Results for 'Gopal Krishnan'

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  1. Getting to the Bottom Line: An Exploration of Gender and Earnings Quality.Gopal V. Krishnan & Linda M. Parsons - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):65-76.
    For stakeholders, such as investors and lenders, to appropriately assess a company's financial performance, the reported accounting earnings must closely reflect the economic reality of the organization's financial activity throughout the reporting period. The degree to which reported earnings capture economic reality is called earnings quality. Managers have an ethical obligation to report high quality earnings to interested stakeholders in a timely matter. Accounting research has identified conditions within an organization, such as management compensation contracts and pending litigation that can (...)
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  2.  18
    The Risk of Fraud in Family Firms: Assessments of External Auditors.Gopal Krishnan & Marietta Peytcheva - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (1):261-278.
    There is a dearth of business ethics research on family firms, despite the importance of such firms to the US economy. We answer Vazquez’s call to examine the intersection of family-firm research and business ethics, by investigating whether external auditors assess higher risk of fraud in family firms. We test the contradictory predictions of two dominant theoretical perspectives in family-firm research—entrenchment theory and alignment theory. We conduct an experiment with highly experienced external audit professionals, who assess the risk of fraud (...)
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  3.  58
    The Enemy: An Intellectual Portrait of Carl Schmitt.Gopal Balakrishnan - 2000 - Verso.
    A comprehensive analysis of all of Schmitt's major works--his books, articles & pamphlets from 1919 to 1950--presented in an arresting narrative form.
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  4.  3
    Libertarianism Without Inequality.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (3):792-796.
    Michael Otsuka sets out to vindicate left-libertarianism, a political philosophy which combines stringent rights of control over one's own mind, body, and life with egalitarian rights of ownership of the world. Otsuka reclaims the ideas of John Locke from the libertarian Right, and shows how his Second Treatise of Government provides the theoretical foundations for a left-libertarianism which is both more libertarian and more egalitarian than the Kantian liberal theories of John Rawls and Thomas Nagel. Otsuka's libertarianism is founded on (...)
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  5. What Is the General Will?Gopal Sreenivasan - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):545 - 581.
    What is the general will? In this essay, I propose a simple and straightforward answer. Rousseau’s general will, I shall argue, is the totality of unrescinded decisions made by a community—that is, of an association of individuals contractually constituted as a “moral and collective body”—when its deliberation is subject to certain constraints.
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  6. Errors About Errors: Virtue Theory and Trait Attribution.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):47-68.
    This paper examines the implications of certain social psychological experiments for moral theory—specifically, for virtue theory. Gilbert Harman and John Doris have recently argued that the empirical evidence offered by ‘situationism’ demonstrates that there is no such thing as a character trait. I dispute this conclusion. My discussion focuses on the proper interpretation of the experimental data—the data themselves I grant for the sake of argument. I develop three criticisms of the anti-trait position. Of these, the central criticism concerns three (...)
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  7. Against Interpretability: a Critical Examination of the Interpretability Problem in Machine Learning.Maya Krishnan - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (3):487-502.
    The usefulness of machine learning algorithms has led to their widespread adoption prior to the development of a conceptual framework for making sense of them. One common response to this situation is to say that machine learning suffers from a “black box problem.” That is, machine learning algorithms are “opaque” to human users, failing to be “interpretable” or “explicable” in terms that would render categorization procedures “understandable.” The purpose of this paper is to challenge the widespread agreement about the existence (...)
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  8.  1
    The Cracked Mirror: An Indian Debate on Experience and Theory.Gopal Guru - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume explores the relationship between experience and theory in Indian social sciences in the form of a dialogue. It focuses on questions of Dalit experience and untouchability. While Gopal Guru argues that only those who have lived lives as subalterns can represent them accurately, Sundar Sarukkai feels that people located outside the community can also represent them. Thematically divided into five sections, the first discusses the problems associated with theory in the social sciences in the Indian context. The (...)
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  9. Duties and Their Direction.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2010 - Ethics 120 (3):465-494.
  10.  1
    Experience, Caste and the Everyday Social.Gopal Guru & Sundar Sarukkai - 2019 - Oxford University Press India.
    Sociologists and philosophers have long pointed out that the idea of the social has always been ambiguously defined. This book is an exploration of the nature of this 'social'; it argues that our definition of sociality is influenced largely by our everyday lives, the institutions we are part of, and the relationships we build-all of these experiences catalyse the way we see the social world and shape how we act in it.
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  11. Ethics and Epidemiology: The Income Debate.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):45-52.
