Results for 'Gladys Vidal'

552 found
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  1.  19
    Gestión integral de residuos líquidos: estudio de caso de una planta refinadora de aceite de pescado.Dafne Hermosilla Espinoza, Cristián Oliva San Martín & Gladys Vidal - 2008 - Theoria: Universidad del Bio-Bio, Chile 17 (1):41-50.
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  2.  54
    The Moral Authority of Nature.Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal (eds.) - 2004 - University of Chicago Press.
    For thousands of years, people have used nature to justify their political, moral, and social judgments. Such appeals to the moral authority of nature are still very much with us today, as heated debates over genetically modified organisms and human cloning testify. The Moral Authority of Nature offers a wide-ranging account of how people have used nature to think about what counts as good, beautiful, just, or valuable. The eighteen essays cover a diverse array of topics, including the connection of (...)
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  3. The Moral Authority of Nature.Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal (eds.) - 2003 - University of Chicago Press.
    For thousands of years, people have used nature to justify their political, moral, and social judgments. Such appeals to the moral authority of nature are still very much with us today, as heated debates over genetically modified organisms and human cloning testify. _The Moral Authority of Nature_ offers a wide-ranging account of how people have used nature to think about what counts as good, beautiful, just, or valuable. The eighteen essays cover a diverse array of topics, including the connection of (...)
     
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  4.  13
    Les territoires de l'attente en 10 propositions.Laurent Vidal - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    Le programme de recherche que l'on trouvera ci-dessous nous semble particulièrement original et utile d'un point de vue rythmanalytique – et cela à double titre. Alors que la vitesse, l'accélération et l'urgence sont, depuis quelques années, les objets d'une littérature pléthorique et désormais assez répétitive, Laurent Vidal et les chercheurs regroupés dans l'ANR TERRIAT s'intéressent, quant à eux, à la « lenteur » et à l'« attente ». Second point fort, ils orientent leur attention vers la question des « (...)
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  5.  12
    Les territoires de l'attente en 10 points – considérations générales et propositions d'étude.Laurent Vidal - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    Le programme de recherche que l'on trouvera ci-dessous nous semble particulièrement original et utile d'un point de vue rythmanalytique – et cela à double titre. D'une part, alors que la vitesse, l'accélération et l'urgence sont, depuis quelques années, les objets d'une littérature pléthorique et désormais assez répétitive, Laurent Vidal et les chercheurs regroupés dans l'ANR TERRIAT s'intéressent, quant à eux, à la « lenteur » et à l'« attente ». De l'autre, ils orientent leur attention vers la question du (...)
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  6.  46
    Brainhood, Anthropological Figure of Modernity.Fernando Vidal - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (1):5-36.
    If personhood is the quality or condition of being an individual person, brainhood could name the quality or condition of being a brain. This ontological quality would define the `cerebral subject' that has, at least in industrialized and highly medicalized societies, gained numerous social inscriptions since the mid-20th century. This article explores the historical development of brainhood. It suggests that the brain is necessarily the location of the `modern self', and that, consequently, the cerebral subject is the anthropological figure inherent (...)
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  7.  22
    Acquisition of Autonomy in Biotechnology and Artificial Intelligence.Philippe Gagnon, Mathieu Guillermin, Olivier Georgeon, Juan R. Vidal & Béatrice de Montera - 2020 - In Proceedings of the 11th International Multi-Conference on Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics: IMCIC 2020, Volume II. Winter Garden: International Institute for Informatics and Systemics. pp. 168-172.
    This presentation discusses a notion encountered across disciplines, and in different facets of human activity: autonomous activity. We engage it in an interdisciplinary way. We start by considering the reactions and behaviors of biological entities to biotechnological intervention. An attempt is made to characterize the degree of freedom of embryos & clones, which show openness to different outcomes when the epigenetic developmental landscape is factored in. We then consider the claim made in programming and artificial intelligence that automata could show (...)
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  8.  61
    Ethics and Complexity: Why Standard Ethical Frameworks Cannot Cope with Socio-Technological Change.Clément Vidal & Francis Heylighen - forthcoming - In P. Jorion (ed.), Investigating Transhumanisms and Their Narratives.
    : Standard ethical frameworks struggle to deal with transhumanism, ecological issues and the rising technodiversity because they are focused on guiding and evaluating human behavior. Ethics needs its Copernican revolution to be able to deal with all moral agents, including not only humans, but also artificial intelligent agents, robots or organizations of all sizes. We argue that embracing the complexity worldview is the first step towards this revolution, and that standard ethical frameworks are still entrenched in the Newtonian worldview. We (...)
