75 found
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  1. A Non-Utilitarian Approach to Punishment.H. J. McCloskey - 1965 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 8 (1-4):249 – 263.
    Although the view that punishment is to be justified on utilitarian grounds has obvious appeal, an examination of utilitarianism reveals that, consistently and accurately interpreted, it dictates unjust punishments which are unacceptable to the common moral consciousness. In this rule?utilitarianism is no more satisfactory than is act?utilitarianism. Although the production of the greatest good, or the greatest happiness, of the greatest number is obviously a relevant consideration when determining which punishments may properly be inflicted, the question as to which punishment (...)
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  2. An Examination of Restricted Utilitarianism.H. J. McCloskey - 1957 - Philosophical Review 66 (4):466-485.
  3. Rights.H. J. McCloskey - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 15 (59):115-127.
  4. God and Evil.H. J. McCloskey - 1960 - Philosophical Quarterly 10 (39):97-114.
  5. Moral Rights and Animals.H. J. McCloskey - 1979 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 22 (1-4):23 – 54.
    In Section I, the purely conceptual issue as to whether animals other than human beings, all or some, may possess rights is examined. This is approached via a consideration of the concept of a moral right, and by way of examining the claims of sentience, consciousness, capacities for pleasure and pain, having desires, possessing interests, self-consciousness, rationality in various senses. It is argued that only beings possessed actually or potentially of the capacity to be morally self-determining can be possessors of (...)
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  6. A Note on Utilitarian Punishment.H. J. McCloskey - 1963 - Mind 72 (288):599.
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  7.  86
    Peter Singer and Non-Voluntary 'Euthanasia': Tripping Down the Slippery Slope.Suzanne Uniacke & H. J. Mccloskey - 1992 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 9 (2):203-219.
    This article discusses the nature of euthanasia, and the way in which redevelopment of the concept of euthanasia in some influential recent philosophical writing has led to morally less discriminating killing/letting die/not saving being misdescribed as euthanasia. Peter Singer's defence of non-voluntary ‘euthanasia’of defective infants in his influential book Practical Ethics is critically evaluated. We argue that Singer's pseudo-euthanasia arguments in Practical Ethics are unsatisfactory as approaches to determining the legitimacy of killing, and that these arguments present a total utilitarian (...)
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  8.  48
    Coercion: Its Nature and Significance.H. J. McCloskey - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):335-351.
  9. The State as an Organism, as a Person, and as an End in Itself.H. J. McCloskey - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (3):306-326.
  10.  96
    Utilitarianism: Two Difficulties.H. J. McCloskey - 1973 - Philosophical Studies 24 (1):62 - 63.
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  11.  79
    The Moral Case for Experimentation on Animals.H. J. McCloskey - 1987 - The Monist 70 (1):64-82.
    The moral case for experimentation on animals rests both on the goods to be realized, the evils to be avoided thereby, and on the duty to respect persons and to secure them in the enjoyment of their natural moral rights. Some experimentation on animals presents no problems of justification as it involves no harm at all to the animals which are the subject of experiments and is such as to seek to achieve an advance in knowledge. Experiments on non-sentient animals, (...)
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  12. Utilitarian and Retributive Punishment.H. J. McCloskey - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (3):91-110.
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  13.  97
    The Right to Life.H. J. McCloskey - 1975 - Mind 84 (335):403-425.
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  14. 'Suppose Everyone Did the Same'--A Note.H. J. McCloskey - 1966 - Mind 75 (299):432-433.
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  15.  65
    Privacy and the Right to Privacy.H. J. McCloskey - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (211):17 - 38.
    The right to privacy is one of the rights most widely demanded today. Privacy has not always so been demanded. The reasons for the present concern for privacy are complex and obscure. They obviously relate both to the possibilities for very considerable enjoyment of privacy by the bulk of people living in affluent societies brought about by twentieth-century affluence, and to the development of very efficient methods of thoroughly and systematically invading this newly found privacy. However, interesting and important as (...)
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  16. God and Evil.H. J. McCloskey - 1974 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (1):323-324.
     
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  17.  57
    Rights - Some Conceptual Issues.H. J. McCloskey - 1976 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 54 (2):99 – 115.
