14 found
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  1.  35
    Social Responsibility: A New Paradigm of Hospital Governance? [REVIEW]Cristina Brandão, Guilhermina Rego, Ivone Duarte & Rui Nunes - 2013 - Health Care Analysis 21 (4):390-402.
    Changes in modern societies originate the perception that ethical behaviour is essential in organization’s practices especially in the way they deal with aspects such as human rights. These issues are usually under the umbrella of the concept of social responsibility. Recently the Report of the International Bioethics Committee of UNESCO on Social Responsibility and Health has addressed this concept of social responsibility in the context of health care delivery suggesting a new paradigm in hospital governance. The objective of this paper (...)
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  2.  35
    Healthcare Regulation as a Tool for Public Accountability.Rui Nunes, Guilhermina Rego & Cristina Brandão - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (3):257-264.
    The increasing costs of healthcare delivery led to different political and administrative approaches trying to preserve the core values of the welfare state. This approach has well documented weaknesses namely with regard to healthcare rationing. The objective of this paper is to evaluate if independent healthcare regulation is an important tool with regard to the construction of fair processes for setting limits to healthcare. Methodologically the authors depart from Norman Daniels’ and James Sabin’s theory of accountability for reasonableness and try (...)
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  3.  73
    Awareness of Costs and Individual Accountability in Health Care.Sofia Rt Nunes, Guilhermina Rego & Rui Nunes - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (6):0969733012468464.
    Questions of social justice and health-care costs are some of the concerns of society. The cost caused by cardiovascular diseases can have an enormous impact, and it is important to know what patients think about illness costs when they are hospitalized. Two interviews were realized in a longitudinal study, in a sample of 106 patients submitted to expensive techniques in Cardiology (Portugal), to understand the patients’ perception about the health costs and behavior changes based on awareness. We can conclude that (...)
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  4.  19
    Alzheimer, Dementia and the Living Will: A Proposal.Claudia Burlá, Guilhermina Rego & Rui Nunes - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (3):389-395.
    The world population aged significantly over the twentieth century, leading to an increase in the number of individuals presenting progressive, incapacitating, incurable chronic-degenerative diseases. Advances in medicine to prolong life prompted the establishment of instruments to ensure their self-determination, namely the living will, which allows for an informed person to refuse a type of treatment considered unacceptable according to their set of values. From the knowledge on the progression of Alzheimer disease, it is possible to plan the medical care, even (...)
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  5.  24
    Priority Setting in Health Care: A Complementary Approach. [REVIEW]Rui Nunes & Guilhermina Rego - 2014 - Health Care Analysis 22 (3):292-303.
    Explicit forms of rationing have already been implemented in some countries, and many of these prioritization systems resort to Norman Daniels’ “accountability for reasonableness” methodology. However, a question still remains: is “accountability for reasonableness” not only legitimate but also fair? The objective of this paper is to try to adjust “accountability for reasonableness” to the World Health Organization’s holistic view of health and propose an evolutionary perspective in relation to the “normal” functioning standard proposed by Norman Daniels. To accomplish this (...)
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  6.  42
    The Rise of Independent Regulation in Health Care.Rui Nunes, Guilhermina Rego & Cristina Brandão - 2007 - Health Care Analysis 15 (3):169-177.
    In all countries where health care access is considered a social right, regulation is both a tool of performance improvement as well as an instrument of social justice. Both social (equity in access) and economical (promoting competition) regulation are at stake due to the nature of the good itself. Different modalities of regulation do exist and usually new regulatory cycles include the creation of stronger regulatory agencies. Indeed, health care regulation is rising steadily in most developed countries as a consequence (...)
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  7.  12
    Euthanasia: A Challenge to Medical Ethics.Rui Nunes & Guilhermina Rego - 2016 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 7 (4).
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  8.  56
    Public Accountability and Sunshine Healthcare Regulation.Rui Nunes, Cristina Brandão & Guilhermina Rego - 2011 - Health Care Analysis 19 (4):352-364.
    The lack of economic sustainability of most healthcare systems and a higher demand for quality and safety has contributed to the development of regulation as a decisive factor for modernisation, innovation and competitiveness in the health sector. The aim of this paper is to determine the importance of the principle of public accountability in healthcare regulation, stressing the fact that sunshine regulation—as a direct and transparent control over health activities—is vital for an effective regulatory activity, for an appropriate supervision of (...)
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  9.  18
    The Impact of Economic Recession on Health-Care and the Contribution by Nurses to Promote Individuals' Dignity.Sofia Nunes, Guilhermina Rego & Rui Nunes - 2015 - Nursing Inquiry 22 (4):285-295.
  10.  46
    Ethical and Legal Issues in Xenotransplantation.Helena Melo, Cristina Brandao, Guilhermina Rego & Rui Nunes - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (5-6):427-442.
    In most western countries, there is a 'human organ shortage' with waiting lists for the performance of transplantation. In a recent report of the UNOS Ethics Committee it is stated that there are approximately 31,000 potential recipients on waiting lists, but only one fourth of potential donors give their specific consent. Xenotransplantation--defined as the transplantation of animal cells, tissues or organs into human beings--is associated with particular ethical dilemmas, namely the problems of efficiency and safety of this medical procedure. The (...)
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  11.  41
    Distributive Justice and the Introduction of Generic Medicines.Guilhermina Rego, Cristina Brandão, Helena Melo & Rui Nunes - 2002 - Health Care Analysis 10 (2):221-229.
    Introduction: All countries face the issue of choice in healthcare. Allocation of healthcare resources is clearly associated with the concept of distributive justice and to the existence of a right to healthcare. Nevertheless, there is still the question of whether this right should include all types of healthcare services or if it should be limited to selected types. It follows that choices must be made, priorities must be set and that efficiency of healthcare services should be maximum.
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  12.  5
    Ethical and Legal Issues in Xenotransplantation.Helena Melo, Cristina BrandÃo, Guilhermina Rego & Rui Nunes - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (5-6):427-442.
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  13.  11
    Right or Duty of Information.Sofia R. T. Nunes, Guilhermina Rego & Rui Nunes - 2016 - Nursing Ethics 23 (1):36-47.
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  14. Bioethical Principles and Vulnerability Regarding Induced Abortion in Adolescence.José Humberto Belmino Chaves, Leo Pessini, Antonio Fernando de Sousa Bezerra, Vera Lucia Gama de Mendonca & Guilhermina Rego - 2011 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 21 (5):180-180.
    In Brazil, induced abortion in adolescents has been frequent in less-advantaged socioeconomic classes, and the vulnerability of these adolescents has not been addressed. Given this context, the present study sought to investigate the relationship between the practice of abortion and vulnerability in adolescents. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 201 adolescents who completed a structured questionnaire that allowed the analysis of variables with respect to intent to abort. The profile of the pregnant adolescents in the sample studied was the (...)
     
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