    Gopal Sreenivasan, 201 West Duke Building, Box 90743, Durham NC USA 27708. Email: gopal.sreenivasan{at}duke.edu ' + u + '@ ' + d + ' '/ /- ->This paper reviews the epidemiological debate between the relative income hypothesis and the absolute income hypothesis. The dispute between these rival hypotheses has to do with whether an adequate account of the relationship between income and life expectancy requires the definition of ‘income’ to include any comparative element. I discuss the evidence offered (...)
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  12.  13
    Generality and Specificity in the Effects of Musical Expertise on Perception and Cognition.Daniel Carey, Stuart Rosen, Saloni Krishnan, Marcus T. Pearce, Alex Shepherd, Jennifer Aydelott & Frederic Dick - 2015 - Cognition 137:81-105.
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  13.  72
    A Hybrid Theory of Claim-Rights.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2005 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 25 (2):257-274.
  14.  12
    Finite-Time Stability of Fractional-Order Stochastic Singular Systems with Time Delay and White Noise.Kalidass Mathiyalagan & Krishnan Balachandran - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S2):370-379.
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  15. Health Care and Equality of Opportunity.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (2):21-31.
  16.  8
    Humiliation: Claims and Context.Gopal Guru (ed.) - 2011 - New Delhi: Oxford University Press India.
    A pioneering work in the field of political and moral theory, this volume explores the complex and varied meanings, contexts, forms, and languages of humiliation within an interdisciplinary framework.
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  17. A Human Right to Health? Some Inconclusive Scepticism.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2012 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):239-265.
    This paper offers four arguments against a moral human right to health, two denying that the right exists and two denying that it would be very useful (even if it did exist). One of my sceptical arguments is familiar, while the other is not.The unfamiliar argument is an argument from the nature of health. Given a realistic view of health production, a dilemma arises for the human right to health. Either a state's moral duty to preserve the health of its (...)
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  18.  26
    Neurobiological Basis of Language Learning Difficulties.Saloni Krishnan, Kate E. Watkins & Dorothy V. M. Bishop - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (9):701-714.
  19.  14
    What Is Adequate Understanding?Gopal Sreenivasan - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):38-40.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 38-40.
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  20.  16
    Stability and Hopf Bifurcation of a Diffusive Predator-Prey Model with Hyperbolic Mortality.Muniyagounder Sambath, Krishnan Balachandran & Murugan Suvinthra - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):34-43.
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  21.  84
    Character and Consistency: Still More Errors.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2008 - Mind 117 (467):603-612.
    This paper continues a debate among philosophers concerning the implications of situationist experiments in social psychology for the theory of virtue. In a previous paper (2002), I argued among other things that the sort of character trait problematized by Hartshorne and May's (1928) famous study of honesty is not the right sort to trouble the theory of virtue. Webber (2006) criticizes my argument, alleging that it founders on an ambiguity in "cross-situational consistency" and that Milgram's (1974) obedience experiment is immune (...)
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  22. The Limits of Lockean Rights in Property.Gopal Sreenivasan - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
    This book discusses Locke's theory of property from both a critical and an interpretative standpoint. The author first develops a comprehensive interpretation of Locke's argument for the legitimacy of private property, and then examines the extent to which the argument is really serviceable in defense of that institution. He contends that a purified version of Locke's argument--one that adheres consistently to the logic of Locke's text while excluding considerations extraneous to his logic--actually does establish the legitimacy of a form of (...)
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  23.  84
    Does Informed Consent to Research Require Comprehension?Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:85-93.
    According to the standard view of informed consent, a prospective subject's consent to participate in a research study is invalid if the individual fails to comprehend the information about the study standardly disclosed to him. I argue that this involves three mistakes. First, the standard view confuses an ethical aspiration with a minimum ethical standard. Second, it assigns the entire responsibility for producing comprehension in study participants to the investigators. Most importantly, the standard view requires the termination of many otherwise (...)
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  24. Disunity of Virtue.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):195-212.
    This paper argues against the unity of the virtues, while trying to salvage some of its attractive aspects. I focus on the strongest argument for the unity thesis, which begins from the premise that true virtue cannot lead its possessor morally astray. I suggest that this premise presupposes the possibility of completely insulating an agent’s set of virtues from any liability to moral error. I then distinguish three conditions that separately foreclose this possibility, concentrating on the proposition that there is (...)
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  25.  6
    Between Universalism and Scepticism: Ethics as Social Artefact.Gopal Sreenivasan - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (183):260-261.
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  26.  7
    Varieties of Minimalism About Informed Consent.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):66-68.
    In their latest contribution to a series of important joint papers on informed consent, Joseph Millum and Danielle Bromwich analyze and reject what they call the “standard view” on informed...
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  27.  55
    13 The Situationist Critique of Virtue Ethics.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2013 - In Daniel C. Russell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 290.
  28.  50
    Justice, Inequality, and Health.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  29.  40
    Impact of Mba Education on Students' Values: Two Longitudinal Studies. [REVIEW]Venkat R. Krishnan - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):233 - 246.
