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Graeme Ritchie [4]Graeme D. Ritchie [2]
  1. Some empirical criteria for attributing creativity to a computer program.Graeme Ritchie - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (1):67-99.
    Over recent decades there has been a growing interest in the question of whether computer programs are capable of genuinely creative activity. Although this notion can be explored as a purely philosophical debate, an alternative perspective is to consider what aspects of the behaviour of a program might be noted or measured in order to arrive at an empirically supported judgement that creativity has occurred. We sketch out, in general abstract terms, what goes on when a potentially creative program is (...)
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  2.  8
    The comprehension of jokes: a cognitive science framework.Graeme D. Ritchie - 2018 - New York: Routledge.
    The programme of work -- Towards a theory of jokes -- The process of joke comprehension -- Text comprehension -- Processing and prediction -- Logic in jokes -- Incongruity and resolution -- Surprise -- The role of language -- Impropriety -- Superiority and aggression -- What's in a joke? -- Applying the framework -- The way forward.
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  3.  39
    Children's evaluation of computer-generated punning riddles.Kim Binsted, Helen Pain & Graeme D. Ritchie - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (2):305-354.
    We have developed a formal model of certain types of riddles, and implemented it in a computer program, JAPE, which generates simple punning riddles. In order to test the model, we evaluated the behaviour of the program, by having 120 children aged eight to eleven years old rate JAPE-generated texts, human-generated texts, and non-joke texts for "jokiness" and funniness. This confirmed that JAPE's output texts are indeed jokes, and that there is no significant difference in funniness or jokiness between JAPE"s (...)
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  4.  75
    Managing Ambiguity in Reference Generation: The Role of Surface Structure.Imtiaz H. Khan, Kees van Deemter & Graeme Ritchie - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):211-231.
    This article explores the role of surface ambiguities in referring expressions, and how the risk of such ambiguities should be taken into account by an algorithm that generates referring expressions, if these expressions are to be optimally effective for a hearer. We focus on the ambiguities that arise when adjectives occur in coordinated structures. The central idea is to use statistical information about lexical co-occurrence to estimate which interpretation of a phrase is most likely for human readers, and to avoid (...)
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    Managing Ambiguity in Reference Generation: The Role of Surface Structure.Imtiaz H. Khan, Kees van Deemter & Graeme Ritchie - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):211-231.
    This article explores the role of surface ambiguities in referring expressions, and how the risk of such ambiguities should be taken into account by an algorithm that generates referring expressions, if these expressions are to be optimally effective for a hearer. We focus on the ambiguities that arise when adjectives occur in coordinated structures. The central idea is to use statistical information about lexical co‐occurrence to estimate which interpretation of a phrase is most likely for human readers, and to avoid (...)
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  6. Review artici E.Nigel K. Turner, Albert N. Katz, Reuven Tsur, Kim Binsted, Helen Pain & Graeme Ritchie - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5:402.
     
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