Results for 'Grant30 Ramsey'

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  1. Organisms, Traits, and Population Subdivisions: Two Arguments Against the Causal Conception of Fitness?Grant30 Ramsey - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (3):589-608.
    A major debate in the philosophy of biology centers on the question of how we should understand the causal structure of natural selection. This debate is polarized into the causal and statistical positions. The main arguments from the statistical side are that a causal construal of the theory of natural selection's central concept, fitness, either (i) leads to inaccurate predictions about population dynamics, or (ii) leads to an incoherent set of causal commitments. In this essay, I argue that neither the (...)
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  2.  1
    Is Organismic Fitness at the Basis of Evolutionary Theory?Charles H. Pence & Grant30 Ramsey - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5).
    Fitness is a central theoretical concept in evolutionary theory. Despite its importance, much debate has occurred over how to conceptualize and formalize fitness. One point of debate concerns the roles of organismic and trait fitness. In a recent addition to this debate, Elliott Sober argues that trait fitness is the central fitness concept, and that organismic fitness is of little value. In this paper, by contrast, we argue that it is organismic fitness that lies at the bases of both the (...)
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  3. F.P. Ramsey: Philosophical Papers.F. P. Ramsey - 1990 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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  4.  61
    Prospects for Pragmatism: Essays in Memory of F P Ramsey.Frank Plumpton Ramsey & D. H. Mellor (eds.) - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    Haack, S. Is truth flat or bumpy?--Chihara, C. S. Ramsey 's theory of types.--Loar, B. Ramsey 's theory of belief and truth.--Skorupski, J. Ramsey on Belief.--Hookway, C. Inference, partial belief, and psychological laws.--Skyrms, B. Higher order degrees of belief.--Mellor, D. H. Consciousness and degrees of belief.--Blackburn, S. Opinions and chances.--Grandy, R. E. Ramsey, reliability, and knowledge.--Cohen, L. J. The problem of natural laws.--Giedymin, J. Hamilton's method in geometrical optics and Ramsey 's view of theories.
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  5. General Propositions and Causality.Frank Plumpton Ramsey - 1929 - In The Foundations of Mathematics and other Logical Essays. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner. pp. 237-255.
    This article rebuts Ramsey's earlier theory, in 'Universals of Law and of Fact', of how laws of nature differ from other true generalisations. It argues that our laws are rules we use in judging 'if I meet an F I shall regard it as a G'. This temporal asymmetry is derived from that of cause and effect and used to distinguish what's past as what we can know about without knowing our present intentions.
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  6.  9
    Ramsey and McCormick, Revisited.Paul Ramsey - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (1):39-39.
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  7. Philosophical Papers.Frank Plumpton Ramsey - 1925 - Cambridge University Press.
    Frank Ramsey was the greatest of the remarkable generation of Cambridge philosophers and logicians which included G. E. Moore, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Maynard Keynes. Before his tragically early death in 1930 at the age of twenty-six, he had done seminal work in mathematics and economics as well as in logic and philosophy. This volume, with a new and extensive introduction by D. H. Mellor, contains all Ramsey's previously published writings on philosophy and the foundations of mathematics. (...)
     
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  8. The Foundations of Mathematics and Other Logical Essays.Frank Plumpton Ramsey - 1925 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  9.  54
    On Ramsey's 'Silly Delusion' Regarding Tractatus 5.53.Kai Wehmeier - 2009 - In Giuseppe Primiero & Shahid Rahman (eds.), Acts of Knowledge: History, Philosophy and Logic. College Publications.
    We investigate a variant of the variable convention proposed at Tractatus 5.53ff for the purpose of eliminating the identity sign from logical notation. The variant in question is what Hintikka has called the strongly exclusive interpretation of the variables, and turns out to be what Ramsey initially (and erroneously) took to be Wittgenstein's intended method. We provide a tableau calculus for this identity-free logic, together with soundness and completeness proofs, as well as a proof of mutual interpretability with first-order (...)
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  10. Frank Ramsey: A Sheer Excess of Powers.Cheryl Misak - 2020 - Oxford University Press.
    Frank Ramsey was a brilliant Cambridge philosopher, mathematician, and economist who died in 1930 at 26 having made landmark contributions to decision theory, game theory, mathematics, logic, semantics, philosophy of science, and the theory of truth. This rich biography tells the story of his extraordinary life and intellectual achievement.
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  11.  19
    Frank Ramsey: Truth and Success.Jérôme Dokic & Pascal Engel - unknown
    The book introduces Ramsey's main doctrines and assesses their contemporary significance. In particular, Jérôme Dokic and Pascal Engel are interested in Ramsey's thoughts on truth and belief, and his pragmatic thesis that the truth of one's beliefs guarantees the success of one's actions. From this, it is a short step to what may be called "Ramsey's principle": the content of a belief is constituted by the success of one's actions. This principle finds its current expression in the (...)
