Results for 'Giuseppe Attardi'

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  1.  22
    Communication Across Viewpoints.Giuseppe Attardi & Maria Simi - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 7 (1):53-75.
    A case situation arising in a normal interaction among people is the baseline for discussing properties of the theory of viewpoints. In particular we consider how to ensure agreement on the meaning of certain utterances by agents who have different perspectives on the situation, while maintaning other knowledge as private. We argue that communication should be modeled as adding facts to the common knowledge of agents. We introduce the principle of ''referent sharing'' in communications and argue that common knowledge resulting (...)
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  2.  22
    The Elucidation of the Human Mitochondrial Genome: A Historical Perspective.Giuseppe Attardi - 1986 - Bioessays 5 (1):34-39.
  3.  46
    Steps Toward Formalizing Context.Varol Akman & Mehmet Surav - unknown
    The importance of contextual reasoning is emphasized by various researchers in AI. (A partial list includes John McCarthy and his group, R. V. Guha, Yoav Shoham, Giuseppe Attardi and Maria Simi, and Fausto Giunchiglia and his group.) Here, we survey the problem of formalizing context and explore what is needed for an acceptable account of this abstract notion.
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  4.  35
    Selected Works of Giuseppe Peano.Hubert C. Kennedy & Giuseppe Peano - 1980 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (1):177-180.
  5. Giuseppe O. Longo.Giuseppe Longo - 2001 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 19 (2):71-81.
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  6. Massoneria e illuminismo di Giuseppe Giarrizzo.Giuseppe Lissa - 1996 - Bollettino Del Centro di Studi Vichiani 26:227-240.
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  7.  51
    Giuseppe Pompella: Apollonio Rodio, Le Argonautiche, libri i–ii. Pp. xiii + 177. Naples: Istituto Editoriale del Mezzogiorno, 1968. Paper, L. 1,000. [REVIEW]Giuseppe Giangrande - 1970 - The Classical Review 20 (03):399-.
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  8. Concordia Discors: Scritti in Onore di Giuseppe Duso.Giuseppe Duso (ed.) - 2012 - Padova University Press.
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  9.  76
    Focus: Complexityandpsychology Guest Editors: Giuseppe Mininni and Mauro Maldonato.Giuseppe Mininni - 2005 - World Futures 61 (3):165 – 173.
    Recently the complexity of discursive practices has been widely acknowledged by the humanities and social sciences. In fact, to know anything is to know in terms of one or more discourse. The "discursive turn" in psychology may be considered as a new paradigm oriented to a correct study of (wo)man only if it is able to grasp the semiotical ground of psychic experience both as an "effort after meaning" and as a "struggle over meaning." In this sense the notion of (...)
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  10. Silvio Trentin e Giuseppe Capograssi: similitudini e differenze.Giuseppe Gangemi - 2005 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia Del Diritto 3 (3):377-402.
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  11. Speranze E Proposte Formative Nel Primo Novecento la Lezione di Giuseppe Tarantino.Giuseppe Tarantino - 1995
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  12.  32
    Cattolici e liberali. A proposito di uno scritto di Giuseppe Capograssi.Giuseppe Acocella - 2011 - Archivio di Storia Della Cultura 24:273-280.
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  13.  36
    The Actual Future is Open.Giuseppe Spolaore & Francesco Gallina - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (1):99-119.
    Open futurism is the indeterministic position according to which the future is ‘open’, i.e., there is now no fact of the matter as to what future contingent events will actually obtain. Many open futurists hold a branching conception of time, in which a variety of possible futures exist. This paper introduces two challenges to branching-time open futurism, which are similar in spirit to a challenge posed by Fine to tense realism. The paper argues that, to address the new challenges, open (...)
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  14.  7
    Contenuto e significato del prologo al Narciso di Hryhorij Skovoroda.Giuseppe Perri - 2016 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 71 (1):25-46.
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  15. The Ethical Knob: Ethically-Customisable Automated Vehicles and the Law.Giuseppe Contissa, Francesca Lagioia & Giovanni Sartor - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (3):365-378.
