Results for 'Gregory M. Fahey'

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  1.  35
    The Idea of the Good in John Dewey and Aristotle.Gregory M. Fahey - 2002 - Essays in Philosophy 3 (2):10.
    John Dewey looks to the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle for the general outlines of his ethical thought. In his 1932 Ethics, he describes the ethical framework that he shares with Aristotle in terms of knowledge, choice and character: "The formula was well stated by Aristotle. The doer of the moral deed must have a certain 'state of mind' in doing it. First, he must know what he is doing; secondly, he must choose it, and choose it for itself, and thirdly, (...)
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  2.  14
    Democracy and the Political Unconscious (Review).Gregory M. Fahey - 2011 - Education and Culture 27 (1):65-68.
    In Democracy and the Political Unconscious, Noëlle McAfee analyzes social pathologies that have arisen in the United States since September 11, 2001. In particular, she argues that we have been suffering society-wide repetition compulsions and time collapses, compelling us to experience the trauma repeatedly, and we have been acting out in ways that continue the cycle of suffering. She also presents a prescription for how we might work through these issues more democratically and fruitfully using deliberative talking cures. McAfee's application (...)
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  3. The Ethics of War: Classical and Contemporary Readings.Gregory M. Reichberg, Henrik Syse & Endre Begby (eds.) - 2006 - Blackwell.
    The Ethics of War is an indispensable collection of essays addressing issues both timely and age-old about the nature and ethics of war. Features essays by great thinkers from ancient times through to the present day, among them Plato, Augustine, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Grotius, Kant, Russell, and Walzer Examines timely questions such as: When is recourse to arms morally justifiable? What moral constraints should apply to military conduct? How can a lasting peace be achieved? Will appeal to a broad range of (...)
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  4.  27
    The Moral Equality of Combatants – a Doctrine in Classical Just War Theory? A Response to Graham Parsons.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2013 - Journal of Military Ethics 12 (2):181 - 194.
    Contrary to what has been alleged, the moral equivalence of combatants (MEC) is not a doctrine that was expressly developed by the traditional theorists of just war. Working from the axiom that just cause is unilateral, they did not embrace a conception of public war that included MEC. Indeed, MEC was introduced in the early fifteenth century as a challenge to the then reigning just war paradigm. It does not follow, however, that the distinction between private and public war had (...)
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  5.  15
    Aquinas' Moral Typology of Peace and War.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2011 - Review of Metaphysics 64 (3):467-487.
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  6. Myth and Mind: The Origin of Consciousness in the Discovery of the Sacred.Gregory M. Nixon - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (3):289-338.
    By accepting that the formal structure of human language is the key to understanding the uniquity of human culture and consciousness and by further accepting the late appearance of such language amongst the Cro-Magnon, I am free to focus on the causes that led to such an unprecedented threshold crossing. In the complex of causes that led to human being, I look to scholarship in linguistics, mythology, anthropology, paleontology, and to creation myths themselves for an answer. I conclude that prehumans (...)
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  7.  25
    Review of Gregory J. Cooper, The Science of the Struggle for Existence: On the Foundations of Ecology[REVIEW]Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2004 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (7).
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  8. From Panexperientialism to Conscious Experience: The Continuum of Experience.Gregory M. Nixon - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (3):216-233.
    When so much is being written on conscious experience, it is past time to face the question whether experience happens that is not conscious of itself. The recognition that we and most other living things experience non-consciously has recently been firmly supported by experimental science, clinical studies, and theoretic investigations; the related if not identical philosophic notion of experience without a subject has a rich pedigree. Leaving aside the question of how experience could become conscious of itself, I aim here (...)
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  9.  23
    Thomas Aquinas on Military Prudence.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2010 - Journal of Military Ethics 9 (3):262-275.
