Results for 'Gus Koehler'

131 found
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  1. Radiance of Time.Gus Koehler - manuscript
    For Vajrayana Buddhism, the now is an interval, a boundary, a point of tension and suspension with an atmosphere of uncertainty. It is a bifurcation point of variable length; its name is “bardo.” The bardo is immersed in the conventional, or “seeming” reality. It emerges from what is called the “unstained” ultimate or primordial emptiness or “basal clear light.” Further, the ultimate is not the sphere of cognition. Cognition, including cognition of time, belongs to conventional reality. Buddhahood, in contrast, is (...)
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  2.  28
    Analytic Cognitive Style Predicts Religious and Paranormal Belief.Gordon Pennycook, James Allan Cheyne, Paul Seli, Derek J. Koehler & Jonathan A. Fugelsang - 2012 - Cognition 123 (3):335-346.
    An analytic cognitive style denotes a propensity to set aside highly salient intuitions when engaging in problem solving. We assess the hypothesis that an analytic cognitive style is associated with a history of questioning, altering, and rejecting supernatural claims, both religious and paranormal. In two studies, we examined associations of God beliefs, religious engagement, conventional religious beliefs and paranormal beliefs with performance measures of cognitive ability and analytic cognitive style. An analytic cognitive style negatively predicted both religious and paranormal beliefs (...)
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  3.  21
    The Base Rate Fallacy Reconsidered: Descriptive, Normative, and Methodological Challenges.Jonathan J. Koehler - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):1.
  4.  15
    The Role of Analytic Thinking in Moral Judgements and Values.Gordon Pennycook, James Allan Cheyne, Nathaniel Barr, Derek J. Koehler & Jonathan A. Fugelsang - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):188-214.
    While individual differences in the willingness and ability to engage analytic processing have long informed research in reasoning and decision making, the implications of such differences have not yet had a strong influence in other domains of psychological research. We claim that analytic thinking is not limited to problems that have a normative basis and, as an extension of this, predict that individual differences in analytic thinking will be influential in determining beliefs and values. Along with assessments of cognitive ability (...)
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  5. Support Theory: A Nonextensional Representation of Subjective Probability.Amos Tversky & Derek J. Koehler - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (4):547-567.
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  6.  20
    Are We Good at Detecting Conflict During Reasoning?Gordon Pennycook, Jonathan A. Fugelsang & Derek J. Koehler - 2012 - Cognition 124 (1):101-106.
    Recent evidence suggests that people are highly efficient at detecting conflicting outputs produced by competing intuitive and analytic reasoning processes. Specifically, De Neys and Glumicic demonstrated that participants reason longer about problems that are characterized by conflict between stereotypical personality descriptions and base-rate probabilities of group membership. However, this finding comes from problems involving probabilities much more extreme than those used in traditional studies of base-rate neglect. To test the degree to which these findings depend on such extreme probabilities, we (...)
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  7.  7
    Probability Matching in Choice Under Uncertainty: Intuition Versus Deliberation.Derek J. Koehler & Greta James - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):123-127.
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  8.  20
    Atheists and Agnostics Are More Reflective Than Religious Believers: Four Empirical Studies and a Meta-Analysis.Gordon Pennycook, Robert M. Ross, Derek J. Koehler & Jonathan A. Fugelsang - 2016 - PLoS ONE 11 (4):e0153039.
    Individual differences in the mere willingness to think analytically has been shown to predict religious disbelief. Recently, however, it has been argued that analytic thinkers are not actually less religious; rather, the putative association may be a result of religiosity typically being measured after analytic thinking (an order effect). In light of this possibility, we report four studies in which a negative correlation between religious belief and performance on analytic thinking measures is found when religious belief is measured in a (...)
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  9.  17
    The "Eels" of South America: Mid-18th-Century Dutch Contributions to the Theory of Animal Electricity. [REVIEW]Peter J. Koehler, Stanley Finger & Marco Piccolino - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (4):715 - 763.
