Results for 'Gregg E. Dinse'

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  1.  12
    Minor Changes to Previously Approved Research: A Study of IRB Policies.Gregg E. Dinse David B. Resnik, Gwen Babson - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (4):9.
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  2.  32
    Scientific Retractions and Corrections Related to Misconduct Findings.David B. Resnik & Gregg E. Dinse - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (1):46-50.
    We examined all 208 closed cases involving official findings of research misconduct published by the US Office of Research Integrity from 1992 to 2011 to determine how often scientists mention in a retraction or correction notice that there was an ethical problem with an associated article. 75 of these cases cited at least one published article affected by misconduct for a total of 174 articles. For 127 of these 174, we found both the article and a retraction or correction statement. (...)
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  3.  15
    Minor Changes to Previously Approved Research: A Study of IRB Policies.David B. Resnik, Gwen Babson & Gregg E. Dinse - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (4):9-14.
    We examined institutional review board policies from the top U.S. research universities to determine how many have policies that define or provide examples of what constitutes a “minor change” to previously approved research. We sought to describe differences among definitions and to ascertain whether funding level, accreditation, public versus private status, and geographic region impact the inclusion of a definition or example of this term. Of the 184 universities that we obtained policies from, 52.2% defined “minor change,” 43.5% gave examples (...)
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  4.  21
    Heuristics and Development: Getting Even Smarter.Gregg E. A. Solomon - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):763-764.
    There are parallels between Gigerenzer et al.'s emphasis on the rationality of adults' reasoning in terms of simple heuristics and developmental researchers' emphasis on the rationality of children's reasoning in terms of intuitive theories. Indeed, just as children become better at using their theories, so might some people, experts, become better at using simple heuristics.
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  5.  13
    Innateness, Universality, and Domain-Specificity.Gregg E. A. Solomon - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):588-589.
    There are problems with Atran's argument for an innate cognitive module for folk biology. He has been too quick to assume innate origins for what might plausibly be learned. Furthermore, in his characterization he includes aspects – essentialist reasoning and inductions from classes – that are not domain-specific. Finally, his characterization compromises his argument that the module is pretheoretical.
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  6.  1
    The Origins of Organized Charity in Rabbinic Judaism.Gregg E. Gardner - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines the origins of communal and institutional almsgiving in rabbinic Judaism. It undertakes a close reading of foundational rabbinic texts and places their discourses on organized giving in their second to third century CE contexts. Gregg E. Gardner finds that Tannaim promoted giving through the soup kitchen and charity fund, which enabled anonymous and collective support for the poor. This protected the dignity of the poor and provided an alternative to begging, which benefited the community as a (...)
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  7.  10
    Ontological Assumptions: Descartes, Searle, and Edelman.Gregg E. Franzwa - 1997 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 4 (3):14-18.
    The proposition that there is a purely causal explanation of subjective states of human consciousness is a philosophical one. The affirmation of such a proposition must be a premise to research. And the justification for such a premise will be found in part in the fundamental ontological assumptions of the researcher. By examining the assumptions of Rene Descartes, at the beginning of the scientific age, I hope to show a similar set of assumptions behind the thought of two recent contributors (...)
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  8.  18
    Putting Semantics Back Into the Semantic Representation of Living Things.Deborah Zaitchik & Gregg E. A. Solomon - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):496-497.
    The authors' model reduces the literature on conceptual representation to a single node: “encyclopedic knowledge.” The structure of conceptual knowledge is not so trivial. By ignoring the phenomena central to reasoning about living things, the authors base their dismissal of semantic systems on inadequate descriptive ground. A better descriptive account is available in the conceptual development literature. Neuropsychologists could import the insights and tasks from cognitive development to improve their studies.
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  9.  8
    A Clinician's Perspective.Gregg E. Gorton - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):48-49.
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  10.  5
    Measuring Interdisciplinary Research Categories and Knowledge Transfer: A Case Study of Connections Between Cognitive Science and Education.Alan L. Porter, Stephen F. Carley, Caitlin Cassidy, Jan Youtie, David J. Schoeneck, Seokbeom Kwon & Gregg E. A. Solomon - 2019 - Perspectives on Science 27 (4):582-618.
