4):559-559.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  4
    Analysing and organising human communications for AI fairness assessment.Mirthe Dankloff, Vanja Skoric, Giovanni Sileno, Sennay Ghebreab, Jacco van Ossenbruggen & Emma Beauxis-Aussalet - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-21.
    Algorithms used in the public sector, e.g., for allocating social benefits or predicting fraud, often require involvement from multiple stakeholders at various phases of the algorithm’s life-cycle. This paper focuses on the communication issues between diverse stakeholders that can lead to misinterpretation and misuse of algorithmic systems. Ethnographic research was conducted via 11 semi-structured interviews with practitioners working on algorithmic systems in the Dutch public sector, at local and national levels. With qualitative coding analysis, we identify key elements of the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  14
    A formal, diagrammatic, and operational study of normative relations.Matteo Pascucci & Giovanni Sileno - 2023 - Journal of Logic and Computation 33 (4):764-795.
    In this work, we provide an extensive analysis of Hohfeld’s theory of normative relations, focusing in particular on diagrammatic structures. Our contribution is threefold. First, we specify an extensional formal language to represent the main notions in the two families of normative relations identified by Hohfeld (i.e. the deontic and the potestative family). Our primary focus is on the part of the theory concerning potestative relations. In this regard, we assign a key role to the concept of ability, which is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  10
    Computability of diagrammatic theories for normative positions.Matteo Pascucci & Giovanni Sileno - 2021 - In Erich Schweighofer (ed.), Legal Knowledge and Information Systems. Proceedings of JURIX 2021. IOS Press. pp. 171-180.
    Normative positions are sometimes illustrated in diagrams, in particular in didactic contexts. Traditional examples are the Aristotelian polygons of opposition for deontic modalities (squares, triangles, hexagons, etc.), and the Hohfeldian squares for obligative and potestative concepts. Relying on previous work, we show that Hohfeld’s framework can be used as a basis for developing several Aristotelian polygons and more complex diagrams. Then, we illustrate how logical theories of increasing strength can be built based on these diagrams, and how those theories enable (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Allowed, or enabled, that is the question.Giovanni Sileno, Matteo Pascucci & Réka Markovich - 2023 - In Juliano Maranhao, Clayton Peterson, Christian Straßer & Leendert Van der Torre (eds.), DEON 2023. College Publications. pp. 297-317.
    The formal analysis of normative systems has traditionally focused on their deontic dimension rather than on their potestative dimension; yet, a growing amount of works aims at shedding light on the notion of power, its norm changing potential and its general interactions with deontic concepts. The present article contributes to this line of inquiry by adopting the following perspective: a normative system can be metaphorically seen as an agent that allocates abilities (powers) in order to promote the fulfillment of certain (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Proceedings of CILC 2020.Giovanni Sileno & Matteo Pascucci (eds.) - 2020 - CEUR Workshop Proceedings.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark