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Govert den Hartogh [40]Govert A. den Hartogh [1]
  1.  4
    Why Normative Judgment Is Inescapable.Govert den Hartogh - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (10):48-50.
    Volume 19, Issue 10, October 2019, Page 48-50.
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  2.  23
    Mutual Expectations: A Conventionalist Theory of Law.Govert den Hartogh - 2002 - Kluwer Law International.
    The law persists because people have reasons to comply with its rules. What characterizes those reasons is their interdependence: each of us only has a reason to comply because he or she expects the others to comply for the same reasons. The rules may help us to solve coordination problems, but the interaction patterns regulated by them also include Prisoner's Dilemma games, Division problems and Assurance problems. In these "games" the rules can only persist if people can be expected to (...)
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  3.  21
    Two Kinds of Physician‐Assisted Death.Govert den Hartogh - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (9):666-673.
    I argue that the concept ‘physician-assisted suicide’ covers two procedures that should be distinguished: giving someone access to humane means to end his own life, and taking co-responsibility for the safe and effective execution of that plan. In the first section I explain the distinction, in the following sections I show why it is important. To begin with I argue that we should expect the laws that permit these two kinds of ‘assistance’ to be different in their justificatory structure. Laws (...)
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  4.  18
    Do We Need a Threshold Conception of Competence?Govert den Hartogh - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (1):71-83.
    On the standard view we assess a person’s competence by considering her relevant abilities without reference to the actual decision she is about to make. If she is deemed to satisfy certain threshold conditions of competence, it is still an open question whether her decision could ever be overruled on account of its harmful consequences for her. In practice, however, one normally uses a variable, risk dependent conception of competence, which really means that in considering whether or not to respect (...)
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  5.  38
    Two Kinds of Suicide.Govert den Hartogh - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9):672-680.
    In suicidology, the common view is that ‘rational’ suicides occur only rarely, because the competence of people who want to end their lives is compromised by mental illness. In the Netherlands and Flanders, however, patients’ requests for euthanasia or assistance in suicide are granted in 5300 and 1400 cases a year respectively, and in all these cases at least two doctors have confirmed the patient's competence. The combination of these two findings is puzzling. In other countries one would expect at (...)
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  6.  54
    Paper: Tacitly Consenting to Donate One's Organs.Govert den Hartogh - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):344-347.
    The common objection to opt-out systems of postmortal organ procurement is that they allow removal of a deceased person's organs without their actual consent. However, under certain conditions it is possible for ‘silence’—failure to register any objection—conventionally and/or legally to count as genuine consent. Prominent conditions are that the consenter should be fully informed about the meaning of his or her silence and that the costs of registering dissent should be insignificant. This paper explicates this thesis and discusses some possible (...)
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  7.  35
    The Role of the Relatives in Opt-in Systems of Postmortal Organ Procurement.Govert den Hartogh - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):195-205.
    In almost all opt-in systems of postmortal organ procurement, if the deceased has not made a decision about donation, his relatives will be asked to make it. Can this decision power be justified? I consider three possible justifications. (1) We could presume the deceased to have delegated this power to his relatives. (2) It could be argued that, if the deceased has not made a decision, a proxy decision has to be made in his best interests. (3) The relatives could (...)
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  8.  20
    Why Extra Caution is Needed in the Case of Depressed Patients.Govert den Hartogh - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):588-589.
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  9.  9
    Priority to Registered Donors on the Waiting List for Postmortal Organs? A Critical Look at the Objections.Govert den Hartogh - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (3):149-152.
    It has often been proposed to restrict access to postmortal organs to registered donors, or at least to give them priority on the waiting list. Such proposals are motivated by considerations of fairness: everyone benefits from the existence of a pool of available organs and of an organised system of distributing them and it is unfair that people who are prepared to contribute to this public good are duped by people who are not. This paper spells out this rationale and (...)
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  10.  19
    Sedation Until Death: Are the Requirements Laid Down in the Guidelines Too Restrictive?Govert den Hartogh - 2016 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26 (4):369-397.
    In a substantial number of cases, dying patients are brought into a state of lowered consciousness and kept in it until they die in order to prevent or stop severe suffering. Many guidelines and position statements have been published in recent years on sedation until death, as I will call this policy. Some have been published by professional organisations and are meant to be binding for their members, others are the work of task forces and merely aim at providing medical, (...)
