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Graham Oddie
University of Colorado, Boulder
  1. Truthlikeness.Graham Oddie - 2014 - Stanford Encyclopedia.
    Truth is the aim of inquiry. Nevertheless, some falsehoods seem to realize this aim better than others. Some truths better realize the aim than other truths. And perhaps even some falsehoods realize the aim better than some truths do. The dichotomy of the class of propositions into truths and falsehoods should thus be supplemented with a more fine-grained ordering — one which classifies propositions according to their closeness to the truth, their degree of truthlikeness or verisimilitude. The logical problem of (...)
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  2.  49
    Value, Reality, and Desire.Graham Oddie - 2005 - Clarendon Press.
    Value, Reality, and Desire is an extended argument for a robust realism about value. The robust realist affirms the following distinctive theses. There are genuine claims about value which are true or false--there are facts about value. These value-facts are mind-independent - they are not reducible to desires or other mental states, or indeed to any non-mental facts of a non-evaluative kind. And these genuine, mind-independent, irreducible value-facts are causally efficacious. Values, quite literally, affect us. These are not particularly fashionable (...)
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  3. What Accuracy Could Not Be.Graham Oddie - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axx032.
    Two different programs are in the business of explicating accuracy—the truthlikeness program and the epistemic utility program. Both assume that truth is the goal of inquiry, and that among inquiries that fall short of realizing the goal some get closer to it than others. TL theorists have been searching for an account of the accuracy of propositions. EU theorists have been searching for an account of the accuracy of credal states. Both assume we can make cognitive progress in an inquiry (...)
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  4.  10
    Likeness to Truth.Graham Oddie - 1986 - Reidel.
    What does it take for one proposition to be closer to the truth than another. In this, the first published monograph on the topic, Oddie develops a comprehensive theory that takes the likeness in truthlikeness seriously.
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  5. The Content, Consequence and Likeness Approaches to Verisimilitude: Compatibility, Trivialization, and Underdetermination.Graham Oddie - 2013 - Synthese 190 (9):1647-1687.
    Theories of verisimilitude have routinely been classified into two rival camps—the content approach and the likeness approach—and these appear to be motivated by very different sets of data and principles. The question thus naturally arises as to whether these approaches can be fruitfully combined. Recently Zwart and Franssen (Synthese 158(1):75–92, 2007) have offered precise analyses of the content and likeness approaches, and shown that given these analyses any attempt to meld content and likeness orderings violates some basic desiderata. Unfortunately their (...)
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  6. The Fictionalist’s Attitude Problem.Graham Oddie & Dan Demetriou - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (5):485-498.
    According to John Mackie, moral talk is representational but its metaphysical presuppositions are wildly implausible. This is the basis of Mackie's now famous error theory: that moral judgments are cognitively meaningful but systematically false. Of course, Mackie went on to recommend various substantive moral judgments, and, in the light of his error theory, that has seemed odd to a lot of folk. Richard Joyce has argued that Mackie's approach can be vindicated by a fictionalist account of moral discourse. And Mark (...)
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  7. Conditionalization, Cogency, and Cognitive Value.Graham Oddie - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (4):533-541.
  8. Act and Value: Expectation and the Representability of Moral Theories.Graham Oddie & Peter Milne - 1991 - Theoria 57 (1-2):42-76.
    According to the axiologist the value concepts are basic and the deontic concepts are derivative. This paper addresses two fundamental problems that arise for the axiologist. Firstly, what ought the axiologist o understand by the value of an act? Second, what are the prospects in principle for an axiological representation of moral theories. Can the deontic concepts of any coherent moral theory be represented by an agent-netural axiology: (1) whatever structure those concepts have and (2) whatever the causal structure of (...)
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  9.  52
    Axiological Atomism.Graham Oddie - 2001 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):313 – 332.
    Value is either additive or else it is subject to organic unity. In general we have organic unity where a complex whole is not simply the sum of its parts. Value exhibits organic unity if the value of a complex, whether a complex state or complex quality, is greater or less than the sum of the values of its components or parts. Whether or not value is additive might be thought to be of purely metaphysical interest, but it is also (...)
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  10. Armstrong on the Eleatic Principle and Abstract Entities.Graham Oddie - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 41 (2):285 - 295.
  11.  94
    An Objectivist's Guide to Subjective Value.Graham Oddie & Peter Menzies - 1992 - Ethics 102 (3):512-533.
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  12. Fitting Attitudes, Finkish Goods, and Value Appearances.Graham Oddie - 2016 - In Russ Shafer Landau & Russ Shafer-Landau (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics (Volume 11). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 74-101.
    According to Fitting Attitude theorists, for something to possess a certain value it is necessary and sufficient that it be fitting (appropriate, or good, or obligatory, or something) to take a certain attitude to the bearer of that value. The idea seems obvious for thick evaluative attributes, but less obvious for the thin evaluative attributes—like goodness, betterness, and degrees of value. This paper is an extended argument for the thesis that the fitting response to the thin evaluative attributes of states (...)
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  13. Thinking Globally, Acting Locally: Partiality, Preferences and Perspective.Graham Oddie - 2014 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 9 (2):57-81.