    The impact of 2-year residential fulltime MBA program on students’ values was studied using a longitudinal design and data collected over 7 years from a business school in India. Values were measured when students entered the program, and again when they graduated. Sample in Study 1 consisted of 229 students from three consecutive graduating classes. Rank-order or ipsative measure of values was used. Results of matched sample t-tests show that self-oriented values like a comfortable life and pleasure become more important (...)
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  30.  56
    Health and Justice in Our Non-Ideal World.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (2):218-236.
    In this article, I explore some advantages of viewing well-being in terms of an individual's health status. Principally, I argue that this perspective makes it easier to establish that rich countries at least have an obligation to transfer 1 percent of their GDP to poor countries. If properly targeted at the fundamental determinants of health in developing countries, this transfer would very plausibly yield a disproportionate `bang for the buck' in terms of individual well-being. This helps to explain how the (...)
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  31.  62
    Ethics and Epidemiology: Residual Health Inequalities.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (3):244-249.
    This paper examines the fairness of avoidable inequalities in health. It contrasts two approaches to this question, a direct approach and an indirect approach. Most of the discussion focuses on the indirect approach advocated by Daniels, Kennedy and Kawachi (2000). Their argument that avoidable inequalities in health are not unfair when their causes are otherwise fair is criticised on two counts. First, it encounters a surprising difficulty when one attends carefully to the point at which ethics intersects with epidemiology here. (...)
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  32.  11
    Impact of MBA Education on Students’ Values: Two Longitudinal Studies.Venkat R. Krishnan - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):233-246.
    The impact of 2-year residential fulltime MBA program on students' values was studied using a longitudinal design and data collected over 7 years from a business school in India. Values were measured when students entered the program, and again when they graduated. Sample in Study 1 consisted of 229 students from three consecutive graduating classes. Rank-order or ipsative measure of values was used. Results of matched sample t-tests show that self-oriented values like a comfortable life and pleasure become more important (...)
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  33. Equality, Opportunity, Ambiguity.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2014 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 13 (1):82-92.
    I distinguish four different interpretations of ‘equality of opportunity.’ We get four interpretations because a neglected ambiguity in ‘opportunity’ intersects a well-known ambiguity in ‘equality.’ The neglected ambiguity holds between substantive and non-substantive conceptions of ‘opportunity’ and the well-known ambiguity holds between comparative and non-comparative conceptions of ‘equality.’ Among other things, distinguishing these four interpretations reveals how misleading ‘equal opportunity for advantage’ formulations of luck egalitarianism can be. These formulations are misleading in so far as they obscure the difference between (...)
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  34.  22
    Health Care and Human Rights: Against the Split Duty Gambit.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (4):343-364.
    There are various grounds on which one may wish to distinguish a right to health care from a right to health. In this article, I review some old grounds before introducing some new grounds. But my central task is to argue that separating a right to health care from a right to health has objectionable consequences. I offer two main objections. The domestic objection is that separating the two rights prevents the state from fulfilling its duty to maximise the health (...)
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  35.  27
    Karma-Yoga: The Indian Model of Moral Development.Zubin R. Mulla & Venkat R. Krishnan - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 123 (2):339-351.
    A comprehensive model of moral development must encompass moral sensitivity, moral reasoning, moral motivation, and moral character. Western models of moral development have often failed to show validity outside the culture of their origin. We propose Karma-Yoga, the technique of intelligent action discussed in the Bhagawad Gita as an Indian model for moral development. Karma-Yoga is conceptualized as made up of three dimensions viz. duty-orientation, indifference to rewards, and equanimity. Based on survey results from 459 respondents from two large Indian (...)
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  36.  37
    International Justice and Health: A Proposal.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2002 - Ethics and International Affairs 16 (2):81–90.
    This paper discusses obligations of international distributive justice-specifically, obligations rich countries have to transfer resources to poor countries. It argues that the major seven OECD countries each have an obligation to transfer at least one percent of their GDP to developing countries. -/- The strategy of the paper is to defend this position without having to resolve the many debates that attend questions of international distributive justice. In this respect, it belongs to the neglected category of nonideal theory. The key (...)
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  37.  12
    The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Followers' Duty Orientation and Spirituality.Venkat R. Krishnan - 2008 - Journal of Human Values 14 (1):11-22.
    The relationships between transformational leadership and followers’ karma yoga, spirituality, organizational identification and normative organizational commitment were studied using a sample of 144 teachers of a prominent high school in western India. Spirituality is the goal of all existence according to the Upanishads, and karma yoga is a simple means to enhance spirituality. It was hypothesized that karma yoga enhances spirituality, transformational leadership enhances karma yoga and spirituality, and all the three in turn enhance organizational identification and normative organizational commitment. (...)
