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  1. The Know-How Solution to Kraemer's Puzzle.Carlotta Pavese & Henne Paul - 2023 - Cognition 238 (C):105490.
    In certain cases, people judge that agents bring about ends intentionally but also that they do not bring about the means that brought about those ends intentionally—even though bringing about the ends and means is just as likely. We call this difference in judgments the Kraemer effect. We offer a novel explanation for this effect: a perceived difference in the extent to which agents know how to bring about the means and the ends explains the Kraemer effect. In several experiments, (...)
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  2.  44
    Performing history: How historical scholarship is shaped by epistemic virtues.Herman Paul - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (1):1-19.
    Philosophers of history in the past few decades have been predominantly interested in issues of explanation and narrative discourse. Consequently, they have focused consistently and almost exclusively on the historian’s output, thereby ignoring that historical scholarship is a practice of reading, thinking, discussing, and writing, in which successful performance requires active cultivation of certain skills, attitudes, and virtues. This paper, then, suggests a new agenda for philosophy of history. Inspired by a “performative turn” in the history and philosophy of science, (...)
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  3.  22
    Scholarship and Ideology: The Chair of the General History of Science at the College de France, 1892-1913.Harry W. Paul - 1976 - Isis 67 (3):376-397.
  4.  37
    Virtue language in historical scholarship: the cases of Georg Waitz, Gabriel Monod and Henri Pirenne.Herman Paul, Sarah Keymeulen, Pieter Huistra & Camille Creyghton - 2016 - History of European Ideas 42 (7):924-936.
    SUMMARYHistorians of historiography have recently adopted the language of ‘epistemic virtues’ to refer to character traits believed to be conducive to good historical scholarship. While ‘epistemic virtues’ is a modern philosophical concept, virtues such as ‘objectivity’, ‘meticulousness’ and ‘carefulness’ historically also served as actors' categories. Especially in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, historians frequently used virtue language to describe what it took to be a ‘good’, ‘reliable’ or ‘professional’ scholar. Based on three European case studies—the German historian Georg (...)
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  5.  31
    Distance and self‐distanciation: Intellectual virtue and historical method around 1900.Herman Paul - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (4):104-116.
    ABSTRACTWhat did “historical distance” mean to historians in the Rankean tradition? Although historical distance is often equated with temporal distance, an analysis of Ernst Bernheim's Lehrbuch der historischen Methode reveals that for German historians around 1900 distance did not primarily refer to a passage of time that would enable scholars to study remote pasts from retrospective points of view. If Bernheim's manual presents historical distance as a prerequisite for historical interpretation, the metaphor rather conveys a need for self‐distanciation. Self‐distanciation is (...)
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  6.  27
    Systemic Explanations of Scientific Misconduct: Provoked by Spectacular Cases of Norm Violation?Pieter Huistra & Herman Paul - 2021 - Journal of Academic Ethics 20 (1):51-65.
    In the past two decades, individual explanations of scientific misconduct have increasingly given way to systemic explanations. Where did this interest in systemic factors come from? Given that research ethicists often present their interventions as responses to scientific misconduct, this article tests the hypothesis that these systemic explanations were triggered by high-visibility cases of scientific norm violation. It does so by examining why Dutch scientists in 2011 explained Diederik Stapel’s grand-scale data fabrication largely in systemic terms, whereas only fifteen years (...)
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  7.  94
    Weak Historicism: On Hierarchies of Intellectual Virtues and Goods.Herman Paul - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (3):369-388.
    This article seeks to reconcile a historicist sensitivity to how intellectually virtuous behavior is shaped by historical contexts with a non-relativist account of historical scholarship. To that end, it distinguishes between hierarchies of intellectual virtues and hierarchies of intellectual goods . The first hierarchy rejects a one-size-fits-all model of historical virtuousness in favor of a model that allows for significant varieties between the relative weight that historians must assign to intellectual virtues in order to acquire justified historical understanding. It grounds (...)
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  8.  12
    Objectivity, honesty, and integrity: How American scientists talked about their virtues, 1945–2000.Kim M. Hajek, Herman Paul & Sjang ten Hagen - forthcoming - History of Science.