    Virtually all historical treatments of just war recognize the importance of the account given by Thomas Aquinas in Summa theologiae II-II, q. 40, ?De bello?, where he outlines three conditions ? legitimate authority, just cause, and right intention ? for a justifiable use of armed force. It is, however, less well known that within the same section of the work (q. 50, a. 4) Aquinas extended his reflection on just war into a theory of military prudence. By placing generalship under (...)
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  10.  94
    Thomas Aquinas Between Just War and Pacifism.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2010 - Journal of Religious Ethics 38 (2):219-241.
    Some recent authors have argued that Aquinas deliberately integrated a pacifist outlook into his just war theory. Others, by contrast, have maintained that his rejection of pacifism was unequivocal. The present article attempts to set the historical record straight by an examination of Aquinas's writings on this topic. In addition to Q. 40, A. 1 of Summa theologiae II–II, the text usually cited in this connection, this article considers the biblical commentaries where Aquinas explains how the Gospel “precepts of patience,” (...)
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  11. Hollows of Experience.Gregory M. Nixon - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (3):234-288.
    This essay is divided into two parts, deeply intermingled. Part I examines not only the origin of conscious experience but also how it is possible to ask of our own consciousness how it came to be. Part II examines the origin of experience itself, which soon reveals itself as the ontological question of Being. The chief premise of Part I is that symbolic communion and the categorizations of language have enabled human organisms to distinguish between themselves as actually existing entities (...)
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  12. Scientism, Philosophy and Brain-Based Learning.Gregory M. Nixon - 2013 - Northwest Journal of Teacher Education 11 (1):113-144.
    [This is an edited and improved version of "You Are Not Your Brain: Against 'Teaching to the Brain'" previously published in *Review of Higher Education and Self-Learning* 5(15), Summer 2012.] Since educators are always looking for ways to improve their practice, and since empirical science is now accepted in our worldview as the final arbiter of truth, it is no surprise they have been lured toward cognitive neuroscience in hopes that discovering how the brain learns will provide a nutshell explanation (...)
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  13.  49
    Beyond Privation: Moral Evil In Aquinas’s De Malo.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):751 - 784.
    EVER SINCE PLOTINUS SOUGHT CLARITY in the notion of privation to dispel our human perplexity about evil, philosophers have debated whether this concept is adequate to the task. The intensity and scope of evil in the twentieth century—which has seen the horrors of world war and genocide—have added fuel to the debate. Can the idea of a falling away from the good, however refined, come anywhere close to capturing the calculation, the commitment, the energy, and the drive that underlie the (...)
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  14.  26
    Jacques Maritain: Christian Theorist of Non-Violence and Just War.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):220-238.
    Jacques Maritain is widely recognized as one of the foremost Catholic philosophers of modern times. He wrote groundbreaking works in all branches of philosophy. For a period of about 10 years, beginning in 1933, he discussed matters relating to war and ethics. Writing initially about Gandhi, whose strategy of non-violence he sought to incorporate within a Christian conception of political action, Maritain proceeded to comment more specifically on the religious aspects of armed force in “On Holy War,” an essay about (...)
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  15.  9
    Threats and Coercive Diplomacy: An Ethical Analysis.Gregory M. Reichberg & Henrik Syse - 2018 - Ethics and International Affairs 32 (2):179-202.
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  16.  28
    Malebranche and Chinese Philosophy: A Reconsideration.Gregory M. Reihman - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (2):262 - 280.
    (2013). Malebranche and Chinese Philosophy: A Reconsideration. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 262-280. doi: 10.1080/09608788.2012.718869.
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  17. Development of Cultural Consciousness: From the Perspective of a Social Constructivist.Gregory M. Nixon - 2015 - International Journal of Education and Social Science 2 (10):119-136.
    In this condensed survey, I look to recent perspectives on evolution suggesting that cultural change likely alters the genome. Since theories of development are nested within assumptions about evolution (evo-devo), I next review some oft-cited developmental theories and other psychological theories of the 20th century to see if any match the emerging perspectives in evolutionary theory. I seek theories based neither in nature (genetics) nor nurture (the environment) but in the creative play of human communication responding to necessity. This survey (...)