    During the mid-18th century, when electricity was coming into its own, natural philosophers began to entertain the possibility that electricity is the mysterious nerve force. Their attention was first drawn to several species of strongly electric fish, namely torpedoes, a type of African catfish, and a South American "eels." This was because their effects felt like those of discharging Leyden jars and could be transmitted along known conductors of electricity. Moreover, their actions could not be adequately explained by popular mechanical (...)
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  10.  15
    Frequency Formats Are a Small Part of the Base Rate Story.Dale Griffin, Derek J. Koehler & Lyle Brenner - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):268-269.
    Manipulations that draw attention to extensional or set-based considerations are neither sufficient nor necessary for enhanced use of base rates in intuitive judgments. Frequency formats are only one part of the puzzle of base-rate use and neglect. The conditions under which these and other manipulations promote base-rate use may be more parsimoniously organized under the broader notion of case-based judgment.
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  11. A Search for Core Values: Towards a Model Code of Ethics for Information Professionals.Wallace C. Koehler & J. Michael Pemberton - 2000 - Journal of Information Ethics 9 (1):26-54.
     
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  12.  1
    Unconscious Visual Processing in Neuropsychological Syndromes: A Survey of the Literature and Evaluation of Models of Consciousness.S. Koehler & Morris Moscovitch - 1997 - In M. D. Rugg (ed.), Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press. pp. 305--373.
  13.  42
    Instability and Convergence Under Simple-Majority Rule: Results From Simulation of Committee Choice in Two-Dimensional Space. [REVIEW]David H. Koehler - 2001 - Theory and Decision 50 (4):305-332.
    Nondeterministic models of collective choice posit convergence among the outcomes of simple-majority decisions. The object of this research is to estimate the extent of convergence of majority choice under different procedural conditions. The paper reports results from a computer simulation of simple-majority decision making by committees. Simulation experiments generate distributions of majority-adopted proposals in two-dimensional space. These represent nondeterministic outcomes of majority choice by committees. The proposal distributions provide data for a quantitative evaluation of committee-choice procedures in respect to outcome (...)
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  14. People Focus on Optimistic Scenarios and Disregard Pessimistic Scenarios While Predicting Task Completion Times.Ian R. Newby-Clark, Michael Ross, Roger Buehler, Derek J. Koehler & Dale Griffin - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (3):171-182.
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  15.  6
    Cinematografie van de neurowetenschap in Nederland: De Magnus-Rademaker collectie.P. J. Koehler, B. Lameris & E. Hielscher - 2013 - Studium : Revue D’Histoire des Sciences Et des Universités 6 (2):113.
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  16.  6
    De Zuid-Amerikaanse aal. Twee vroege brieven uit de Nederlandse koloniën over dierlijke elektriciteit.P. J. Koehler - 2008 - Studium 1 (3):185.
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  17.  32
    Copyright. Moral Rights, Fair Use, and the Online Environment.Simon Newman & Wallace Koehler - 2004 - Journal of Information Ethics 13 (2):38-57.
  18. Comments on Recent Work on the Annealing of Vacancy Defects in Gold Quenched in Different Atmospheres.J. A. Ytterhus, R. W. Balluffi, J. S. Koehler & R. W. Siegel - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 10 (103):169-172.
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  19.  9
    Passeurs : Jonathan Rosenbaum and the New Global Film Criticism, on Essential Cinema, Movie Mutations (Edited with Adrian Martin), and Movie Wars.Robert Koehler - 2004 - Film-Philosophy 8 (2).
    Jonathan Rosenbaum _Essential Cinema: On the Necessity of Film Canons_ Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004 ISBN 0-8018-7840-3 hb xxi + 445 pp. _Movie Mutations: The Changing Face of World Cinephilia_ Edited by Jonathan Rosenbaum and Adrian Martin London: British Film Institute, 2003 ISBN 0851709834 hb; 0851709842 pb 224 pp. Jonathan Rosenbaum _Movie Wars: How Hollywood and the Media Limit What Films We Can See_ London: Wallflower Press, 2002 ISBN 1-903364-23-X pb 192 pp.
