Results for 'Guy Grinfeld'

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  1.  88
    Causal Responsibility and Robust Causation.Guy Grinfeld, David Lagnado, Tobias Gerstenberg, James F. Woodward & Marius Usher - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11:1069.
    How do people judge the degree of causal responsibility that an agent has for the outcomes of her actions? We show that a relatively unexplored factor -- the robustness of the causal chain linking the agent’s action and the outcome -- influences judgments of causal responsibility of the agent. In three experiments, we vary robustness by manipulating the number of background circumstances under which the action causes the effect, and find that causal responsibility judgments increase with robustness. In the first (...)
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  2.  58
    Intentional communication in the chimpanzee: The development of deception.Guy Woodruff & David Premack - 1979 - Cognition 7 (4):333-362.
  3.  21
    Responses to inconsistent premisses cannot count as suppression of valid inferences.Guy Politzer & Martin D. S. Braine - 1991 - Cognition 38 (1):103-108.
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  4. Are the folk utilitarian about animals?Guy Kahane & Lucius Caviola - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 180 (4):1081-1103.
    Robert Nozick famously raised the possibility that there is a sense in which both deontology and utilitarianism are true: deontology applies to humans while utilitarianism applies to animals. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in such a hybrid views of ethics. Discussions of this Nozickian Hybrid View, and similar approaches to animal ethics, often assume that such an approach reflects the commonsense view, and best captures common moral intuitions. However, recent psychological work challenges this empirical assumption. We review (...)
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  5. Theological Walls, Insularity, and the Prospects for Global Philosophy.Guy Axtell - manuscript
    Walls can be physical; they can also be psychological, social, political, economic, and ontological. Theological walls are ontological and typically also moral, though when we break down the “religion/non-religion” distinction and consider other dimensions of religious life beyond doctrinal ones, they are also psychological, social, and increasingly political. Among Enlightenment era philosophers eager to provide a genealogy of religious and political divisiveness was Rousseau, who held that “Those who distinguish civil from theological intolerance are, to my mind, mistaken. The two (...)
     
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  6.  98
    Redefining Physicalism.Guy Dove - 2018 - Topoi 37 (3):513-522.
    Philosophers have traditionally treated physicalism as an empirically informed metaphysical thesis. This approach faces a well-known problem often referred to as Hempel’s dilemma: formulations of physicalism tend to be either false or indeterminate. The generally preferred strategy to address this problem involves an appeal to a hypothetical complete and ideal physical theory. After demonstrating that this strategy is not viable, I argue that we should redefine physicalism as an interdisciplinary research program seeking to explain the mental in terms of the (...)
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  7.  2
    Interdisciplinarité et idéologies.Guy Palmade - 1977 - Paris: Éditions Anthropos.
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  8. Situation.Charles Péguy - 1942 - Paris,: Gallimard.
     
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  9. A Painful End for Perfectionism?Guy Fletcher - 2022 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 46:233-250.
    This paper examines perfectionist attempts to explain the prudential badness of pain (its badness for those who experience it). It starts by considering simple perfectionist explanations, finding them wanting, before considering the most sophisticated perfectionist attempt to explain prudential badness: Gwen Bradford’s tripartite perfectionism. The paper argues that Bradford’s view, though an improvement on earlier perfectionist proposals, still does not satisfactorily explain the full set of prudentially bad pains. It ends by showing how this provides grounds for a general kind (...)
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  10. An Inductive Risk Account of the Ethics of Belief.Guy Axtell - 2019 - Philosophy. The Journal of the Higher School of Economic 3 (3):146-171.
    From what norms does the ethics of belief derive its oughts, its attributions of virtues and vices, responsibilities and irresponsibilities, its permissioning and censuring? Since my inductive risk account is inspired by pragmatism, and this method understands epistemology as the theory of inquiry, the paper will try to explain what the aims and tasks are for an ethics of belief, or project of guidance, which best fits with this understanding of epistemology. More specifically, this chapter approaches the ethics of belief (...)
