Results for 'Gwen Darien'

141 found
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  1.  30
    Structural Racism in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Moving Forward.Maya Sabatello, Mary Jackson Scroggins, Greta Goto, Alicia Santiago, Alma McCormick, Kimberly Jacoby Morris, Christina R. Daulton, Carla L. Easter & Gwen Darien - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):56-74.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has taken a substantial human, social and economic toll globally, but its impact on Black/African Americans, Latinx, and American Indian/Alaska Native communities in the U.S....
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  2.  4
    An Open Dialogue on Health Disparities and Structural Racism: Response to Open Peer Commentaries.Maya Sabatello, Mary Jackson Scroggins, Greta Goto, Alicia Santiago, Alma McCormick, Kimberly Jacoby Morris, Christina R. Daulton, Carla L. Easter & Gwen Darien - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics:1-3.
    In our target article, we proposed the use of community engagement and the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission as pathways for promoting social just...
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  3. Essays in Honour of Gwen Taylor ; [Contributors, Ismay Barwell ... Et Al.].Gwen Taylor, Ismay Barwell & R. G. Durrant (eds.) - 1982 - Philosophy Dept., University of Otago.
     
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  4.  72
    Achievement.Gwen Bradford - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Gwen Bradford presents the first systematic account of what achievements are, and why they are worth the effort. She argues that more things count as achievements than we might have thought, and offers a new perfectionist theory of value in which difficulty, perhaps surprisingly, plays a central part in characterizing achievements.
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  5.  81
    An Experimental Examination of the Effects of Individual and Situational Factors on Unethical Behavioral Intentions in the Workplace.Gwen E. Jones & Michael J. Kavanagh - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (5):511 - 523.
    Using a 2×2×2 experimental design, the effects of situational and individual variables on individuals' intentions to act unethically were investigated. Specifically examined were three situational variables: (1) quality of the work experience (good versus poor), (2) peer influences (unethical versus ethical), and (3) managerial influences (unethical versus ethical), and three individual variables: (4) locus of control, (5) Machiavellianism, and (6) gender, on individuals' behavioral intentions in an ethically ambiguous dilemma in an work setting. Experiment 1 revealed main effects for quality (...)
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  6. The Value of Achievements.Gwen Bradford - 2013 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 94 (2):204-224.
    This article gives an account of what makes achievements valuable. Although the natural thought is that achievements are valuable because of the product, such as a cure for cancer or a work of art, I argue that the value of the product of an achievement is not sufficient to account for its overall value. Rather, I argue that achievements are valuable in virtue of their difficulty. I propose a new perfectionist theory of value that acknowledges the will as a characteristic (...)
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  7.  1
    Data Ideologies of an Interested Public: A Study of Grassroots Open Government Data Intermediaries.Gwen Shaffer & Andrew Schrock - 2017 - Big Data and Society 4 (1).
    Government officials claim open data can improve internal and external communication and collaboration. These promises hinge on “data intermediaries”: extra-institutional actors that obtain, use, and translate data for the public. However, we know little about why these individuals might regard open data as a site of civic participation. In response, we draw on Ilana Gershon to conceptualize culturally situated and socially constructed perspectives on data, or “data ideologies.” This study employs mixed methodologies to examine why members of the public hold (...)
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  8.  22
    Perfectionist Bads.Gwen Bradford - 2021 - Philosophical Quarterly 71 (3):586-604.
    Pain, failure and false beliefs all make a life worse, or so it is plausible to think. These things and possibly others seem to be intrinsically bad—no matter what further good comes of them they make a life worse pro tanto. In spite of the obvious badness, this is difficult to explain. While there are many accounts of well-being, few are up to the challenge of a univocal explanation of ill-being. Perfectionism has particular difficulty. Otherwise, it is a theory that (...)
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  9.  2
    Buckets of Resistance: Standards and the Effectiveness of Citizen Science.Gwen Ottinger - 2010 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 35 (2):244-270.
    In light of arguments that citizen science has the potential to make environmental knowledge and policy more robust and democratic, this article inquires into the factors that shape the ability of citizen science to actually influence scientists and decision makers. Using the case of community-based air toxics monitoring with ‘‘buckets,’’ it argues that citizen science’s effectiveness is significantly influenced by standards and standardized practices. It demonstrates that, on one hand, standards serve a boundary-bridging function that affords bucket monitoring data a (...)
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  10. Problems for Perfectionism.Gwen Bradford - 2017 - Utilitas 29 (3):344-364.
