70 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Giuseppe Longo [68]Giuseppe O. Longo [2]
See also
Giuseppe Longo
École Normale Supérieure
  1. The Deluge of Spurious Correlations in Big Data.Cristian S. Calude & Giuseppe Longo - 2016 - Foundations of Science 22 (3):595-612.
    Very large databases are a major opportunity for science and data analytics is a remarkable new field of investigation in computer science. The effectiveness of these tools is used to support a “philosophy” against the scientific method as developed throughout history. According to this view, computer-discovered correlations should replace understanding and guide prediction and action. Consequently, there will be no need to give scientific meaning to phenomena, by proposing, say, causal relations, since regularities in very large databases are enough: “with (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  2.  13
    Perspectives On Organisms: Biological Time, Symmetries And Singularities.Maël Montévil & Giuseppe Longo - 2014 - Springer.
    This authored monograph introduces a genuinely theoretical approach to biology. Starting point is the investigation of empirical biological scaling including their variability, which is found in the literature, e.g. allometric relationships, fractals, etc. The book then analyzes two different aspects of biological time: first, a supplementary temporal dimension to accommodate proper biological rhythms; secondly, the concepts of protension and retention as a means of local organization of time in living organisms. Moreover, the book investigates the role of symmetry in biology, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  3.  31
    How Future Depends on Past and Rare Events in Systems of Life.Giuseppe Longo - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (3):443-474.
    The dependence on history of both present and future dynamics of life is a common intuition in biology and in humanities. Historicity will be understood in terms of changes of the space of possibilities as well as by the role of diversity in life’s structural stability and of rare events in history formation. We hint to a rigorous analysis of “path dependence” in terms of invariants and invariance preserving transformations, as it may be found also in physics, while departing from (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  4. Marriages of Mathematics and Physics: A Challenge for Biology.Arezoo Islami & Giuseppe Longo - 2017 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 131:179-192.
    The human attempts to access, measure and organize physical phenomena have led to a manifold construction of mathematical and physical spaces. We will survey the evolution of geometries from Euclid to the Algebraic Geometry of the 20th century. The role of Persian/Arabic Algebra in this transition and its Western symbolic development is emphasized. In this relation, we will also discuss changes in the ontological attitudes toward mathematics and its applications. Historically, the encounter of geometric and algebraic perspectives enriched the mathematical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  5. From physics to biology by extending criticality and symmetry breakings.Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2011 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 106:340 - 347.
    Symmetries play a major role in physics, in particular since the work by E. Noether and H. Weyl in the first half of last century. Herein, we briefly review their role by recalling how symmetry changes allow to conceptually move from classical to relativistic and quantum physics. We then introduce our ongoing theoretical analysis in biology and show that symmetries play a radically different role in this discipline, when compared to those in current physics. By this comparison, we stress that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  6.  17
    Letter to Turing.Giuseppe Longo - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (6):73-94.
    This personal, yet scientific, letter to Alan Turing, reflects on Turing's personality in order to better understand his scientific quest. It then focuses on the impact of his work today. By joining human attitude and particular scientific method, Turing is able to “immerse himself” into the phenomena on which he works. This peculiar blend justifies the epistolary style. Turing makes himself a “human computer”, he lives the dramatic quest for an undetectable imitation of a man, a woman, a machine. He (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  7. Protention and retention in biological systems.Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2011 - Theory in Biosciences 130:107-117.
    This article proposes an abstract mathematical frame for describing some features of cognitive and biological time. We focus here on the so called “extended present” as a result of protentional and retentional activities (memory and anticipation). Memory, as retention, is treated in some physical theories (relaxation phenomena, which will inspire our approach), while protention (or anticipation) seems outside the scope of physics. We then suggest a simple functional representation of biological protention. This allows us to introduce the abstract notion of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  8.  27
    Set-theoretical models of lambda-calculus: theories, expansions, isomorphisms.Giuseppe Longo - 1983 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 24 (2):153.
  9. The Inert vs. the Living State of Matter: Extended Criticality, Time Geometry, Anti-Entropy - An Overview.Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2012 - Frontiers in Physiology 3:39.