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  11.  48
    In the Best Interests of the Deceased: A Possible Justification for Organ Removal Without Consent?Govert den Hartogh - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (4):259-269.
    Opt-out systems of postmortem organ procurement are often supposed to be justifiable by presumed consent, but this justification turns out to depend on a mistaken mental state conception of consent. A promising alternative justification appeals to the analogical situation that occurs when an emergency decision has to be made about medical treatment for a patient who is unable to give or withhold his consent. In such cases, the decision should be made in the best interests of the patient. The analogous (...)
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  12.  10
    Continuous Deep Sedation and Homicide: An Unsolved Problem in Law and Professional Morality.Govert den Hartogh - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):285-297.
    When a severely suffering dying patient is deeply sedated, and this sedated condition is meant to continue until his death, the doctor involved often decides to abstain from artificially administering fluids. For this dual procedure almost all guidelines require that the patient should not have a life expectancy beyond a stipulated maximum of days. The reason obviously is that in case of a longer life-expectancy the patient may die from dehydration rather than from his lethal illness. But no guideline tells (...)
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  13.  39
    Trading with the Waiting‐List: The Justice of Living Donor List Exchange.Govert den Hartogh - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (4):190-198.
    ABSTRACTIn a Living Donor List Exchange program, the donor makes his kidney available for allocation to patients on the postmortal waiting‐list and receives in exchange a postmortal kidney, usually an O‐kidney, to be given to the recipient he favours. The program can be a solution for a candidate donor who is unable to donate directly or to participate in a paired kidney exchange because of blood group incompatibility or a positive cross‐match.Each donation within an LDLE program makes an additional organ (...)
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  14.  67
    Can Consent Be Presumed?Govert den Hartogh - 2011 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (3):295-307.
    Opt-out systems of postmortal organ procurement are often referred to as ‘presumed consent’ systems. A presumption directs us, in a case in which no compelling evidence is available to hold that P, nevertheless to proceed as if P were true, unless there is sufficient evidence that it is false. It is recommended to presume consent in this case, because, in the absence of registered objections of the deceased, it is held to be more probable that she consented than that she (...)
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  15.  9
    Kunnen Wij Onze Eigen Dood Onder Ogen Zien?Govert den Hartogh - 2019 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 111 (4):643-668.
    Can we face our own death?We all know, of course, that we will once die. But do we, can we, really face up to the fact, can we live in a way that really takes it into account? Many philosophers have doubted that we can. Some of them appeal to conceptual arguments, for example the Epicurean argument that we cannot attribute any personal value to the state of our non-existence, because it is not a state of us. Others appeal to (...)
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  16.  42
    The Authority of Intention.Govert den Hartogh - 2004 - Ethics 115 (1):6-34.
  17. The Architectonic of Michael Walzer's Theory of Justice.Govert Den Hartogh - 1999 - Political Theory 27 (4):491-522.
  18.  14
    The Medical Exception to the Prohibition of Killing: A Matter of the Right Intention?Govert Den Hartogh - 2019 - Ratio Juris 32 (2):157-176.
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  19.  42
    Rationality in Conversation and Neutrality in Politics.Govert Den Hartogh & Alonso Church - 1990 - Analysis 50 (3):202.
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  20.  6
    When Are You Dead Enough to Be a Donor? Can Any Feasible Protocol for the Determination of Death on Circulatory Criteria Respect the Dead Donor Rule?Govert den Hartogh - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (4):299-319.
    The basic question concerning the compatibility of donation after circulatory death protocols with the dead donor rule is whether such protocols can guarantee that the loss of relevant biological functions is truly irreversible. Which functions are the relevant ones? I argue that the answer to this question can be derived neither from a proper understanding of the meaning of the term “death” nor from a proper understanding of the nature of death as a biological phenomenon. The concept of death can (...)
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  21.  25
    A Conventionalist Theory of Obligation.Govert Den Hartogh - 1998 - Law and Philosophy 17 (4):351-376.
  22.  12
    Is Consent of the Donor Enough to Justify the Removal of Living Organs?Govert Den Hartogh - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (1):45-54.
  23.  15
    Zur Unterscheidung von Terminaler Sedierung Und SterbehilfeDifferentiation Between Terminal Sedation and Active Euthanasia.Govert A. den Hartogh - 2004 - Ethik in der Medizin 16 (4):378-391.