    What kind of people make good scientists? What personal qualities do scholars say their peers should exhibit? And how do they express these expectations? This article explores these issues by mapping the kinds of virtues discussed by American scientists between 1945 and 2000. Our wide-ranging comparative analysis maps scientific virtue talk across three distinct disciplines – physics, psychology, and history – and across sources that typify those disciplines’ scientific ethos – introductory textbooks, book reviews, and codes of ethics. We find (...)
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  9.  56
    A collapse of trust: Reconceptualizing the crisis of historicism.Herman Paul - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (1):63-82.
    This essay redefines the crisis of historicism as a collapse of trust. Following Friedrich Jaeger, it suggests that this crisis should be understood, not as a crisis caused by historicist methods, but as a crisis faced by the classical historicist tradition of Ranke. The "nihilism" and "moral relativism" feared by Troeltsch's generation did not primarily refer to the view that moral universals did not exist; rather, they expressed that the historical justification of bildungsbürgerliche values offered by classical historicism did no (...)
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  10.  37
    The heroic study of records: The contested persona of the archival historian.Herman Paul - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (4):67-83.
    The archival turn in 19th-century historical scholarship – that is, the growing tendency among 19th-century historians to equate professional historical studies with scholarship based on archival research – not only affected the profession’s epistemological assumptions and day-to-day working manners, but also changed the persona of the historian. Archival research required the cultivation and exercise of such dispositions, virtues, or character traits as carefulness, meticulousness, diligence and industry. This article shows that a growing significance attached to these qualities made the archival (...)
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  11.  13
    Hayden White.Herman Paul - 2001 - Polity.
    This new book offers a clear and accessible exposition of Hayden White's thought. In an engaging and wide-ranging analysis, Herman Paul discusses White's core ideas and traces the development of these ideas from the mid-1950s to the present. Starting with White's medievalist research and youthful fascination for French existentialism, Paul shows how White became increasingly convinced that historical writing is a moral activity. He goes on to argue that the critical concepts that have secured White's fame – trope, plot, discourse, (...)
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  12.  12
    Basic Concepts of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.Heltne Paul - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 28 (6):12-22.
  13.  39
    Naturalized Epistemology and/as Historicism: A Brief Introduction.Herman Paul & Mark Bevir - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (3):299-303.
  14.  21
    The Scientific Self: Reclaiming Its Place in the History of Research Ethics.Herman Paul - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1379-1392.
    How can the history of research ethics be expanded beyond the standard narrative of codification—a story that does not reach back beyond World War II—without becoming so broad as to lose all distinctiveness? This article proposes a history of research ethics focused on the “scientific self,” that is, the role-specific identity of scientists as typically described in terms of skills, competencies, qualities, or dispositions. Drawing on three agenda-setting texts from nineteenth-century history, biology, and sociology, the article argues that the “revolutions” (...)
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  15.  28
    The Icarus flight of speculation: Philosophers' vices as perceived by nineteenth‐century historians and physicists.Sjang ten Hagen & Herman Paul - 2023 - Metaphilosophy 54 (2-3):280-294.
    Why did nineteenth‐century German historians and physicists habitually warn against vices that they believed philosophers in particular embodied: speculation, absence of common sense, and excessive systematizing? Drawing on a rich array of sources, this article interprets this vice‐charging as a rhetorical practice aimed at delineating empirical research from Naturphilosophie and Geschichtsphilosophie as practiced in the heyday of German Idealism. The strawman of “the philosopher” as invoked by historians and physicists served as a negative model for strongly empiricist scholars committed to (...)
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  16.  60
    The essence of expressivism.H. Paul - 1994 - Analysis 54 (1):19-20.
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  17. Pacific APA Memorial session for P. Suppes and J. Hintikka, 2016.Humphreys Paul, Cartwright Nancy, Sandu Gabriel, Scott Dana & Andersen Holly - manuscript
    This collects some of the remarks made at the 2016 Pacific APA Memorial session for Patrick Suppes and Jaakko Hintikka. The full list of speakers on behalf of these two philosophers: Dagfinn Follesdal; Dana Scott; Nancy Cartwright; Paul Humphreys; Juliet Floyd; Gabriel Sandu; John Symons.