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  11. Was evolution worth it?Guy Kahane - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 180 (1):249-271.
    The evolutionary process involved the suffering of quadrillions of sentient beings over millions of years. I argue that when we take this into account, then it is likely that when the first humans appeared, the world was already at an enormous axiological deficit, and that even on favorable assumptions about humanity, it is doubtful that we have overturned this deficit or ever will. Even if there’s no such deficit or we can overturn it, it remains the case that everything of (...)
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  12. In the tracks of the historicist movement: Re-assessing the Carnap-Kuhn connection.Guy S. Axtell - 1993 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (1):119-146.
    Thirty years after the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, sharp disagreement persists concerning the implications of Kuhn’s "historicist" challenge to empiricism. I discuss the historicist movement over the past thirty years, and the extent to which the discourse between two branches of the historical school has been influenced by tacit assumptions shared with Rudolf Carnap’s empiricism. I begin with an examination of Carnap’s logicism --his logic of science-- and his 1960 correspondence with Kuhn. I focus on (...)
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  13.  22
    À propos d'« Anthropologie Structurale Deux ».Guy Lafrance - 1974 - Dialogue 13 (3):587-596.
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  14.  50
    Beyond Autonomy and Beneficence.Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2002 - Ethical Perspectives 9 (2):96-102.
    Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are controversial issues in medical ethics and medical law. In the debate, several arguments against the moral acceptability and legal feasibility of active involvement of physicians in bringing about a patient’s death can be found.One argument refers back to the Ten Commandments: “Thou shall not kill”. Killing another human being is morally abject. According to the argument, this is certainly so for medical doctors, as can be seen in the Hippocratic Oath, which explicitly forbids abortion and (...)
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  15.  21
    The powers and capabilities of selves: Social and collective approaches.Guy E. Swanson - 1985 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 15 (3):331–354.
  16.  25
    The return of Hephaistos, Dionysiac procession ritual, and the creation of a visual narrative.Guy Hedreen - 2004 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 124:38-64.
    The return of Hephaistos to Olympos, as a myth, concerns the establishment of a balance of power among the Olympian gods. Many visual representations of the myth in Archaic and Classical Greek art give visible form to the same theme, but they do so in a manner entirely distinct from the manner in which it is expressed in literary narratives of the tale. In this paper, I argue that vase-painters incorporated elements of Dionysiac processional ritual into representations of the return (...)
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  17. Should Atheists Wish That There Were No Gratuitous Evils?Guy Kahane - 2021 - Faith and Philosophy 38 (4):460-483.
    Many atheists argue that because gratuitous evil exists, God (probably) doesn’t. But doesn’t this commit atheists to wishing that God did exist, and to the pro-theist view that the world would have been better had God existed? This doesn’t follow. I argue that if all that evil still remains but is just no longer gratuitous, then, from an atheist perspective, that wouldn’t have been better. And while a counterfactual from which that evil is literally absent would have been impersonally better, (...)
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  18.  7
    Skizze einer Willenstheorie.Guy Tawney - 1896 - Psychological Review 3 (3):353-354.
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  19.  13
    Insecure attachment is associated with math anxiety in middle childhood.Guy Bosmans & Bert De Smedt - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  20.  17
    Expanded terminal sedation: too removed from real-world practice.Guy Schofield & Idris Baker - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (4):267-268.
    Gilbertson et al present a considered analysis of the abstract problem of ‘sedation’ at the end of life,1 and it is reassuring to see the separation of multiple practises that are often grouped under the heading terminal sedation. In their work, the authors attempt to introduce and justify a new practice in the care of those dying with significant suffering—expanded terminal sedation (ETS). This analysis will not, however, help our colleagues at the bedside. Here, we will focus on the flaws (...)
