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Gregory Mellema [47]Gregory F. Mellema [4]Gregory Frank Mellema [1]
  1.  11
    Beyond the Call of Duty: Supererogation, Obligation, and Offence.Gregory Mellema - 1991 - State University of New York Press.
    The possibility of supererogation--doing more than one feels morally obliged to do--is denied by many thinkers.
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  2. Moral Ideals and Virtue Ethics.Gregory F. Mellema - 2010 - Journal of Ethics 14 (2):173-180.
    There have traditionally been two schools of thought regarding moral ideals and their relationship with moral duty. First, many have held that moral agents at all times have a duty or obligation to realize or attain moral ideals, or at least they have a duty to strive to realize or attain them. A second school of thought has maintained that attaining or pursuing moral ideals is supererogatory or beyond the call of duty. Recently a third school of thought has been (...)
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  3.  53
    Collective Responsibility and Qualifying Actions.Gregory Mellema - 2006 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):168–175.
    The article presents the issues arising from the memberships of moral agents in collectives that have the burden of moral responsibility. Likewise, it examines the qualifying actions that qualify their membership including deliberate contribution, risk taking and others. It differentiates collective responsibility to shared responsibility.
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  4. Collective Responsibility.Gregory F. Mellema - 1997 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Groups of people are commonly said to be collectively responsible for what has happened. Sometimes the groups claimed to be responsible are vast in size, as when collective responsibility is ascribed to the class of all Americans or the class of all white males. In this book the concept of collective responsibility is analyzed. It is examined not only in the light of what philosophical proponents have said about it, but a genuine attempt is made to make sense of what (...)
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  5. Praise, Blame, and the Ought Implies Can Principle.Gregory Mellema - 2001 - Philosophia 28 (1-4):425-436.
    Recently David Widerker argued that from the widely accepted ought implies can principle one can deduce the controversial and much discussed principle of alternative possibilities (PAP). Actually, he argues that this result is true only of the part of PAP which deals with moral blame. Because there are acts of supererogation, he maintains that it does not apply to the part which deals with moral praise. What Widerker says about supererogation seems true, and I develop and expand upon this idea (...)
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  6.  43
    Quasi-Supererogation.Gregory Mellema - 1987 - Philosophical Studies 52 (1):141 - 150.
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  7.  44
    Supererogation and the Fulfillment of Duty.Gregory Mellema - 1991 - Journal of Value Inquiry 25 (2):167-175.
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  8. Causation, Foresight and Collective Responsibility.Gregory Mellema - 1988 - Analysis 48 (1):44 - 50.
    This essay identifies and examines three theses about collective responsibility which are frequently assumed or presupposed in philosophical discussions of collective responsibility. While the first thesis places constraints upon what counts as collective responsibility in a way which is plausible and defensible, It is argued that the constraints placed by theses two and three are unreasonably limiting.
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  9.  22
    Business Ethics and Doing What One Ought to Do.Gregory Mellema - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (2):149 - 153.
    There are situations in human life where the failure to perform a certain act can be morally blameworthy and at the same time not constitute the failure of moral duty or obligation. While traditional approaches to ethics have not acknowledged the possibility of these acts, recent contributions to the literature have made a strong and convincing case for their existence. Here I explain the nature of these acts, present some examples of these acts as they might arise in one''s business (...)
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  10.  18
    Offence and Virtue Ethics.Gregory Mellema - 1991 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (3):323 - 329.
    In his 1963 essay ‘Supererogation and Offence: A Conceptual Scheme for Ethics,’ Roderick Chisholm describes a category of human acts which he calls ‘offences’:A system of moral concepts which provides a place for what is good but not obligatory, should also provide a place for what is bad but not forbidden. For if there is such a thing as “non-obligatory well-doing” then it is plausible to suppose that there is also such a thing as “permissive ill-doing.” There is no term (...)
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  11.  46
    Shared Responsibility and Ethical Dilutionism.Gregory Mellema - 1985 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 63 (2):177 – 187.
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  12.  18
    Moral Expectation.Gregory Mellema - 1998 - Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (4):479-488.
  13.  66
    Supererogation, Blame, and the Limits of Obligation.Gregory Mellema - 1994 - Philosophia 24 (1-2):171-182.
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  14.  62
    Is It Bad to Omit an Act of Supererogation?Gregory Mellema - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Research 21:405-416.