     
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  18.  70
    Thomas S. Kuhn.Hoyningen-Huene Paul - 1997 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (2):235-256.
  19.  16
    Los agrocombustibles y el mito de las tierras marginales.Teresa Anderson, Helena Paul & Guadalupe Rodríguez - 2008 - Polis 21.
    Las autoras debaten que las políticas de producción de agrocombustibles estén destinadas a implementarse efectivamente sobre tierras “marginales”, pues que en realidad son tierras vitales para campesinos o bien comunitarias. Recuerda que la tierra marginal para algunos es vital para otros, que como siempre verán restringidas tierras y fuentes de vida, que pasarán a manos de los grandes empresarios de agrocombustibles. Advierte que esto traerá también consecuencias medioambientales negativas. Concluye cuestionando algunos mitos sobre sus efectos sobre la producción y el (...)
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  20.  34
    The Meaning of Historicism for Our Time.Frank Ankersmit, Herman Paul & Reinbert A. Krol - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (2):119-120.
  21.  5
    Altdeutsche textbibliothek herausgegeben.H. C. G. B. & H. Paul - 1881 - American Journal of Philology 2 (8):521.
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  22.  82
    Virtue Ethics and/or Virtue Epistemology: A Response to Anton Froeyman.Herman Paul - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (3):432-446.
    In response to Anton Froeyman's paper, “Virtues of Historiography,“ this article argues that philosophers of history interested in why historians cherish such virtues as carefulness, impartiality, and intellectual courage would do wise not to classify these virtues unequivocally as either epistemic or moral virtues. Likewise, in trying to grasp the roles that virtues play in the historian's professional practice, philosophers of history would be best advised to avoid adopting either an epistemological or an ethical perspective. Assuming that the historian's virtuous (...)
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  23.  24
    Introduction: The metaphor of historical distance.Jaap den Hollander, Herman Paul & Rik Peters - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (4):1-10.
  24.  4
    Präsenz und implizites Wissen: zur Interdependenz zweier Schlüsselbegriffe der Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften.Christoph Ernst, Heike Paul, Katharina Gerund & David Kaldewey (eds.) - 2013 - Bielefeld: Transcript.
    Long description: Präsenz - definiert als zeitliche und räumliche Gegenwart und Unmittelbarkeit - steht in einem Begründungszusammenhang mit implizitem Wissen. Innerhalb der Forschungsdiskussion um Präsenz etabliert der Band einen neuartigen Ansatz, indem er verschiedene Diskursivierungen von Präsenz in Religion, Kunst, Politik, Medien sowie Populärkultur aus dieser Interdependenz heraus zugänglich macht. Die Beiträge verfolgen dabei eine kulturvergleichende Perspektive, die speziell auf die Klärung der Kulturspezifik von Präsenzkonzepten abzielt und neue Möglichkeiten zur Analyse eines bisher wenig beachteten Themas eröffnet.
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  25.  4
    (Extra)ordinary presence: social configurations and cultural repertoires.Markus Gottwald, Kay Kirchmann & Heike Paul (eds.) - 2017 - Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.
    Taking its cue from contemporary western debates on presence in the social sciences and the humanities, this volume focuses on "presence" both as everyday experience and as an experience of intense moments. It raises questions about diverse social configurations of presence as well as about the specific cultural repertoires which encode, articulate, and shape discourses of presence. The contributions take as a premise that phenomena of presence are connected to particular forms of knowledge. Especially tacit knowledge (pre)determines experiences of individual (...)
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  26. The Greek Commentaries on the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle Volume I. Eustratius on book I and the anonymous scholia on books II, III, and IV (Corpus Latinum Commentariorum in Aristotelem Graecorum, VI.Robert Grosseteste, H. Paul & F. Mercken - 1975 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 37 (1):127-128.
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  27.  39
    Historians in the archive: An introduction.Pieter Huistra, Herman Paul & Jo Tollebeek - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (4):3-7.
