The author, dismissing the feasibility of attaining the real facts of history, proposes to define historical truth as the set of all possible worlds that agree with all the sources available to the historian. He remarks that this conception is very close to that necessairly assumed today by cosmologists, when describing the evolution of the phisical universe.
Con l’arrivo di Nietzsche in Francia, la lunga e tormentata storia delle relazioni culturali con la Germania vive un momento particolarmente significativo. L’articolo intende ricostruire i passaggi che intersecano su diversi piani la ricezione del pensiero nietzscheano in Francia tra il 1890 e il 1914. Dalla discussione sul nichilismo, che fin dagli esordi traccia l’orizzonte interpretativo all’interno del quale viene ripensata la civiltà europea, prende corpo il dibattito sulla identità della cultura francese, già messa in crisi nel ventennio (...) precedente dalla fortuna di Schopenhauer e Wagner. Intrecciandosi in un drammatico crescendo con le vicende della Francia, gli itinerari interpretativi finiscono per riflettere sulla riforma filosofica nietzscheana le ossessioni del paese, dal pangermanesimo all’antisemitismo. (shrink)
The writing of customs and their reform in France in the second half of Sixteenth century generate numerous comments by the jurists, concerning their content as well as their origin, their characteristics and their relations with other sources of law. This essay presents some definitions of the coutume and the comments that some of the greatest French jurists of the Sixteenth century, and especially Montaigne, propose of the customs and their normativity. It also tries to highlight the difficulties involved in (...) solving a number of problems. The latter concern in particular the relationship of customs with time, with the laws issued by the King, with local communities and with the territory, during the rise of a precise spatial perspective and a specific temporality of the modern theory based on the function of law. (shrink)
Bewildering features of modern physics, such as relativistic space-time structure and the peculiarities of so-called quantum statistics, challenge traditional ways of conceiving of objects in space and time. Interpreting Bodies brings together essays by leading philosophers and scientists to provide a unique overview of the implications of such physical theories for questions about the nature of objects. The collection combines classic articles by Max Born, Werner Heisenberg, Hans Reichenbach, and Erwin Schrodinger with recent contributions, including several papers that have never (...) before been published.The book focuses on the microphysical objects that are at the heart of quantum physics and addresses issues central to both the "foundational" and the philosophical debates about objects. Contributors explore three subjects in particular: how to identify a physical object as an individual, the notion of invariance with respect to determining what objects are or could be, and how to relate objective and measurable properties to a physical entity. The papers cover traditional philosophical topics, common-sense questions, and technical matters in a consistently clear and rigorous fashion, illuminating some of the most perplexing problems in modern physics and the philosophy of science.The contributors are Diederik Aerts, Max Born, Elena Castellani, Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara, Bas C. van Fraassen, Steven French, Gian Carlo Ghirardi, Roberto Giuntini, Werner Heisenberg, Decio Krause, David Lewis, Tim Maudlin, Peter Mittelstaedt, Giulio Peruzzi, Hans Reichenbach, Erwin Schrodinger, Paul Teller, and Giuliano Toraldo di Francia. (shrink)