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  9.  18
    Phenomenology of the Locked-In Syndrome: An Overview and Some Suggestions.Fernando Vidal - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-25.
    There is no systematic knowledge about how individuals with Locked-in Syndrome experience their situation. A phenomenology of LIS, in the sense of a description of subjective experience as lived by the ill persons themselves, does not yet exist as an organized endeavor. The present article takes a step in that direction by reviewing various materials and making some suggestions. First-person narratives provide the most important sources, but very few have been discussed. LIS barely appears in bioethics and neuroethics. Research on (...)
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  10.  6
    Similarity Attributes From Differential Resolution Components.Bruno César Zanardo Honório, Ulisses Miguel da Costa Correia, Marcílio Castro de Matos & Alexandre Campane Vidal - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (1):T65-T73.
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  11.  13
    Universal Ethics: Organized Complexity as an Intrinsic Value.Jean-Paul Delahaye & Clément Vidal - 2019 - In G. Georgiev, C. L. F. Martinez, M. E. Price & J. M. Smart (eds.), Evolution, Development and Complexity: Multiscale Evolutionary Models of Complex Adaptive Systems. Springer. pp. 135-154.
    ABSTRACT: How can we think about a universal ethics that could be adopted by any intelligent being, including the rising population of cyborgs, intelligent machines, intelligent algorithms or even potential extraterrestrial life? We generally give value to complex structures, to objects resulting from a long work, to systems with many elements and with many links finely adjusted. These include living beings, books, works of art or scientific theories. Intuitively, we want to keep, multiply, and share such structures, as well as (...)
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  12. Computational and Biological Analogies for Understanding Fine-Tuned Parameters in Physics.Clément Vidal - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (4):375 - 393.
    In this philosophical paper, we explore computational and biological analogies to address the fine-tuning problem in cosmology. We first clarify what it means for physical constants or initial conditions to be fine-tuned. We review important distinctions such as the dimensionless and dimensional physical constants, and the classification of constants proposed by Lévy-Leblond. Then we explore how two great analogies, computational and biological, can give new insights into our problem. This paper includes a preliminary study to examine the two analogies. Importantly, (...)
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  13.  70
    Metaphilosophical Criteria for Worldview Comparison.Clément Vidal - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (3):306-347.
    Philosophy lacks criteria to evaluate its philosophical theories. To fill this gap, this essay introduces nine criteria to compare worldviews, classified in three broad categories: objective criteria (objective consistency, scientificity, scope), subjective criteria (subjective consistency, personal utility, emotionality), and intersubjective criteria (intersubjective consistency, collective utility, narrativity). The essay first defines what a worldview is and exposes the heuristic used in the quest for criteria. After describing each criterion individually, it shows what happens when each of them is violated. From the (...)
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  14. The Sexed Brain: Between Science and Ideology.Catherine Vidal - 2012 - Neuroethics 5 (3):295-303.
    Despite tremendous advances in neuroscience, the topic “brain, sex and gender” remains a matter of misleading interpretations, that go well beyond the bounds of science. In the 19th century, the difference in brain sizes was a major argument to explain the hierarchy between men and women, and was supposed to reflect innate differences in mental capacity. Nowadays, our understanding of the human brain has progressed dramatically with the demonstration of cerebral plasticity. The new brain imaging techniques have revealed the role (...)
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  15.  27
    Between the Needy and the Greedy: The Quest for a Just and Fair Ethics of Clinical Research.V. Garrafa, J. H. Solbakk, S. Vidal & C. Lorenzo - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (8):500-504.
    The acceleration of the market globalisation process over the last three decades has internationalised clinical research and influenced both the way in which it is funded and the development and application of research practices. In addition, in recent years international multicentre randomised clinical trials have become the model par excellence for research on new medicines. The neoliberal model of globalisation has induced a decline in state power, both with regard to establishing national research for health priorities and to influencing the (...)
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  16.  5
    Spanish Validation of the PICCOLO.Rosa Vilaseca, Magda Rivero, Rosa M. Bersabé, Esperanza Navarro-Pardo, Maria Jose Cantero, Fina Ferrer, Clara Valls Vidal, Mark S. Innocenti & Lori Roggman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  17.  21
    The Defective Conditional in Mathematics.Mathieu Vidal - 2014 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 24 (1-2):169-179.
