22 found
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  1.  90
    Lazy, Not Biased: Susceptibility to Partisan Fake News is Better Explained by Lack of Reasoning Than by Motivated Reasoning.Gordon Pennycook & David G. Rand - 2018 - Cognition 188:39-50.
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  2.  61
    Analytic Cognitive Style Predicts Religious and Paranormal Belief.Gordon Pennycook, James Allan Cheyne, Paul Seli, Derek J. Koehler & Jonathan A. Fugelsang - 2012 - Cognition 123 (3):335-346.
    An analytic cognitive style denotes a propensity to set aside highly salient intuitions when engaging in problem solving. We assess the hypothesis that an analytic cognitive style is associated with a history of questioning, altering, and rejecting supernatural claims, both religious and paranormal. In two studies, we examined associations of God beliefs, religious engagement, conventional religious beliefs and paranormal beliefs with performance measures of cognitive ability and analytic cognitive style. An analytic cognitive style negatively predicted both religious and paranormal beliefs (...)
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  3.  22
    Do Smart People Have Better Intuitions?Valerie A. Thompson, Gordon Pennycook, Dries Trippas & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (7):945-961.
  4.  28
    The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency as Metacognitive Cues for Initiating Analytic Thinking.Valerie A. Thompson, Jamie A. Prowse Turner, Gordon Pennycook, Linden J. Ball, Hannah Brack, Yael Ophir & Rakefet Ackerman - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):237-251.
    Although widely studied in other domains, relatively little is known about the metacognitive processes that monitor and control behaviour during reasoning and decision-making. In this paper, we examined the conditions under which two fluency cues are used to monitor initial reasoning: answer fluency, or the speed with which the initial, intuitive answer is produced, and perceptual fluency, or the ease with which problems can be read. The first two experiments demonstrated that answer fluency reliably predicted Feeling of Rightness judgments to (...)
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  5.  19
    Prior Exposure Increases Perceived Accuracy of Fake News.Gordon Pennycook, Tyrone D. Cannon & David G. Rand - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (12):1865-1880.
  6.  40
    The Role of Analytic Thinking in Moral Judgements and Values.Gordon Pennycook, James Allan Cheyne, Nathaniel Barr, Derek J. Koehler & Jonathan A. Fugelsang - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):188-214.
    While individual differences in the willingness and ability to engage analytic processing have long informed research in reasoning and decision making, the implications of such differences have not yet had a strong influence in other domains of psychological research. We claim that analytic thinking is not limited to problems that have a normative basis and, as an extension of this, predict that individual differences in analytic thinking will be influential in determining beliefs and values. Along with assessments of cognitive ability (...)
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  7.  21
    The Mythical Dual-Process Typology.Gordon Pennycook, Wim De Neys, Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Keith E. Stanovich & Valerie A. Thompson - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (8):667-668.
  8.  38
    Are We Good at Detecting Conflict During Reasoning?Gordon Pennycook, Jonathan A. Fugelsang & Derek J. Koehler - 2012 - Cognition 124 (1):101-106.
    Recent evidence suggests that people are highly efficient at detecting conflicting outputs produced by competing intuitive and analytic reasoning processes. Specifically, De Neys and Glumicic demonstrated that participants reason longer about problems that are characterized by conflict between stereotypical personality descriptions and base-rate probabilities of group membership. However, this finding comes from problems involving probabilities much more extreme than those used in traditional studies of base-rate neglect. To test the degree to which these findings depend on such extreme probabilities, we (...)
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  9.  22
    Fake News, Fast and Slow: Deliberation Reduces Belief in False (but Not True) News Headlines.Bence Bago, David G. Rand & Gordon Pennycook - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (8):1608-1613.
  10.  56
    Reasoned Connections: A Dual-Process Perspective on Creative Thought.Nathaniel Barr, Gordon Pennycook, Jennifer A. Stolz & Jonathan A. Fugelsang - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):61-75.
    A divide exists in the creativity literature as to whether relatively more or less executive processing is beneficial to creative thinking. To explore this issue, we employ an individual differences perspective informed by dual-process theories in which it is assumed that people vary in the extent to which they rely on autonomous or controlled processing . We find that those more willing and/or able to engage Type 2 processing are more likely to successfully make creative connections in tasks requiring the (...)