    This is a “bottom-up” paper in the sense that it draws lessons in defining disciplinary categories under study from a series of empirical studies of interdisciplinarity. In particular, we are in the process of studying the interchange of research-based knowledge between Cognitive Science and Educational Research. This has posed a set of design decisions that we believe warrant consideration as others study cross-disciplinary research processes.
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  11. Introduction.Gregg Mitman, Jane Maienschein & Adele E. Clarke - 1993 - Perspectives on Science 1 (3):359-366.
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  12.  33
    Argument and Alternative Dispute Resolution Systems.Gregg B. Walker & Steven E. Daniels - 1995 - Argumentation 9 (5):693-704.
    Alternative dispute resolution occurs outside the litigation process. The alternative dispute resolution (ADR) movement in North America has emphasized viable alternatives to the litigation framework, such as arbitration, mediation, med-arb, multi-party facilitation, non-legal negotiation, mini-trials, administrative hearings, private judging (“renta-judge”), fact finding, and moderated settlement conferences. This essay addresses argument in the dominant alternatives: arbitration, mediation, and multi-party facilitation. Prior to comparing argument in these ADR systems, each will be briefly described.
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  13.  25
    Transcending Inductive Category Formation in Learning.Roger C. Schank, Gregg C. Collins & Lawrence E. Hunter - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):639-651.
  14.  7
    Tackling the Tangle of Environmental Conflict: Complexity, Controversy, and Collaborative Learning.Gregg B. Walker, Steven E. Daniels & Jens Emborg - 2008 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 10.
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  15.  39
    Space and the Schematism.Gregg E. Franzwa - 1978 - Kant Studien 69 (2):149.
  16.  89
    The J.H.B. Bookshelf.Gregg Mitman, Garland E. Allen, Joseph Cain, Nancy G. Slack, Keith R. Benson, Lily E. Kay & Alix Cooper - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (2):359-373.
  17.  17
    Financial Planning for Retirement: A Psychosocial Perspective.Gabriela Topa, Gregg Lunceford & Richard E. Boyatzis - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  18. The JHB Bookshelf.Gregg Mitman, Michael Fortun, Jordan D. Marché, Joseph E. Taylor, Mark V. Barrow & Barbara Gutmann Rosenkrantz - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29 (2):309-325.
  19. Skepticism About Moral Responsibility.Gregg D. Caruso - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2018):1-81.
    Skepticism about moral responsibility, or what is more commonly referred to as moral responsibility skepticism, refers to a family of views that all take seriously the possibility that human beings are never morally responsible for their actions in a particular but pervasive sense. This sense is typically set apart by the notion of basic desert and is defined in terms of the control in action needed for an agent to be truly deserving of blame and praise. Some moral responsibility skeptics (...)
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  20.  83
    Dynamics of Identity: Between Self-Enhancement and Self-Assessment.Aiden P. Gregg, Constantine Sedikides & Jochen E. Gebauer - 2011 - In Seth J. Schwartz, Koen Luyckx & Vivian L. Vignoles (eds.), Handbook of Identity Theory and Research. Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 305--327.
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  21.  12
    Robert E. Kohler, Landscapes and Labscapes: Exploring the Lab-Field Border in Biology. [REVIEW]Gregg Mitman - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (3):599-629.
  22.  14
    Tracking and Frequency of Target Intermittence.W. F. Battig, Lee W. Gregg, E. H. Nagel, Arnold M. Small Jr & W. J. Brogden - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (5):309.
  23.  4
    La Morale Evolutiva Del Gregge—Nietzsche Legge Spencer E Mill (Review).João Tiago Proença - 2009 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 37 (1):108-109.
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  24.  13
    From the Population to Society: The Cooperative Metaphors of W. C. Allee and A. E. Emerson. [REVIEW]Gregg Mitman - 1988 - Journal of the History of Biology 21 (2):173 - 194.
    John Greene has dismissed the evolutionary ethics of Simpson as a case in which science was “only a tool, a weapon, in defense of positions that were essentially religious and philosophical.”57 This position adopts an amorphous view of science, in which a scientific theory can be construed to support practically any rhetorical position. The relationship between theory and rhetoric, however, is more complex; it is interactive, with the theory and the rhetoric influencing and supporting one another. It is no coincidence (...)
