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Gopal Sreenivasan [32]Gopal Radu Sreenivasan [1]
  1. Errors About Errors: Virtue Theory and Trait Attribution.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):47-68.
    This paper examines the implications of certain social psychological experiments for moral theory—specifically, for virtue theory. Gilbert Harman and John Doris have recently argued that the empirical evidence offered by ‘situationism’ demonstrates that there is no such thing as a character trait. I dispute this conclusion. My discussion focuses on the proper interpretation of the experimental data—the data themselves I grant for the sake of argument. I develop three criticisms of the anti-trait position. Of these, the central criticism concerns three (...)
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  2. Duties and Their Direction.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2010 - Ethics 120 (3):465-494.
  3.  64
    A Hybrid Theory of Claim-Rights.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2005 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 25 (2):257-274.
  4.  3
    Libertarianism Without Inequality.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (3):792-796.
    Michael Otsuka sets out to vindicate left-libertarianism, a political philosophy which combines stringent rights of control over one's own mind, body, and life with egalitarian rights of ownership of the world. Otsuka reclaims the ideas of John Locke from the libertarian Right, and shows how his Second Treatise of Government provides the theoretical foundations for a left-libertarianism which is both more libertarian and more egalitarian than the Kantian liberal theories of John Rawls and Thomas Nagel. Otsuka's libertarianism is founded on (...)
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  5. Health Care and Equality of Opportunity.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (2):21-31.
  6.  78
    Character and Consistency: Still More Errors.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2008 - Mind 117 (467):603-612.
    This paper continues a debate among philosophers concerning the implications of situationist experiments in social psychology for the theory of virtue. In a previous paper (2002), I argued among other things that the sort of character trait problematized by Hartshorne and May's (1928) famous study of honesty is not the right sort to trouble the theory of virtue. Webber (2006) criticizes my argument, alleging that it founders on an ambiguity in "cross-situational consistency" and that Milgram's (1974) obedience experiment is immune (...)
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  7. A Human Right to Health? Some Inconclusive Scepticism.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2012 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):239-265.
    This paper offers four arguments against a moral human right to health, two denying that the right exists and two denying that it would be very useful (even if it did exist). One of my sceptical arguments is familiar, while the other is not.The unfamiliar argument is an argument from the nature of health. Given a realistic view of health production, a dilemma arises for the human right to health. Either a state's moral duty to preserve the health of its (...)
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  8.  70
    Does Informed Consent to Research Require Comprehension?Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:85-93.
    According to the standard view of informed consent, a prospective subject's consent to participate in a research study is invalid if the individual fails to comprehend the information about the study standardly disclosed to him. I argue that this involves three mistakes. First, the standard view confuses an ethical aspiration with a minimum ethical standard. Second, it assigns the entire responsibility for producing comprehension in study participants to the investigators. Most importantly, the standard view requires the termination of many otherwise (...)
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  9. The Limits of Lockean Rights in Property.Gopal Sreenivasan - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
    This book discusses Locke's theory of property from both a critical and an interpretative standpoint. The author first develops a comprehensive interpretation of Locke's argument for the legitimacy of private property, and then examines the extent to which the argument is really serviceable in defense of that institution. He contends that a purified version of Locke's argument--one that adheres consistently to the logic of Locke's text while excluding considerations extraneous to his logic--actually does establish the legitimacy of a form of (...)
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  10.  97
    Disunity of Virtue.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2009 - Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):195-212.
    This paper argues against the unity of the virtues, while trying to salvage some of its attractive aspects. I focus on the strongest argument for the unity thesis, which begins from the premise that true virtue cannot lead its possessor morally astray. I suggest that this premise presupposes the possibility of completely insulating an agent’s set of virtues from any liability to moral error. I then distinguish three conditions that separately foreclose this possibility, concentrating on the proposition that there is (...)
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  11.  50
    13 The Situationist Critique of Virtue Ethics.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2013 - In Daniel C. Russell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 290.
  12. What Is the General Will?Gopal Sreenivasan - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):545 - 581.
    What is the general will? In this essay, I propose a simple and straightforward answer. Rousseau’s general will, I shall argue, is the totality of unrescinded decisions made by a community—that is, of an association of individuals contractually constituted as a “moral and collective body”—when its deliberation is subject to certain constraints.
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  13.  34
    International Justice and Health: A Proposal.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2002 - Ethics and International Affairs 16 (2):81–90.
    This paper discusses obligations of international distributive justice-specifically, obligations rich countries have to transfer resources to poor countries. It argues that the major seven OECD countries each have an obligation to transfer at least one percent of their GDP to developing countries. -/- The strategy of the paper is to defend this position without having to resolve the many debates that attend questions of international distributive justice. In this respect, it belongs to the neglected category of nonideal theory. The key (...)
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  14.  38
    Does the Gats Undermine Democratic Control Over Health?Gopal Sreenivasan - 2005 - Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):269-281.
