Results for 'Gregory M. Fahey'

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  1.  45
    The Idea of the Good in John Dewey and Aristotle.Gregory M. Fahey - 2002 - Essays in Philosophy 3 (2):201-226.
    John Dewey looks to the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle for the general outlines of his ethical thought. In his 1932 Ethics, he describes the ethical framework that he shares with Aristotle in terms of knowledge, choice and character: "The formula was well stated by Aristotle. The doer of the moral deed must have a certain 'state of mind' in doing it. First, he must know what he is doing; secondly, he must choose it, and choose it for itself, and thirdly, (...)
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  2.  24
    Democracy and the political unconscious (review).Gregory M. Fahey - 2011 - Education and Culture 27 (1):65-68.
    In Democracy and the Political Unconscious, Noëlle McAfee analyzes social pathologies that have arisen in the United States since September 11, 2001. In particular, she argues that we have been suffering society-wide repetition compulsions and time collapses, compelling us to experience the trauma repeatedly, and we have been acting out in ways that continue the cycle of suffering. She also presents a prescription for how we might work through these issues more democratically and fruitfully using deliberative talking cures. McAfee's application (...)
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  3.  27
    Thomas Aquinas on Military Prudence.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2010 - Journal of Military Ethics 9 (3):262-275.
    Virtually all historical treatments of just war recognize the importance of the account given by Thomas Aquinas in Summa theologiae II-II, q. 40, ?De bello?, where he outlines three conditions ? legitimate authority, just cause, and right intention ? for a justifiable use of armed force. It is, however, less well known that within the same section of the work (q. 50, a. 4) Aquinas extended his reflection on just war into a theory of military prudence. By placing generalship under (...)
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  4. Protecting the natural environment in wartime : ethical considerations from the just war tradition.Gregory M. Reichberg & Henrik Syse - 2007 - In Henrik Syse & Gregory M. Reichberg (eds.), Ethics, nationalism, and just war: medieval and contemporary perspectives. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
     
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  5. Is there a "presumption against war" in Aquinas's ethics?Gregory M. Reichberg - 2007 - In Henrik Syse & Gregory M. Reichberg (eds.), Ethics, nationalism, and just war: medieval and contemporary perspectives. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
  6. The Ethics of War: Classical and Contemporary Readings.Gregory M. Reichberg, Henrik Syse & Endre Begby (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford: Blackwell.
    The Ethics of War is an indispensable collection of essays addressing issues both timely and age-old about the nature and ethics of war. Features essays by great thinkers from ancient times through to the present day, among them Plato, Augustine, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Grotius, Kant, Russell, and Walzer Examines timely questions such as: When is recourse to arms morally justifiable? What moral constraints should apply to military conduct? How can a lasting peace be achieved? Will appeal to a broad range of (...)
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  7.  41
    The moral equality of combatants – a doctrine in classical just war theory? A response to Graham Parsons.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2013 - Journal of Military Ethics 12 (2):181 - 194.
    Contrary to what has been alleged, the moral equivalence of combatants (MEC) is not a doctrine that was expressly developed by the traditional theorists of just war. Working from the axiom that just cause is unilateral, they did not embrace a conception of public war that included MEC. Indeed, MEC was introduced in the early fifteenth century as a challenge to the then reigning just war paradigm. It does not follow, however, that the distinction between private and public war had (...)
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  8.  85
    Threats and Coercive Diplomacy: An Ethical Analysis.Gregory M. Reichberg & Henrik Syse - 2018 - Ethics and International Affairs 32 (2):179-202.
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  9. Aristotle's Analysis of "Akrasia".Gregory M. Zeigler - 1977 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 58 (4):321.
     
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  10. Aquinas on defensive killing: A case of double effect?Gregory M. Reichberg - 2005 - The Thomist 69 (3):341-370.
     