    Historians in the 19th-century were not the first to discover the importance of source materials kept in archival depositories. More than their predecessors, however, scholars working in the historical discipline that the 19th century saw emerge tended to equate professional historical knowledge with knowledge based on primary source research, that is, practically speaking, on knowledge gained from source material that was usually kept in archives. While previous scholarship had paid ample attention to the methods that 19th-century historians employed for the (...)
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  28.  13
    18th and 19th century German linguistics.Christopher Hutton, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Christian Wolff, Johann Christoph Adelung, Johann Christoph Gottsched, Johann Gottfried Herder, Dietrich Tiedemann, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Friedrich von Schlegel, Franz Bopp, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Heymann Steinthal, Jacob Grimm, August Friedrich Pott, August Schleicher, Georg von der Gabelentz, Hermann Paul & Wilhelm Max Wundt (eds.) - 1995 - Tokyo: Kinokuniya.
  29.  8
    Hermeneutics and the Humanities: Dialogues with Hans-Georg Gadamer.Madeleine Kasten, Herman Paul & Rico Sneller (eds.) - 2012 - Amsterdam University Press.
    Published in 1960, Hans-Georg Gadamer’s _Truth and Method_ is one of the most influential books on interpretation to have appeared in the past half century. Scholars across the humanities have applied, discussed, and criticized its insights. This volume aims to continue this conversation between hermeneutics and the humanities and tries to map Gadamer’s influence on the humanities, while identifying the possibilities for further interaction between his ideas and contemporary scholarship. This bilingual collection is essential reading for scholars interested in issues (...)
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  30.  17
    Experimental Pain Differentially Affects Cortical Involvement In Force And Position Control Tasks.Tucker Kylie, Poortvliet Peter, Scott Dion, Sowman Paul, Finnigan Simon & Hodges Paul - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  31.  39
    Where did the music go?Jaron Lanier, Paul D. Miller & Hey Paul - unknown
    IÂ’m only talking about commercial big time music in the United States. Of course music is gloriously seething in odd corners of the planet as it should. I can team up with some compatible friends and we can go find or make our own music in any of a number of accommodating environments- on the net, in the forest, or in some dank club late at night.
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  32.  25
    A Loosely Knit Network: Philosophy of History After Hayden White.Herman Paul - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 13 (1):3-20.
    Does the death of Hayden White mark the end of an era in philosophy of history? Although White’s personal presence is sorely missed, White’s work is unlikely soon to lose its prominent position in philosophy of history. This is because no other author occupies a position in the field that is remotely as central as White’s. His oeuvre serves as a shared reference point for scholars working on issues ranging from explanation and representation to deconstruction and presence. From whatever school (...)
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  33.  11
    A missing link in the history of historiography: scholarly personae in the world of Alfred Dove.Herman Paul - 2019 - History of European Ideas 45 (7):1011-1028.
    ABSTRACTDrawing on the case of Alfred Dove, this article contributes to an emerging line of research on scholarly personae in the history of historiography. It does so by addressing the important but so far neglected question: What exactly does the prism of scholarly personae add to existing historiographical perspectives? The German historian Alfred Dove is an appropriate case study for this exercise, because historical scholarship in Wilhelmine Germany has been relatively well studied, from various angles. Most notably, it has been (...)
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  34.  11
    Darwin & Co.Pierre Thuillier.H. W. Paul - 1983 - Isis 74 (2):265-266.
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  35.  9
    Denial of coevalness: charges of dogmatism in the nineteenth-century humanities.Herman Paul & Caroline Schep - 2022 - History of European Ideas 48 (6):778-794.
    ABSTRACT Since the seventeenth century, scholars have been accusing each other of ‘dogmatism’. But what exactly did this mean? In exploring this question, this article focuses on philosophy and Biblical scholarship in nineteenth-century Germany. Scholars in both of these fields habitually contrasted Dogmatismus with Kritik, to the point of emplotting the history of their field as a gradual triumph of critical thinking over dogmatic belief. The article shows that charges of dogmatism derived much of their rhetorical force from such progressive (...)