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  12.  77
    Frank Ramsey: Truth and Success.Jérôme Dokic & Pascal Engel - 2002 - London: Routledge.
    This book provides a much-needed critical introduction to the main doctrines of Frank Ramsey's work and assesses their contemporary significance.
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  13. Truth and Probability.F. Ramsey - 1926 - In Antony Eagle (ed.), Philosophy of Probability: Contemporary Readings. Routledge. pp. 52-94.
     
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  14.  43
    Ramsey Without Ethical Neutrality: A New Representation Theorem.Edward Elliott - 2017 - Mind 126 (501):1-51.
    Frank Ramsey's ‘Truth and Probability’ sketches a proposal for the empirical measurement of credences, along with a corresponding set of axioms for a representation theorem intended to characterize the preference conditions under which this measurement process is applicable. There are several features of Ramsey's formal system which make it attractive and worth developing. However, in specifying his measurement process and his axioms, Ramsey introduces the notion of an ethically neutral proposition, the assumed existence of which plays a (...)
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  15. Representation Reconsidered.William M. Ramsey - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cognitive representation is the single most important explanatory notion in the sciences of the mind and has served as the cornerstone for the so-called 'cognitive revolution'. This book critically examines the ways in which philosophers and cognitive scientists appeal to representations in their theories, and argues that there is considerable confusion about the nature of representational states. This has led to an excessive over-application of the notion - especially in many of the fresher theories in computational neuroscience. Representation Reconsidered shows (...)
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  16. New Surprises for the Ramsey Test.Malte Willer - 2010 - Synthese 176 (2):291 - 309.
    In contemporary discussions of the Ramsey Test for conditionals, it is commonly held that (i) supposing the antecedent of a conditional is adopting a potential state of full belief, and (ii) Modus Ponens is a valid rule of inference. I argue on the basis of Thomason Conditionals (such as ' If Sally is deceiving, I do not believe it') and Moore's Paradox that both claims are wrong. I then develop a double-indexed Update Semantics for conditionals which takes these two (...)
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  17.  17
    Ramsey Eliminability.J. F. A. K. van Benthem - 1978 - Studia Logica 37 (4):321-336.
  18.  2
    Ramsey Algebras and Formal Orderly Terms.Wen Chean Teh - 2017 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 58 (1):115-125.
    Hindman’s theorem says that every finite coloring of the natural numbers has a monochromatic set of finite sums. A Ramsey algebra is a structure that satisfies an analogue of Hindman’s theorem. In this paper, we present the basic notions of Ramsey algebras by using terminology from mathematical logic. We also present some results regarding classification of Ramsey algebras.
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  19.  51
    Adjacency-Faithfulness and Conservative Causal Inference.Joseph Ramsey, Jiji Zhang & Peter Spirtes - 2006 - In R. Dechter & T. Richardson (eds.), Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Conference Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (2006). Arlington, Virginia: AUAI Press. pp. 401-408.
    Most causal discovery algorithms in the literature exploit an assumption usually referred to as the Causal Faithfulness or Stability Condition. In this paper, we highlight two components of the condition used in constraint-based algorithms, which we call “Adjacency-Faithfulness” and “Orientation- Faithfulness.” We point out that assuming Adjacency-Faithfulness is true, it is possible to test the validity of Orientation- Faithfulness. Motivated by this observation, we explore the consequence of making only the Adjacency-Faithfulness assumption. We show that the familiar PC algorithm has (...)
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  20.  4
    On Ramsey’s Theorem and the Existence of Infinite Chains or Infinite Anti-Chains in Infinite Posets.Eleftherios Tachtsis - 2016 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 81 (1):384-394.
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  21. Facts and Propositions.F. P. Ramsey - 1927 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 7 (1):153-170.
  22.  16
    Frank Ramsey and the Realistic Spirit.Steven Methven - 2015 - Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book attempts to explicate and expand upon Frank Ramsey's notion of the realistic spirit. In so doing, it provides a systematic reading of his work, and demonstrates the extent of Ramsey's genius as evinced by both his responses to the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus , and the impact he had on Wittgenstein's later philosophical insights.
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  23. The Patient as Person.Paul Ramsey - 1970 - New Haven: Yale University Press.
     
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  24. Symposium: “Facts and Propositions.”.F. P. Ramsey & G. E. Moore - 1927 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 7 (1):153-206.