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  11.  31
    Wise interventions: Psychological remedies for social and personal problems.Gregory M. Walton & Timothy D. Wilson - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (5):617-655.
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  12.  28
    Abundance and Variety in Nature: Fact and Value.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2022 - Philosophia 50 (5):2235-2247.
    The mass extinction visited upon us by capitalism involves many kinds of devastation. Here I clarify the grounds for assessing the most obvious of these harms, i.e., decimation of species diversity. The thesis that variety among species has intrinsic value motivates, and in turn follows from, the “variable value view” (VVV) of abundance within any given species. In contrast, standard axiologies have no place for the intrinsic value of species diversity. I show that the VVV provides a better justification than (...)
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  13.  12
    Thomas Aquinas on War and Peace.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2016 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Inquiring 'whether any war can be just', Thomas Aquinas famously responded that this may hold true, provided the war is conducted by a legitimate authority, for a just cause, and with an upright intention. Virtually all accounts of just war, from the Middle Ages to the current day, make reference to this threefold formula. But due in large measure to its very succinctness, Aquinas's theory has prompted contrasting interpretations. This book sets the record straight by surveying the wide range of (...)
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  14. Thomas Aquinas between just war and pacifism.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2010 - Journal of Religious Ethics 38 (2):219-241.
    Some recent authors have argued that Aquinas deliberately integrated a pacifist outlook into his just war theory. Others, by contrast, have maintained that his rejection of pacifism was unequivocal. The present article attempts to set the historical record straight by an examination of Aquinas's writings on this topic. In addition to Q. 40, A. 1 of Summa theologiae II–II, the text usually cited in this connection, this article considers the biblical commentaries where Aquinas explains how the Gospel “precepts of patience,” (...)
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  15.  15
    Thinking About AIDS and Stigma: A Psychologist’s Perspective.Gregory M. Herek - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (4):594-607.
    As Jonathan Mann observed, the problem of AIDS-related stigma is inextricably bound to issues of health, human rights, and the law. Such stigma translates into feelings of fear and hostility directed at people with HIV. It finds expression in avoidance and ostracism of people with HIV, discrimination and violence against them, and public support for punitive policies and laws that restrict civil liberties while hindering AIDS prevention efforts. Being the target of stigma inflicts pain, isolation, and hardship on many people (...)
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  16.  16
    Thinking About AIDS and Stigma: A Psychologist’s Perspective.Gregory M. Herek - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (4):594-607.
    As Jonathan Mann observed, the problem of AIDS-related stigma is inextricably bound to issues of health, human rights, and the law. Such stigma translates into feelings of fear and hostility directed at people with HIV. It finds expression in avoidance and ostracism of people with HIV, discrimination and violence against them, and public support for punitive policies and laws that restrict civil liberties while hindering AIDS prevention efforts. Being the target of stigma inflicts pain, isolation, and hardship on many people (...)
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  17.  38
    Malebranche and Chinese Philosophy: A Reconsideration.Gregory M. Reihman - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (2):262 - 280.
    (2013). Malebranche and Chinese Philosophy: A Reconsideration. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 262-280. doi: 10.1080/09608788.2012.718869.
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  18. Myth and Mind: The Origin of Consciousness in the Discovery of the Sacred.Gregory M. Nixon - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (3):289-338.
    By accepting that the formal structure of human language is the key to understanding the uniquity of human culture and consciousness and by further accepting the late appearance of such language amongst the Cro-Magnon, I am free to focus on the causes that led to such an unprecedented threshold crossing. In the complex of causes that led to human being, I look to scholarship in linguistics, mythology, anthropology, paleontology, and to creation myths themselves for an answer. I conclude that prehumans (...)
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  19.  39
    Dewey's Naturalistic Mysticism.Gregory M. Aisemberg - 2008 - The Pluralist 3 (3):23 - 62.
  20.  77
    Inverse linking via function composition.Gregory M. Kobele - 2010 - Natural Language Semantics 18 (2):183-196.
    The phenomenon of inverse linking, where a noun phrase embedded within another behaves with respect to binding as though it were structurally independent, has proven challenging for theories of the syntax–semantics interface. In this paper I show that, using an LF-movement style approach to the syntax–semantics interface, we can derive all and only the appropriate meanings for such constructions using no semantic operations other than function application and composition. The solution relies neither on a proliferation of lexical ambiguity nor on (...)
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  21. From Panexperientialism to Conscious Experience: The Continuum of Experience.Gregory M. Nixon - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (3):216-233.
    When so much is being written on conscious experience, it is past time to face the question whether experience happens that is not conscious of itself. The recognition that we and most other living things experience non-consciously has recently been firmly supported by experimental science, clinical studies, and theoretic investigations; the related if not identical philosophic notion of experience without a subject has a rich pedigree. Leaving aside the question of how experience could become conscious of itself, I aim here (...)
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  22. Legitimate Authority: Aquinas's First Requirement of a Just War.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2012 - The Thomist 76 (3).
     
