Results for 'Gyöngyi Kovács'

278 found
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  1. Grounding and the Argument From Explanatoriness.David Kovacs - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (12):2927-2952.
    In recent years, metaphysics has undergone what some describe as a revolution: it has become standard to understand a vast array of questions as questions about grounding, a metaphysical notion of determination. Why should we believe in grounding, though? Supporters of the revolution often gesture at what I call the Argument from Explanatoriness: the notion of grounding is somehow indispensable to a metaphysical type of explanation. I challenge this argument and along the way develop a “reactionary” view, according to which (...)
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  2. Metaphysically explanatory unification.David Mark Kovacs - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (6):1659-1683.
    This paper develops and motivates a unification theory of metaphysical explanation, or as I will call it, Metaphysical Unificationism. The theory’s main inspiration is the unification account of scientific explanation, according to which explanatoriness is a holistic feature of theories that derive a large number of explananda from a meager set of explanantia, using a small number of argument patterns. In developing Metaphysical Unificationism, I will point out that it has a number of interesting consequences. The view offers a novel (...)
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  3. What is Wrong with Self-Grounding?David Kovacs - 2018 - Erkenntnis 83 (6):1157-1180.
    Many philosophers embrace grounding, supposedly a central notion of metaphysics. Grounding is widely assumed to be irreflexive, but recently a number of authors have questioned this assumption: according to them, it is at least possible that some facts ground themselves. The primary purpose of this paper is to problematize the notion of self-grounding through the theoretical roles usually assigned to grounding. The literature typically characterizes grounding as at least playing two central theoretical roles: a structuring role and an explanatory role. (...)
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  4. Diachronic Self-Making.David Mark Kovacs - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (2):349-362.
    This paper develops the Diachronic Self-Making View, the view that we are the non-accidentally best candidate referents of our ‘I’-beliefs. A formulation and defence of DSV is followed by an overview of its treatment of familiar puzzle cases about personal identity. The rest of the paper focuses on a challenge to DSV, the Puzzle of Inconstant ‘I’-beliefs: the view appears to force on us inconsistent verdicts about personal identity in cases that we would naturally describe as changes in one’s de (...)
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  5. The Deflationary Theory of Ontological Dependence.David Mark Kovacs - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (272):481-502.
    When an entity ontologically depends on another entity, the former ‘presupposes’ or ‘requires’ the latter in some metaphysical sense. This paper defends a novel view, Dependence Deflationism, according to which ontological dependence is what I call an aggregative cluster concept: a concept which can be understood, but not fully analysed, as a ‘weighted total’ of constructive and modal relations. The view has several benefits: it accounts for clear cases of ontological dependence as well as the source of disagreement in controversial (...)
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  6. Self-Made People.David Mark Kovacs - 2016 - Mind 125 (500):1071-1099.
    The Problem of Overlappers is a puzzle about what makes it the case, and how we can know, that we have the parts we intuitively think we have. In this paper, I develop and motivate an overlooked solution to this puzzle. According to what I call the self-making view it is within our power to decide what we refer to with the personal pronoun ‘I’, so the truth of most of our beliefs about our parts is ensured by the very (...)
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  7. How to Be an Uncompromising Revisionary Ontologist.David Mark Kovacs - forthcoming - Synthese:1-24.
    Revisionary ontologies seem to go against our common sense convictions about which material objects exist. These views face the so-called Problem of Reasonableness: they have to explain why reasonable people don’t seem to accept the true ontology. Most approaches to this problem treat the mismatch between the ontological truth and ordinary belief as superficial or not even real. By contrast, I propose what I call the “uncompromising solution”. First, I argue that our beliefs about material objects were influenced by evolutionary (...)
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  8. Four Questions of Iterated Grounding.David Mark Kovacs - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 101 (2):341-364.
    The Question of Iterated Grounding (QIG) asks what grounds the grounding facts. Although the question received a lot of attention in the past few years, it is usually discussed independently of another important issue: the connection between metaphysical explanation and the relation or relations that supposedly “back” it. I will show that once we get clear on the distinction between metaphysical explanation and the relation(s) backing it, we can distinguish no fewer than four questions lumped under QIG. I will also (...)
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  9. The Myth of the Myth of Supervenience.David Kovacs - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (8):1967-1989.