    The first section restates and elaborates on my argument in "rights," "philosophical quarterly", 1965, Arguing that rights are not explicable as claims, Powers, Expectations, Liberties. Equally, Statements about rights, Often being logically prior to such statements, Are not reducible to such statements. In section two, This claim is supported by reference to distinctions it is vital to draw between rights, Which do not parallel those to be drawn between kinds of duties. We need to distinguish "real" rights which may be (...)
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  18.  40
    Universalized Prescriptivism and Utilitarianism: Hare's Attempted Forced Marriage. [REVIEW]H. J. McCloskey - 1979 - Journal of Value Inquiry 13 (1):63-76.
  19.  21
    Liberalism: H. J. McCloskey.H. J. Mccloskey - 1974 - Philosophy 49 (187):13-32.
    Liberalism is commonly believed, especially by its exponents, to be opposed to interference by way of enforcing value judgments or concerning itself with the individual's morality. My concern is to show that this is not so and that liberalism is all the better for this. Many elements have contributed to liberal thought as we know it today, the major elements being the liberalism of which Locke is the most celebrated exponent, which is based upon a belief in natural, human rights; (...)
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  20.  76
    Ross and the Concept of a Prima Facie Duty.H. J. McCloskey - 1963 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):336 – 345.
    The concept of prima facie duty is deemed important by ross and the author. The author thinks ross and others have not elucidated the concept and the relation between prima facie and 'absolute' duty. He concludes that "we must explain the obligatoriness of absolute duties in terms of prima facie duties, As being derived from them, And not vice versa, As ross attempted." (staff).
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  21.  2
    Coercion: Its Nature and Significance.H. J. McCloskey - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):335-351.
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  22.  10
    Liberalism.H. J. McCloskey - 1974 - Philosophy 49 (187):13 - 32.
  23.  83
    Limits to Freedom of Expression.H. J. McCloskey - 1982 - Journal of Value Inquiry 16 (1):47-58.
    This article examines the bases and limits to the right to liberty of expression. Both the extreme libertarian and the orthodox liberal views are rejected. Against them, It is argued that the right to liberty is to be defended both as a prima facie intrinsic moral right derivative from man's autonomy and as a conditional right deriving from man's right to access to intrinsic goods including knowledge, True belief, Self-Development. The rights so derived are not absolute rights, But rights to (...)
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  24.  63
    Conscientious Disobedience of the Law: Its Necessity, Justification, and Problems to Which It Gives Rise.H. J. McCloskey - 1980 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (4):536-557.
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  25.  41
    The Political Ideal of Privacy.H. J. McCloskey - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (85):303-314.
  26. Ecological Ethics and Politics.H. J. Mccloskey - 1984 - Philosophy 59 (228):277-278.
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  27. John Stuart Mill: A Critical Study.H. J. Mccloskey - 1972 - Philosophy 47 (181):280-281.
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  28.  24
    Human Needs, Rights and Political Values.H. J. McCloskey - 1976 - American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (1):1 - 11.
  29.  22
    The Philosophy of Linguistic Analysis and the Problem of Universals.H. J. McCloskey - 1964 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 24 (3):329-338.
    IT IS ARGUED THAT LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS DOES NOT DEAL WITH\nTHE PROBLEM OF UNIVERSALS IN A SATISFACTORY WAY. THE\nCONTRIBUTIONS OF RYLE, WITTGENSTEIN AND PEARS ARE\nCONSIDERED. IT IS HELD THAT THE PROBLEM OF UNIVERSALS IS A\nGENUINE METAPHYSICAL PROBLEM AND DOES NOT ADMIT OF BEING\nDISPOSED OF BY CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS. MOREOVER, THE FAILURE\nOF ATTEMPTS BY LINGUISTIC ANALYSTS HERE MUST CAST DOUBT ON\nTHE SOUNDNESS OF THEIR BOLD ANTIMETAPHYSICAL CLAIMS. IT IS\nCONCLUDED THAT THE PROBLEM OF UNIVERSALS IS NOT PRIMARILY\nONE OF NAMING, BUT RATHER OF RESEMBLANCES. (STAFF).
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  30.  44
    Liberty of Expression its Grounds and Limits (I).H. J. McCloskey - 1970 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 13 (1-4):219 – 237.
