Results for 'Gower Street'

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  1. Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction.Robyn Carston & Gower Street - unknown
    Most people working on linguistic meaning or communication assume that semantics and pragmatics are distinct domains, yet there is still little consensus on how the distinction is to be drawn. The position defended in this paper is that the semantics/pragmatics distinction holds between (context-invariant) encoded linguistic meaning and speaker meaning. Two other ‘minimalist’ positions on semantics are explored and found wanting: Kent Bach’s view that there is a narrow semantic notion of context which is responsible for providing semantic values for (...)
     
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  2. The Relationship Between Generative Grammar and (Relevance-Theoretic) Pragmatics.Robyn Carston & Gower Street - unknown
    The generative grammar approach to language seeks a fully explicit account of the modular systems of knowledge (competence) that underlies the human language capacity. Similarly, the relevance-theoretic approach to pragmatics attempts an explicit characterisation of the sub-personal systems involved in utterance interpretation. As an on-line performance system, however, it is subject to certain additional constraints; this is demonstrated by the way in which matters of computational (processing effort) economy are currently employed in the two types of theory. A sub-module of (...)
     
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  3. Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services.Michael Lipsky, Jeffrey Manditch Prottas, David Street, Georte T. Martin, Laura Kramer & Noel Timms - 1983 - Ethics 93 (3):588-595.
     
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  4.  2
    From Giessen to Gower Street: Towards a Biography of Alexander William Williamson (1824–1904).J. Harris & W. H. Brock - 1974 - Annals of Science 31 (2):95-130.
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  5. A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value.Sharon Street - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 127 (1):109-166.
  6. Constructivism About Reasons.Sharon Street - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 3:207-45.
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  7. What is Constructivism in Ethics and Metaethics?Sharon Street - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (5):363-384.
    Most agree that when it comes to so-called 'first-order' normative ethics and political philosophy, constructivist views are a powerful family of positions. When it comes to metaethics, however, there is serious disagreement about what, if anything, constructivism has to contribute. In this paper I argue that constructivist views in ethics include not just a family of substantive normative positions, but also a distinct and highly attractive metaethical view. I argue that the widely accepted 'proceduralist characterization' of constructivism in ethics is (...)
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  8. In Defense of Future Tuesday Indifference: Ideally Coherent Eccentrics and the Contingency of What Matters.Sharon Street - 2009 - Philosophical Issues 19 (1):273-298.
  9. Reply to Copp: Naturalism, Normativity, and the Varieties of Realism Worth Worrying About.Sharon Street - 2008 - Philosophical Issues 18 (1):207-228.
  10. It's the Economy, Stupid.Rudy Giuliani & Wall Street - 2005 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 19 (4):19-36.
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  11. Evolution and the Normativity of Epistemic Reasons.Sharon Street - 2009 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 39 (sup1):213-248.
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  12. Coming to Terms with Contingency : Humean Constructivism About Practical Reason.Sharon Street - 2012 - In Jimmy Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.), Constructivism in Practical Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
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  13. Mind-Independence Without the Mystery: Why Quasi-Realists Can't Have It Both Ways.Sharon Street - 2011 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 6:1-32.
  14. Philosophie in der Islamischen Welt, Band 1, 8.-10. Jahrhundert (Philosophy in the Islamic World, Volume 1, Eighth to Tenth Centuries) Edited by Ulrich Rudolph, with the Assistance of Renate Würsch (Review). [REVIEW]Tony Street - 2014 - Philosophy East and West 64 (2):515-517.
    Philosophie in der Islamischen Welt, Band 1, 8.-10. Jahrhundert, edited by Ulrich Rudolph, is the first in a series of four volumes devoted to the history of philosophy in the Islamic world from earliest times down to today.1 Part of a larger project that has been under way, in one way or another, for 150 years, this volume marks an epochal moment in the study of Arabic philosophy. Never before in the field has there been a summary exposition so comprehensive, (...)
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  15. Cassirer, Schlick and 'Structural' Realism: The Philosophy of the Exact Sciences in the Background to Early Logical Empiricism.Barry Gower - 2000 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (1):71 – 106.
  16.  55
    The Influence of Perceived Importance of an Ethical Issue on Moral Judgment, Moral Obligation, and Moral Intent.Russell Haines, Marc D. Street & Douglas Haines - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):387-399.
    The study extends and tests the issue contingent four-component model of ethical decision-making to include moral obligation. A web-based questionnaire was used to gauge the influence of perceived importance of an ethical issue on moral judgment and moral intent. Perceived importance of an ethical issue was found to be a predictor of moral judgment but not of moral intent as predicted. Moral obligation is suggested to be a process that occurs after a moral judgment is made and explained a significant (...)
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  17.  30
    The Effects of Escalating Commitment on Ethical Decision-Making.Marc Street & Vera L. Street - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (4):343-356.
    Although scholars have invoked the escalation framework as a means of explaining the occurrence of numerous organizationally undesirable behaviors on the part of decision makers, to date no empirical research on the potential influences of escalating commitment on the likelihood of unethical behavior at the individual level of analysis has been reported in either the escalation or the ethical decision-making literatures. Thus, the main purpose of this project is to provide a theoretical foundation and empirical support for the contention that (...)
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  18.  4
    States in the Gap and Recombination in Amorphous Semiconductors.N. F. Mott, E. A. Davis & R. A. Street - 1975 - Philosophical Magazine 32 (5):961-996.
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  19. Hume on Probability.Barry Gower - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (1):1-19.
  20.  56
    Ethical Decision Making: The Effects of Escalating Commitment. [REVIEW]Marc D. Street, Chris Robertson & Scott W. Geiger - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1153-1161.
    Despite the recent emergence of many new ethical decision making models, there has been minimal emphasis placed on the impact of escalating commitment on the ethical decision making process. In this paper a new variable is introduced into the ethical decision making literature. This variable, exposure to escalation situations, is posited to increase the likelihood that individuals will choose unethical decision alternatives. Further, it is proposed that escalation situations should be included as a variable in Jones's (1991) comprehensive model of (...)
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  21.  99
    Corroboration Versus Borrocoration.Barry Gower - 1989 - Analysis 49 (1):8 - 10.
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  22.  5
    The Importance of Communication in Collaborative Decision Making: Facilitating Shared Mind and the Management of Uncertainty.Mary C. Politi & Richard L. Street - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):579-584.
  23. Scientific Method: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction.Barry Gower - 2012 - Routledge.
    The central theme running throughout this outstanding new survey is the nature of the philosophical debate created by modern science's foundation in experimental and mathematical method. More recently, recognition that reasoning in science is probabilistic generated intense debate about whether and how it should be constrained so as to ensure the practical certainty of the conclusions drawn. These debates brought to light issues of a philosophical nature which form the core of many scientific controversies today. _Scientific Method: A Historical and (...)
     