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  38.  6
    Optimal Scheduling of a Microgrid Including Pump Scheduling and Network Constraints.Ashok Krishnan, L. P. M. I. Sampath, Y. S. Foo Eddy & H. B. Gooi - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-20.
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  39.  44
    Does the Gats Undermine Democratic Control Over Health?Gopal Sreenivasan - 2005 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):269-281.
    This paper examines the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), which is one of the World Trade Organisations free trade agreements. In particular, I examine the extent to which the GATS unduly restricts the scope for national democratic choice. For purposes of illustration, I focus on the domestic health system as the subject of policy choice. I argue that signatories to the GATS effectively acquire a constitutional obligation to maintain a domestic health sector with a certain minimum degree of (...)
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  40.  45
    Understanding Alien Morals.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):1-32.
    Anthropologists often claim to have understood an ethical outlook that they nevertheless believe is largely false. Some moral philosophers---e.g., Susan Hurley---argue that this claim is incoherent because understanding an ethical outlook necessarily involves believing it to be largely true. To reach this conclusion, they apply an argument of Donald Davidson’s to the ethical case. My central aim is to defend the coherence of the anthropologists’ claim against this argument.To begin with, I specify a candidate-language that contains a significant number of (...)
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  41.  23
    HESC and Equitable Residues.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):54-55.
  42.  73
    Challenges for Global Health in the 21st Century: Some Upstream Considerations.Gopal Sreenivasan & Solomon R. Benatar - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (1):3-11.
  43.  85
    Opportunity Is Not the Key.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):1b-2b.
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  44.  8
    Understanding Alien Morals.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):1-32.
    Anthropologists often claim to have understood an ethical outlook that they nevertheless believe is largely false. Some moral philosophers-e.g., Susan Hurley-argue that this claim is incoherent because understanding an ethical outlook necessarily involves believing it to be largely true. To reach this conclusion, they apply an argument of Donald Davidson's to the ethical case. My central aim is to defend the coherence of the anthropologists' claim against this argument. To begin with, I specify a candidate-language that contains a significant number (...)
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  45.  29
    Do Karma-Yogis Make Better Leaders?: Exploring the Relationship Between the Leader’s Karma-Yoga and Transformational Leadership.Zubin R. Mulla & Venkat R. Krishnan - 2009 - Journal of Human Values 15 (2):167-183.
    This article validates James MacGregor Burns’ hypothesis that moral development is a critical qualification of transformational leaders. In India, morality is conceptualized as Karma-Yoga, a technique for performing actions such that the soul is not bound by the results of the actions. Karma-Yoga has three dimensions—duty-orientation, indifference to rewards, and equanimity—and constitutes a comprehensive model for moral development in the Indian context. We studied 205 leader–follower pairs to investigate the impact of a leader’s Karma-Yoga and a follower’s belief in Indian (...)
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  46.  1
    How Do Reasons Accrue?Gopal Shyam Nair - 2016 - In E. Lord & B. Maguire (eds.), Weighing reasons.
    Reasons can interact in a variety of ways to determine what we ought to do. For example, I might face a choice of whether to work on this paper or socialize with friends. And it might be that the only relevant reason to work on this paper is that I have a deadline coming up soon and that the only relevant reason to socialize is that it is relaxing. In this case, whether I ought to work on the paper or (...)
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  47.  33
    Interpretation and Reason.Gopal Sreenivasan - 1998 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 27 (2):142-171.
  48.  20
    Consumer Memory for Intentions: A Prospective Memory Perspective.Stewart Shapiro & H. Shanker Krishnan - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 5 (2):169.
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  49.  41
    Transformational Leadership: Do the Leader’s Morals Matter and Do the Follower’s Morals Change?Zubin R. Mulla & Venkat R. Krishnan - 2011 - Journal of Human Values 17 (2):129-143.
    In a study of 205 leader–follower pairs, we investigated the impact of the leader’s values and empathy on followers’ perception of transformational leadership and the effect of transformational leadership on followers’ values and empathy. The moderating effect of leader–follower relationship duration on the effect of transformational leadership on followers’ values and empathy was also investigated. We found that the leader’s values were related to transformational leadership and transformational leadership was related to followers’ values. Over time, the relationship between transformational leadership (...)
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  50.  2
    A Simple Technique to Record Mental Events.Gopal P. Sarma - 2015 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 22 (7-8):172--182.
    In recent years, there has been growing interest in bridging bodies of knowledge from introspective and contemplative traditions with modern neuroscience. By making the primary object of study an individual’s subjective experience, scientists are then confronted with the challenging problem of how to record a given mental state at a given point in time. For simple experiences, such as in facial recognition tasks, an external recording device such as a button box or computer keyboard is adequate. However, these devices pose (...)
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