    The physical singularity of life phenomena is analyzed by means of comparison with the driving concepts of theories of the inert. We outline conceptual analogies, transferals of methodologies and theoretical instruments between physics and biology, in addition to indicating significant differences and sometimes logical dualities. In order to make biological phenomenalities intelligible, we introduce theoretical extensions to certain physical theories. In this synthetic paper, we summarize and propose a unified conceptual framework for the main conclusions drawn from work spanning a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  10.  76
    The differential method and the causal incompleteness of programming theory in molecular biology.Giuseppe Longo & Pierre-Emmanuel Tendero - 2007 - Foundations of Science 12 (4):337-366.
    The “DNA is a program” metaphor is still widely used in Molecular Biology and its popularization. There are good historical reasons for the use of such a metaphor or theoretical model. Yet we argue that both the metaphor and the model are essentially inadequate also from the point of view of Physics and Computer Science. Relevant work has already been done, in Biology, criticizing the programming paradigm. We will refer to empirical evidence and theoretical writings in Biology, although our arguments (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  11. The mathematical continuum, from intuition to logic.Giuseppe Longo - 1999 - In Jean Petitot, Francisco J. Varela, Bernard Pachoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.), Naturalizing Phenomenology: Issues in Contemporary Phenomenology and Cognitive Science. Stanford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  12.  14
    SCIENTIFIC THOUGHT AND ABSOLUTES: for an image of the sciences, between computing and biology.David Gauthier & Giuseppe Longo - 2020 - Angelaki 25 (3):120-130.
    We propose a reflection on the construction of scientific knowledge and in so doing an image of this knowledge. This will allow us to develop a comparative analysis of some of the main principles underpinning the constitution of the different sciences. We will highlight the role of critical thought in science, or even “negative results,” which pose limits and hence open new trajectories. In particular, we will address a misleading point of view, based on some informal concepts taken from computer (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13. A 2-dimensional geometry for biological time.Francis Bailly, Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2011 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 106:474 - 484.
    This paper proposes an abstract mathematical frame for describing some features of biological time. The key point is that usual physical (linear) representation of time is insufficient, in our view, for the understanding key phenomena of life, such as rhythms, both physical (circadian, seasonal …) and properly biological (heart beating, respiration, metabolic …). In particular, the role of biological rhythms do not seem to have any counterpart in mathematical formalization of physical clocks, which are based on frequencies along the usual (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14.  20
    Quantifying the World and Its Webs: Mathematical Discrete vs Continua in Knowledge Construction.Giuseppe Longo - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (6):63-72.
    This short paper is meant to be an introduction to the ‘Letter to Alan Turing’ that follows it. It summarizes some basic ideas in information theory and very informally hints at their mathematical properties. In order to introduce Turing’s two main theoretical contributions, in Theory of Computation and in Morphogenesis, the fundamental divide between discrete vs. continuous structures in mathematics is presented, as it is also a divide in his scientific life. The reader who is familiar with these notions, and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  10
    CWI Tract.Giuseppe Longo - 1984
  16. Randomness Increases Order in Biological Evolution.Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2012 - In M. Dinneen, B. Khoussainov & A. Nies (eds.), Computation, Physics and Beyond. Berlin Heidelberg: pp. 289-308.
    n this text, we revisit part of the analysis of anti-entropy in Bailly and Longo (2009} and develop further theoretical reflections. In particular, we analyze how randomness, an essential component of biological variability, is associated to the growth of biological organization, both in ontogenesis and in evolution. This approach, in particular, focuses on the role of global entropy production and provides a tool for a mathematical understanding of some fundamental observations by Gould on the increasing phenotypic complexity along evolution. Lastly, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  13
    Models of the Lambda Calculus.Giuseppe Longo - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (1):284-285.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18.  15
    L’intelligence mathématique, l’infini et les machines.Giuseppe Longo - 1999 - Revue de Synthèse 120 (1):111-138.
    Action dans l'espace, l'infini, la cognition humaine (link to the English text).
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  19.  36
    Mathematical intelligence, infinity and machines: beyond Godelitis.Giuseppe Longo - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):11-12.