    There are a great many philosophers and theologians who deny that acts of supererogation are possible on the grounds that no act whose performance is praiseworthy can fail to be obligatory to perform. Here I examine a position which affirms that acts of supererogation are possible but which shares with the opponents of supererogation the sentiment that it is frequently morally blameworthy to omit such acts. This view is endorsed by certain professional philosophers, but it also seems that many non-philosophers (...)
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  15.  28
    Quasi-Obligation and the Failure to Be Virtuous.Gregory Mellema - 1993 - Journal of Social Philosophy 24 (2):176-185.
  16.  34
    Enabling Harm.Gregory Mellema - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (2):214–220.
  17.  39
    Moral Dilemmas and Offence.Gregory Mellema - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (3):291-298.
    In 1963 Roderick Chisholm proposed a category of acts called “offences” to capture what he called acts of “permissive ill-doing.” Chisholm’s proposal has proven to be controversial. Here I propose that some progress can be made in validating acts of offence by focusing upon moral dilemmas. Given the problems which have been alleged to beset moral dilemmas, this may initially seem like a puzzling strategy. However, I will call attention to a type of moral dilemma unlike what is standardly discussed (...)
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  18.  6
    Enabling Harm.Gregory Mellema - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (2):214-220.
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  19.  6
    On Being Fully Responsible.Gregory Mellema - 1984 - American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (2):189 - 193.
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  20.  16
    Moral Luck and Collectives.Gregory Mellema - 1997 - Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (3):144-152.
  21.  21
    Supererogation and Business Ethics.Gregory Mellema - 1991 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (2):191-199.
  22.  43
    Collective Responsibility and Contributing to an Outcome.Gregory Mellema - 2006 - Criminal Justice Ethics 25 (2):17-22.
  23.  37
    On Bloom’s Taxonomies of Educational Objectives.Gregory Mellema - 1987 - Philosophy Research Archives 13:439-462.
    Without question the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, by Benjamin Bloom and associates, is currently the most influential work in the theory of curriculum. Here I summarize Bloom’s taxonomies, survey a variety of criticisms raised by others, and conclude that there are serious philosophical problems remainmg to be addressed concerning both the structure and scope of the taxonomies.
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  24.  45
    Knud Logstrup, the Ethical Demand.Gregory Mellema - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (2):267-272.
  25.  19
    Expectation in Business and Professional Morality.Gregory Mellema - 1999 - Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (2):71-79.
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  26.  12
    On Quantifiers and Mass Terms.Gregory Mellema - 1981 - American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (2):165 - 170.
    The language of quantification theory does not seem to adequately reflect the logic of mass terms in ordinary english. Mass terms are treated as though they are true of objects which can be counted. In this paper, It is argued that by placing certain restrictions upon formulas which contain the identity sign it is possible to arrive at a formalization of mass term sentences which avoids this difficulty. The proposed restrictions are defended against charges that certain mass term sentences seem (...)
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  27.  18
    Groups, Responsibility, and the Failure to Act.Gregory Mellema - 1985 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 2 (3):57-66.
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  28.  10
    On Bloom’s Taxonomies of Educational Objectives.Gregory Mellema - 1987 - Philosophy Research Archives 13:439-462.
    Without question the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, by Benjamin Bloom and associates, is currently the most influential work in the theory of curriculum. Here I summarize Bloom’s taxonomies, survey a variety of criticisms raised by others, and conclude that there are serious philosophical problems remainmg to be addressed concerning both the structure and scope of the taxonomies.
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  29.  23
    Scapegoats.Gregory Mellema - 2000 - Criminal Justice Ethics 19 (1):3-9.
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  30.  17
    The Nature of Aims and Ends in Education.Gregory Mellema - 1984 - Philosophy Research Archives 10:321-336.
    In this paper it is argued that educational aims be approached as states of affairs susceptible of analysis in terms of means and ends. An educator’s various aims, in this way, can be classified according to the means-end relationship they bear to one another. This approach, which stands squarely in the tradition of Aristotle and enjoys little support among contemporary educational theorists, is defended from objections by R.S. Peters, a popular and influential proponent of an alternative approach.
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  31.  23
    Multiple Quantifiers and Hintikka's Logic of Perception.Gregory Mellema - 1982 - Philosophia 11 (1-2):95-103.
  32.  17
    What is Optional in the Fulfillment of Duty?Gregory Mellema - 1987 - Faith and Philosophy 4 (3):282-293.
    Moral duties are often described in terms of rigid requirements to perform, or refrain from performing, actions of certain specific types. In various theological traditions this point is often expressed in terms of the demands God places upon His creatures. However, there are several important ways, as Kant, Mill, and others have noted, in which the fulfillment of duty admits of options. In this paper an effort is made to offer a precise characterization of these ways. On this basis it (...)