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  11.  25
    Commentary: Cognitive Reflection Vs. Calculation in Decision Making.Gordon Pennycook & Robert M. Ross - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  12.  6
    Bayesian or Biased? Analytic Thinking and Political Belief Updating.Ben M. Tappin, Gordon Pennycook & David G. Rand - 2020 - Cognition 204:104375.
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  13.  3
    Rethinking the Link Between Cognitive Sophistication and Politically Motivated Reasoning.Ben M. Tappin, Gordon Pennycook & David G. Rand - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  14.  38
    Better but Still Biased: Analytic Cognitive Style and Belief Bias.Dries Trippas, Gordon Pennycook, Michael F. Verde & Simon J. Handley - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (4):431-445.
    Belief bias is the tendency for prior beliefs to influence people's deductive reasoning in two ways: through the application of a simple belief-heuristic and through the application of more effortful reasoning for unbelievable conclusions. Previous research indicates that cognitive ability is the primary determinant of the effect of beliefs on accuracy. In the current study, we show that the mere tendency to engage analytic reasoning is responsible for the effect of cognitive ability on motivated reasoning. The implications of this finding (...)
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  15.  14
    Disfluent Fonts Don’T Help People Solve Math Problems.Andrew Meyer, Shane Frederick, Terence C. Burnham, Juan D. Guevara Pinto, Ty W. Boyer, Linden J. Ball, Gordon Pennycook, Rakefet Ackerman, Valerie A. Thompson & Jonathon P. Schuldt - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (2):e16-e30.
  16.  2
    The Psychology of Fake News.Gordon Pennycook & David G. Rand - 2021 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 25 (5):388-402.
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  17.  88
    Construction of an Aboriginal Theory of Mind and Mental Health.Lewis Mehl-Madrona & Gordon Pennycook - 2009 - Anthropology of Consciousness 20 (2):85-100.
    Most research on aboriginal mind and mental health has sought to apply or confirm preexisting European-derived theories among aboriginal people. Culture has been underappreciate. An understanding of uniquely aboriginal models for mind and mental health might lead to more effective and robust interventions. To address this issue, a core group of elders from five separate regions of North America was developed to help determine how aboriginal people conceived of mind, self, and identity before European contact. The process utilized for this (...)
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  18.  18
    The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency in the Monitoring and Control of Reasoning: Reply To.Valerie A. Thompson, Rakefet Ackerman, Yael Sidi, Linden J. Ball, Gordon Pennycook & Jamie A. Prowse Turner - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):256-258.
    In this reply, we provide an analysis of Alter et al. response to our earlier paper. In that paper, we reported difficulty in replicating Alter, Oppenheimer, Epley, and Eyre’s main finding, namely that a sense of disfluency produced by making stimuli difficult to perceive, increased accuracy on a variety of reasoning tasks. Alter, Oppenheimer, and Epley argue that we misunderstood the meaning of accuracy on these tasks, a claim that we reject. We argue and provide evidence that the tasks were (...)
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  19.  7
    Belief in Fake News, Responsiveness to Cognitive Conflict, and Analytic Reasoning Engagement.Michael V. Bronstein, Gordon Pennycook, Lydia Buonomano & Tyrone D. Cannon - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning:1-26.
    Analytic and intuitive reasoning processes have been implicated as important determinants of belief in fake news. However, the underlying cognitive mechanisms that encourage endo...
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  20.  13
    The Evolution of Analytic Thought?Gordon Pennycook & David G. Rand - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  21.  12
    You Are Not Your Data.Gordon Pennycook - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
    Scientists should, above all else, value the truth. To do this effectively, scientists should separate their identities from the data they produce. It will be easier to make replications mainstream if scientists are rewarded based on their stance toward the truth – such as when a scientist reacts positively to a failure to replicate – as opposed to a particular finding.
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  22.  17
    Corrigendum to “The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency as Metacognitive Cues for Initiating Analytic Thinking” [COGNIT 128/2 237–251]. [REVIEW]Valerie A. Thompson, Jamie A. Prowse Turner, Gordon Pennycook, Linden J. Ball, Hannah Brack, Yael Ophir & Rakefet Ackerman - 2014 - Cognition 130 (1):140.