    We informally discuss some recent results on the incompleteness of formal systems. These theorems, which are of great importance to contemporary mathematical epistemology, are proved using a variety of conceptual tools provably stronger than those of finitary axiomatisations. Those tools require no mathematical ontology, but rather constitute particularly concrete human constructions and acts of comprehending infinity and space rooted in different forms of knowledge. We shall also discuss, albeit very briefly, the mathematical intelligence both of God and of computers. We (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20.  80
    Big Data e Intelligenza Artificiale: Che Futuro Ci Aspetta?Giuseppe Longo - 2018 - Scienza E Filosofia 20:12–63.
    BIG DATA AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: A LOOK INTO THE FUTURE To say or write something innovative on the ongoing revolution in the fields of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence is very difficult. The advent of these two new technologies is in fact among the most relevant events in human history since in a little more than a decade it will likely lead to the creation of the First Artificial Intelligence of the Fourth level: i.e capable to think and create autonomously. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Mathematical intuition and the cognitive roots of mathematical concepts.Giuseppe Longo & Arnaud Viarouge - 2010 - Topoi 29 (1):15-27.
    The foundation of Mathematics is both a logico-formal issue and an epistemological one. By the first, we mean the explicitation and analysis of formal proof principles, which, largely a posteriori, ground proof on general deduction rules and schemata. By the second, we mean the investigation of the constitutive genesis of concepts and structures, the aim of this paper. This “genealogy of concepts”, so dear to Riemann, Poincaré and Enriques among others, is necessary both in order to enrich the foundational analysis (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  33
    What is Turing's Comparison between Mechanism and Writing Worth?Jean Lassègue & Giuseppe Longo - 2012 - In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. pp. 450--461.
  23.  15
    Espace, temps et cognition.Francis Bailly & Giuseppe Longo - 2003 - Revue de Synthèse 124 (1):61-118.
    La cognition humaine paraît étroitement liée à la structure de l'espace et du temps relativement auxquels le corps, le geste, l'intelligibilité semblent devoir se déterminer. Pourtant, ce qui, après les approches physico-mathématiques de Galilée et de Newton, fut caractérisé par Kant comme formes de l'intuition sensible, n'a cessé au cours des siècles qui suivirent de se trouver remis en cause dans leur saisie première par les développements théoriques. En mathématiques d'abord, avec les géométries non-euclidiennes, en physique ensuite, où relativité générale (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  35
    Epistemology of the Inert and Epistemology of the Living.Roberta Lanfredini & Giuseppe Longo - 2016 - Humana Mente (31):37-55.
    The intellectual act of imposing borders to contain and delimit objects has been a constituent factor in physics since its origins, and is also fundamental for philosophical reflection. However, the characteristics of the conceptual universe thus constructed (tendency towards the ideal limit, invariance in variation, a conception of matter as residue, etc.) seem inadequate in biology. The essential characteristic of the living thing is, in fact, that of having a history: that is, of being the concrete trace of a memory. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  4
    Proceedings of the Colloquium: Held in Florence, 23-28 Aug., 1982. 1982.Gabriele Lolli, Giuseppe Longo & Annalisa Marcja - 1984 - North Holland.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Antinomie e polarità, determinazione e aleatorietà nel processo vivente della materia.Giuseppe Longo - 2009 - Discipline Filosofiche 19 (1).
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Andata e ritorno dalla finanza alle matematiche passando per la biologia.Giuseppe Longo - 2011 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 29 (4).
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  11
    A pragmatic way out of the maze of uncertainty measures.Giuseppe Longo & Andrea Sgarro - 1991 - In B. Bouchon-Meunier, R. R. Yager & L. A. Zadeh (eds.), Uncertainty in Knowledge Bases. Springer. pp. 370--376.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  8
    Brief an Alan Turing.Giuseppe Longo - 2020 - Internationales Jahrbuch Für Medienphilosophie 6 (1):15-44.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  19
    Between Scylla and Charybdis.Giuseppe Longo - 2006 - Metascience 15 (3):617-621.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Che cosa narrano le scienze?Giuseppe Longo - 2000 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 18 (1):67-76.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Di fronte alla tecnologia.Giuseppe Longo - 2000 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 18 (4):90-101.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Dal Golem a Godel e ritorno.Giuseppe Longo - 1994 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 12 (4):28-38.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  20
    Fondamenti cognitivi della matematica e analisi matematiche del vivente.Giuseppe Longo - 2008 - Rivista di Estetica 37:113-124.