    A rather promising value theory for environmental philosophers combines the well-known fitting attitude (FA) account of value with the rather less well-known account of value as richness. If the value of an entity is proportional to its degree of richness (which has been cashed out in terms of unified complexity and organic unity), then since natural entities, such as species or ecosystems, exhibit varying degrees of richness quite independently of what we happen to feel about them, they also possess differing (...)
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  14. Moral Realism, Moral Relativism and Moral Rules (a Compatibility Argument).Graham Oddie - 1998 - Synthese 117 (2):251-274.
  15. The Poverty of the Popperian Program for Truthlikeness.Graham Oddie - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (2):163-178.
    The importance for realism of the concept of truthlikeness was first stressed by Popper. Popper himself not only mapped out a program for defining truthlikeness (in terms of falsity content and truth content) but produced the first definitions within this program. These were shown to be inadequate. But the program lingered on, and the most recent attempt to revive it is that of Newton-Smith. His attempt is a failure, not because of some minor defect or technical flaw in his particular (...)
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  16.  97
    Harmony, Purity, Truth.Graham Oddie - 1994 - Mind 103 (412):451-472.
    David Lewis has argued against the thesis he calls "Desire as Belief", claiming it is incompatible with the fundamentals of evidential decision theory. I show that the argument is unsound, and demonstrate that a version of desire as belief is compatible with a version of causal decision theory.
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  17. What Do We See in Museums?Graham Oddie - forthcoming - Philosophy.
    I address two related questions. First: what value is there in visiting a museum and becoming acquainted with the objects on display? For art museums the answer seem obvious: we go to experience valuable works of art, and experiencing valuable works of art is itself valuable. In this paper I focus on non-art museums, and while these may house aesthetically valuable objects, that is not their primary purpose, and at least some of the objects they house might not be particularly (...)
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  18.  22
    Verisimilitude Reviewed.Graham Oddie - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (3):237-265.
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  19.  16
    Desire and the Good: In Search of the Right Fit.Graham Oddie - forthcoming - In Deonna J. & Lauria F. (eds.), The Nature of Desire. Oxford University Press.
    I argue for an evaluative theory of desire—specifically, that to desire something is for it to appear, in some way or other, good. If a desire is a non-doxastic appearance of value then it is no mystery how it can rationalize as well as cause action. The theory is metaphysically neutral—it is compatible with value idealism (that value reduces to desire), with value realism (that it is not so reducible), and with value nihilism (all appearances of value are illusory). Despite (...)
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  20.  1
    Likeness to Truth.Graham Oddie - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):296-297.
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  21. Moral Fictionalism. [REVIEW]Daniel Demetriou & Graham Oddie - 2007 - Mind 116 (462):439-446.
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  22.  74
    Moral Uncertainty and Human Embryo Experimentation.Graham Oddie - 1994 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Grant Gillett & Janet Martin Soskice (eds.), Medicine and Moral Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3--144.
    Moral dilemmas can arise from uncertainty, including uncertainty of the real values involved. One interesting example of this is that of experimentation on human embryos and foetuses, If these have a moral stauts similar to that of human persons then there will be server constraitns on what may be done to them. If embryous have a moral status similar to that of other small clusters of cells, then constraints will be motivated largely by consideration for the persons into whom the (...)
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  23.  33
    Cohen on Verisimilitude and Natural Necessity.Graham Oddie - 1982 - Synthese 51 (3):355 - 379.
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  24.  43
    Supervenience, Goodness, and Higher-Order Universals.Graham Oddie - 1991 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 69 (1):20 – 47.
    Supervenience theses promise ontological economy without reducibility. The problem is that they face a dilemma: either the relation of supervenience entails reducibility or it is mysterious. Recently higher-order universals have been invoked to avoid the dilemma. This article develops a higher-order framework in which this claim can be assessed. It is shown that reducibility can be avoided, but only at the cost of a rather radical metaphysical proposal.
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  25.  21
    Non-Naturalist Moral Realism, Autonomy and Entanglement.Graham Oddie - forthcoming - Topoi:1-14.
    It was something of a dogma for much of the twentieth century that one cannot validly derive an ought from an is. More generally, it was held that non-normative propositions do not entail normative propositions. Call this thesis about the relation between the natural and the normative Natural-Normative Autonomy. The denial of Autonomy involves the entanglement of the natural with the normative. Naturalism entails entanglement—in fact it entails the most extreme form of entanglement—but entanglement does not entail naturalism. In a (...)
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  26.  63
    A Refutation of Peircean Idealism.Graham Oddie - 2006 - In Cheyne C. (ed.), Rationality and Reality. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 155-66.
  27.  34
    Hume, the BAD Paradox, and Value Realism.Graham Oddie - 2001 - Philo 4 (2):109-122.
    A recent slew of arguments, if sound, would demonstrate that realism about value involves a kind of paradox-I call it the BAD paradox.More precisely, they show that if there are genuine propositions about the good, then one could maintain harmony between one’s desires and one’s beliefs about the good only on pain of violating fundamental principles of decision theory. I show. however, the BAD paradox turns out to be a version of Newcomb’s problem, and that the cognitivist about value can (...)