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  21. Natural Thoughts and Unnatural ‘Oughts’: Lessing, Wittgenstein, and Contemporary CSR.Guy Axtell - 2023 - In Robert Vinten (ed.), Wittgenstein and the Cognitive Science of Religion: Interpreting Human Nature and the Mind. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Wittgenstein’s “Lectures on Religious Belief” (LRB) provide a source for as yet unexplored connections to religious ideas as treated in Robert N. McCauley’s book Why Religion is Natural and Science is Not (2013), and to other CSR scholars who focus attention on how “cognitively speaking it is religion that is natural and science that is largely unnatural.” Tensions are explored in this paper between our “maturationally natural” religious inclinations to adopt religious ideas and the “unnatural” demands sometimes made upon people, (...)
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  22.  34
    Doctor Anonymous : Creating Contexts for Homosexuality as Mental Illness.Guy Fredrick Glass - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 39 (1):101-109.
    In this essay, the author describes how he faced institutionalized homophobia during his psychiatric training, and how he later wrote a play inspired by the life of a gay psychiatrist. Despite Freud’s supportive stance, homosexuality aroused the antipathy of American organized psychiatry and psychoanalysis and came to be listed as an illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. Dr. John E. Fryer outed himself as “Dr. H Anonymous” at a 1972 meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, and the next year (...)
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  23.  10
    Effects of Pulsed-Wave Chromotherapy and Guided Relaxation on the Theta-Alpha Oscillation During Arrest Reaction.Guy Cheron, Dominique Ristori, Mathieu Petieau, Cédric Simar, David Zarka & Ana-Maria Cebolla - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The search for the best wellness practice has promoted the development of devices integrating different technologies and guided meditation. However, the final effects on the electrical activity of the brain remain relatively sparse. Here, we have analyzed of the alpha and theta electroencephalographic oscillations during the realization of the arrest reaction when a chromotherapy session performed in a dedicated room [Rebalance device], with an ergonomic bed integrating pulsed-wave light stimulation, guided breathing, and body scan exercises. We demonstrated that the PWL (...)
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  24.  20
    The Role of Suffering in the “Tired of Life” Debate.Guy Widdershoven, Aartjan Beekman, Natalie Evans & Sisco van Veen - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (2):68-70.
    Florijn analyzes the ruling of the Court of Appeal in the Heringa case, focusing on the role of patient autonomy in physician assisted death (Florijn 2022). His analysis of the case shows that in Dutch euthanasia law patient autonomy as self-determination is limited by the reciprocal physician-patient relationship. Yet, it also gives an unbalanced view of the Dutch euthanasia regulation and its ethical foundation. By focusing on patient autonomy, the importance of unbearable and irremediable suffering as a prerequisite for euthanasia (...)
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  25.  5
    Plato and his contemporaries; a study in fourth-century life and thought.Guy Cromwell Field - 1967 - London]: Methuen.
    This book helps understand Plato’s writings by describing the circumstances in which they were produced. The author begins with an account of Plato’s life and development and a brief analysis of some of the more difficult points arising from the criticism of Plato’s writings. The remainder of the work considers the total setting – political, literary and philosophical – in which Plato’s writings were produced. There are extensive appendices on the Platonic Epistles, Aristotle and the Theory of Ideas, and on (...)
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  26.  29
    CAILLOIS, Roger, Approches de l'imaginaire.Guy Bouchard - 1977 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 33 (1):104-105.
    Ce recueil de textes publiés entre 1933 et1957 thématise le rapport de l'auteur au surréalisme, la phénoménologie de l'imagination et le rôle de la sociologie; il procède aussi à la critique du marxisme et de la psychanalyse; et il disserte longuement sur le roman et la société. Tout cela est censé relever des "cheminements d'une pensée éprise des mécanismes et des secrets de l'imagination". Mais comme cette caractérisation ne convient guère aux trois derniers sujets abordés, il serait sans doute préférable (...)
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  27.  33
    Du sexisme de la philosophie à la philosophie du sexisme. À propos de La raison en procès, Louise Marcil-Lacoste, Montréal, Hurtubise, (1987).Guy Bouchard - 1989 - Philosophiques 16 (1):163-193.