  25. Ramsey and Joyce on Deliberation and Prediction.Yang Liu & Huw Price - 2020 - Synthese 197:4365-4386.
    Can an agent deliberating about an action A hold a meaningful credence that she will do A? 'No', say some authors, for 'Deliberation Crowds Out Prediction' (DCOP). Others disagree, but we argue here that such disagreements are often terminological. We explain why DCOP holds in a Ramseyian operationalist model of credence, but show that it is trivial to extend this model so that DCOP fails. We then discuss a model due to Joyce, and show that Joyce's rejection of DCOP rests (...)
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  26. Ramsey + Moore = God.David J. Chalmers & Alan Hájek - 2007 - Analysis 67 (2):170-172.
    Frank Ramsey (1931) wrote: If two people are arguing 'if p will q?' and both are in doubt as to p, they are adding p hypothetically to their stock of knowledge and arguing on that basis about q. We can say that they are fixing their degrees of belief in q given p. Let us take the first sentence the way it is often taken, as proposing the following test for the acceptability of an indicative conditional: ‘If p then (...)
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  27.  55
    Love, Power, and Justice. Ontological Analyses and Ethical Applications.Paul Ramsey - 1955 - Philosophical Review 64 (1):155-158.
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  28.  24
    Ethics at the Edges of Life: Medical and Legal Intersections.Paul Ramsey - 1978 - Yale University Press.
    In this book, Ramsey addresses the moral problems of medicine, life and death and not merely to those who share his faith.
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  29.  62
    Ramsey on Universals.Fraser MacBride - 2005 - In Hallvard Lillehammer & D. H. Mellor (eds.), Ramsey's Legacy. Oxford University Press.
    According to philosophical folklore Ramsey maintained three propositions in his famous 1925 paper “Universals”: (i) there is no subject-predicate distinction; (ii) there is no particular-universal distinction; (iii) there is no particular-universal distinction because there is no subject-predicate distinction. The ‘first generation’ of Ramsey commentators dismissed “Universals” because they held that whereas predicates may be negated, names may not and so there is a subject-predicate distinction after all. The ‘second generation’ of commentators dismissed “Universals because they held that the (...)
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  30.  57
    Reapproaching Ramsey: Conditionals and Iterated Belief Change in the Spirit of AGM.Hans Rott - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):155-191.
    According to the Ramsey Test, conditionals reflect changes of beliefs: α > β is accepted in a belief state iff β is accepted in the minimal revision of it that is necessary to accommodate α. Since Gärdenfors’s seminal paper of 1986, a series of impossibility theorems (“triviality theorems”) has seemed to show that the Ramsey test is not a viable analysis of conditionals if it is combined with AGM-type belief revision models. I argue that it is possible to (...)
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  31. Philosophy and Connectionist Theory.William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & David E. Rumelhart - 1991
  32. Must Cognition Be Representational?William Ramsey - 2017 - Synthese 194 (11):4197-4214.
    In various contexts and for various reasons, writers often define cognitive processes and architectures as those involving representational states and structures. Similarly, cognitive theories are also often delineated as those that invoke representations. In this paper, I present several reasons for rejecting this way of demarcating the cognitive. Some of the reasons against defining cognition in representational terms are that doing so needlessly restricts our theorizing, it undermines the empirical status of the representational theory of mind, and it encourages wildly (...)
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  33. The Foundations of Mathematics and Other Logical Essays.Frank Plumpton Ramsey, R. B. Braithwaite & G. E. Moore - 1931 - Mind 40 (160):476-482.
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  34. Universals.F. P. Ramsey - 1925 - Mind 34 (136):401-417.
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  35.  9
    Contemporary Philosophy and the Christian Faith: I. T. RAMSEY.I. T. Ramsey - 1965 - Religious Studies 1 (1):47-61.
    I am not so insular and I hope not so presumptuous as to suppose that there is no contemporary philosophy apart from that empiricism which dominates very much of Great Britain, North America and Scandinavia. So let us notice that contemporary philosophy embraces broadly three points of view, though it will be part of my argument that they largely combine in the lessons they have to teach us, and in many of their implications for theology.
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  36. On Truth; Original Manuscript Materials From the Ramsey Collection at the University of Pittsburgh.Frank Plumpton Ramsey, Nicholas Rescher & Ulrich Majer - 1995 - Studia Logica 54 (1):129-130.
     
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  37. On Truth, Original Manuscripts Materials From the Ramsey Collection at the University of Pittsburgh.Frank Plumpton Ramsey, Nicholas Rescher, Ulrich Majer & Maria Carla Galavotti - 1994 - Synthese 101 (1):121-127.