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  24.  7
    The Significance of Age and Duration of Effect in Social Evaluation of Health Care.Erik Nord, Andrew Street, Jeff Richardson, Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer - 1996 - Health Care Analysis 4 (2):103-111.
    To give priority to the young over the elderly has been labelled ‘ageism’. People who express ‘ageist’ preferences may feel that, all else equal, an individual has greater right to enjoy additional life years the fewer life years he or she has already had. We shall refer to this asegalitarian ageism. They may also emphasise the greater expected duration of health benefits in young people that derives from their greater life expectancy. We may call thisutilitarian ageism. Both these forms of (...)
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  25.  93
    Arabic and Islamic Philosophy of Language and Logic.Tony Street - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  26.  18
    Control Groups in Psychosocial Intervention Research: Ethical and Methodological Issues.Linda L. Street & Jason B. Luoma - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):1 – 30.
    This article summarizes a National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) workshop that was convened to address the ethical and methodological issues that arise when conducting controlled psychosocial interventions research and introduces 6 thoughtful and inspiring papers prepared by workshop participants. These papers, on topics ranging from informed consent to ethnic minority issues, reflect the depth and breadth of expertise represented by the multidisciplinary group of scientists and ethicists present at the meeting. More extensive follow-up, particularly from federal research applications and (...)
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  27.  35
    Why Is There an Autobiography in the Phaedo?O. S. L. Gower - 2008 - Ancient Philosophy 28 (2):329-346.
  28.  31
    Speculation in Physics: The History and Practice of Naturphilosophie.Barry Gower - 1973 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 3 (4):301-356.
  29. Joint Perception: Gaze and Social Context.Daniel C. Richardson, Chris N. H. Street, Joanne Y. M. Tan, Natasha Z. Kirkham, Merrit A. Hoover & Arezou Ghane Cavanaugh - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  30.  5
    Possibilities for Critical Social Theory and Foucault's Work: A Toolbox Approach.Elizabeth Manias & Annette Street - 2000 - Nursing Inquiry 7 (1):50-60.
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  31.  2
    Publishing Outcome Data: Is It an Effective Approach?Anne Mason & Andrew Street - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (1):37-48.
  32.  26
    Appendix: Readings of the Subject Term.Tony Street - 2010 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 20 (1):119-124.
  33.  39
    Tūsī on Avicenna's Logical Connectives∗.Tony Street - 1995 - History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):257-268.
    T?s?, a thirteenth century logician writing in Arabic, uses two logical connectives to build up molecular propositions: ?if-then?, and ?either-or?. By referring to a dichotomous Tree, T?s? shows how to choose the proper disjunction relative to the terms in the disjuncts. He also discusses the disjunctive propositions which follow from a conditional proposition.
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  34.  11
    The Decision Making Process Regarding the Withdrawal or Withholding of Potential Life-Saving Treatments in a Children's Hospital.K. Street - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):346-352.
    Objectives—To investigate the factors considered by staff, and the practicalities involved in the decision making process regarding the withdrawal or withholding of potential life-sustaining treatment in a children's hospital. To compare our current practice with that recommended by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health guidelines, published in 1997.Design—A prospective, observational study using self-reported questionnaires.Setting—Tertiary paediatric hospital.Patients and participants—Consecutive patients identified during a six-month period, about whom a formal discussion took place between medical staff, nursing staff and family regarding (...)
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  35.  42
    An Outline of Avicennas Syllogistic.Tony Street - 2002 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 84 (2):129-160.
  36.  32
    Avicenna and Tusi on the Contradiction and Conversion of the Absolute.Tony Street - 2000 - History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (1):45-56.
    Avicenna (d. 1037) and T?s? (d. 1274) have different doctrines on the contradiction and conversion of the absolute proposition. Following Avicenna's presentation of the doctrine in Pointers and reminders, and comparing it with what is given in T?s?'s commentary, allow us to pinpoint a major reason why Avicenna and T?s? have different treatments of the modal syllogistic. Further comparison shows that the syllogistic system Rescher described in his research on Arabic logic more nearly fits T?s? than Avicenna. This in turn (...)
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  37.  33
    “The Eminent Later Scholar” in Avicenna's Book of the Syllogism.Tony Street - 2001 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 11 (2):205-218.
    Avicenna refers on a number of occasions in his Book of the Syllogism to “the eminent later scholar” . At least three recent studies have argued or assumed that this eminent later scholar is Alexander of Aphrodisias. It is argued in this article that Avicenna is in fact referring to Alfarabi. This has consequences for reconstructing the lost first part of Alfarabi's Great Commentary on the Prior Analytics , for highlighting certain aspects of Alfarabi's logical doctrines, and for understanding more (...)
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  38.  6
    Arabic Logic.Tony Street - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 1--523.
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  39.  17
    Joint Perception: Gaze and Beliefs About Social Context.Daniel C. Richardson, Chris Nh Street & Joanne Tan - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
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  40.  11
    Henri Poincaré and Bruno de Finetti: Conventions and Scientific Reasoning.B. S. Gower - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (4):657-679.
    In his account of probable reasoning, Poincaré used the concept, or at least the language, of conventions. In particular, he claimed that the prior probabilities essential for inverse probable reasoning are determined conventionally. This paper investigates, in the light of Poincaré's well known claim about the conventionality of metric geometry, what this could mean, and how it is related to other views about the determination of prior probabilities. Particular attention is paid to the similarities and differences between Poincaré's conventionalism as (...)
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  41. Ask Your Doctor: The Construction of Smoking in Advertising Posters Produced in 1946 and 2004.Annette F. Street - 2004 - Nursing Inquiry 11 (4):226-237.
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  42.  22
    On the Conditional Value-at-Risk Probability-Dependent Utility Function.Alexandre Street - 2010 - Theory and Decision 68 (1-2):49-68.
    The Expected Shortfall or Conditional Value-at-Risk (CVaR) has been playing the role of main risk measure in the recent years and paving the way for an enormous number of applications in risk management due to its very intuitive form and important coherence properties. This work aims to explore this measure as a probability-dependent utility functional, introducing an alternative view point for its Choquet Expected Utility representation. Within this point of view, its main preference properties will be characterized and its utility (...)
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  43.  18
    Martin on Explanation and Confirmation.Barry Gower - 1973 - Analysis 33 (3):107 - 109.
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  44. Socratic Questions New Essays on the Philosophy of Socrates and its Significance.Barry Gower & Michael C. Stokes - 1992
     