    Accidents involving autonomous vehicles raise difficult ethical dilemmas and legal issues. It has been argued that self-driving cars should be programmed to kill, that is, they should be equipped with pre-programmed approaches to the choice of what lives to sacrifice when losses are inevitable. Here we shall explore a different approach, namely, giving the user/passenger the task of deciding what ethical approach should be taken by AVs in unavoidable accident scenarios. We thus assume that AVs are equipped with what we (...)
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  16. On Malfunctioning Software.Giuseppe Primiero, Nir Fresco & Luciano Floridi - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):1199-1220.
    Artefacts do not always do what they are supposed to, due to a variety of reasons, including manufacturing problems, poor maintenance, and normal wear-and-tear. Since software is an artefact, it should be subject to malfunctioning in the same sense in which other artefacts can malfunction. Yet, whether software is on a par with other artefacts when it comes to malfunctioning crucially depends on the abstraction used in the analysis. We distinguish between “negative” and “positive” notions of malfunction. A negative malfunction, (...)
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  17.  52
    On the Foundations of Computing.Giuseppe Primiero - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Computing, today more than ever before, is a multi-faceted discipline which collates several methodologies, areas of interest, and approaches: mathematics, engineering, programming, and applications. Given its enormous impact on everyday life, it is essential that its debated origins are understood, and that its different foundations are explained. On the Foundations of Computing offers a comprehensive and critical overview of the birth and evolution of computing, and it presents some of the most important technical results and philosophical problems of the discipline, (...)
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  18. Not Just a Coincidence. Conditional Counter-Examples to Locke's Thesis.Giuseppe Spolaore - 2012 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):108-115.
    So-called Locke's thesis is the view that no two things of the same kind may coincide, that is, may be completely in the same place at the same time. A number of counter-examples to this view have been proposed. In this paper, some new and arguably more convincing counter-examples to Locke's thesis are presented. In these counter-examples, a particular entity (a string, a rope, a net, or similar) is interwoven to obtain what appears to be a distinct, thicker entity of (...)
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  19.  48
    My Double Unveiled: The Dissipative Quantum Model of Brain.Giuseppe Vitiello - 2001 - John Benjamins.
    CHAPTER Structure and function In physical systems made by a large number of basic constituents one can observe collective properties which find their ...
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  20.  14
    Subjective Perception of Time: Research Applied on Dynamic Psychology.Giuseppe Mannino, Veronica Montefiori, Erika Faraci, Rita Pillitteri, Calogero Iacolino, Monica Pellerone & Serena Giunta - 2017 - World Futures 73 (4-5):285-302.
    The time marked by the clock hands, the so-called “objective time,” is deeply different from the one perceived by the individual. Starting from this hypothesis, directly connected to the subjective modality of “living” the time and defined as time perspective, we will try to understand how much it affects the various domains of people's lives, attitudes, and experiences. Therefore, the research investigates whether all our decisions can be influenced by one or more time perspectives beyond our awareness. Last, but not (...)
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  21.  6
    Developmental Topographical Disorientation.Giuseppe Iaria & Ford Burles - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (10):720-722.
  22. La Certezza Incerta: Scritti Su Giuseppe Semerari.Furio Semerari & Giuseppe Semerari (eds.) - 2008 - Guerini E Associati.
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  23.  25
    The Misadventures of the “Problem” in “Philosophy”: From Kant to Deleuze.Giuseppe Bianco - 2018 - Angelaki 23 (2):8-30.
    Notwithstanding the recent prominence of the term “problem” in the humanities, few scholars have analysed its history. This essay tries to partially fill that lack, principally covering the period from late modernity through to the 1960s, in order to understand the role that the term plays in “Continental” philosophy, with special emphasis on the writings of Gilles Deleuze. This analysis focuses on the strategies employed by different agents to define “philosophical” problems, or “philosophical” ways of posing problems. The term, originally (...)