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  28.  51
    The Aesthetic Adequacy of Copies.Graham Oddie & David Ward - 1989 - British Journal of Aesthetics 29 (3):258-260.
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  29. Verisimilitude by Power Relations.Graham Oddie - 1990 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (1):129-135.
    A number of different theories of truthlikeness have been proposed, but most can be classified into one of two different main programmes: the probability-content programme and the likeness programme.1 In Brink and Heidema [1987] we are offered a further proposal, with the attraction of some novelty. I argue that while the heuristic path taken by the authors is rather remote from what they call ‘the well-worn paths’,2 in fact their point of arrival is rather closer to existing proposals within the (...)
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  30.  32
    Resplicing Properties in the Supervenience Base.Graham Oddie & Pavel Tichý - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 58 (3):259-69.
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  31. Is the Treaty of Waitangi a Social Contract.Graham Oddie & Jindra Tichý - 1992 - In Oddie Graham & Perrett Roy W. (eds.), Justice, Ethics and New Zealand Society. Oxford University Press. pp. 73-90.
     
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  32.  30
    Ability and Freedom.Pavel Tichy & Graham Oddie - 1983 - American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (2):135 - 147.
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  33. Killing and Letting-Die: Bare Differences and Clear Differences.Graham Oddie - 1997 - Philosophical Studies 88 (3):267-287.
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  34. Justice, Ethics and New Zealand Society.Graham Oddie & Roy W. Perrett (eds.) - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    What is sovereignty? Was it ceded to the Crown in the Treaty of Waitangi? If land was unjustly confiscated over a century ago, should it be returned? Is an ecosystem valuable in itself, or only because of its value to people? Does a property right entail a right to destroy? Can collectives (such as tribes) bear moral responsibility? Do they have moral rights? If so, what are the implications for the justice system? These questions are essentially philosophical, yet all thoughtful (...)
     
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  35. Experiences of Value.Graham Oddie - 2010 - In Charles R. Pigden (ed.), Hume on Motivation and Virtue. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 121.
  36.  35
    Miller's so-Called Paradox of Information.Colin Howson & Graham Oddie - 1979 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (3):253-261.
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  37.  53
    Addiction and the Value of Freedom.Graham Oddie - 1993 - Bioethics 7 (5):373-401.
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  38.  95
    Backwards Causation and the Permanence of the Past.Graham Oddie - 1990 - Synthese 85 (1):71 - 93.
    Can a present or future event bring about a past event? An answer to this question is demanded by many other interesting questions. Can anybody, even a god, do anything about what has already occurred? Should we plan for the past, as well as for the future? Can anybody precognise the future in a way quite different from normal prediction? Do the causal laws and the past jointly preclude free action? Does current physical theory entail a consistent version of backwards (...)
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  39. On a Dogma Concerning Realism and Incommensurability.Graham Oddie - 1988 - In R. Nola (ed.), Relativism and Realism in Science. Reidel. pp. 169-293.
     
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  40.  32
    An Argument Against Commensurate Truthmakers.Graham Oddie - manuscript
    The core of the truthmaker research program is that true propositions are made true by appropriate parts of the actual world. This idea seems to give realists their best shot at capturing a robust account of the dependence of truth on the world. For a part of the world to be a truthmaker for a particular it must suffice for, or necessitate, the truth of the proposition. There are two extreme and unsatisfactory truthmaker theories. At one extreme any part of (...)
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  41.  15
    What Do We See in Museums?Graham Oddie - 2016 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 79:217-240.
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  42.  38
    Changing Numbers.Gregory Currie & Graham Oddie - 1980 - Theoria 46 (2-3):148-164.
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  43.  13
    Value and Desires.Graham Oddie - 2015 - In Iwao Hirose & Jonas Olson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory. Oxford University Press USA.
    Are things good because we desire them or do we desire them because they are good? Theories that countenance only desire-dependent values are idealist, those that countenance desire-independent values are realist. A value can be either subject-relative or subject-neutral. Subjectivism countenances only subject-relative and desire-dependent values. Subject-neutral idealism countenances at least some subject-neutral values. Realism repudiates the dependence of value on actual desires, but endorses an important relation between value and the fittingness of desires. Normative realism takes normative facts about (...)
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  44.  19
    Speech and Morality: On the Metaethical Implications of Speaking, by Cuneo, Terence.Graham Oddie - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (3):602-605.
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  45.  28
    Value Realism.Graham Oddie - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
  46. Truth and Truthlikeness.Graham Oddie - forthcoming - In Glanzberg M. (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Truth. Oxford University Press.
  47. The Moral Case for the Legalization of Voluntary Euthanasia.Graham Oddie - 1998 - Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 28:207-24.
     
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  48.  15
    Rescuing Reason.Graham Oddie - 1996 - Philosophy 71 (277):445 - 460.
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  49.  9
    The Unity of Theories.Graham Oddie - 1989 - In Fred D'Agostino & I. C. Jarvie (eds.), Freedom and Rationality. Reidel. pp. 343--368.
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  50. Verisimilitude and Distance in Logical Space.Graham Oddie - 1978 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 30 (2-4):227-43.
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