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  45.  32
    Breaking the Silence: Music's Role in Political Thought and Action.John Street - 2007 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 10 (3):321-337.
  46.  31
    The Theory of Everything?Emma Tobin - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):65-69.
    The theory of everything? Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9527-3 Authors Emma Tobin, Science and Technology Studies, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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    The King of the Cosmos.Jeffrey D. Gower - 2011 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (2):415-434.
    This paper offers a deconstructive reading of the pure actuality of the un­moved mover of Aristotle’s Metaphysics Lambda. Aristotle describes this first, unmoved principle of movement as a divine sovereign—the king of the cosmos—and maintains that the good governance of the cosmos depends on its unmitigated unity and pure actuality. It is striking, then, when Giorgio Agamben claims that Aristotle bequeathed the paradigm of sovereignty to Western philosophy not through his arguments for the pure actuality of the unmoved mover but (...)
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  48.  23
    Review. Scientific Reasoning: The Bayesian Approach. Colin Howson, Peter Urbach.B. Gower - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (1):126-131.
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  49.  17
    David Hume and the Probability of Miracles.Barry Gower - 1990 - Hume Studies 16 (1):17-31.
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  50.  1
    The Photoluminescence Properties of Glasses in the As-Se System.R. A. Street, T. M. Searle & I. G. Austin - 1974 - Philosophical Magazine 30 (5):1181-1186.
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