    The problem posed in this paper is 'Can those interferences with liberty of expression which are necessary and desirable be indicated in some simple, general way, e.g. in terms of some principle or principles of the kinds with which J. S. Mill sought to delimit the interferences with freedom of action?' It is argued that although J. S. Mill sought to defend 'the fullest freedom of expression', he in fact allowed important interferences of kinds which render the formulation of a (...)
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  31.  32
    Mill's Liberalism.H. J. McCloskey - 1963 - Philosophical Quarterly 13 (51):143-156.
  32.  25
    Evil and the Problem of Evil.H. J. McCloskey - 1966 - Sophia 5 (1):14-19.
  33.  25
    Egalitarianism, Equality and Justice.H. J. McCloskey - 1966 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 44 (1):50 – 69.
  34.  24
    A Critique of the Ideals of Liberty.H. J. McCloskey - 1965 - Mind 74 (296):483-508.
  35.  13
    John Stuart Mill.H. J. McCloskey & R. J. HALLJDAY - 1972 - Philosophical Books 13 (1):21-23.
  36.  40
    Would Any Being Merit Worship?H. J. McCloskey - 1964 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 2 (4):157-164.
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  37.  14
    A Right to Equality? Re-Examining the Case for a Right to Equality.H. J. McCloskey - 1976 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6 (4):625 - 642.
    In the area of politics one is not surprised to encounter bias, prejudice, rationalization, special pleading; yet rarely does one encounter these phenomena so often, so blatantly, as in the area relating to equality. Indeed, even among those whose job it is to be impartial, rational, informed, namely, philosophers, one finds less objectivity, less evidence of a genuine search for the truth, and a greater concern to press preconceived views than elsewhere in their work. Among Western philosophers, there is a (...)
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  38. Meta-Ethics and Normative Ethics.H. J. Mccloskey - 1973 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 27 (1):157-160.
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  39.  33
    "Two Concepts of Rules"--A Note.H. J. McCloskey - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (89):344-348.
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  40.  36
    D-Words, a-Words, and G-Words.H. J. McCloskey - 1965 - Philosophical Studies 16 (1-2):21 - 30.
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  41.  31
    Some Arguments for a Liberal Society.H. J. McCloskey - 1968 - Philosophy 43 (166):324 - 344.
    In this Paper I am concerned to argue that the traditionally and contemporarily important arguments for a liberal society do provide a justification for what may fairly be called a liberal society. However, many liberals may wish to deny that the society which these arguments are seen to justify when their various limitations and qualifications are noted, can properly be called liberal, for it is less committed to non-interference with liberty than is the liberal society which those who advance these (...)
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  42.  32
    The State and Evil.H. J. McCloskey - 1958 - Ethics 69 (3):182-195.
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  43. 'Pain and Suffering'.H. J. McCloskey - 1992 - In Lawrence C. Becker & Charlotte B. Becker (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ethics. Garland Publishing. pp. 927--9.
  44.  25
    Mill on Liberty: A Defence By John Gray London: Routledge&Kegan Paul, 1983, Xiii + 143 Pp., £8.95. [REVIEW]H. J. McCloskey - 1983 - Philosophy 58 (226):550-.
  45.  9
    The Problem of Liberalism.H. J. McCloskey - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (2):248 - 275.
    Many, including some celebrated liberal theorists, defend liberty on empirical, prudential, utilitarian grounds such that if practical considerations or changed circumstances were to make intolerance more useful than tolerance, they would be committed to a policy of intolerance. Their theories are therefore liberal only contingently. They cannot be denied the title "liberal," for, apart from historical usage, a theory is liberal if it proceeds on the basis of a high evaluation of liberty whether or not the evaluation rests purely on (...)
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  46. Ecological Ethics and Politics.H. J. Mccloskey - 1984 - Mind 93 (372):627-630.
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  47.  22
    Intuitionism and Rational Ends — Regan's Account of the Intuitionist's Dilemma.H. J. McCloskey - 1975 - Journal of Value Inquiry 9 (1):59-66.
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  48.  18
    Crime and Punishment: Deviance and Corrective Social Therapy.H. J. McCloskey - 1978 - American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (2):91 - 98.
  49.  16
    Hare's Ethical Subjectivism.H. J. McCloskey - 1959 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 37 (3):187 – 200.
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  50.  18
    Objectivism in Aesthetics.H. J. McCloskey - 1963 - Ethics 74 (1):61-64.
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