    Cet ouvrage ambitieux rassemble des articles publiés entre 1974 et 1984. Cette collation est précédée d'une première partie sur les conditions de possibilité d'une théorie des rapports entre sexisme et philosophie, et suivie d'un exposé visant à éclaircir ce qu'il en est du sexisme et "à quels signes philosophiques (on) peut le reconnaître". La présente étude critique en dévoile certaines lacunes: élaboration insuffisante du champ sémantique du sexisme; typologie confuse des critères du sexisme; méthode déficiente; image évanescente tant du lecteur (...)
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  28.  58
    Gilson, l’oeuvre d’art et le roman.Guy Bouchard - 1982 - Philosophiques 9 (2):195-221.
    La philosophie de l'art d'Étienne Gilson n'accorde aucune place au roman. Après avoir dégagé les raisons de ce rejet et en avoir dévoilé les présupposés, nous montrons que le roman a droit de cité dans la sphère des arts majeurs, et ce même à partir des principes de la théorie de Gilson.Gilson's philosophy of art leaves no room to the novel. First, we elucidate his reasons to do so, then we disclose their presuppositions, and finally we show that the novel (...)
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  29.  38
    L’androgynie Comme Modèle Hétéropolitique: Elisabeth Badinter, L’un est l’autre. Des relations entre hommes et femmes, Paris, éditions Odile et Jacob, 1987.Guy Bouchard - 1988 - Philosophiques 15 (1):210-220.
    Dans "L'un est l'autre. Des relations entre hommes et femmes", Élisabeth Badinter découpe l'histoire de l'humanité, du point de vue des rapports entre les sexes, en trois périodes, les deux premières inscrites sous le signe de la complémentarité, la troisième inaugurant l'ère de la ressemblance. Or, les deux modèles sous-jacents à cette évolution de l'humanité sont susceptibles de deux évaluations, l'une positive, l'autre négative, ce qui permet d'engendrer quatre types de civilisation: complémentarité positive ; complémentarité négative ; ressemblance positive ; (...)
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  30.  31
    Les femmes et la société nouvelle.Guy Bouchard - 1994 - Philosophiques 21 (2):483-501.
    Il s'agit d'un numéro de la revue "Philosophiques" reproduisant les actes du XXe congrès de la Société de philosophie du Québec. Voir "Introduction" pour plus de détails.
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  31.  31
    Sémiologie et Symbolique selon Tzvetan Todorov.Guy Bouchard - 1980 - Dialogue 19 (3):396-421.
    En insistant sur l'opposition entre signe et symbole, signification et symbolisation, Todorov propose de faire de la sémiologie une étude de la symbolique plutôt que des signes en général.Des raisons qu'il avance pour opérer cette réduction, aucune n'est probante, et l'on montre qu'elle comporte des inconvénients tant théoriques que pratiques.
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  32.  15
    Insémination artificielle.Guy Durand - 1977 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 33 (2):151-163.
  33. Games and definability for FPC.Guy McCusker - 1997 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 3 (3):347-362.
    A new games model of the language FPC, a type theory with products, sums, function spaces and recursive types, is described. A definability result is proved, showing that every finite element of the model is the interpretation of some term of the language.
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  34.  13
    De la liberté en temps de guerre.Georges Guy-Grand - 1917 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 24 (6):723 - 748.
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  35.  23
    The Trajectories of Yachts and Snot: Strategies for Generative Designers.Guy Keulemans - 2012 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 6 (1):72-88.
    The interrogation of generative design practice with concepts from Deleuze and Guattari's A Thousand Plateaus can lead to an understanding of how creative forces are used by generative designers. The shared notion of hyperspaces, respectively parameter space and rhizomatic space, defined as smooth or striated, allows the construction of analogies producing a framework for investigating the development and presentation of form. Richard Dawkins (together with several designers inspired by his biomorphs) and Marcel Wanders, representative of the divergent forms to which (...)
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  36.  22
    Clavius, Proclus, and the Limits of Interpretation: Snapshot-idealization versus Projectionism.Guy Claessens - 2009 - History of Science 47 (3):317-336.