    ZusammenfassungBei der „terminalen Sedierung“ wird ein unheilbar kranker und schwer leidender Patient für den Rest seines Lebens in ein tiefes Koma versetzt. Das hierzu verwendete Morphin bzw. Midazolam kann lebensverkürzend wirken. Ist dies also eine Maßnahme, die das Leben des Patienten beendet, auf seinen Wunsch hin oder nicht? Gewöhnlich wird diese Frage mit nein beantwortet, wenn die lebensverkürzende Wirkung nur vorhersehbar, aber nicht beabsichtigt ist. Allerdings ist der Zugang der Menschen auch zu ihren eigenen Intentionen fallibel, so dass sogar ihre (...)
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  24.  14
    Respect for Autonomy in Systems of Postmortem Organ Procurement: A Comment.Govert den Hartogh - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (5):550-556.
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  25.  71
    Rehabilitating Legal Conventionalism. [REVIEW]Govert Den Hartogh - 1993 - Law and Philosophy 12 (2):233-247.
  26.  36
    The Limits of Liberal Neutrality.Govert den Hartogh - 1995 - Philosophica 56 (2):59-89.
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  27.  27
    Tully's Locke.Govert den Hartogh - 1990 - Political Theory 18 (4):656-672.
  28.  4
    Waarom Nooit Ingaan Op Een Euthanasieverzoek?Govert den Hartogh - 2019 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 111 (2):217-221.
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  29.  17
    A Conventionalist Theory of Obligation.Govert Den Hartogh - 1998 - Law and Philosophy 17 (4):351-376.
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  30. Gij zult niet doodslaan.Govert den Hartogh - 2009 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 101 (3):164-195.
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  31.  25
    The Values of Life.Govert den Hartogh - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (1):43–66.
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  32. Made by Contrivance and Consent of Men: Abstract Principle and Historical Fact in Locke's Political Philosophy.Govert den Hartogh - 1990 - Interpretation 17 (2):193-221.
     
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  33.  14
    Relieving One’s Relatives From the Burdens of Care.Govert den Hartogh - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (3):403-410.
    It has been proposed that an old and ill person may have a ‘duty to die’, i.e. to refuse life-saving treatment or to end her own life, when she is dependent on the care of intimates and the burdens of care are becoming too heavy for them. In this paper I argue for three contentions: You cannot have a strict duty to die, correlating to a claim-right of your relatives, because if they reach the point at which the burdens of (...)
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  34.  53
    The Rationality of Conditional Cooperation.Govert Den Hartogh - 1993 - Erkenntnis 38 (3):405-427.
    InMorals by Agreement, David Gauthier (1986) argues that it is rational to intend to cooperate, even in single-play Prisoner's Dilemma games, provided (1) your co-player has a similar intention; (2) both intentions can be revealed to the other player. To this thesis four objections are made. (a) In a strategic decision the parameters on which the argument relies cannot be supposed to be given. (b) Of each pair ofa-symmetric intentions at least one is not rational. But it is impossible to (...)
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  35.  30
    The Political Obligation To Donate Organs.Govert Den Hartogh - 2013 - Ratio Juris 26 (3):378-403.
    The first question I discuss in this paper is whether we have a duty of rescue to make our organs available for transplantation after our death, a duty we owe to patients suffering from organ failure. The second question is whether political obligations, in particular the obligation to obey the law, can be derived from natural duties, possibly duties of beneficence. Such duties are normally seen as merely imperfect duties, not owed to anyone. The duty of rescue, however, is a (...)
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  36.  38
    Julian Nida-Rümelin. Economic Rationality and Practical Reason.Govert den Hartogh - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (3):331-333.
  37. Repliek.Govert den Hartogh - 2009 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 101 (3):218-225.
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  38. Het gelaat van de bevrijding. Een heilsdenken in het spoor van Emmanuel Levinas.Roger Burggraeve, Govert den Hartogh & Hendrik Kaptein - 1987 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 49 (1):130-131.
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  39. Als Vuur: Opstellen Voor Govert den Hartogh ter Gelegenheid van Zijn Emeritaat.Govert den Hartogh & Peter Rijpkema (eds.) - 2009 - Boom Juridische Uitgevers.
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  40. Conventions Are Like Fires.Govert den Hartogh - 2002 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 94 (1).
     
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  41. Is een rechtvaardiging nodig voor de toekenning van morele status?Govert den Hartogh - 2012 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 104 (4):268-271.
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