    Supervenience is necessary co-variation between two sets of entities. In the good old days, supervenience was considered a useful philosophical tool with a wide range of applications in the philosophy of mind, metaethics, epistemology, and elsewhere. In recent years, however, supervenience has fallen out of favor, giving place to grounding, realization, and other, more metaphysically “meaty”, notions. The emerging consensus is that there are principled reasons for which explanatory theses cannot be captured in terms of supervenience, or as the slogan (...)
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  10. Is There a Conservative Solution to the Many Thinkers Problem?David Mark Kovacs - 2010 - Ratio 23 (3):275-290.
    On a widely shared assumption, our mental states supervene on our microphysical properties – that is, microphysical supervenience is true. When this thesis is combined with the apparent truism that human persons have proper parts, a grave difficulty arises: what prevents some of these proper parts from being themselves thinkers as well? How can I know that I am a human person and not a smaller thinker enclosed in a human person? Most solutions to this puzzle make radical, if not (...)
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  11.  33
    The oldest solution to the circularity problem for Humeanism about the laws of nature.David Mark Kovacs - 2020 - Synthese:1-21.
    According to Humeanism about the laws, the laws of nature are nothing over and above certain kinds of regularities about particular facts. Humeanism has often been accused of circularity: according to scientific practice laws often explain their instances, but on the Humean view they also reduce to the mosaic, which includes those instances. In this paper I formulate the circularity problem in a way that avoids a number of controversial assumptions routinely taken for granted in the literature, and against which (...)
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  12.  37
    Intuitions About Objects: From Teleology to Elimination.David Mark Kovacs - forthcoming - Mind:fzz071.
    In a series of recent papers, David Rose and Jonathan Schaffer use a number of experiments to show that folk intuitions about composition and persistence are driven by pre-scientific teleological tendencies. They argue that these intuitions are fit for debunking and that the playing field for competing accounts of composition and persistence should therefore be considered even: no view draws more support from folk intuitions than its rivals, and the choice between them should be made exclusively on the basis of (...)
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  13. The Concept of Health and Disease.József Kovács - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (1):31-39.
    Examining the naturalist and normativist concepts of health and disease this article starts with analysing the view of C. Boorse. It rejects Boorse's account of health as species-typical functioning, giving a critique of his view based on evolutionary theory of contemporary biology. Then it gives a short overview of the normativist theories of health, which can be objectivist and subjectivist theories. Rejecting the objectivist theories as philosophically untenable, it turns to the subjectivist theories of Gert and Culver, and to the (...)
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  14.  35
    Belief Files in Theory of Mind Reasoning.Ágnes Kovács - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (2):509-527.
    Humans seem to readily track their conspecifics’ mental states, such as their goals and beliefs from early infancy. However, the underlying cognitive architecture that enables such powerful abilities remains unclear. Here I will propose that a basic representational structure, the belief file, could provide the foundation for efficiently encoding, and updating information about, others’ beliefs in online social interactions. I will discuss the representational possibilities offered by the belief file and the ways in which the repertoire of mental state reasoning (...)
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  15.  27
    Honorary Authorship Epidemic in Scholarly Publications? How the Current Use of Citation-Based Evaluative Metrics Make (Pseudo)Honorary Authors From Honest Contributors of Every Multi-Author Article.Jozsef Kovacs - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):509-512.
    The current use of citation-based metrics to evaluate the research output of individual researchers is highly discriminatory because they are uniformly applied to authors of single-author articles as well as contributors of multi-author papers. In the latter case, these quantitative measures are counted, as if each contributor were the single author of the full article. In this way, each and every contributor is assigned the full impact-factor score and all the citations that the article has received. This has a multiplication (...)
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  16. Deflationary Nominalism and Puzzle Avoidance.David Mark Kovacs - 2019 - Philosophia Mathematica 27 (1):88-104.
    In a series of works, Jody Azzouni has defended deflationary nominalism, the view that certain sentences quantifying over mathematical objects are literally true, although such objects do not exist. One alleged attraction of this view is that it avoids various philosophical puzzles about mathematical objects. I argue that this thought is misguided. I first develop an ontologically neutral counterpart of Field’s reliability challenge and argue that deflationary nominalism offers no distinctive answer to it. I then show how this reasoning generalizes (...)
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  17.  70
    When the Brain Changes its Mind: Interocular Grouping During Binocular Rivalry.Ilona Kovacs, Thomas Papathomas, Ming Yang & Akos Feher - 1997 - Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 38 (4):2249-2249.