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  23. Aquinas on Battlefield Courage.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2010 - The Thomist 74 (3):337-368.
     
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  24. Ecological kinds and ecological laws.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1390-1400.
    Ecologists typically invoke "law-like" generalizations, ranging over "structural" and/or "functional" kinds, in order to explain generalizations about "historical" kinds (such as biological taxa)rather than vice versa. This practice is justified, since structural and functional kinds tend to correlate better with important ecological phenomena than do historical kinds. I support these contentions with three recent case studies. In one sense, therefore, ecology is, and should be, more nomothetic, or law-oriented, than idiographic, or historically oriented. This conclusion challenges several recent philosophical claims (...)
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  25. Jus ad bellum.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2008 - In Larry May & Emily Crookston (eds.), War: Essays in Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  26.  42
    Methods and Metaphors in Community Ecology: The Problem of Defining Stability.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 1997 - Perspectives on Science 5 (4):481-498.
    Scientists must sometimes choose between competing definitions of key terms. The degree to which different definitions facilitate important discoveries should ultimately guide decisions about which terms to accept. In the short run, rules of thumb can help. One such rule is to regard with suspicion any definition that turns a seemingly important empirical matter into an a priori exercise. Several prominent definitions of ecological “stability” are suspect, according to this rule. After evaluating alternatives, I suggest that the faulty definitions resulted (...)
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  27.  5
    Ethics, nationalism, and just war: medieval and contemporary perspectives.Henrik Syse & Gregory M. Reichberg (eds.) - 2007 - Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
    The book covers a wide range of topics and raises issues rarely touched on in the ethics-of-war literature, such as environmental concerns and the responsibility of bystanders.
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  28.  35
    The Cooper Storage Idiom.Gregory M. Kobele - 2018 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 27 (2):95-131.
    Cooper storage is a widespread technique for associating sentences with their meanings, used in diverse linguistic and computational linguistic traditions. This paper encodes the data structures and operations of cooper storage in the simply typed linear \-calculus, revealing the rich categorical structure of a graded applicative functor. In the case of finite cooper storage, which corresponds to ideas in current transformational approaches to syntax, the semantic interpretation function can be given as a linear homomorphism acting on a regular set of (...)
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  29.  25
    Reframing the Catholic Understanding of Just War: Two Contrasting Approaches in the Interwar Period.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2018 - Journal of Religious Ethics 46 (3):570-596.
    During the inter war period, European Catholic authors exhibited two different approaches to the question of just war. One approach was articulated at the “Fribourg Conventus,” a 1931 meeting of French, Swiss, and German theologians, whose subsequent declaration (Conventus de bello, published in 1932) called for a reformulation of Catholic teaching based on the premise that the traditional just‐war doctrine had been superseded by developments in international law. A competing approach was articulated by the Dutch Jesuit Robert Regout, who maintained (...)
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  30.  35
    Aquinas’ Moral Typology of Peace and War.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2011 - Review of Metaphysics 64 (3):467-487.
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  31.  65
    Beyond Privation: Moral Evil In Aquinas’s De Malo.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):751 - 784.
    EVER SINCE PLOTINUS SOUGHT CLARITY in the notion of privation to dispel our human perplexity about evil, philosophers have debated whether this concept is adequate to the task. The intensity and scope of evil in the twentieth century—which has seen the horrors of world war and genocide—have added fuel to the debate. Can the idea of a falling away from the good, however refined, come anywhere close to capturing the calculation, the commitment, the energy, and the drive that underlie the (...)
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  32.  45
    Jacques Maritain: Christian Theorist of Non-Violence and Just War.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):220-238.
