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Guilherme Messas [8]Guilherme Peres Messas [4]Guilherme P. Messas [1]
  1. Recontextualizing the Subject of Phenomenological Psychopathology: Establishing a New Paradigm Case.Anthony Vincent Fernandez & Guilherme Messas - forthcoming - Frontiers in Psychiatry.
    Recently, there have been calls to develop a more contextual approach to phenomenological psychopathology—an approach that attends to the socio-cultural as well as personal and biographical factors that shape experiences of mental illness. In this Perspective article, we argue that to develop this contextual approach, phenomenological psychopathology should adopt a new paradigm case. For decades, schizophrenia has served as the paradigmatic example of a condition that can be better understood through phenomenological investigation. And recent calls for a contextual approach continue (...)
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  2.  14
    Psychotherapy of the oppressed: the education of Paulo Freire in dialogue with phenomenology.Valter L. Piedade & Guilherme Messas - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
    The current paradigm of mental health has fallen short in its promises to deliver better care and quality of life for those who lives with mental illness. Recent works have expressed the need for more comprehensive frameworks of research, in which phenomenology emerges as a fundamental tool for a new wave interdisciplinary studies with the humanities. In line with this project, this article hopes to explore the relation between education and phenomenologically oriented psychotherapy, through the work of Brazilian educator Paulo (...)
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  3.  39
    Pharmacological Treatment of Schizophrenia in Light of Phenomenology.Melissa Garcia Tamelini & Guilherme Peres Messas - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (2):133-142.
    The construction of the phenomenological project of psychopathology began in the 1920s. Husserl’s philosophical elaborations, which started to be drawn a few decades earlier, had a broad repercussion on the historical and cultural context of the time and was eventually incorporated into several disciplines, including psychopathology. Particularly in this field, phenomenology had a significant impact, because its epistemological foundations was a close match to the rigorous purposes of a scientific investigation of mental disorders.The phenomenological contribution has established an irrevocable and (...)
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  4.  9
    Dialectics of addiction: a psychopathologically-enriched comprehension of the clinical care of the addicted person.Guilherme Messas & Susana Dörr-Álamos - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-20.
    The problem of addiction to psychoactive substances, such as alcohol and other drugs, has been addressed in psychiatry traditionally from the perspective of a mechanistic-reductionist epistemological model, whose main focus in clinical care is to avoid or suppress the use of these substances, rather than understanding the meaning of a treatment and the meaning of the alterations of consciousness produced by these addictive substances. This paper attempts to contribute towards overcoming this epistemological perspective from the perspective of phenomenological psychopathology. In (...)
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  5.  35
    Towards a phenomenological approach to psychopharmacology: drug-centered model and epistemic empowerment.Marcelo Vieira Lopes & Guilherme Messas - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-18.
    The long-standing tradition of phenomenological psychopathology has been historically concerned with the nature of mental disorders, with a special focus on their basic experiential core. In the same way, much of the recent phenomenologically-inspired work in psychopathology consists in providing precise and refined tools for diagnosis, classification, and nosology of mental disorders. What is striking, however, is the lack of therapeutic proposals in this tradition. Although a number of phenomenological approaches refer positively to psychotherapeutic practices, psychopharmacological intervention has been mostly (...)
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  6. More phenomenology in psychiatry? Applied ontology as a method towards integration.Rasmus Rosenberg Larsen, Guilherme Messas, Maschião Luca, Valter Piedade & Janna Hastings - 2022 - The Lancet Psychiatry 9 (9):P751-758.
    There have been renewed calls to use phenomenology in psychiatry to improve knowledge about causation, diagnostics, and treatment of mental health conditions. A phenomenological approach aims to elucidate the subjective experiences of mental health, which its advocates claim have been largely neglected by current diagnostic frameworks in psychiatry (eg, DSM-5). The consequence of neglecting rich phenomenological information is a comparatively more constrained approach to theory development, empirical research, and care programmes. Although calls for more phenomenology in psychiatry have been met (...)
     
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  7.  74
    A Phenomenological Contribution to the Approach of Biological Psychiatry.Guilherme P. Messas - 2010 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 41 (2):180-200.
    This article develops a phenomenological contribution to biological psychiatry. Grounded in the principles of transformation, heterogeneity, proportionality and particularity, a paradigm of phenomenological orientation allocates to biology a role different from that assumed by official Cartesian psychiatry. First, no clear definition of what is biological may be established a priori—as a general application, and useful to each and every studied phenomenon. Biology may be understood only as the experience of ununderstandable elements within consciousness, and as belonging necessarily to a whole (...)
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  8.  29
    A Step Beyond Psychopathology: A New Frontier of Phenomenology in Psychiatry.Melissa Garcia Tamelini & Guilherme Peres Messas - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (2):151-154.
    Critical-philosophical commentary on theses defended in scientific articles may be guided by two distinct perspectives, each leading to inquiries and styles of responses that are both distinct and complementary: an internal perspective and an external perspective. The internal commentator belongs to the same epistemological field of the authors and, as such, shares the same categorical assumptions and the same Weltanschauung explored in the text. The dialogue with this commentator emphasizes the minutiae of the observation of the shared scientific reality and (...)
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