    This article focuses on defective conditionals ? namely indicative conditionals whose antecedents are false and whose truth-values therefore cannot be determined. The problem is to decide which formal connective can adequately represent this usage. Classical logic renders defective conditionals true whereas traditional mathematics dismisses them as irrelevant. This difference in treatment entails that, at the propositional level, classical logic validates some sentences that are intuitively false in plane geometry. With two proofs, I show that the same flaw is shared by (...)
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  18.  12
    What Makes Neuroethics Possible?Fernando Vidal - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (2):32-58.
    Since its emergence in the early 2000s, neuroethics has become a recognized, institutionalized and professionalized field. A central strategy for its successful development has been the claim that it must be an autonomous discipline, distinct in particular from bioethics. Such claim has been justified by the conviction, sustained since the 1990s by the capabilities attributed to neuroimaging technologies, that somehow ‘the mind is the brain’, that the brain sciences can illuminate the full range of human experience and behavior, and that (...)
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  19. Fine-Tuning, Quantum Mechanics and Cosmological Artificial Selection.Clément Vidal - 2012 - Foundations of Science 17 (1):29-38.
    Jan Greben criticized fine-tuning by taking seriously the idea that “nature is quantum mechanical”. I argue that this quantum view is limited, and that fine-tuning is real, in the sense that our current physical models require fine-tuning. Second, I examine and clarify many difficult and fundamental issues raised by Rüdiger Vaas’ comments on Cosmological Artificial Selection.
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  20.  13
    The Way We Do the Things We Do: How Cognitive Contexts Shape the Neural Dynamics of Motor Areas in Humans.Franck Vidal, Boris Burle & Thierry Hasbroucq - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  21.  18
    Social Crises: Signatures of Complexity in a Fast-Growing Economy.Juan Pablo Cárdenas, Gerardo Vidal, Carolina Urbina, Gastón Olivares, Pablo Rodrigo & Miguel Fuentes - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-11.
    Social systems are always exposed to critical processes in which their organization, or part of it, is questioned by the society that demands solutions through different critical saliences. The traditional approach to such social crises has mainly focused on their anticipation and management, implying that the focus is on trying to deal with crises once they occur, rather than delving in their essential characteristics that seemingly depend on the adaptive nature of the system and the increase in its internal complexity. (...)
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  22.  11
    Introduction: From “The Popularization of Science Through Film” to “The Public Understanding of Science”.Fernando Vidal - 2018 - Science in Context 31 (1):1-14.
    Science in film, and usual equivalents such asscience on filmorscience on screen, refer to the cinematographic representation, staging, and enactment of actors, information, and processes involved in any aspect or dimension of science and its history. Of course, boundaries are blurry, and films shot as research tools or documentation also display science on screen. Nonetheless, they generally count asscientific film, andscience inandon filmorscreentend to designate productions whose purpose is entertainment and education. Moreover, these two purposes are often combined, and inherently (...)
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  23.  18
    Independent Component Spectral Analysis.Bruno César Zanardo Honório, Alexandre Cruz Sanchetta, Emilson Pereira Leite & Alexandre Campane Vidal - 2014 - Interpretation: SEG 2 (1):SA21-SA29.
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  24. Psychology in the 18th Century: A View From Encyclopaedias.Fernando Vidal - 1993 - History of the Human Sciences 6 (1):89-119.
  25. Getting Things Done: The Science Behind Stress-Free Productivity.Francis Heylighen & Clément Vidal - 2007 - Cogprints.
    Allen (2001) proposed the “Getting Things Done” (GTD) method for personal productivity enhancement, and reduction of the stress caused by information overload. This paper argues that recent insights in psychology and cognitive science support and extend GTD’s recommendations. We first summarize GTD with the help of a flowchart. We then review the theories of situated, embodied and distributed cognition that purport to explain how the brain processes information and plans actions in the real world. The conclusion is that the brain (...)
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  26.  39
    A Compositional Semantics for ‘Even If’ Conditionals.Mathieu Vidal - 2017 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 26 (2):237-276.
    This paper presents the first possible world semantics for concessive conditionals (i.e., even if A, C conditionals) constructed in a compositional way. First, the meaning of if is formalized through a semantics that builds on the proposal given by Stalnaker (1968). A major difference from Stalnaker’s approach is that irrelevant conditionals (i.e., conditionals where the antecedent and the consequent have no connection) are false in this new setting. Second, the meaning of even is analyzed through a formal semantics based on (...)
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  27.  32
    Hidden Risks Associated with Clinical Trials in Developing Countries.C. Lorenzo, V. Garrafa, J. H. Solbakk & S. Vidal - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (2):111-115.