    Jacques Maritain is widely recognized as one of the foremost Catholic philosophers of modern times. He wrote groundbreaking works in all branches of philosophy. For a period of about 10 years, beginning in 1933, he discussed matters relating to war and ethics. Writing initially about Gandhi, whose strategy of non-violence he sought to incorporate within a Christian conception of political action, Maritain proceeded to comment more specifically on the religious aspects of armed force in “On Holy War,” an essay about (...)
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  33.  55
    Weighing Species.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2011 - Environmental Ethics 33 (2):185-196.
    Richness theory offers an alternative to the paradigms that have dominated the short history of environmental ethics as a self-conscious field. This alternative theoretical paradigm defines intrinsic value as “richness”—a synonym for “organic unity” or “unity in diversity.” Richness theory can handily reconcile two kinds of ideas that seem to be in tension with each other:that (1) an individual human being has a greater worth than an individual organism of just about any other species; and (2) yet the world would (...)
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  34. Hollows of Experience.Gregory M. Nixon - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (3):234-288.
    This essay is divided into two parts, deeply intermingled. Part I examines not only the origin of conscious experience but also how it is possible to ask of our own consciousness how it came to be. Part II examines the origin of experience itself, which soon reveals itself as the ontological question of Being. The chief premise of Part I is that symbolic communion and the categorizations of language have enabled human organisms to distinguish between themselves as actually existing entities (...)
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  35.  29
    The Influence of Role Models on Negotiation Ethics of College Students.Gregory M. Perry & Clair J. Nixon - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (1):25-40.
    Role models can be highly influential in conveying ethical standards. This study investigates the influence various categories of role models have had on a population of over 1,600 undergraduate students in Texas, Oregon and Michigan. Those identifying clergy, boy scout leaders, friends and college advisors as role models exhibited less willingness to adopt questionable ethical behavior in negotation situations. Journalist and spouse role models tended to cause students to be more accepting of questionable behavior. Individuals with strong end-result and social (...)
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  36. Niche-based vs. neutral models of ecological communities.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):557-566.
    Department of Philosophy and School of Environment McGill University 855 Sherbrooke Street West Montréal, Québec H3A 2T7 Canada E-mail: gregory[email protected].
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  37. Scientism, Philosophy and Brain-Based Learning.Gregory M. Nixon - 2013 - Northwest Journal of Teacher Education 11 (1):113-144.
    [This is an edited and improved version of "You Are Not Your Brain: Against 'Teaching to the Brain'" previously published in *Review of Higher Education and Self-Learning* 5(15), Summer 2012.] Since educators are always looking for ways to improve their practice, and since empirical science is now accepted in our worldview as the final arbiter of truth, it is no surprise they have been lured toward cognitive neuroscience in hopes that discovering how the brain learns will provide a nutshell explanation (...)
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  38. Realism versus instrumentalism in a new statistical framework.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (4):440-447.
    In this paper, I offer a new defense of scientific realism, tailored for the Akaikean paradigm of statistical hypothesis testing. After proposing definitions of verisimilitude and predictive success, I use computer simulations to show how the latter depends on the former, even in the kind of case featured in a recent argument for instrumentalism.
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  39.  15
    Malebranche’s Influence on Leibniz’s Writings on China.Gregory M. Reihman - 2015 - Philosophy East and West 65 (3):846-868.
  40.  15
    Religion, War, and Ethics: A Sourcebook of Textual Traditions.Gregory M. Reichberg & Henrik Syse (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Religion, War, and Ethics is a collection of primary sources from the world's major religions on the ethics of war. Each chapter brings together annotated texts - scriptural, theological, ethical, and legal - from a variety of historical periods that reflect each tradition's response to perennial questions about the nature of war: when, if ever, is recourse to arms morally justifiable? What moral constraints should apply to military conduct? Can a lasting earthly peace be achieved? Are there sacred reasons for (...)
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  41. Is there a presumption against war in Aquinas's ethics?Gregory M. Reichberg - 2002 - The Thomist 66 (3):337-367.
     