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  24. Nient'altro che storia. A proposito di un volume di Giuseppe Galasso.Giuseppe Cantillo - 2003 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 23 (1):129-135.
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  25.  16
    Time, Well-Being, and Happiness: A Preliminary Explorative Study.Mannino Giuseppe & Caronia Valentina - 2017 - World Futures 73 (4-5):318-333.
    This article reflects on a survey carried out at a non-profit organization that deals with health care for oncological terminally ill in order to find out for those who are involved in this project each worker's time projection and well-being class. The survey has pointed out each single team member's time perspective and well-being class and allowed building a pedagogical path for work orientation that has involved the same team members.
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  26.  52
    Spatial Hemineglect in Humans.Giuseppe Vallar - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (3):87-97.
  27.  13
    How Future Depends on Past and Rare Events in Systems of Life.Giuseppe Longo - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (3):443-474.
    The dependence on history of both present and future dynamics of life is a common intuition in biology and in humanities. Historicity will be understood in terms of changes of the space of possibilities as well as by the role of diversity in life’s structural stability and of rare events in history formation. We hint to a rigorous analysis of “path dependence” in terms of invariants and invariance preserving transformations, as it may be found also in physics, while departing from (...)
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  28.  57
    A Brief Comparison of the Unconscious as Seen by Jung and Lévi‐Strauss.Giuseppe Iurato - 2015 - Anthropology of Consciousness 26 (1):60-107.
    Retracing the primary common aspects between anthropological and psychoanalytic thought, in this article, we will further discuss the main common points between the notions of the unconscious according to Carl Gustav Jung and Claude Lévi-Strauss, taking into account the thought of Erich Neumann. On the basis of very simple elementary logic considerations centered around the basic notion of the separation of opposites, our observations might be useful for speculations on the possible origins of rational thought and hence on the origins (...)
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  29. Proceeding in Abstraction. From Concepts to Types and the Recent Perspective on Information.Giuseppe Primiero - 2009 - History and Philosophy of Logic 30 (3):257-282.
    This article presents an historical and conceptual overview on different approaches to logical abstraction. Two main trends concerning abstraction in the history of logic are highlighted, starting from the logical notions of concept and function. This analysis strictly relates to the philosophical discussion on the nature of abstract objects. I develop this issue further with respect to the procedure of abstraction involved by (typed) λ-systems, focusing on the crucial change about meaning and predicability. In particular, the analysis of the nature (...)
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  30.  17
    Lottery- and Survey-Based Risk Attitudes Linked Through a Multichoice Elicitation Task.Giuseppe Attanasi, Nikolaos Georgantzís, Valentina Rotondi & Daria Vigani - 2018 - Theory and Decision 84 (3):341-372.
    We analyze the results from three different risk attitude elicitation methods. First, the broadly used test by Holt and Laury, HL, second, the lottery-panel task by Sabater-Grande and Georgantzis, SG, and third, responses to a survey question on self-assessment of general attitude towards risk. The first and the second task are implemented with real monetary incentives, while the third concerns all domains in life in general. Like in previous studies, the correlation of decisions across tasks is low and usually statistically (...)
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  31. Marriages of Mathematics and Physics: A Challenge for Biology.Arezoo Islami & Giuseppe Longo - 2017 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 131:179-192.
    The human attempts to access, measure and organize physical phenomena have led to a manifold construction of mathematical and physical spaces. We will survey the evolution of geometries from Euclid to the Algebraic Geometry of the 20th century. The role of Persian/Arabic Algebra in this transition and its Western symbolic development is emphasized. In this relation, we will also discuss changes in the ontological attitudes toward mathematics and its applications. Historically, the encounter of geometric and algebraic perspectives enriched the mathematical (...)
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  32.  46
    Environmental Economics, Ecological Economics, and the Concept of Sustainable Development.Giuseppe Munda - 1997 - Environmental Values 6 (2):213 - 233.