  37.  21
    The Interpretation of Classically Quantified Sentences: A Set-Theoretic Approach.Guy Politzer, Jean-Baptiste Van der Henst, Claire Delle Luche & Ira A. Noveck - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30 (4):691-723.
    We present a set-theoretic model of the mental representation of classically quantified sentences (All P are Q, Some P are Q, Some P are not Q, and No P are Q). We take inclusion, exclusion, and their negations to be primitive concepts. We show that although these sentences are known to have a diagrammatic expres- sion (in the form of the Gergonne circles) that constitutes a semantic representation, these concepts can also be expressed syntactically in the form of algebraic formulas. (...)
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  38.  23
    An additional heterogeneity hypothesis.Guy Dove - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):209 - 210.
    In this commentary, I make three points concerning Machery's response to neo-empiricism. First, his methodological critique fails to remove the threat that neo-empiricism poses to his conceptual eliminativism. Second, evidence suggests that there are multiple semantic codes, some of which are not perceptually based. Third, this representational heterogeneity thwarts neo-empiricism but also raises questions with respect to how we should.
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  39.  5
    Lénine: la philosophie et la culture.Guy Besse - 1971 - Paris,: Éditions sociales. Edited by Jacques Milhau & Michel Simon.
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  40.  20
    The political theory of the Huguenots of the dispersion.Guy Howard Dodge - 1947 - New York,: Columbia Univ. Press.
    Examines a link in the history of the principles and struggles of Church and State by dealing with the political theory of the Huguenots of the Dispersion as a whole.
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  41.  6
    In memoriam Charles Delvoye.Guy Donnay - 1992 - Kernos 5:9-11.
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  42. Réplique aux ténèbres.Guy Félix Fontenaille - 1965 - Paris,: Éditions Cujas.
     
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  43.  8
    Papiers de Guillaume Budé à la Bibliothèque de Brème.Guy Gueudet - forthcoming - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance.
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  44.  1
    Lex pertinet ad rationem sicut aliquid factum a ratione.Guy Guldentops - 2023 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 90 (2):419-451.
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  45. Francisco Romero, philosophe de l'esprit.Alain Guy - 1983 - In Francisco Romero & Arturo Ardao (eds.), Francisco Romero, maestro de la filosofía latinoamericana. Caracas: Sociedad Interamericana de Filosofía, Secretaría.
     
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  46.  7
    Les aspects de la Justice selon Proudhon.Georges Guy-Grand - 1930 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 109:286 - 315.
  47.  2
    9. The Multiplicity of Colors.Guy Sircello - 1975 - In New Theory of Beauty. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. pp. 29-32.
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  48. The World of Communication: Engaged or Excluded?Guy Jucquois - 2006 - Diogenes 53 (3):53 - 66.
    A twofold threat hangs over freedom of communication. In rich countries globalization is leading to standardization of thought via national and international bodies. In the cultural as well as the scientific field, especially the human sciences, diversity is needed for reasons of both survival and democracy. Efficiency and productivity imperatives are sacrificing human diversity for economically cost-effective goals. For instance, in the communication field the merging of publishing functions in all media is an obstacle to the free circulation of ideas (...)
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  49.  27
    L'a, b, c de la sémiologie : À propos de Silence, on parle : introduction à la sémiotique, par Jurgen Pesot.Guy Bouchard - 1980 - Philosophiques 7 (2):321-375.
    L'ouvrage de Pesot, qui se veut une initiation à la sémiologie (ou sémiotique), consacre ses trois parties au domaine de cette discipline, à la notion de communication, puis à ses principaux théoriciens. Dans le premier cas, on montre que la notion de signe n'est pas suffisamment précise; que la description du champ de la sémiologie est insatisfaisante; et que la caractérisation de ses tendances laisse à désirer. Dans le second, on montre que la notion de code qu'il propose reste floue, (...)
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  50. Paolo Valesio, Novantiqua. Rhetorics as a Contemporary Theory Reviewed by.Guy Bouchard - 1982 - Philosophy in Review 2 (6):304-306.
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