    Perfectionism, the view that well-being is a matter of developing characteristically human capacities, has relatively few defenders in the literature, but plenty of critics. This paper defends perfectionism against some recent formulations of classic objections, namely, the objection that perfectionism ignores the relevance of pleasure or preference for well-being, and a sophisticated version of the ‘wrong properties’ objection, according to which the intuitive plausibility of the perfectionist ideal is threatened by an absence of theoretical pressure to accept putative wrong properties (...)
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  11.  23
    Thucydides and the Philosophical Origins of History.Darien Shanske - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book addresses the question of how and why history begins with the work of Thucydides. The History of the Peloponnesian War is distinctive in that it is a prose narrative, meant to be read rather than performed. It focuses on the unfolding of contemporary great power politics to the exclusion of almost all other elements of human life, including the divine. Western history has been largely an extension of Thucydides' narrative in that it repeats the unique methodological assumptions and (...)
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  12. Knowledge, Achievement, and Manifestation.Gwen Bradford - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (1):97-116.
    Virtue Epistemology appealingly characterizes knowledge as a kind of achievement, attributable to the exercise of cognitive virtues. But a more thorough understanding of the nature and value of achievements more broadly casts doubt on the view. In particular, it is argued that virtue epistemology’s answer to the Meno question is not as impressive as it purports to be, and that the favored analysis of ability is both problematic and irrelevant. However, considerations about achievements illuminate the best direction for the development (...)
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  13.  59
    The Badness of Pain.Gwen Bradford - 2020 - Utilitas 32 (2):236-252.
    Why is pain bad? The most straightforward theory of pain's badness,dolorism, appeals to the phenomenal quality of displeasure. In spite of its explanatory appeal, the view is too straightforward to capture two central puzzles, namely pain that is enjoyed and pain that is not painful. These cases can be captured byconditionalism, which makes the badness of displeasure conditional on an agent's attitude. But conditionalism fails where dolorism succeeds with explanatory appeal. A new approach is proposed,reverse conditionalism, which maintains the explanatory (...)
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  14. Achievement, Wellbeing, and Value.Gwen Bradford - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (12):795-803.
    Achievement is among the central goods in life, but just what is achievement, and how is it valuable? There is reason to think that it is a constitutive part of wellbeing; yet, it is possible to sacrifice wellbeing for the sake of achievement. How might it have been worthwhile, if not in terms of wellbeing? Perhaps, achievement is an intrinsic good, or perhaps it is valuable in terms of meaning in life. This article considers various ways in which we can (...)
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  15.  3
    Undone Science: Charting Social Movement and Civil Society Challenges to Research Agenda Setting.David J. Hess, Gwen Ottinger, Joanna Kempner, Jeff Howard, Sahra Gibbon & Scott Frickel - 2010 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 35 (4):444-473.
    ‘‘Undone science’’ refers to areas of research that are left unfunded, incomplete, or generally ignored but that social movements or civil society organizations often identify as worthy of more research. This study mobilizes four recent studies to further elaborate the concept of undone science as it relates to the political construction of research agendas. Using these cases, we develop the argument that undone science is part of a broader politics of knowledge, wherein multiple and competing groups struggle over the construction (...)
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  16.  18
    Deeds, Words and Drama: A Review of the Film Suffragette. [REVIEW]Gwen Seabourne - 2016 - Feminist Legal Studies 24 (1):115-119.
    Review of the film Suffragette, written by Abi Morgan and directed by Sarah Gavron, considering its use of fiction to explore women’s history, comparing it to other dramatic treatments of the suffrage campaign, its historical accuracy and its portrayal of the legal and social position of women, and wives, during the early twentieth century.
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  17.  8
    The Effectiveness of Corporate Ethics on-Site Visits for Teaching Business Ethics.Gwen E. Jones & Richard N. Ottaway - 2001 - Teaching Business Ethics 5 (2):141-156.
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  18. Epistemic Fencelines.Gwen Ottinger - 2009 - Spontaneous Generations 3 (1):55-67.
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  19.  32
    Johann Georg Hamann's Relational Metacriticism.Gwen Griffith Dickson - 1995 - W. De Gruyter.
    I. EITHER-OR? NEITHER! The main features of the Enlightenment were the same everywhere: the autonomy of reason, the solidarity of intellectual culture, ...
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  20.  13
    Thucydides and Law: A Response to Leiter.Darien Shanske - 2013 - Legal Theory 19 (3):282-306.
    Thucydides is the author of the most harrowing account of societal breakdown in antiquity. Brian Leiter has recently made the provocative claim that Thucydides’ analysis of such breakdowns indicates that morality is of little import in guiding behavior, including legal behavior. Yet Thucydides also narrates events, particularly in Athens, that indicate that something resembling morality can continue to guide action, including legal action, even at the worst of times. Thucydides provides tantalizing clues as to why he narrates events that only (...)