    This paper presents a systematic discussion, mainly for non-economists, on economic approaches to the concept of sustainable development. As a first step, the concept of sustainability is extensively discussed. As a second step, the argument that it is not possible to consider sustainability only from an economic or ecological point of view is defended; issues such as economic-ecological integration, inter-generational and intra-generational equity are considered of fundamental importance. Two different economic approaches to environmental issues, i.e. neo-classical environmental economics and ecological (...)
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  33. From Physics to Biology by Extending Criticality and Symmetry Breakings.Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2011 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 106:340 - 347.
    Symmetries play a major role in physics, in particular since the work by E. Noether and H. Weyl in the first half of last century. Herein, we briefly review their role by recalling how symmetry changes allow to conceptually move from classical to relativistic and quantum physics. We then introduce our ongoing theoretical analysis in biology and show that symmetries play a radically different role in this discipline, when compared to those in current physics. By this comparison, we stress that (...)
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  34.  8
    The Development of Motor and Pre-Literacy Skills by a Physical Education Program in Preschool Children: A Non-Randomized Pilot Trial.Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Alesi, Garden Tabacchi, Antonio Palma & Marianna Bellafiore - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  35.  68
    Experience Vs. Concept? The Role of Bergson in Twentieth-Century French Philosophy.Giuseppe Bianco - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (7):855 - 872.
    In one of his last writings, Life: Experience and Science, Michel Foucault argued that twentieth-century French philosophy could be read as dividing itself into two divergent lines: on the one hand, we have a philosophical stream which takes individual experience as its point of departure, conceiving it as irreducible to science. On the other hand, we have an analysis of knowledge which takes into account the concrete productions of the mind, as are found in science and human practices. In order (...)
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  36.  36
    Ethics and Synthetic Gametes.Giuseppe Testa & John Harris - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):146-166.
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  37.  88
    A Criticism of M. Siderits and J. L. Garfield’s ‘Semantic Interpretation’ of Nāgārjuna’s Theory of Two Truths.Giuseppe Ferraro - 2013 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 41 (2):195-219.
    This paper proposes a critical analysis of that interpretation of the Nāgārjunian doctrine of the two truths as summarized—by both Mark Siderits and Jay L. Garfield—in the formula: “the ultimate truth is that there is no ultimate truth”. This ‘semantic reading’ of Nāgārjuna’s theory, despite its importance as a criticism of the ‘metaphysical interpretations’, would in itself be defective and improbable. Indeed, firstly, semantic interpretation presents a formal defect: it fails to clearly and explicitly express that which it contains logically; (...)
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  38.  31
    Learning to Manipulate and Categorize in Human and Artificial Agents.Giuseppe Morlino, Claudia Gianelli, Anna M. Borghi & Stefano Nolfi - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):39-64.
    This study investigates the acquisition of integrated object manipulation and categorization abilities through a series of experiments in which human adults and artificial agents were asked to learn to manipulate two-dimensional objects that varied in shape, color, weight, and color intensity. The analysis of the obtained results and the comparison of the behavior displayed by human and artificial agents allowed us to identify the key role played by features affecting the agent/environment interaction, the relation between category and action development, and (...)
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  39. Thomas Aquinas and Cognitive Therapy: An Exploration of the Promise of the Thomistic Psychology.Giuseppe Butera - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (4):347-366.
    In his classic introduction to the subject, Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders, Aaron Beck observes that “the philosophical underpinnings” of cognitive therapy’s (CT) approach to the emotional disorders “go back thousands of years, certainly to the time of the Stoics, who considered man’s conceptions (or misconceptions) of events rather than the events themselves as the key to his emotional upsets” (Beck 1976, 3). But beyond acknowledging that the stoics anticipated the central insight of CT, Beck has very little to (...)
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  40.  4
    Embodied Medicine: Mens Sana in Corpore Virtuale Sano.Giuseppe Riva, Silvia Serino, Daniele Di Lernia, Enea Francesco Pavone & Antonios Dakanalis - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  41. A Taxonomy of Errors for Information Systems.Giuseppe Primiero - 2014 - Minds and Machines 24 (3):249-273.