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  25. The Insider/Outsider Debate. New Perspectives in the Study of Religion.George D. Chryssides & Stephen E. Gregg - 2019
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  26.  3
    From the Population to Society: The Cooperative Metaphors of W.C. Allee and A.E. Emerson.Gregg Mitman - 1988 - Journal of the History of Biology 21 (2):173-194.
  27.  19
    The Learning of Function and the Function of Learning.Roger C. Schank, Gregg C. Collins & Lawrence E. Hunter - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):672-686.
  28.  5
    Reception Versus Selection Procedures in Concept Learning.Frank S. Murray & Robert E. Gregg - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):571.
  29.  1
    Jean François Lyotard: Critical Evaluations in Cultural Theory.Victor E. Taylor & Gregg Lambert (eds.) - 2006 - Routledge.
    This three-volume set is a collection of key critical responses by leading scholars to the philosophical and theoretical writings of this late postmodern philosopher. Organized thematically, the collection includes commentaries on Lyotard's life and early philosophical writings, as well as on ethics, aesthetics, and politics. With a new introduction by the editor providing a comprehensive overview of Jean-François Lyotards life and works, this impressive collection provides students and scholars with a valuable resource for studying this important philosophical figure.
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  30. Hard-Incompatibilist Existentialism: Neuroscience, Punishment, and Meaning in Life.Derk Pereboom & Gregg D. Caruso - 2018 - In Gregg D. Caruso & Owen Flanagan (eds.), Neuroexistentialism: Meaning, Morals, and Purpose in the Age of Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
    As philosophical and scientific arguments for free will skepticism continue to gain traction, we are likely to see a fundamental shift in the way people think about free will and moral responsibility. Such shifts raise important practical and existential concerns: What if we came to disbelieve in free will? What would this mean for our interpersonal relationships, society, morality, meaning, and the law? What would it do to our standing as human beings? Would it cause nihilism and despair as some (...)
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  31. Free Will Skepticism and the Question of Creativity: Creativity, Desert, and Self-Creation.D. Caruso Gregg - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
    Free will skepticism maintains that what we do, and the way we are, is ultimately the result of factors beyond our control and because of this we are never morally responsible for our actions in the basic desert sense—the sense that would make us truly deserving of praise and blame. In recent years, a number of contemporary philosophers have advanced and defended versions of free will skepticism, including Derk Pereboom (2001, 2014), Galen Strawson (2010), Neil Levy (2011), Bruce Waller (2011, (...)
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  32. Free Will Eliminativism: Reference, Error, and Phenomenology.Gregg D. Caruso - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (10):2823-2833.
    Shaun Nichols has recently argued that while the folk notion of free will is associated with error, a question still remains whether the concept of free will should be eliminated or preserved. He maintains that like other eliminativist arguments in philosophy, arguments that free will is an illusion seem to depend on substantive assumptions about reference. According to free will eliminativists, people have deeply mistaken beliefs about free will and this entails that free will does not exist. However, an alternative (...)
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  33. The JHB Bookshelf.Mark V. Barrow Jr, Keith R. Benson, Paula Findlen, Deborah Fitzgerald, Joel B. Hagen, Joy Harvey, Sharon E. Kingsland, Jane Maienschein, Gregg Mitman & Lynn K. Nyhart - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29:463-479.
     
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  34.  44
    Religious Experience, Conceptual Contribution and the Problem of Diversity: How Not to Make the Problem Worse.Gregg Ten Elshof - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32:235-250.
    This paper aims to contribute to a defense of the now quite familiar argument from the perceptual model of religious experience (hereafter PMR) to the rationality of beliefs formed on the basis of religious experience. The contribution will not, however, come in the form of a positive argument for PMR. Neither will this contribution take the form of a response to key objections to the plausibility of that model. Instead, I wish to argue that there is a widespread assumption about (...)
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  35. Moral Responsibility and the Strike Back Emotion: Comments on Bruce Waller’s The Stubborn System of Moral Responsibility.Gregg Caruso - forthcoming - Syndicate Philosophy 1 (1).