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  18.  16
    Beyond Privation: Moral Evil In Aquinas’s De Malo.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):751-784.
    EVER SINCE PLOTINUS SOUGHT CLARITY in the notion of privation to dispel our human perplexity about evil, philosophers have debated whether this concept is adequate to the task. The intensity and scope of evil in the twentieth century—which has seen the horrors of world war and genocide—have added fuel to the debate. Can the idea of a falling away from the good, however refined, come anywhere close to capturing the calculation, the commitment, the energy, and the drive that underlie the (...)
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  19. Experiential Metaphysics and Merleau-Ponty’s Intra-Ontology.Gregory M. Nixon - 2021 - Constructivist Foundations 16 (2):153-155.
    [This is a commentary article on Michel Bitbol's TA: "The Tangled Dialectic of Body and Consciousness: A Metaphysical Counterpart of Radical Neurophenomenology".] -/- A summary of the major metaphysical positions reveals them to be variable enough that they do not deny experience to the researcher. Further, Merleau-Ponty’s intra-ontology and related terms are fleshed out.
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  20. Aquinas on Defensive Killing: A Case of Double Effect?Gregory M. Reichberg - 2005 - The Thomist 69 (3):341-370.
     
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  21. Editorial: Time & Experience: Twins of the Eternal Now?Gregory M. Nixon - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (5):482-489.
    In what follows, I suggest that, against most theories of time, there really is an actual present, a now, but that such an eternal moment cannot be found before or after time. It may even be semantically incoherent to say that such an eternal present exists since “it” is changeless and formless (presumably a dynamic chaos without location or duration) yet with creative potential. Such a field of near-infinite potential energy could have had no beginning and will have no end, (...)
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  22. Preface/Introduction — Hollows of Memory: From Individual Consciousness to Panexperientialism and Beyond.Gregory M. Nixon - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (3):213-215.
    Preface/Introduction: The question under discussion is metaphysical and truly elemental. It emerges in two aspects — how did we come to be conscious of our own existence, and, as a deeper corollary, do existence and awareness necessitate each other? I am bold enough to explore these questions and I invite you to come along; I make no claim to have discovered absolute answers. However, I do believe I have created here a compelling interpretation. You’ll have to judge for yourself. -/- (...)
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  23.  65
    Inverse Linking Via Function Composition.Gregory M. Kobele - 2010 - Natural Language Semantics 18 (2):183-196.
    The phenomenon of inverse linking, where a noun phrase embedded within another behaves with respect to binding as though it were structurally independent, has proven challenging for theories of the syntax–semantics interface. In this paper I show that, using an LF-movement style approach to the syntax–semantics interface, we can derive all and only the appropriate meanings for such constructions using no semantic operations other than function application and composition. The solution relies neither on a proliferation of lexical ambiguity nor on (...)
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  24.  13
    Malebranche’s Influence on Leibniz’s Writings on China.Gregory M. Reihman - 2015 - Philosophy East and West 65 (3):846-868.
  25. Aquinas on Battlefield Courage.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2010 - The Thomist 74 (3):337-368.
     
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  26. A 'Hermeneutic Objection': Language and the Inner View.Gregory M. Nixon - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):257-269.
    In the worlds of philosophy, linguistics, and communications theory, a view has developed which understands conscious experience as experience which is 'reflected' back upon itself through language. This indicates that the consciousness we experience is possible only because we have culturally invented language and subsequently evolved to accommodate it. This accords with the conclusions of Daniel Dennett (1991), but the 'hermeneutic objection' would go further and deny that the objective sciences themselves have escaped the hermeneutic circle. -/- The consciousness we (...)