    The academic literature in research ethics has been marked in the past decade by a much broader focus on the need for the protection of developing communities subjected to international clinical trials. Because of the proximity of the revision of the Declaration of Helsinki, completed in October 2008, most papers have addressed the issue of a double standard of care following the use of placebo. However, other no less important issues, such as interactions between the lifestyles structures of low-income communities (...)
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  28.  39
    Analysis of Some Speculations Concerning the Far Future of Intelligent Civilizations.Clément Vidal - 2012 - Foundations of Science 17 (1):43-46.
    I discuss some of the speculations proposed by Stewart ( 2010a ). These include the following propositions: the cooperation at larger and larger scales, the existence of larger scale processes, the enhancement of the tuning as the universe cycle repeats, the transmission between universes and the motivations to produce a new universe.
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  29.  6
    Intracranial Spectral Amplitude Dynamics of Perceptual Suppression in Fronto-Insular, Occipito-Temporal, and Primary Visual Cortex.Juan R. Vidal, Marcela Perrone-Bertolotti, Philippe Kahane & Jean-Philippe Lachaux - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  30.  17
    Miracles, Science, and Testimony in Post-Tridentine Saint-Making.Fernando Vidal - 2007 - Science in Context 20 (3):481-508.
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  31.  83
    Brains, Bodies, Selves, and Science: Anthropologies of Identity and the Resurrection of the Body.Fernando Vidal - 2002 - Critical Inquiry 28 (4):930-974.
  32. Introduction. Doing What Comes Naturally.Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal - 2004 - In Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal (eds.), The Moral Authority of Nature. University of Chicago Press. pp. 1--23.
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  33.  4
    Beliefs’ self-knowledge: an objection to the method of transparency.Javier Vidal - 2019 - Humanities Journal of Valparaiso 14:429-448.
    According to the method of transparency, genuine self-knowledge is the outcome of an inference from world to mind. A. Byrne has developed a theory in which the method of transparency consists in following an epistemic rule in order to form self-verifying second-order beliefs. In this paper, I argue that Byrne’s theory does not establish sufficient conditions for having self-knowledge of first-order beliefs. Examining a case of self-deception, I strive to show that following such a rule might not result in self-knowledge (...)
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  34. Jean Starobinski and the History of the Human Sciences.Fernando Vidal - 1992 - History of the Human Sciences 5 (1):73-85.
    The name of the Genevan critic Jean Starobinski will most likely evoke masterful\nreadings of Rousseau and Montaigne, or insightful reconstructions of the world\nof the Enlightenment. With the possible exception of the history of melancholy,\nmuch more rarely will it be associated with the history of psychology and\npsychiatry. A small number of the critic’s contributions to this field have\nappeared in some of his books. Most of them, however, remain scattered, and\nnothing suggests that they are known as widely as they deserve.\nStarobinski’s work in (...)
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  35. Reviews : Graham Richards, Mental Machinery, Part I: The Origins and Conse Quences of Psychological Ideas From 1600 to 1850. London: Athlone Press, 1992. £50.00. Xi + 490pp. [REVIEW]Fernando Vidal - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7 (1):136-138.
  36.  11
    La cosmografía de Waldseemüller, la conceptualización de “América” y su relación con el copernicanismo.Marcelo Leonardo Levinas & Silvina Paula Vidal - 2016 - Scientiae Studia 14 (2):281.
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  37.  8
    Una Teoría Del Concepto de Primera Persona.Javier Vidal - 2016 - Análisis Filosófico 36 (2):171-198.
    Siguiendo la aproximación de Peacocke a la naturaleza de los conceptos, este artículo presenta una teoría del concepto de primera persona en términos de su condición de posesión. Propongo que tal condición de posesión es cuestión de, necesariamente, estar dispuesto a realizar un juicio de orden superior con el contenido cuando uno tiene un pensamiento consciente con el contenido. Consecuentemente, intento motivar y defender esta concepción respondiendo a supuestos contraejemplos. Adicionalmente, proporciono una teoría de la determinación del valor semántico respecto (...)
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  38.  19
    Savant Relics: Brains and Remains of Scientists, Edited by Marco Beretta, Maria Conforti, and Paolo Mazzarello, 2016.Fernando Vidal - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (3):285-288.
  39. Davidson, Wittgenstein y la Semántica Computacional.Javier Vidal - 2008 - Cuadernos de Filosofía 26:7-28.
     
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  40.  34
    Brain, Sex and Ideology.Catherine Vidal - 2005 - Diogenes 52 (4):127-133.