    This paper examines the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), which is one of the World Trade Organisations free trade agreements. In particular, I examine the extent to which the GATS unduly restricts the scope for national democratic choice. For purposes of illustration, I focus on the domestic health system as the subject of policy choice. I argue that signatories to the GATS effectively acquire a constitutional obligation to maintain a domestic health sector with a certain minimum degree of (...)
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  15.  62
    Ethics and Epidemiology: Residual Health Inequalities.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (3):244-249.
    This paper examines the fairness of avoidable inequalities in health. It contrasts two approaches to this question, a direct approach and an indirect approach. Most of the discussion focuses on the indirect approach advocated by Daniels, Kennedy and Kawachi (2000). Their argument that avoidable inequalities in health are not unfair when their causes are otherwise fair is criticised on two counts. First, it encounters a surprising difficulty when one attends carefully to the point at which ethics intersects with epidemiology here. (...)
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  16.  52
    Health and Justice in Our Non-Ideal World.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (2):218-236.
    In this article, I explore some advantages of viewing well-being in terms of an individual's health status. Principally, I argue that this perspective makes it easier to establish that rich countries at least have an obligation to transfer 1 percent of their GDP to poor countries. If properly targeted at the fundamental determinants of health in developing countries, this transfer would very plausibly yield a disproportionate `bang for the buck' in terms of individual well-being. This helps to explain how the (...)
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  17.  44
    Justice, Inequality, and Health.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  18.  19
    Health Care and Human Rights: Against the Split Duty Gambit.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (4):343-364.
    There are various grounds on which one may wish to distinguish a right to health care from a right to health. In this article, I review some old grounds before introducing some new grounds. But my central task is to argue that separating a right to health care from a right to health has objectionable consequences. I offer two main objections. The domestic objection is that separating the two rights prevents the state from fulfilling its duty to maximise the health (...)
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  19. Ethics and Epidemiology: The Income Debate.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):45-52.
    Gopal Sreenivasan, 201 West Duke Building, Box 90743, Durham NC USA 27708. Email: gopal.sreenivasan{at}duke.edu ' + u + '@ ' + d + ' '/ /- ->This paper reviews the epidemiological debate between the relative income hypothesis and the absolute income hypothesis. The dispute between these rival hypotheses has to do with whether an adequate account of the relationship between income and life expectancy requires the definition of ‘income’ to include any comparative element. I discuss the evidence offered for the (...)
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  20.  40
    Understanding Alien Morals.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):1-32.
    Anthropologists often claim to have understood an ethical outlook that they nevertheless believe is largely false. Some moral philosophers---e.g., Susan Hurley---argue that this claim is incoherent because understanding an ethical outlook necessarily involves believing it to be largely true. To reach this conclusion, they apply an argument of Donald Davidson’s to the ethical case. My central aim is to defend the coherence of the anthropologists’ claim against this argument.To begin with, I specify a candidate-language that contains a significant number of (...)
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  21.  20
    HESC and Equitable Residues.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):54-55.
  22.  71
    Challenges for Global Health in the 21st Century: Some Upstream Considerations.Gopal Sreenivasan & Solomon R. Benatar - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (1):3-11.
  23.  50
    Book ReviewsShaun Nichols,. Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgment.New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. 226. $60.00. [REVIEW]Gopal Sreenivasan - 2006 - Ethics 116 (4):800-805.
  24.  7
    Understanding Alien Morals.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):1-32.
    Anthropologists often claim to have understood an ethical outlook that they nevertheless believe is largely false. Some moral philosophers-e.g., Susan Hurley-argue that this claim is incoherent because understanding an ethical outlook necessarily involves believing it to be largely true. To reach this conclusion, they apply an argument of Donald Davidson's to the ethical case. My central aim is to defend the coherence of the anthropologists' claim against this argument. To begin with, I specify a candidate-language that contains a significant number (...)
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  25.  76
    Opportunity Is Not the Key.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):1b-2b.
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  26.  26
    Emotions, Reasons, and Epistemology.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 97 (2):500-506.
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  27.  33
    Interpretation and Reason.Gopal Sreenivasan - 1998 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 27 (2):142-171.
  28.  12
    What Is Adequate Understanding?Gopal Sreenivasan - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):38-40.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 38-40.
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  29.  25
    Review: A Proliferation of Liberties. [REVIEW]Gopal Sreenivasan - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (1):229 - 237.
    In his magnificent book, Republicanism, Philip Pettit explores and re-invigorates the republican tradition of thinking about freedom and government. His discussion is an inspiring combination of philosophy, normative political theory, serious institutional analysis, and the history of ideas. It is rare to see such an impressive example of genuine and fruitful cross-disciplinary pollination. So the first order of business is simply to applaud.
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  30.  6
    Between Universalism and Scepticism: Ethics as Social Artefact.Gopal Sreenivasan - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (183):260-261.
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  31.  34
    Libertarianism Without Inequality.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (3):792-796.
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  32.  7
    Libertarianism Without Inequality. [REVIEW]Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (3):792-796.
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