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  42.  8
    A Discussion on Instinct, Paris, 1954.Gregory M. Kohn - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-13.
    The publication of Daniel Lehrman’s 1953 paper, “A Critique of Konrad Lorenz’s Theory of Instinctive Behavior,” (_The Quarterly Review of Biology_ 28(4):337–363) exposed a gulf between comparative psychologists and ethologists regarding the concept of instincts. At the center of this debate was a rivalry between T. C. Schneirla—Lehrman’s doctoral advisor—and Konrad Lorenz. While Schneirla maintained that the concept of innate instincts mischaracterized developmental processes, Lorenz maintained that innateness was essential to understand the evolution of behavior. A year after the publication (...)
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  43.  23
    Conviction without Being Convinced: Maintaining Islamic Certainty in Minangkabau, Indonesia.Gregory M. Simon - 2012 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 40 (3):237-257.
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  44.  23
    Shame, Knowing, and Anthropology: On Robert I. Levy and the Study of Emotion.Gregory M. Simon - 2005 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 33 (4):493-498.
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  45. Development of Cultural Consciousness: From the Perspective of a Social Constructivist.Gregory M. Nixon - 2015 - International Journal of Education and Social Science 2 (10):119-136.
    In this condensed survey, I look to recent perspectives on evolution suggesting that cultural change likely alters the genome. Since theories of development are nested within assumptions about evolution (evo-devo), I next review some oft-cited developmental theories and other psychological theories of the 20th century to see if any match the emerging perspectives in evolutionary theory. I seek theories based neither in nature (genetics) nor nurture (the environment) but in the creative play of human communication responding to necessity. This survey (...)
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  46.  7
    Revisiting T. C. Schneirla’s “Interrelationships of the ‘Innate’ and the ‘Acquired’ in Instinctive Behavior” (1956).Gregory M. Kohn - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-10.
    During the postwar period, the concept of instinct came to encapsulate the debate around the importance of nature versus nurture. The fact that animals show highly organized behavior early in development suggested the presence of an underlying fixity where behavior was “inbuilt” into an animal’s biology despite an individual’s experiences. This placed a discrete and exhaustive line between the innate and acquired that became a foundation for the European-dominated field of ethology. Across the Atlantic, a group of comparative psychologists led (...)
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  47. and De iure belli relectiones (1557).Gregory M. Reichberg - 2003 - In Jorge J. E. Gracia, Gregory M. Reichberg & Bernard N. Schumacher (eds.), The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide. Blackwell. pp. 197.
     
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  48.  27
    Beyond Privation: Moral Evil In Aquinas’s De Malo.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):751-784.
    EVER SINCE PLOTINUS SOUGHT CLARITY in the notion of privation to dispel our human perplexity about evil, philosophers have debated whether this concept is adequate to the task. The intensity and scope of evil in the twentieth century—which has seen the horrors of world war and genocide—have added fuel to the debate. Can the idea of a falling away from the good, however refined, come anywhere close to capturing the calculation, the commitment, the energy, and the drive that underlie the (...)
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  49.  24
    Categorically Denied: Kant’s Criticism of Chinese Philosophy.Gregory M. Reihman - 2006 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 33 (1):51–65.
  50. Just War Theory, History of.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Hoboken, NJ: Blackwell.
     
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