    Since the 19th century, and despite tremendous progress in science, the topic of 'brain and sex' remains a matter of misleading interpretations, far beyond the field of science. The media are not solely responsible for this situation. Some scientific circles still actively promote the ideology of biological determinism in their attempt to explain differences in behaviour and cognitive abilities between men and women. Experimental data from brain imaging studies, cognitive tests or the discovery of new genes are often distorted to (...)
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  41. Putting Philosophy to Work: Inquiry and its Place in Culture, de Susan Haack.Manuel Garcés Vidal - 2009 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 28 (3):197-200.
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  42. Normativity and its Vindication: The Case of Logic.Concha Martínez Vidal - 2004 - Theoria 19 (2):191-206.
    Physical laws are irresistible. Logical rules are not. That is why logic is said to be normative. Given a system of logic we have a Norma, a standard of correctness. The problem is that we need another Norma to establish when the standard of correctness is to be applied. Subsequently we start by clarifying the senses in which the term ‘Iogic’ and the term ‘normativity’ are being used. Then we explore two different epistemologies for logic to see the sort of (...)
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  43.  5
    Basics for Sensorimotor Information Processing: Some Implications for Learning.Franck Vidal, Cã©Dric Meckler & Thierry Hasbroucq - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  44. What is a Worldview?Clément Vidal - 2008 - In (ed.), [Book Chapter] (in Press).
    The first part of this paper proposes a precise definition of what a worldview is, and why there is a necessity to have one. The second part suggests how to construct integrated scientific worldviews. For this attempt, three general scientific approaches are proposed: the general systems theory as the endeavor for a universal language for science, a general problem-solving approach and the idea of evolution, broadly construed. We close with some remarks about limitations of scientific worldviews.
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  45.  11
    Structural and Stratigraphic Feature Delineation and Facies Distribution Using Seismic Attributes and Well Log Analysis Applied to a Brazilian Carbonate Field.Juliana Finoto Bueno, Bruno César Zanardo Honório, Michelle Chaves Kuroda, Alexandre Campane Vidal & Emilson Pereira Leite - 2014 - Interpretation: SEG 2 (1):SA83-SA92.
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  46.  25
    Temporal Equilibrium Logic: A Survey.Felicidad Aguado, Pedro Cabalar, Martín Diéguez, Gilberto Pérez & Concepción Vidal - 2013 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 23 (1-2):2-24.
    This paper contains a survey of the main definitions and results obtained to date related to Temporal Equilibrium Logic, a nonmonotonic hybrid approach that combines Equilibrium Logic (the best-known logical characterisation for the stable models semantics of logic programs) with Linear-Time Temporal Logic.
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  47.  11
    ZAHAVI, Dan: Phenomenology. The Basics, Routledge, New York, 2019, 158p.Daniel Lema Vidal - 2019 - Agora 38 (2).
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  48.  86
    Creativity for Problem Solvers.René Victor Valqui Vidal - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (3):409-432.
    This paper presents some modern and interdisciplinary concepts about creativity and creative processes specially related to problem solving. Central publications related to the theme are briefly reviewed. Creative tools and approaches suitable to support problem solving are also presented. Finally, the paper outlines the author’s experiences using creative tools and approaches to: Facilitation of problem solving processes, strategy development in organisations, design of optimisation systems for large scale and complex logistic systems, and creative design of software optimisation for complex non-linear (...)
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  49.  45
    Two Purposes of Black Hole Production.Clément Vidal - 2012 - Foundations of Science 17 (1):13-15.
    Crane envisions the speculative conjecture that intelligent civilizations might want and be able to produce black holes in the very far future. He implicitly suggests two main purposes of this enterprise: (i) energy production and (ii) universe production. We discuss those two options. The commentary is obviously highly speculative and should be read accordingly.
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  50.  3
    Contradictions of the Labour Process, Worker-Empowerment and Capitalist Inefficiency.Matt Vidal - forthcoming - Historical Materialism:1-35.
    I articulate a classical-Marxist theory of technical change in the capitalist labour process, highlighting two contradictions. The management contradiction is the conflict managers experience between coordination and discipline. The workforce contradiction is the tension workers experience between productive socialisation and alienation. I submit that both contradictions were substantially muted from the earliest stages of capitalism through the Fordist stage but have become intensified in the postfordist period. Under postfordism, the basis of efficiency is economies of scope and flexibility, and thus (...)
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