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  27.  3
    Thomas Aquinas on War and Peace.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Inquiring 'whether any war can be just', Thomas Aquinas famously responded that this may hold true, provided the war is conducted by a legitimate authority, for a just cause, and with an upright intention. Virtually all accounts of just war, from the Middle Ages to the current day, make reference to this threefold formula. But due in large measure to its very succinctness, Aquinas's theory has prompted contrasting interpretations. This book sets the record straight by surveying the wide range of (...)
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  28. You Are Not Your Brain: Against 'Teaching to the Brain'.Gregory M. Nixon - 2012 - Review of Higher Education and Self-Learning 5 (15):69-83.
    Since educators are always looking for ways to improve their practice, and since empirical science is now accepted in our worldview as the final arbiter of truth, it is no surprise they have been lured toward cognitive neuroscience in hopes that discovering how the brain learns will provide a nutshell explanation for student learning in general. I argue that identifying the person with the brain is scientism (not science), that the brain is not the person, and that it is the (...)
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  29. Whitehead & the Elusive Present: Process Philosophy's Creative Core.Gregory M. Nixon - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (5):625-639.
    Time’s arrow is necessary for progress from a past that has already happened to a future that is only potential until creatively determined in the present. But time’s arrow is unnecessary in Einstein’s so-called block universe, so there is no creative unfolding in an actual present. How can there be an actual present when there is no universal moment of simultaneity? Events in various places will have different presents according to the position, velocity, and nature of the perceiver. Standing against (...)
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  30. Legitimate Authority: Aquinas's First Requirement of a Just War.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2012 - The Thomist 76 (3).
     
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  31. Luminescent Physicalism, A Book Review of Evan Thompson's *Waking, Dreaming, Being*. [REVIEW]Gregory M. Nixon - 2016 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 23 (9-10):262-267.
    This is a fine book by an extraordinary author whose literary followers have awaited a definitive statement of his views on consciousness since his participation in the important book on biological autopoiesis, The Embodied Mind (Varela, Thompson, & Rosch, 1991) and his recent neurophenomenology of biological systems, Mind in Life (2007). In the latter book, Thompson demonstrated the continuity of life and mind, whereas in this book he uses neurophenomenology as well as erudite renditions of Buddhist philosophy and a good (...)
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  32.  20
    Wise Interventions: Psychological Remedies for Social and Personal Problems.Gregory M. Walton & Timothy D. Wilson - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (5):617-655.
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  33.  20
    Reframing the Catholic Understanding of Just War: Two Contrasting Approaches in the Interwar Period.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2018 - Journal of Religious Ethics 46 (3):570-596.
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  34. Aristotle's Analysis of "Akrasia".Gregory M. Zeigler - 1977 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 58 (4):321.
     
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  35. Hume's View of the Causal Relation. [REVIEW]Gregory M. Zeigler - 1975 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 56 (4):351.
  36. Plato's "Euthyphro" Revisited.Gregory M. Zeigler - 1980 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 61 (3):291.
     
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  37. Jus Ad Bellum.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2008 - In Larry May & Emily Crookston (eds.), War: Essays in Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  38.  3
    Religion, War, and Ethics: A Sourcebook of Textual Traditions.Gregory M. Reichberg & Henrik Syse (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Religion, War, and Ethics is a collection of primary sources from the world's major religions on the ethics of war. Each chapter brings together annotated texts - scriptural, theological, ethical, and legal - from a variety of historical periods that reflect each tradition's response to perennial questions about the nature of war: when, if ever, is recourse to arms morally justifiable? What moral constraints should apply to military conduct? Can a lasting earthly peace be achieved? Are there sacred reasons for (...)
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  39.  17
    Second Response to Parsons.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2013 - Journal of Military Ethics 12 (4):370-372.
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  40.  16
    Washington Et le Monde: Dilemmes d'Une Superpuissance, Pierre Hassner and Justin Vaïsse , 170 Pp., $14.95 Paper. - American Empire: The Realities and Consequences of U.S. Diplomacy, Andrew J. Bacevich , 312 Pp., $29.95 Cloth. [REVIEW]Gregory M. Reichberg - 2003 - Ethics and International Affairs 17 (2):131-135.