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  21. Perfectionism.Gwen Bradford - 2015 - In Guy Fletcher (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being.
    Perfectionism, broadly speaking, is the view that the development of certain characteristically human capacities is good. The view gains motivation in part from the intuitive pull of an objective approach to wellbeing, but dissatisfaction with objective list theory. According to objective list theory, goods such as knowledge, achievement, and friendship constitute good in a life. The objective list has terrific intuitive appeal – after all, it’s a list generated by reflecting on the good life. But as a theory, some find (...)
     
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  22. Measuring Moral Identities: Psychopaths and Responsibility.Gwen Adshead - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (2):185-187.
  23. Gwen Bradford, Achievement. [REVIEW]Patrick Hassan - 2015 - Social Theory and Practice 41 (4):759-764.
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  24.  39
    An Investigation of Real Versus Perceived CSP in S&P-500 Firms.Catherine Liston-Heyes & Gwen Ceton - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (2):283-296.
    Firms are spending billions annually in the name of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Whilst markets are increasingly willing to reward good and responsible firms, they lack the instruments to measure corporate social performance (CSP). To convince investors and other stakeholders, firms invest heavily in building a reputation for good corporate behaviour. This article argues that reputations for CSP are often unrepresentative of true CSP and investigates how differences in 'perceived' and 'actual' – as measured by the Fortune and KLD databases, (...)
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  25.  2
    Human and Divine: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religious Experience.Gwen Griffith Dickson - 2000 - Duckworth.
    In this introduction to the philosophical study of religion Gwen Griffith-Dickson attempts to fill an important gap by considering these questions squarely in the context of the world's many religions and philosophical traditions.
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  26.  9
    Encouraging Cream-Skimming and Dreg-Siphoning? Increasing Competition Between English HEIs.Gwen Coates & Nick Adnett - 2003 - British Journal of Educational Studies 51 (3):202 - 218.
    We examine the impact of recent policy on the nature of competition within English higher education (HE) for students. Revisions made to the method of allocating Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) teaching funds and the introduction of performance monitoring and targeted recruitment premiums have changed the incentives facing higher education institutions (HEI)s when designing recruitment strategies. We consider the extent to which the experience of similar market-based reforms on the English secondary schooling system is being replicated in HE. (...)
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  27.  48
    Computing and Moral Responsibility.Kari Gwen Coleman - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  28.  6
    Rumors of Our Death….Gwen J. Broude, Kenneth R. Livingston, Joshua R. Leeuw, Janet K. Andrews & John H. Long - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (4):864-868.
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  29.  5
    Rumors of Our Death….Gwen J. Broude, Kenneth R. Livingston, Joshua R. De Leeuw, Janet K. Andrews & John H. Long - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (4):864-868.
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  30.  8
    Patient Decision-Making for Clinical Genetics.Gwen Anderson - 2007 - Nursing Inquiry 14 (1):13-22.
  31.  11
    Epistemic Fencelines: Air Monitoring Instruments and Expert-Resident Boundaries.Gwen Ottinger - 2009 - Spontaneous Generations 3 (1):55-67.
    Scientific instruments can help to shape and re-shape epistemic boundaries, especially those between communities of scienti?c researchers. But how do they function at boundaries between scienti?c communities and communities of non-experts? This paper examines the use of air monitoring instruments at the boundary between petrochemical facilities and nearby residential communities, asking whether a new generation of fenceline monitors shared by industry (and regulatory agency) experts and community members alter the epistemic boundary between the two groups. Arguing that epistemic communities organized (...)
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  32.  21
    ‘Outdoing Lewis Carroll’: Judicial Rhetoric and Acceptable Fictions.Gwen C. Mathewson - 1997 - Argumentation 12 (2):233-244.
    This paper examines the functions of narrative within legal argumentation. My purposes are these: 1) to repudiate common assumptions that differentiate ‘argumentation’ and ‘storytelling’ in the law; 2) to begin to theorize anew how legal argumentation functions; 3) to explore the difficulties of evaluating the law's argumentative narratives; and 4) to trace some of the anxiety that judges themselves reveal about their roles as storytellers. I conclude that narrative is necessary to law's claims to authority, even as it complicates our (...)
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  33. Evil Achievements.Gwen Bradford - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 59 (59):51-56.
    Is there value in pulling off a great art heist with style and panache? This article written for a general audience explores the value of evil achievements.