  18.  10
    Is It a Face of a Woman or a Man? Visual Mismatch Negativity is Sensitive to Gender Category.Krisztina Kecskés-Kovács, István Sulykos & István Czigler - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  19.  32
    Whose Identity is It Anyway?Jozsef Kovacs - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (1):44 – 45.
  20.  11
    Honorary Authorship and Symbolic Violence.Jozsef Kovacs - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (1):51-59.
    This paper invokes the conceptual framework of Bourdieu to analyse the mechanisms, which help to maintain inappropriate authorship practices and the functions these practices may serve. Bourdieu’s social theory with its emphasis on mechanisms of domination can be applied to the academic field, too, where competition is omnipresent, control mechanisms of authorship are loose, and the result of performance assessment can be a matter of symbolic life and death for the researchers. This results in a problem of game-theoretic nature, where (...)
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  21.  19
    Sartre, the Philosophy of Nothingness, and the Modern Melodrama.András Bálint Kovács - 2006 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 64 (1):135 - 145.
  22.  69
    Gender in the Substance of Chemistry, Part 1: The Ideal Gas.Ágnes Kovács - 2012 - Hyle 18 (2):95 - 120.
    This two-part paper is about the possibility of analyzing the content of chemistry from a gender perspective. The first part provides an example of what such an analysis would look like. The second part is an outline of the theoretical perspective that makes the analysis possible. The example is the model of the ideal gas, the cornerstone of the theory of matter in chemical thermodynamics. I argue that this model is built on fundamental philosophical assumptions (Platonic idealism, hierarchy among states (...)
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  23.  17
    Two Conjectures in Horace: Odes 1.16.8 and 1.35.25.David Kovacs - 2013 - Classical Quarterly 63 (1):339-345.
    Most of the above text is straightforward. Horace is explaining that wrath – the reader may think at this stage either of Horace's own wrath expressed in the scurrilous iambi mentioned in 2–3 or that of the woman he addresses – resembles various other things. Thus in 5a wrath's effect is compared to that of the Magna Mater on her priests, the Galli , and in 5b–6 to that of Apollo on the Pythia . In 7a Dionysus’ effect on his (...)
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  24.  22
    Virgil, Eclogue 4.53–4: Enough Of What?David Kovacs - 2011 - Classical Quarterly 61 (1):314-315.
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  25.  18
    Paper: The Transformation of Ethics Expertise in a World of Ethical Pluralism.József Kovács - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):767-770.
    Today, bioethics experts have an increasing role in public life. However, the question arises: what does bioethics expertise really mean? Can there be such a thing in our globalised world characterised by ethical pluralism? I will argue that bioethics as a discipline represents the transformation of ethics expertise from a hard to a soft form of it. Bioethics was born as a reaction to the growing awareness of ethical pluralism, and it denied the hard form of normative–prescriptive ethics expertise, particularly (...)
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  26.  17
    Toward a Reconstruction of Iphigenia Aulidensis.David Kovacs - 2003 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 123:77-103.
    Iphigenia Aulidensis was produced after the poet's death, probably in 405 BC. The aim of this paper is to recover the text of this production, which I call FP for First Performance. Probably Euripides left behind an incomplete draft, which was finished by Euripides Minor, the poet's son or nephew. The text we have contains, as Page showed in 1934, material added for a fourth-century revival and other still later interpolations. Diggle's edition tries to separate original Euripides from all later (...)
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  27.  42
    The Philosophy of Death in Viktor E. Frankl.George Kovacs - 1982 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 13 (2):197-209.
  28.  10
    Philosophy as Primordial Science in the Early Heidegger.George Kovacs - 1990 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 21 (2):121-135.
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  29.  37
    Phenomenology of Work and Self-Transcendence.George Kovacs - 1986 - Journal of Value Inquiry 20 (3):195-207.
  30.  18
    Non-Response to Sad Mood Induction: Implications for Emotion Research.Jonathan Rottenberg, Maria Kovacs & Ilya Yaroslavsky - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (3):431-436.
    Experimental induction of sad mood states is a mainstay of laboratory research on affect and cognition, mood regulation, and mood disorders. Typically, the success of such mood manipulations is reported as a statistically significant pre- to post-induction change in the self-rated intensity of the target affect. The present commentary was motivated by an unexpected finding in one of our studies concerning the response rate to a well-validated sad mood induction. Using the customary statistical approach, we found a significant mean increase (...)
