23 found
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  1.  77
    Brain to Computer Communication: Ethical Perspectives on Interaction Models. [REVIEW]Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (3):137-149.
    Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs) enable one to control peripheral ICT and robotic devices by processing brain activity on-line. The potential usefulness of BCI systems, initially demonstrated in rehabilitation medicine, is now being explored in education, entertainment, intensive workflow monitoring, security, and training. Ethical issues arising in connection with these investigations are triaged taking into account technological imminence and pervasiveness of BCI technologies. By focussing on imminent technological developments, ethical reflection is informatively grounded into realistic protocols of brain-to-computer communication. In particular, (...)
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  2. Learning Robots and Human Responsibility.Dante Marino & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2006 - International Review of Information Ethics 6:46-51.
    Epistemic limitations concerning prediction and explanation of the behaviour of robots that learn from experience are selectively examined by reference to machine learning methods and computational theories of supervised inductive learning. Moral responsibility and liability ascription problems concerning damages caused by learning robot actions are discussed in the light of these epistemic limitations. In shaping responsibility ascription policies one has to take into account the fact that robots and softbots - by combining learning with autonomy, pro-activity, reasoning, and planning - (...)
     
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  3.  34
    Scientific Theories of Computational Systems in Model Checking.Nicola Angius & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (2):323-336.
    Model checking, a prominent formal method used to predict and explain the behaviour of software and hardware systems, is examined on the basis of reflective work in the philosophy of science concerning the ontology of scientific theories and model-based reasoning. The empirical theories of computational systems that model checking techniques enable one to build are identified, in the light of the semantic conception of scientific theories, with families of models that are interconnected by simulation relations. And the mappings between these (...)
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  4. Intelligent Machines and Warfare: Historical Debates and Epistemologically Motivated Concerns.Roberto Cordeschi & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2005 - In L. Magnani (ed.), European Computing and Philosophy Conference (ECAP 2004). College Publications.
    The early examples of self-directing robots attracted the interest of both scientific and military communities. Biologists regarded these devices as material models of animal tropisms. Engineers envisaged the possibility of turning self-directing robots into new “intelligent” torpedoes during World War I. Starting from World War II, more extensive interactions developed between theoretical inquiry and applied military research on the subject of adaptive and intelligent machinery. Pioneers of Cybernetics were involved in the development of goal-seeking warfare devices. But collaboration occasionally turned (...)
     