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  34. Heteronormativity and/as Violence: The “Sexing” of Gwen Araujo.Moya Lloyd - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (4):818-834.
    This paper will examine the violence of heteronormativity: the violence that constitutes and regulates bodies according to normative notions of sex, gender, and sexuality. This violence, I will argue, requires more than a focus on gendered or sexualized physical harms of the kinds normally examined when studying violence against sexual minorities or women. Rather, it necessitates focusing on the multiple modalities through which heteronormativity performs its violence on, through, and against bodies and persons, including through the production of certain bodies (...)
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  35. Criminal Responsibility.Simon Wilson & Gwen Adshead - 2007 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oup Usa.
  36.  1
    Book Review: Gender and Governance. By Lisa D. Brush. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press, 2003. 149 Pp., $27.95. [REVIEW]Gwen Moore - 2007 - Gender and Society 21 (6):942-944.
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  37.  6
    Political Action, Epistemic Detachment, and the Problem of White-Mindedness.Darien Pollock - forthcoming - Philosophical Issues.
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  38.  58
    Android Arete: Toward a Virtue Ethic for Computational Agents. [REVIEW]Kari Gwen Coleman - 2001 - Ethics and Information Technology 3 (4):247-265.
    Traditional approaches to computer ethics regard computers as tools, andfocus, therefore, on the ethics of their use. Alternatively, computer ethicsmight instead be understood as a study of the ethics of computationalagents, exploring, for example, the different characteristics and behaviorsthat might benefit such an agent in accomplishing its goals. In this paper,I identify a list of characteristics of computational agents that facilitatetheir pursuit of their end, and claim that these characteristics can beunderstood as virtues within a framework of virtue ethics. This (...)
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  39.  8
    Studying Moral Reasoning in Forensic Psychiatric Patients.Gwen Adshead - 2008 - In Guy Widdershoven (ed.), Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
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  40.  22
    Protest Masculinity: A Further Look at the Causes and the Concept.Gwen J. Broude - 1990 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 18 (1):103-122.
  41.  15
    Minor Changes to Previously Approved Research: A Study of IRB Policies.David B. Resnik, Gwen Babson & Gregg E. Dinse - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (4):9-14.
    We examined institutional review board policies from the top U.S. research universities to determine how many have policies that define or provide examples of what constitutes a “minor change” to previously approved research. We sought to describe differences among definitions and to ascertain whether funding level, accreditation, public versus private status, and geographic region impact the inclusion of a definition or example of this term. Of the 184 universities that we obtained policies from, 52.2% defined “minor change,” 43.5% gave examples (...)
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  42.  7
    Models of Co-Operative Education.Darien Kerkin & Ina Te Wiata - 1995 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 6:1379-1387.
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  43. Sustainable Development.Darien Kerkin - 1998 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 9:771-782.
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  44.  29
    Commentary on "Psychopathy, Other-Regarding Moral Beliefs, and Responsibility&Quot.Gwen Adshead - 1996 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (4):279-281.
  45.  9
    Gwen Seabourne, Imprisoning Medieval Women: The Non-Judicial Confinement and Abduction of Women in England, C.1170–1509. Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2011. Pp. Xiv, 219; Figs. And 3 Tables. £65. ISBN: 9781409417880. [REVIEW]Marie Kelleher - 2013 - Speculum 88 (2):581-582.
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  46. Studying Moral Reasoning in Forensic Psychiatric Patients.Gwen Adshead [ - 2008 - In Guy Widdershoven (ed.), Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
  47.  16
    Attractive Single Gatherer Wishes to Meet Rich, Powerful Hunter for Good Time Under Mongongo Tree.Gwen J. Broude - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):287-289.
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  48.  12
    Protest Masculinity: A Further Look at the Causes and the Concept.Gwen J. Broude - 1990 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 18 (1):103-122.
  49.  15
    Rancière and Pedagogy: Knowledge, Learning, and the Problem of Distraction.Gwen Daugs - 2019 - American Association of Philosophy Teachers Studies in Pedagogy 5:7-21.
    In this essay, I analyze the pedagogical system contained within Jacques Rancière’s "The Ignorant Schoolmaster," paying special attention to the conceptions of knowledge and learning that follow from the presupposition of the equality of intelligence between teachers and students. From this, I show how the Rancièrian pedagogical system introduces the problem of distraction and suggest that the phenomenon of distraction in learning presents a problem for emancipatory teachers. I conclude by considering the role that pleasure plays in learning and suggest (...)
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  50. Applied Dissertation Research: Self-Determination for Whom?Gwen Reimer - 1992 - Nexus 10 (1):6.
     
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