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  31.  33
    Philosophy and Faith in Heidegger.George Kovacs - 1980 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 54:135.
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  32.  5
    When Giants Stumble: Two Influential Misjudgements on Horace′s Odes.David Kovacs - 2011 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 155 (1).
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  33.  26
    Difficulties Differentiating Dissociations.Kristof Kovacs, Kate C. Plaisted & Nicholas J. Mackintosh - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):138-139.
    We welcome Blair's argument that the relationship between fluid cognition and other aspects of intelligence should be an important focus of research, but are less convinced by his arguments that fluid intelligence is dissociable from general intelligence. This is due to confusions between (a) crystallized skills and g, and (b) universal and differential constructs. (Published Online April 5 2006).
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  34.  34
    Zeus in Euripides' Medea.David Kovacs - 1993 - American Journal of Philology 114 (1).
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  35.  11
    Euripides: Iphigenie Bei den Taurern. [REVIEW]David Kovacs - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (2):380-380.
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  36.  4
    Exact Ground States for the Four-Electron Problem in a Two-Dimensional Finite Hubbard Square System.E. Kovács & Z. Gulácsi - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (13-14):2073-2099.
  37.  8
    Euripides: Electra. [REVIEW]David Kovacs - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (2):558-559.
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  38.  9
    Great Experiments and Old Apparatus in Education.László Kovács - 1996 - Science & Education 5 (3):305-308.
  39.  6
    On Medea's Great Monologue.David Kovacs - 1986 - Classical Quarterly 36 (2):343-352.
    In his new text of Euripides James Diggle shows that he has the courage of his convictions: he deletes the last twenty-five lines of Medea's great monologue. He is to be applauded for following ratio et res ipsa where it leads him and being undaunted by the sight of so much blood. No editor of Euripides before him, as far as I am aware, has ever been courageous enough to put these lines in square brackets, although their deletion had been (...)
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  40.  2
    The Jewish Question in Contemporary Hungary.A. Kovacs - 1983 - Télos 1983 (58):55-74.
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  41. The Question of God in Heidegger's Phenomenology.George KOVACS - 1990 - Northwestern University Press.
    Several philosophers have developed theological perspectives out of Heidegger's ontology. Yet the question of God in Heidegger's thought itself has never received full elucidation. In this revealing new study, George Kovacs poses the problem of analyzing the idea of God as a process of questioning and thus subjects Heidegger's phenomenological existentialism to a process of exposition Heidegger himself employed.
     
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  42. The Question of God in Heidegger's Phenomenology Osi.George KOVACS - 1990 - Northwestern University Press.
    Several philosophers have developed theological perspectives out of Heidegger's ontology. Yet the question of God in Heidegger's thought itself has never received full elucidation. In this revealing new study, George Kovacs poses the problem of analyzing the idea of God as a process of questioning and thus subjects Heidegger's phenomenological existentialism to a process of exposition Heidegger himself employed.
     
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  43.  18
    An Invitation to Think Through and with Heidegger's Beiträge Zur Philosophie.George Kovacs - 1996 - Heidegger Studies 12:17-36.
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  44.  7
    An Invitation to Think Through and with Heidegger's Beiträge Zur Philosophie.George Kovacs - 1996 - Heidegger Studies 12:17-36.
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  45.  13
    Becoming Mindful of the History of Be-Ing.George Kovacs - 2017 - Heidegger Studies 33:129-143.
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  46.  25
    Being, Truth, and the Political in Heidegger (1933-1934).George Kovacs - 2003 - Heidegger Studies 19:31-48.
  47. Being, Truth, and the Political in Heidegger.George Kovacs - 2003 - Heidegger Studies 19:31-48.
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  48.  21
    Difficulties and Hazards of Dealing with the Question of Being: Examining Recent Heidegger Literature and the Richardson-Festschrift.George Kovacs - 1999 - Heidegger Studies 15:155-170.
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  49.  4
    Difficulties and Hazards of Dealing with the Question of Being: Examining Recent Heidegger Literature and the Richardson-Festschrift.George Kovacs - 1999 - Heidegger Studies 15:155-170.
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  50.  21
    Fellini's "Toby Dammit": A Study of Characteristic Themes and Techniques.Steven Kovacs - 1972 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (2):255-261.
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