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  36.  7
    Historicism: a travelling concept.Herman Paul & Adriaan van Veldhuizen (eds.) - 2020 - London ; New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Throughout the twentieth century, scholars, artists and politicians have accused each other of "historicism." But what exactly did this mean? Judging by existing scholarship, the answers varied enormously. Like many other "isms," historicism could mean nearly everything, to the point of becoming meaningless. Yet the questions remain: What made generations of scholars throughout the humanities and social sciences worry about historicism? Why did even musicians and members of parliament warn against historicism? And what explains this remarkable career of the term (...)
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  37.  17
    Histoire des sciences de la vie. Pascal Duris, Gabriel Gohau.Harry Paul - 1998 - Isis 89 (4):707-708.
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  38.  42
    How Historians Learn to Make Historical Judgments Historical Judgement: The Limits of Historiographical Choice.Herman Paul - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (1):90-108.
  39.  5
    Het moeras van de geschiedenis: Nederlandse debatten over historisme.Herman Paul - 2012 - Amsterdam: Uitgeverij Bert Bakker.
    Overzicht van de discussies in Nederland in de twintigste eeuw over historisch besef, gevoerd vanuit verschillende wetenschappelijke disciplines en invalshoeken.
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  40.  8
    Historians' virtues: from antiquity to the twenty-first century.Herman Paul - 2022 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Why do historians so often talk about objectivity, empathy, and fair-mindedness? What roles do such personal qualities play in historical studies? And why does it make sense to call them virtues rather than skills or habits? Historians' Virtues is the first publication to explore these questions in some depth. With case studies from across the centuries, the Element identifies major discontinuities in how and why historians talked about the marks of a good scholar. At the same time, it draws attention (...)
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  41.  13
    Hayden White.Herman Paul - 2011 - Polity.
    This new book offers a clear and accessible exposition of Hayden White's thought. In an engaging and wide-ranging analysis, Herman Paul discusses White's core ideas and traces the development of these ideas from the mid-1950s to the present. Starting with White's medievalist research and youthful fascination for French existentialism, Paul shows how White became increasingly convinced that historical writing is a moral activity. He goes on to argue that the critical concepts that have secured White's fame – trope, plot, discourse, (...)
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  42.  58
    Hayden White: The Making of a Philosopher of History.Herman Paul - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (1):131-145.
  43.  26
    Jacques Lacan & Co.: A History of Psychoanalysis in France, 1925-1985. Elisabeth Roudinesco, Jeffrey Mehlman.H. W. Paul - 1992 - Isis 83 (3):522-523.
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  44.  10
    Key issues in historical theory.Herman Paul - 2015 - London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. Edited by Anthony Runia.
    An introduction to the field of historical theory, incorporating examples from novels, paintings, music, and political debates and using text boxes to provide focus on key topics.
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  45.  17
    L'organisation de l'enseignement des sciences: La voie ouverte par le Second Empire. Nicole Hulin-Jung.H. W. Paul - 1991 - Isis 82 (3):573-574.
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  46.  8
    L'autorite de la science: Neurosciences, espaces et temps, chaos, cosmologie. Francois Lurcat.Harry W. Paul - 1997 - Isis 88 (1):125-126.
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  47.  37
    Les Scientifiques et la paix. La Communauté scientifique internationale au cours des années 20. Brigitte Schroeder-Gudehus.H. W. Paul - 1980 - Isis 71 (2):313-314.
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  48.  18
    Novel adaptations in motor cortical maps in persistent elbow pain.Hodges Paul, Schabrun Siobhan, Chipchase Lucy, Vicenzino Bill & Jones Emma - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  49.  27
    Nature et methode de l'histoire des sciences. Francois Russo.H. W. Paul - 1984 - Isis 75 (1):206-207.
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  50.  3
    Oefenplaatsen: tegendraadse theologen over kerk en ethiek.Herman Paul - 2012 - Zoetermeer: Uitgeverij Boekencentrum. Edited by Bart Wallet.
    Interviews met Britse en Amerikaanse theologen die voorstanders zijn van de 'ecclesial turn': de wending naar de kerk als morele gemeenschap in een post-christelijke, geseculariseerde wereld.
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