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  20.  7
    The Development of Bertrand Russell's Philosophy.Conrad J. Koehler - 1975 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (3):421-422.
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  21.  5
    Die Briefe des Sokrates Und der SokratikerThe Book of Diogenes LaertiusGreek Thought and the Origins of the Scientific SpiritHistoire de la Litterature Grecque chretiennePlatonPlato and the Authorship of the EpinomisXenophon: HellenicaDionysius Halicarnaseus. Vol. VI, OpusculaMenandri ReliquiaeClassical Studies.F. H. M., Liselotte Koehler, R. Hope, Diogenes Laertius, L. Robin, M. R. Dobie, A. Puech, A. Dies, A. E. Taylor, C. Hude, H. Usener, L. Radermacher, C. Jensen, G. M. Sargeaunt, W. D. Ross, Aristotle, R. P. Hardie, R. K. Gaye, J. Bidez, W. N. Bates, F. Novotny, G. Dalmeyda, V. Coulon, H. van Daele, Th Reinach, L. Blum, Josephe, P. Masqueray, H. Gregoire, M. A. Kugener, G. Dottin & Skevos Zervos - 1930 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 50:363.
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  22. Words in Motion: Language and Discourse in Post-New Order Indonesia.Keith Foulcher, Mikohiro Moriyama, Manneke Budiman, Titima Suthiwan, Rungnapha Kitiarsa, Masuhara Hitomi, Saito Tsugumi, Yuphaphann Hoonchamlong, T. Ruanni F. Tupaz & Robert Koehler - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
     
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  23.  5
    Proactive Inhibition in Free Recall.Thomas J. Shuell & Roger Koehler - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):495.
  24.  5
    A Cosmologic Context of Meditation. The Buddhist Model of the World.B. Koehler - 2006 - Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 7:125-131.
  25.  10
    An Illustrated Evangelistary of the Ada School and its Model.Wilhelm Koehler - 1952 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 15 (1/2):48-66.
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  26.  4
    Analysis of Activity of Factors of Consciousness on the Buddhist Path of Self-Realization.B. Koehler - 2007 - Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 8:101-112.
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  27.  1
    Can Journalistic “False Balance” Distort Public Perception of Consensus in Expert Opinion?Derek J. Koehler - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (1):24-38.
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  28.  7
    Johann David Köhler's: Anweisung Für Reisende Gelerte, Bibliothecken, Műnz-Cabinette, Antiquitäten-Zimmer, Bilder-Sale, Naturalien- Und Kunst-Kammern U.D.M MIT Nutzen Zubesehe: Inferred Ethical Concern in Eighteenth Century Library Practice and Lessons for the Twenty-First Century.Wallace Koehler & Vera Blair - 2008 - Journal of Information Ethics 17 (1):68-78.
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  29.  8
    A Farewell to Normative Null Hypothesis Testing in Base Rate Research.Jonathan J. Koehler - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):780-782.
    I agree with Gibbs that the message of the base rate literature reads differently depending on which null hypothesis is used to frame the issue. But I argue that the normative null hypothesis, H0: “People use base rates in a Bayesian manner,” is no longer appropriate. I also challenge Adler's distinction between unused and ignored base rates, and criticize Goodie's reluctance to shift research attention to the field. Macchi's arguments about textual ambiguities in traditional base rate problems suggest that empirical (...)
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  30.  8
    Betrayal Aversion is Reasonable.Jonathan J. Koehler & Andrew D. Gershoff - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):556-557.