    In The Stubborn System of Moral Responsibility (2015), Bruce Waller sets out to explain why the belief in individual moral responsibility is so strong. He begins by pointing out that there is a strange disconnect between the strength of philosophical arguments in support of moral responsibility and the strength of philosophical belief in moral responsibility. While the many arguments in favor of moral responsibility are inventive, subtle, and fascinating, Waller points out that even the most ardent supporters of moral responsibility (...)
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  36.  8
    Michael Sage. Cyprian. Pp. Vi + 439. Ronald E. Heine. Perfection in the Virtuous Life . Pp. Iv + 247. Robert C. Gregg. Consolation Philosophy . Pp. V + 285. [REVIEW]Maurice Wiles - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (3):418.
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  37. Looking at Pictures: Appearance and Subjectivity in Mimetic Representation.Gregg M. Horowitz - 1992 - Dissertation, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick
    This essay examines mimetic pictures and the forms of subjectivity encoded in them. Mimetic pictures are representations which are unique in looking like the objects or events they depict. However, the objects or events typically have properties which are incompatible with those of the picture considered as a material artifact. Thus, if a mimetic picture looks like what it depicts, it does not look like what, considered as an artifact, it is. Since seeing a mimetic picture as a picture is (...)
     
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  38.  1
    George D. Chryssides Und Stephen E. Gregg, Hg.: The Insider/Outsider Debate. New Perspectives in the Study of Religion (Bristol: Equinox, 2019), 417 S., ISBN 978-1-78179-344-2, $42.00. [REVIEW]Marius Brodersen - 2021 - Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 29 (2):319-323.
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  39.  14
    Free Will Skepticism in Law and Society: Challenging Retributive Justice.Elizabeth Shaw, Derk Pereboom & Gregg D. Caruso (eds.) - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    'Free will skepticism' refers to a family of views that all take seriously the possibility that human beings lack the control in action - i.e. the free will - required for an agent to be truly deserving of blame and praise, punishment and reward. Critics fear that adopting this view would have harmful consequences for our interpersonal relationships, society, morality, meaning, and laws. Optimistic free will skeptics, on the other hand, respond by arguing that life without free will and so-called (...)
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  40.  11
    Religious Experience, Conceptual Contribution and the Problem of Diversity: How Not to Make the Problem Worse.Gregg Ten Elshof - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32:235-250.
    This paper aims to contribute to a defense of the now quite familiar argument from the perceptual model of religious experience (hereafter PMR) to the rationality of beliefs formed on the basis of religious experience. The contribution will not, however, come in the form of a positive argument for PMR. Neither will this contribution take the form of a response to key objections to the plausibility of that model. Instead, I wish to argue that there is a widespread assumption about (...)
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  41.  5
    Religious Experience, Conceptual Contribution and the Problem of Diversity: How Not to Make the Problem Worse.Gregg Ten Elshof - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32:235-250.
    This paper aims to contribute to a defense of the now quite familiar argument from the perceptual model of religious experience to the rationality of beliefs formed on the basis of religious experience. The contribution will not, however, come in the form of a positive argument for PMR. Neither will this contribution take the form of a response to key objections to the plausibility of that model. Instead, I wish to argue that there is a widespread assumption about the role (...)
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  42. Fenomenalismo e prospettivismo in Gaia scienza 354.Pietro Gori - 2010 - In Chiara Piazzesi, Giuliano Campioni & Patrick Wotling (eds.), Letture della Gaia Scienza. ETS.
    «Questo è il vero fenomenalismo e prospettivismo, come lo intendo io», scrive Nietzsche in FW 354, chiudendo una lunga riflessione sul tema della coscienza e del bisogno di comunicazione dell’uomo. Mantenendo sullo sfondo le questioni più strettamente legate alla dimensione psicologica, vorrei partire da questa dichiarazione per considerare alcuni aspetti della teoria della conoscenza di Nietzsche ed intervenire in una nuova determinazione del suo carattere prospettico. In particolare, vorrei soffermarmi sul tema del gregge umano e della specie come reale soggetto (...)
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  43. Just Deserts: Can We Be Held Morally Responsible for Our Actions? Yes, Says Daniel Dennett. No, Says Gregg Caruso.Gregg D. Caruso & Daniel C. Dennett - 2018 - Aeon 1 (Oct. 4):1-20.
  44.  24
    Financial Gerontology.Erik Selecky & Andrzej Klimczuk - 2021 - In Danan Gu & Matthew E. Dupre (eds.), Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging. Springer Verlag. pp. 1861–1864.
    Financial gerontology can be defined as investigating relations between finances and aging. Authors such as Neal E. Cutler, Kouhei Komamura, Davis W. Gregg, Shinya Kajitani, Kei Sakata, and Colin McKenzie affirm that financial literacy is an effect of aging with concern about the issue of finances, as well as stating that it is the effect of longevity and aging on economies or the financial resilience of older people.
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  45.  29
    Intuition: The “Unseen Thread” Connecting Emerson and James*: Gregg Crane.Gregg Crane - 2013 - Modern Intellectual History 10 (1):57-86.
    Recent scholarly comment on the relation between Ralph Waldo Emerson and William James offers an either–or choice between conflating the two thinkers in a proto-postmodern, antifoundationalist cast or dividing them into mutually exclusive categories of idealist believer and relativist skeptic. Contending that neither of these positions captures the pragmatist adumbrations in Emerson or the transcendentalist retentions in James, this essay turns to James's annotations of Emerson's writings as a singularly revealing yet largely neglected source of information about the exact nature (...)
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  46.  28
    Financial Gerontology.Erik Selecky & Andrzej Klimczuk - 2020 - In Danan Gu & Matthew E. Dupre (eds.), Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging. Springer Verlag. pp. 1--5.
    Financial gerontology can be defined as investigating relations between finances and aging. Authors such as Neal E. Cutler, Kouhei Komamura, Davis W. Gregg, Shinya Kajitani, Kei Sakata, and Colin McKenzie affirm that financial literacy is an effect of aging with concern about the issue of finances, as well as stating that it is the effect of longevity and aging on economies or the financial resilience of older people.
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  47.  27
    Rejecting Retributivism: Free Will, Punishment, and Criminal Justice.Gregg D. Caruso - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Within the criminal justice system, one of the most prominent justifications for legal punishment is retributivism. The retributive justification of legal punishment maintains that wrongdoers are morally responsible for their actions and deserve to be punished in proportion to their wrongdoing. This book argues against retributivism and develops a viable alternative that is both ethically defensible and practical. Introducing six distinct reasons for rejecting retributivism, Gregg D. Caruso contends that it is unclear that agents possess the kind of free (...)
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  48. A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World.Gregg Rosenberg - 2004 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    What place does consciousness have in the natural world? If we reject materialism, could there be a credible alternative? In one classic example, philosophers ask whether we can ever know what is it is like for bats to sense the world using sonar. It seems obvious to many that any amount of information about a bat's physical structure and information processing leaves us guessing about the central questions concerning the character of its experience. A Place for Consciousness begins with reflections (...)
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  49.  1
    Subdeterminação, Realismo E Objetividade Científica.Bruno Malavolta E. Silva - 2021 - Cognitio 22 (1):e55778.
    O argumento da subdeterminação constitui um dos principais argumentos contra o realismo científico. Analiso diversas versões do argumento, e defendo que ele se torna mais plausível quando entendido como um argumento indireto contra o realismo. Tal proposta requer distinguir entre três maneiras principais de formular o argumento da subdeterminação. Na formulação tradicional, o argumento baseia-se na formulação de teorias rivais que sejam empiricamente adequadas à evidência disponível. Na formulação kuhniana, o argumento baseia-se na inexistência de um algoritmo neutro de normas (...)
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  50.  17
    Just Deserts: Debating Free Will.Gregg D. Caruso & Daniel C. Dennett - 2021 - 2021: Polity.
    Some thinkers argue that our best scientific theories about the world prove that free will is an illusion. Others disagree. The concept of free will is profoundly important to our self-understanding, our interpersonal relationships, and our moral and legal practices. If it turns out that no one is ever free and morally responsible, what would that mean for society, morality, meaning, and the law? Just Deserts brings together two philosophers – Daniel C. Dennett and Gregg D. Caruso – to (...)
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