    We provide a full characterization of computational error states for information systems. The class of errors considered is general enough to include human rational processes, logical reasoning, scientific progress and data processing in some functional programming languages. The aim is to reach a full taxonomy of error states by analysing the recovery and processing of data. We conclude by presenting machine-readable checking and resolve algorithms.
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  42.  2
    Models of the Lambda Calculus.Giuseppe Longo - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (1):284-285.
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  43.  6
    A Logic of Efficient and Optimal Designs.Giuseppe Primiero - 2019 - Journal of Logic and Computation 14:0-22.
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  44.  28
    Eliciting Ambiguity Aversion in Unknown and in Compound Lotteries: A Smooth Ambiguity Model Experimental Study.Giuseppe Attanasi, Christian Gollier, Aldo Montesano & Noemi Pace - 2014 - Theory and Decision 77 (4):485-530.
    Coherent-ambiguity aversion is defined within the smooth-ambiguity model as the combination of choice-ambiguity and value-ambiguity aversion. Five ambiguous decision tasks are analyzed theoretically, where an individual faces two-stage lotteries with binomial, uniform, or unknown second-order probabilities. Theoretical predictions are then tested through a 10-task experiment. In tasks 1–5, risk aversion is elicited through both a portfolio choice method and a BDM mechanism. In tasks 6–10, choice-ambiguity aversion is elicited through the portfolio choice method, while value-ambiguity aversion comes about through the (...)
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  45.  27
    Out of My Real Body: Cognitive Neuroscience Meets Eating Disorders.Giuseppe Riva - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  46.  15
    Altered Processing and Integration of Multisensory Bodily Representations and Signals in Eating Disorders: A Possible Path Toward the Understanding of Their Underlying Causes.Giuseppe Riva & Antonios Dakanalis - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  47. Outline of a Logic of Knowledge of Acquaintance.Samuele Iaquinto & Giuseppe Spolaore - 2019 - Analysis 79 (1):52-61.
    The verb ‘to know’ can be used both in ascriptions of propositional knowledge and ascriptions of knowledge of acquaintance. In the formal epistemology literature, the former use of ‘know’ has attracted considerable attention, while the latter is typically regarded as derivative. This attitude may be unsatisfactory for those philosophers who, like Russell, are not willing to think of knowledge of acquaintance as a subsidiary or dependent kind of knowledge. In this paper we outline a logic of knowledge of acquaintance in (...)
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  48.  5
    Letter to Turing.Giuseppe Longo - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (6):73-94.
    This personal, yet scientific, letter to Alan Turing, reflects on Turing's personality in order to better understand his scientific quest. It then focuses on the impact of his work today. By joining human attitude and particular scientific method, Turing is able to “immerse himself” into the phenomena on which he works. This peculiar blend justifies the epistolary style. Turing makes himself a “human computer”, he lives the dramatic quest for an undetectable imitation of a man, a woman, a machine. He (...)
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  49.  12
    Quantum Computation and Logic: How Quantum Computers Have Inspired Logical Investigations.Giuseppe Sergioli, Roberto Leporini, Roberto Giuntini & Maria Dalla Chiara - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This book provides a general survey of the main concepts, questions and results that have been developed in the recent interactions between quantum information, quantum computation and logic. Divided into 10 chapters, the books starts with an introduction of the main concepts of the quantum-theoretic formalism used in quantum information. It then gives a synthetic presentation of the main “mathematical characters” of the quantum computational game: qubits, quregisters, mixtures of quregisters, quantum logical gates. Next, the book investigates the puzzling entanglement-phenomena (...)
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  50. The Semantics of Untrustworthiness.Giuseppe Primiero & Laszlo Kosolosky - 2016 - Topoi 35 (1):253-266.
    We offer a formal treatment of the semantics of both complete and incomplete mistrustful or distrustful information transmissions. The semantics of such relations is analysed in view of rules that define the behaviour of a receiving agent. We justify this approach in view of human agent communications and secure system design. We further specify some properties of such relations.
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