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  38. Personality and Science an Interdisciplinary Discussion. Edited by I.T. Ramsey and Ruth Porter.Ian T. Ramsey & Ruth Porter - 1971 - C. Livingstone.
     
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  39.  76
    Probability and Partial Belief.Frank Plumpton Ramsey - 1929 - In Frank Ramsey (ed.), Philosophical Papers. Cambridge University Press. pp. 95-96.
    This note is a postscript to Ramsey's 'Truth and Probability'. It replaces that article's psychological reading of subjective probability with a reading of it as a consistency condition on the theory that we act to maximise expected utility.
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  40. Connectionism, Eliminativism, and the Future of Folk Psychology.William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & J. Garon - 1991 - In William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. Rumelhart (eds.), Philosophical Perspectives. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 499-533.
  41.  28
    Ramsey Equivalence.Neil Dewar - 2019 - Erkenntnis 84 (1):77-99.
    In the literature over the Ramsey-sentence approach to structural realism, there is often debate over whether structural realists can legitimately restrict the range of the second-order quantifiers, in order to avoid the Newman problem. In this paper, I argue that even if they are allowed to, it won’t help: even if the Ramsey sentence is interpreted using such restricted quantifiers, it is still an implausible candidate to capture a theory’s structural content. To do so, I use the following (...)
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  42.  92
    Philosophy and Connectionist Theory.William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. M. Rumelhart (eds.) - 1991 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    The philosophy of cognitive science has recently become one of the most exciting and fastest growing domains of philosophical inquiry and analysis. Until the early 1980s, nearly all of the models developed treated cognitive processes -- like problem solving, language comprehension, memory, and higher visual processing -- as rule-governed symbol manipulation. However, this situation has changed dramatically over the last half dozen years. In that period there has been an enormous shift of attention toward connectionist models of cognition that are (...)
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  43.  81
    Ramsey, Truth, and Probability.S. L. Zabell - 1991 - Theoria 57 (3):211-238.
  44.  36
    Ramsey's Theorem for Pairs and Provably Recursive Functions.Alexander Kreuzer & Ulrich Kohlenbach - 2009 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 50 (4):427-444.
    This paper addresses the strength of Ramsey's theorem for pairs ($RT^2_2$) over a weak base theory from the perspective of 'proof mining'. Let $RT^{2-}_2$ denote Ramsey's theorem for pairs where the coloring is given by an explicit term involving only numeric variables. We add this principle to a weak base theory that includes weak König's Lemma and a substantial amount of $\Sigma^0_1$-induction (enough to prove the totality of all primitive recursive functions but not of all primitive recursive functionals). (...)
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  45. Ramsey Sentence Realism as an Answer to the Pessimistic Meta‐Induction.Mark Newman - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1373-1384.
    John Worrall recently provided an account of epistemic structural realism, which explains the success of science by arguing for the correct mathematical structure of our theories. He accounts for the historical failures of science by pointing to bloated ontological interpretations of theoretical terms. In this paper I argue that Worrall’s account suffers from five serious problems. I also show that Pierre Cruse and David Papineau have developed a rival structural realism that solves all of the problems faced by Worrall. This (...)
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  46. Prototypes and Conceptual Analysis.William Ramsey - 1992 - Topoi 11 (1):59-70.
    In this paper, I explore the implications of recent empirical research on concept representation for the philosophical enterprise of conceptual analysis. I argue that conceptual analysis, as it is commonly practiced, is committed to certain assumptions about the nature of our intuitive categorization judgments. I then try to show how these assumptions clash with contemporary accounts of concept representation in cognitive psychology. After entertaining an objection to my argument, I close by considering ways in which conceptual analysis might be altered (...)
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  47.  5
    Rainbow Ramsey Theorem for Triples is Strictly Weaker Than the Arithmetical Comprehension Axiom.Wei Wang - 2013 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 78 (3):824-836.
  48. A Bibliography of the Published Works [of] Ian Thomas Ramsey.Jonathan H. Pye & Ian T. Ramsey - 1979
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  49.  98
    Realism, Ramsey Sentences and the Pessimistic Meta-Induction.David Papineau - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (4):375-385.
    This paper defends scientific realism from the pessimistic meta-induction from past reference failure. It allows that a descriptive theory of reference implies that scientific terms characteristically fail of determinate reference. But it argues that a descriptive theory of reference also implies an equivalence between scientific theories and quantificational claims in the style of Ramsey. Since these quantificational claims do not use any of the referentially suspect scientific terms, they can be approximately true even when those terms fail to refer (...)
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  50.  70
    Ramsey's Psychological Theory of Belief.Patrick Suppes - 2006 - In Maria Carla Galavotti (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag. pp. 35-53.
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