22 found
Order:
See also
  1.  19
    Zombie-Like or Superconscious? A Phenomenological and Conceptual Analysis of Consciousness in Elite Sport.Gunnar Breivik - 2013 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 40 (1):85-106.
    According to a view defended by Hubert Dreyfus and others, elite athletes are totally absorbed while they are performing, and they act non-deliberately without any representational or conceptual thinking. By using both conceptual clarification and phenomenological description the article criticizes this view and maintains that various forms of conscious thinking and acting plays an important role before, during and after competitive events. The article describes in phenomenological detail how elite athletes use consciousness in their actions in sport; as planning, attention, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  2.  22
    Sporting Knowledge and the Problem of Knowing How.Gunnar Breivik - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (2):143-162.
    In the Concept of Mind from 1949 Gilbert Ryle distinguished between knowing how and knowing that. What was Ryle’s basic idea and how is the discussion going on in philosophy today? How can sport philosophy use the idea of knowing how? My goal in this paper is first to bring Ryle and the post-Rylean discussion to light and then show how phenomenology can give some input to the discussion. The article focuses especially on the two main interpretations of knowing how, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  3.  15
    Skillful Coping in Everyday Life and in Sport: A Critical Examination of the Views of Heidegger and Dreyfus.Gunnar Breivik - 2007 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 34 (2):116-134.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  4.  11
    Being-in-the-Void: A Heideggerian Analysis of Skydiving.Gunnar Breivik - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 37 (1):29-46.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  5.  12
    Searle, Merleau-Ponty, Rizzolatti – Three Perspectives on Intentionality and Action in Sport.Gunnar Breivik - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 44 (2):199-212.
    Actions in sport are intentional in character. They are directed at and are about something. This understanding of intentional action is common in continental as well as analytic philosophy. In sport philosophy, intentionality has received relatively little attention, but has more recently come on the agenda. In addition to what we can call ‘action intentionality,’ studied by philosophers like Searle, the phenomenological approach forwarded by Merleau-Ponty has opened up for a concept of ‘motor intentionality,’ which means a basic bodily attention (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6.  6
    The Role of Skill in Sport.Gunnar Breivik - 2016 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 10 (3):222-236.
    Skill is obviously a central part of sports and should therefore be central in sport philosophic studies. My aim in this paper is to try to place skill in a wider context and thus give skill the place it deserves. I will do this by taking up four points. I first try to place the concept of skill in relation to concepts like ability and know how. I argue that ability is something one has as part of a natural endowment, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  7.  67
    Bodily Movement - the Fundamental Dimensions.Gunnar Breivik - 2008 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (3):337 – 352.
    Bodily movement has become an interesting topic in recent philosophy, both in analytic and phenomenological versions. Philosophy from Descartes to Kant defined the human being as a mental subject in a material body. This mechanistic attitude toward the body still lingers on in many studies of motor learning and control. The article shows how alternative philosophical views can give a better understanding of bodily movement. The article starts with Heidegger's contribution to overcoming the subject-object dichotomy and his new understanding of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  8.  36
    Dangerous Play With the Elements: Towards a Phenomenology of Risk Sports.Gunnar Breivik - 2011 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):314 - 330.
    The purpose of this article is to present a phenomenological description of how athletes in specific risk sports explore human interaction with natural elements. Skydivers play with, and surf on, the encountering air while falling towards the ground. Kayakers play on the waves and with the stoppers and currents in the rivers. Climbers are ballerinas of the vertical, using cracks and holds in the cliffs to pull upwards against gravity forces. The theoretical background for the description is found in the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  9.  74
    Philosophical Perfectionism – Consequences and Implications for Sport.Gunnar Breivik - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (1):87 – 105.
    Ethical theories in sport philosophy tend to focus on interpersonal relations. Little has been said about sport as part of the good life and as experienced from within. This article tries to remedy this by discussing a theory that is fitting for sport, especially elite sport. The idea of perfection has a long tradition in Western philosophy. Aristotle maintains that the good life consists in developing specific human faculties to their fullest. The article discusses Hurka's recent version of Aristotelian perfectionism (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  10.  2
    Skills, Knowledge and Expertise in Sport.Gunnar Breivik - 2016 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 10 (3):217-221.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11.  4
    Hvor moralsk tenker fotballspillere? – en empirisk studie av toppfotball.Lars Tore Ødegård & Gunnar Breivik - 2015 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 9 (2):33.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  6
    What Would a Deep Ecological Sport Look Like? The Example of Arne Naess.Gunnar Breivik - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (1):63-81.
    ABSTRACTSince the 1960s environmental problems have increasingly been on the agenda in Western countries. Global warming and climate change have increased concerns among scientists, politicians and the general population. While both elite sport and mass sport are part of the consumer culture that leads to ecological problems, sport philosophers, with few exceptions, have not discussed what an ecologically acceptable sport would look like. My goal in this article is to present a radical model of ecological sport based on Arne Naess’s (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  5
    The Sporting Exploration of the World; Toward a Fundamental Ontology of the Sporting Human Being.Gunnar Breivik - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-17.
    ABSTRACTMy perspective in this paper is to look at sport and other physical activities as a way of exploring and experimenting with the environing world. The human being is basically the homo movens – born to move. Furthermore, the homo movens is the homo ludens – an active and playful being that explores the world in different ways and in a variety of environments. The ludic exploration of the world starts with children’s play and goes all the way up to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. The Quest for Excitement and the Safe Society.Gunnar Breivik - 1999 - Philosophy 3 (1).
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15. The Quest for Excitement and the Safe Society.Gunnar Breivik - 2007 - In M. J. McNamee (ed.), Philosophy, Risk, and Adventure Sports. London ;Routledge. pp. 10.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  11
    14 Sport, Gene Doping and Ethics.Gunnar Breivik - 2005 - In Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge. pp. 165.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17.  16
    Sport In High Modernity: Sport as a Carrier of Social Values.Gunnar Breivik - 1998 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 25 (1):103-118.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18.  11
    Can Basejumping Be Morally Defended?Gunnar Breivik - 2007 - In M. J. McNamee (ed.), Philosophy, Risk, and Adventure Sports. London ;Routledge. pp. 168.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  24
    Philosophy of Sport in the Nordic Countries.Gunnar Breivik - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 37 (2):194-214.
    In 1972 I attended the Pre-Olympic Scientific Congress in Munich. For the first time science and sport were brought together in connection with the Olympic Games. The organizers presented a book Sport in Blickpunkt der Wissenschaften (Sport from a Scientific Point of View) that summarized history and state of the art of the main sport scientific approaches (41). The German philosopher Hans Lenk gave a presentation of a broad array of past and present interpretations of sport from a philosophic viewpoint (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  3
    Fra Egoisme Til Sjenerøsitet – Kan Toppidretten Reformeres?Gunnar Breivik - 2010 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 4 (1).
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  6
    Intentionality and Action in Sport: A Discussion of the Views of Searle and Dreyfus.Gunnar Breivik - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (2):133-148.
    The article looks at sport as a form of human action where the participants display various forms of Intentionality. Intentionality may be defined as ‘that property of many mental states and events by which they are directed at or about or of objects and states of affairs in the world.’ Sporting actions are about human intentions, beliefs, desires, perceptions and not to forget, movements. This means that sports typically display what we call ‘Intentionality.’ The study of Intentionality and intentional actions (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  7
    Academic Versus Sporting Knowledge. Robert L. Simon and the Debate About Sports on Campus.Gunnar Breivik - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (1):61-74.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark