The desire that hosts this essay tries to investigate the notion of device, with regard to its modern/colonial configuration and that also affects the evaluative reason in different ways. As this notion does not seem to have a greater genealogical scope than the modernity of Hegel or Schiller, here we propose a search that allows not only to identify the main characteristics of this notion addressed by different contemporary authors, but also to see a certain archaeological scope that implies a (...) geopolitical look of knowledge. This will allow us to observe how a device is understood and, in addition, how the proliferation of different contemporary devices is linked to the emergence, configuration and consolidation of the colonial matrix of power, always in relation to a predominantly evaluative rationality. (shrink)
Opponents of presentism have often argued that the presentist has difficulty in accounting for what makes true past-tensed propositions true in a way that is compatible with her metaphysical view of time and reality. The problem is quite general and concerns not only strong truth-maker principles, but also the requirement that truth be grounded in reality. In order to meet the challenge, presentists have proposed many peculiar present aspects of the world as grounds for truths concerning the past, such as (...) uninstantiated haecceities, Meinongian non-existents, ersatz times, and dispositional and distributional properties. The main problem with all such solutions is that any explanation of what grounds a TptP that involves the past is eo ipso a better explanation than any that involves only the present. Thus, the quest for an account of grounding for TptP that is compatible with the presentist ontology and ideology is doomed to be explanatorily deficient with respect to eternalism. In a recent article, Ben Caplan and David Sanson have claimed that presentists should change their strategy and, rather than seeking for exotic grounds for TptP, should adopt a more liberal view of explanation. That is, they should allow themselves to resort to “past directed” explanations, even if they do not accept the past in their ontology and ideology. I argue that such a proposal is not compatible with the tenet that there is a substantial distinction between the ideology of such a version of presentism and that of eternalism. Therefore, the presentist cannot endorse such “deflationist” explanations as an easy way out to the problem of the grounding of TptP. (shrink)
Cet article présente une recherche interdisciplinaire associant sociologie et géologie. L'analyse porte sur la vulnérabilité urbaine vis-à-vis de l'érosion des falaises côtières. Le terrain d'étude est la commune de Carry-le-Rouet dont le littoral est constitué de falaises calcaires associées parfois à de la calcarénite, en alternance avec des niveaux sableux et argileux moins consolidés, d'une hauteur maximale de 40 m. L'analyse révèle que certains des quartiers les plus luxueux de la commune sont les plus exposés au risque d'érosion, échappant au (...) « classique » cumul des vulnérabilités sociales et environnementales. Les riverains n'ignorent pas le risque, mais, attachés à une culture anthropocentrée et techniciste, ils occultent leur trajectoire de vulnérabilité. En outre, la capacité d'action de ces populations aisées leur permet de capter à leur profit les bénéfices de la solidarité territoriale, par l'obtention de travaux de renforcement financés par la puissance publique, tout en revendiquant un entre-soi socialement et ethniquement sélectif. This paper presents the results of an interdisciplinary research programme combining sociology and geology. Our analysis focuses on urban vulnerability in relation to the erosion of coastal cliffs. The study area centres on the coastal fringe of the town of Carry-le-Rouet. Geological observations were conducted from the regional scale down to the city level. The sociological survey, focussed on the town of CLR, combines 43 interviews and 125 questionnaires conducted with decision makers, professionals and residents. The analysis showed that the wealthiest neighbourhoods in the area are also the most exposed to cliff erosion, a break from the “classical” pattern of cumulative social and environmental vulnerabilities. Although well aware of the risk, these residents are attached to an anthropocentric and technical culture and tend to negate the vulnerability path, i.e. their responsibility for their deteriorating environmental vulnerability. Finally, these influent and wealthy populations manage to manipulate territorial solidarity to their interest by having public authorities fund consolidation works, while insisting on keeping their socio-ethnical apartness. (shrink)
El presente ensayo esboza un debate filosófico en torno a la cuestión de la aprobación y la desaprobación a propósito de lo que en nuestra investigación hemos dado a conocer como razón evaluadora. Posteriormente se señala el “espíritu” de dicha racionalidad que será contrapuesto a dos tipos de pulsiones y una exigencia ético-educativa que serán claves para su resistencia. Palabras claves: razón evaluadora; aprobación; desaprobación; ética; pedagogía; filosofía de la educación.
Sandro Barbera and Giuliano Campioni’s book, Il genio tiranno (The Tyrant Genius), relates Nietzsche’s philosophy to the thought of Richard Wagner, Arthur Schopenhauer, Jacob Burckhardt, Ernest Renan, and Robert Musil by focusing particularly on the figure of the “genius,” of which each chapter considers a different sense or aspect.The first chapter deals with the relationship between the genius and the city. Wagner treated the city as the locus of decline and the annihilation of the subject, referring particularly to the (...) accelerated rhythms of cities like Paris and how they thus become home to décadents and corrupted modern life. Through the artistic experience of Bayreuth, therefore, Wagner aimed to redeem .. (shrink)
The author traces the main outlines of the scientific work and teaching of the late Professor Giuliano Marini, who was a distinguished member of the Scientific Board of the «Archivio di storia della cultura» since its foundation in 1988.