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  33.  7
    Is It Bad to Omit an Act of Supererogation?Gregory Mellema - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Research 21:405-416.
    There are a great many philosophers and theologians who deny that acts of supererogation are possible on the grounds that no act whose performance is praiseworthy can fail to be obligatory to perform. Here I examine a position which affirms that acts of supererogation are possible but which shares with the opponents of supererogation the sentiment that it is frequently morally blameworthy to omit such acts. This view is endorsed by certain professional philosophers, but it also seems that many non-philosophers (...)
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  34.  11
    Kenneth Konyndyk 1942-1994.Gregory Mellema - 1995 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (5):101 -.
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  35.  11
    On Measures and Distinguishability.Gregory Mellema - 1983 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 24 (1):151-158.
  36.  14
    An Aristotelian Approach to Thinking About Educational Aims.Gregory Mellema - 1983 - New Scholasticism 57 (3):362-374.
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  37.  6
    The Nature of Aims and Ends in Education.Gregory Mellema - 1984 - Philosophy Research Archives 10:321-336.
    In this paper it is argued that educational aims be approached as states of affairs susceptible of analysis in terms of means and ends. An educator’s various aims, in this way, can be classified according to the means-end relationship they bear to one another. This approach, which stands squarely in the tradition of Aristotle and enjoys little support among contemporary educational theorists, is defended from objections by R.S. Peters, a popular and influential proponent of an alternative approach.
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  38.  15
    Groups, Responsibility, and Risk Taking in Business Organizations.Gregory Mellema - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (8):593 - 603.
    Discussions of risk taking in the modern business organization frequently focus upon the behavior of individual moral agents. Here I attempt to identify some of the complexities of risk taking when it is a group phenomenon and to do so in such a way as to shed some light upon the ethics of group risk taking in business organizations.
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  39.  8
    An Alternative Semantics for Knowledge.Gregory Mellema - 1979 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 20 (2):265-278.
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  40.  8
    Symbolic Value, Virtue Ethics, and the Morality of Groups.Gregory Mellema - 1999 - Philosophy Today 43 (3):302-308.
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  41.  6
    Peter Allen De Vos 1940-1993.Gregory Mellema & Kenneth Konyndyk - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (4):136 - 137.
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  42.  6
    On Risk Taking and Moral Responsibility.Gregory Mellema - 1987 - Criminal Justice Ethics 6 (2):3-11.
  43.  6
    Adam B. Seligam, the Problem of Trust.Gregory Mellema - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (2):273-275.
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  44.  2
    Symbolic Value, Virtue Ethics, and the Morality of Groups.Gregory Mellema - 1999 - Philosophy Today 43 (3):302-308.
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  45.  2
    Must We Do the Best We Can?Gregory Mellema - 1992 - Philosophy Today 36 (1):39-43.
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  46.  3
    Alternative Acts and the Demands of Morality.Gregory Mellema - 2004 - Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (4):451-456.
  47. Collective Responsibility.Gregory F. Mellema - 1997 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Groups of people are commonly said to be collectively responsible for what has happened. Sometimes the groups claimed to be responsible are vast in size, as when collective responsibility is ascribed to the class of all Americans or the class of all white males. In this book the concept of collective responsibility is analyzed. It is examined not only in the light of what philosophical proponents have said about it, but a genuine attempt is made to make sense of what (...)
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  48. The Little Logic Book.Lee Hardy, Del Ratzsch, Gregory Mellema & Rebecca DeYoung - 2013 - Grand Rapids: Calvin Press.
    Written by four members of the Calvin College philosophy department, The Little Logic Book is a valuable resource for teachers and undergraduate students of philosophy. In addition to providing clear introductions to the modes of reasoning students encounter in their philosophy course readings, it includes a nuanced description of common informal fallacies, a narrative overview of various philosophical accounts of scientific inference, and a concluding chapter on the ethics of argumentation. The book features engaging dialogues on social, philosophical and religious (...)
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  49. Business: Making Christian Choices.Gregory Mellema - 1990 - Crc Publications.
     
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  50. Mild Dilemmas.Gregory Mellema - 2010 - Annales Philosophici 1:51-55.
    This paper argues that, while the existence of strong moral dilemmas is notoriously controversial, a case can be made for the existence of mild dilemmas. It is common for people to feel that they are caught in some type of moral dilemma. If mild dilemmas are a genuine feature of the moral terrain, perceptions by ordinary people that they are caught in a moral dilemma are to some extent vindicated.
     
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