    Nel presente testo cercherò principalmente di esplicitare la correlazione tra le mie ricerche, così come ho cercato di riassumerle nel testo su La ragionevole efficacia della matematica, e l’impostazione vareliana nei confronti delle scienze cognitive. Nel tentativo di far questo, intendo prendere spunto da un aneddoto che, a dire il vero, pare sia effettivamente accaduto. Si racconta che, intorno ai sette o otto anni, il piccolo Gauss si trovò di fronte un maestro severissimo che, come puniz...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Francesco Lerda e l'intelligenza artificiale.Giuseppe Longo - 1994 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 12 (4):13-16.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  11
    Géométrie et cognition.Giuseppe Longo - 2003 - Revue de Synthèse 124 (1):1-10.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37. Giuseppe O. Longo.Giuseppe Longo - 2001 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 19 (2):71-81.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Homo technologicus: tecnologia ed evoluzione.Giuseppe Longo - 1996 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 14 (1/2):145-155.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  23
    Information and the mind-body problem.Giuseppe Longo - 1991 - In B. Bouchon-Meunier, R. R. Yager & L. A. Zadeh (eds.), Uncertainty in Knowledge Bases. Springer. pp. 297--306.
  40. Intelligenza della mente intelligenza del corpo.Giuseppe O. Longo - 2000 - Studium 96 (3/4):509-531.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. L'intelligenza Artificiale Forte. É Utile Discuterne?Giuseppe Longo - 1988 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 6 (1/2):131-134.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  9
    Le cauchemar de Prométhée: les sciences et leurs limites.Giuseppe Longo - 2023 - Paris: PUF.
    Dans la mythologie grecque, Prométhée - le 'prévoyant' - déroba le feu aux dieux et le transmit aux hommes. Zeus, courroucé par ce transfert technologique, condamna Prométhée à un châtiment itéré à l'identique, à l'infini, algorithmique. Le problème que pose l'ancien mythe est celui des limites de la connaissance. En termes modernes, jusqu'à quel point pouvons-nous transformer la nature sans une connaissance des conséquences de nos actions sur elle? Cette question nous pousse à analyser les limites des sciences : à (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. L'idolatria Della Parola.Giuseppe Longo - 2005 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 23 (2):25-35.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. L'irragionevole Efficacia Della Matematica E L'efficace Irragionevolezza Del Computer.Giuseppe Longo - 2000 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 18 (3):50-69.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. La scoperta dell’informazione.Giuseppe Longo - 2007 - Discipline Filosofiche 17 (1).
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Ambiguità tra scienza e filosofia.Giuseppe Longo - 1993 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 11 (3/4).
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  16
    Mathematics and the Biological Phenomena.Giuseppe Longo - 2000 - Aquinas 43 (2):331-354.
    The first part of this paper highlights some key aspects of the differences in the use of mathematical tools in physics and in biology. Scientific knowledge is viewed as a network of interactions, some than as a hierarchically organized structure where mathematics would display the essence of phenomena. The concept of "unity" in the biological phenomenon is then discussed. In the second part, a foundational issue in mathematics is revisited, following recent perspective in the physiology of action. The relevance of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48. Mathematical Concepts and Physical Objects.Giuseppe Longo - 2007 - In Luciano Boi, Pierre Kerszberg & Frédéric Patras (eds.), Rediscovering Phenomenology: Phenomenological Essays on Mathematical Beings, Physical Reality, Perception and Consciousness (Phaenomenologica) (English and French Edition). Springer. pp. 195-228.
  49. Matematica e scienze della natura, a partire da Enriques.Giuseppe Longo - 2003 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 21 (4):19-38.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  6
    Matematica e senso: per non divenire macchine.Giuseppe Longo - 2021 - Milano: Mimesis. Edited by Andrea Colombo.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 70