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  5.  14
    Ethical Monitoring of Brain-Machine Interfaces.Federica Lucivero & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2008 - AI and Society 22 (3):449-460.
    The ethical monitoring of brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) is discussed in connection with the potential impact of BMIs on distinguishing traits of persons, changes of personal identity, and threats to personal autonomy. It is pointed out that philosophical analyses of personhood are conducive to isolating an initial thematic framework for this ethical monitoring problem, but a contextual refinement of this initial framework depends on applied ethics analyses of current BMI models and empirical case-studies. The personal autonomy-monitoring problem is approached by identifying (...)
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  6.  15
    Learning Robots Interacting with Humans: From Epistemic Risk to Responsibility. [REVIEW]Matteo Santoro, Dante Marino & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2008 - AI and Society 22 (3):301-314.
    The import of computational learning theories and techniques on the ethics of human-robot interaction is explored in the context of recent developments of personal robotics. An epistemological reflection enables one to isolate a variety of background hypotheses that are needed to achieve successful learning from experience in autonomous personal robots. The conjectural character of these background hypotheses brings out theoretical and practical limitations in our ability to predict and control the behaviour of learning robots in their interactions with humans. Responsibility (...)
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  7.  17
    Machine Experiments and Theoretical Modelling: From Cybernetic Methodology to Neuro-Robotics. [REVIEW]Guglielmo Tamburrini & Edoardo Datteri - 2005 - Minds and Machines 15 (3-4):335-358.
    Cybernetics promoted machine-supported investigations of adaptive sensorimotor behaviours observed in biological systems. This methodological approach receives renewed attention in contemporary robotics, cognitive ethology, and the cognitive neurosciences. Its distinctive features concern machine experiments, and their role in testing behavioural models and explanations flowing from them. Cybernetic explanations of behavioural events, regularities, and capacities rely on multiply realizable mechanism schemata, and strike a sensible balance between causal and unifying constraints. The multiple realizability of cybernetic mechanism schemata paves the way to principled (...)
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  8.  18
    Biorobotic Experiments for the Discovery of Biological Mechanisms.Edoardo Datteri & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (3):409-430.
    Robots are being extensively used for the purpose of discovering and testing empirical hypotheses about biological sensorimotor mechanisms. We examine here methodological problems that have to be addressed in order to design and perform “good” experiments with these machine models. These problems notably concern the mapping of biological mechanism descriptions into robotic mechanism descriptions; the distinction between theoretically unconstrained “implementation details” and robotic features that carry a modeling weight; the role of preliminary calibration experiments; the monitoring of experimental environments for (...)
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  9.  60
    Review of M. Davis, The Universal Computer: The Road From Leibniz to Turing; and Engines of Logic: Mathematicians and the Origin of the Computer. [REVIEW]Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2002 - Philosophia Mathematica 10 (3):337-346.
  10.  9
    Machine Learning From Examples: A Non-Inductivist Analysis.Edoardo Datteri, Hykel Hosni & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2005 - Logic and Philosophy of Science 3 (1):1-31.
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  11.  43
    Human-Robot Interaction and Psychoanalysis.Franco Scalzone & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2013 - AI and Society 28 (3):297-307.
    Psychological attitudes towards service and personal robots are selectively examined from the vantage point of psychoanalysis. Significant case studies include the uncanny valley effect, brain-actuated robots evoking magic mental powers, parental attitudes towards robotic children, idealizations of robotic soldiers, persecutory fantasies involving robotic components and systems. Freudian theories of narcissism, animism, infantile complexes, ego ideal, and ideal ego are brought to bear on the interpretation of these various items. The horizons of Human-robot Interaction are found to afford new and fertile (...)
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  12.  12
    Explaining Engineered Computing Systems’ Behaviour: The Role of Abstraction and Idealization.Nicola Angius & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (2):239-258.
    This paper addresses the methodological problem of analysing what it is to explain observed behaviours of engineered computing systems, focusing on the crucial role that abstraction and idealization play in explanations of both correct and incorrect BECS. First, it is argued that an understanding of explanatory requests about observed miscomputations crucially involves reference to the rich background afforded by hierarchies of functional specifications. Second, many explanations concerning incorrect BECS are found to abstract away from descriptions of physical components and processes (...)
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  13.  9
    Ethical Reflections on Health Care Robotics.Guglielmo Tamburrini & Edoardo Datteri - 2009 - In Capurro Raphael (ed.), Ethics and Robotics. IOS Press. pp. 35-48.
    Abstract. The rapid developments of robotics technologies in the last twenty years of the XX century have greatly encouraged research on the use of robots for surgery, diagnosis, rehabilitation, prosthetics, and assistance to disabled and elderly people. This chapter provides an overview of robotic technologies and systems for health care, focussing on various ethical problems that these technologies give rise to. These problems notably concern the protection of human physical and mental integrity, autonomy, responsibility, ...
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  14.  18
    Ethical Monitoring of Brain-Machine Interfaces, A Note on Personal Identity and Autonomy.Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2008 - AI and Society 22 (3):449-460.
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  15.  10
    On the Ethical Framing of Research Programs in Robotics.Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2016 - AI and Society 31 (4):463-471.
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  16.  20
    Reasoning and Computation in Leibniz.Leen Spruit & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 1991 - History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (1):1-14.
    Leibniz's overall view of the relationship between reasoning and computation is discussed on the basis of two broad claims that one finds in his writings, concerning respectively the nature of human reasoning and the possibility of replacing human thinking by a mechanical procedure. A joint examination of these claims enables one to appreciate the wide scope of Leibniz's interests for mechanical procedures, concerning a variety of philosophical themes further developed both in later logical investigations and in methodological contributions to cognitive (...)
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  17.  8
    Guest Editorial.Satinder Gill & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2008 - AI and Society 22 (3):265-270.
  18. Proceedings of the International School of Biocybernetics.Roberto Cordeschi, Guglielmo Tamburrini & Giuseppe Trautteur - 1999 - World Scientific.
     
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  19. The Notion of Loop in the Study of Consciousness.Roberto Cordeschi, Guglielmo Tamburrini & Giuseppe Trautteur - 1999 - In Proceedings of the International School of Biocybernetics. World Scientific.
    The notion of loop seems to be ubiquitous in the study of organisms, the human mind and symbolic systems. With the possible exception of quantum-mechanical approaches, the treatments of consciousness we are acquainted with crucially appeal to the concept of loop. The uses of loops in this context fall within two broad classes. In the first one, loops are used to express the control of the organism’s interaction with the environment; in the second one, they are used to express self-reference. (...)
     
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  20. Sul monitoraggio etico delle interfacce cervello-macchina.Federica Lucivero & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2007 - Teoria 27 (2):27-40.
    To deal with the question about the ethic monitoring of the Brain Interfaces Machine this article analyses the potential impact of BMI on the conditions which guarantee a status of personal identity, by re-discussing some crucial points of the philosophical debate about the human being related to the ways of improving these BMI systems. It is under discussion the matter of the autonomy of human beings related to mutual control between humans and machines in BMI systems.
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  21. Commentary: Reichenbach’s Verbal Tenses in the Context of Discovery About Computing Systems.Guglielmo Tamburrini - 1st ed. 2016 - In Flavia Santoianni (ed.), The Concept of Time in Early Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Springer Verlag.
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  22. Reflections on Mechanism.Guglielmo Tamburrini - 1988 - Dissertation, Columbia University
    For a general formulation of the undecidability and incompleteness theorems one has to characterize precisely the notion of formal system. Such a characterization is provided by the proposal to identify the intuitive concept of effectively calculable function with that of partial recursive function. A proper understanding of this identification, which is known under the name of "Church's thesis", is crucial for a philosophical assessment of these metamathematical results. The undecidability and incompleteness theorems suggest one major but certainly not the only (...)
     
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  23. On Physical Laws and Computability.Settimo Termini, Salvatore Guccione & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 1998 - Agora 17 (1):159-166.
     
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