    We accept Sunstein's claim that people often use moral heuristics to make judgments and decisions. However, in situations that include a risk of betrayal, we disagree with Sunstein about when the relevant moral heuristic may be said to “misfire.” We suggest that the moral heuristic people apply to avoid the possibility of safety-product betrayal may be reasonable.
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  31.  8
    On James Glass' "the Philosopher and the Shaman".Gustav A. Koehler - 1975 - Political Theory 3 (3):318-323.
  32.  3
    Bertrand Russell's Theory of Knowledge by Elizabeth Ramsden Eames.Conrad J. Koehler - 1972 - Dialectica 26 (2):139-145.
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  33.  3
    My Ability to Flourish.Paulette Koehler - 2013 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 3 (3):E4-E5.
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  34.  2
    Comparing Risk Reductions: On the Dynamic Interplay of Cognitive Strategies, Numeracy, Complexity and Format.Adrien Barton, Edward Cokely, Mirta Galesic, Anna Koehler & Mario Haas - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  35.  3
    Does Early Psychosocial Stress Affect Mate Choice?Nicole Koehler & James S. Chisholm - 2009 - Human Nature 20 (1):52-66.
    Early psychosocial stress (e.g., parental divorce, abuse) is conjectured to place individuals on a developmental trajectory leading to earlier initiation of sexual activity, earlier reproduction, and having more sex partners than those with less early psychosocial stress. But does it also affect an individual’s mate choice? The present study examined whether early psychosocial stress affects preferences and dislikes for opposite-sex faces varying in masculinity/femininity, a putative indicator of mate quality, in premenopausal women (58 with a natural cycle, 53 pill-users) and (...)
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  36.  2
    Insecticides Evaluated for Lettuce Root Aphid Control.Nick C. Toscano, Ken Kido, Marvin J. Snyder, Carlton S. Koehler, George C. Kennedy, Vahram Sevacherian, J. Ian Stewart, Demetrios G. Kontaxis, Ivan J. Thomason & Will Crites - 1977 - In Vincent Stuart (ed.), Order. Random House.
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  37.  2
    Korea's CEO President: Lee Myung-Bak.Robert Koehler - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
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  38.  1
    Issues for the Next Generation of Base Rate Research.Jonathan J. Koehler - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):41.
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  39. Illusory Correlations in Graphological Inference.Roy N. King & Derek J. Koehler - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (4):336-348.
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  40. Aspekt akademicki dialogu kultur. Najstarsze przekazy Wschodu.Barbara Koehler - 2005 - Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 6:91-102.
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  41. Analiza funkcji czynników świadomości (cetasika) w akcie buddyjskiego samourzeczywistniania.Barbara Koehler - 2007 - Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 8:101-112.
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  42. Dynamiczno-relatywny charakter świata w nauce Buddy.Barbara Koehler - 2005 - Idea 17 (17).
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  43. Dynamika ducha w twórczym procesie samorealizacji na ścieżce Vajrayany.Barbara Koehler - 2000 - Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 1:115-128.
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  44. Ewolucja świadomości w koncepcji Ernsta Lothara Hoffmana w kontekście myśli abhidhammicznej.Barbara Koehler - 2006 - Idea 18 (18).
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  45. Iuris Naturalis Exercitationes Vii.Heinrich Koehler - 1738 - G. Olms.
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  46. Kontekst kosmologiczny praktyk medytacyjnych. Buddyjski model świata.Barbara Koehler - 2007 - Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 7:125-131.
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  47. Mithra. Irańska idea wyzwolonego wyzwoliciela.Barbara Koehler - 2003 - Colloquia Communia 74 (1):448-453.
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  48. Maitreya - uniwersalny ideał bodhisattvy.Barbara Koehler - 2001 - Idea 13 (13).
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  49. Niemiecka polemika wokół buddyjskiego pojęcia anatta.Barbara Koehler - 2008 - Idea 20 (20).
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  50. Pojęcie osobowości w buddyzmie.Barbara Koehler - 2004 - Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 5:103-111.
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