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  41.  21
    The Cooper Storage Idiom.Gregory M. Kobele - 2018 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 27 (2):95-131.
    Cooper storage is a widespread technique for associating sentences with their meanings, used in diverse linguistic and computational linguistic traditions. This paper encodes the data structures and operations of cooper storage in the simply typed linear \-calculus, revealing the rich categorical structure of a graded applicative functor. In the case of finite cooper storage, which corresponds to ideas in current transformational approaches to syntax, the semantic interpretation function can be given as a linear homomorphism acting on a regular set of (...)
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  42. Niche-Based Vs. Neutral Models of Ecological Communities.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):557-566.
    Department of Philosophy and School of Environment McGill University 855 Sherbrooke Street West Montréal, Québec H3A 2T7 Canada E-mail: gregory[email protected]
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  43.  4
    Restrictive Versus Permissive Double Effect.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2017 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 91:211-223.
    The doctrine of double effect can have two different functions, permissive and restrictive. According to the first function, agents are exculpated from the negative consequences of their actions, consequences that would be deemed illicit were they intentionally chosen. According to the second, agents are reminded that they are responsible, albeit in a distinctive manner, for the foreseeable damages that flow from their chosen actions. Aquinas has standardly been credited with a permissive version of DDE. I argue by contrast that the (...)
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  44.  13
    Categorically Denied: Kant’s Criticism of Chinese Philosophy.Gregory M. Reihman - 2006 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 33 (1):51–65.
  45.  12
    The Neo-Thomists.Gregory M. Reichberg - 1996 - International Philosophical Quarterly 36 (4):475-486.
  46.  70
    Ecological Kinds and Ecological Laws.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1390-1400.
    Ecologists typically invoke "law-like" generalizations, ranging over "structural" and/or "functional" kinds, in order to explain generalizations about "historical" kinds (such as biological taxa)rather than vice versa. This practice is justified, since structural and functional kinds tend to correlate better with important ecological phenomena than do historical kinds. I support these contentions with three recent case studies. In one sense, therefore, ecology is, and should be, more nomothetic, or law-oriented, than idiographic, or historically oriented. This conclusion challenges several recent philosophical claims (...)
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  47.  6
    Abundance and Variety in Nature: Fact and Value.Gregory M. Mikkelson - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-13.
    The mass extinction visited upon us by capitalism involves many kinds of devastation. Here I clarify the grounds for assessing the most obvious of these harms, i.e., decimation of species diversity. The thesis that variety among species has intrinsic value motivates, and in turn follows from, the “variable value view” of abundance within any given species. In contrast, standard axiologies have no place for the intrinsic value of species diversity. I show that the VVV provides a better justification than the (...)
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  48. Is There a Presumption Against War in Aquinas's Ethics?Gregory M. Reichberg - 2002 - The Thomist 66 (3):337-367.
     
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  49.  25
    Methods and Metaphors in Community Ecology: The Problem of Defining Stability.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 1997 - Perspectives on Science 5 (4):481-498.
    Scientists must sometimes choose between competing definitions of key terms. The degree to which different definitions facilitate important discoveries should ultimately guide decisions about which terms to accept. In the short run, rules of thumb can help. One such rule is to regard with suspicion any definition that turns a seemingly important empirical matter into an a priori exercise. Several prominent definitions of ecological “stability” are suspect, according to this rule. After evaluating alternatives, I suggest that the faulty definitions resulted (...)
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  50. Realism Versus Instrumentalism in a New Statistical Framework.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (4):440-447.
    In this paper, I offer a new defense of scientific realism, tailored for the Akaikean paradigm of statistical hypothesis testing. After proposing definitions of verisimilitude and predictive success, I use computer simulations to show how the latter depends on the former, even in the kind of case featured in a recent argument for instrumentalism.
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