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Hajo Schmidt [25]H. Arnold Schmidt [22]Harald Schmidt [21]H. Schmidt [19]
Hermann Schmidt [11]Hartwig Schmidt [9]Heinz-Jürgen Schmidt [8]Hermann Josef Schmidt [8]

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  1.  74
    Vaccine Rationing and the Urgency of Social Justice in the Covid‐19 Response.Harald Schmidt - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (3):46-49.
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  2.  18
    Rationing, Racism and Justice: Advancing the Debate Around ‘Colourblind’ COVID-19 Ventilator Allocation.Harald Schmidt, Dorothy E. Roberts & Nwamaka D. Eneanya - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (2):126-130.
    Withholding or withdrawing life-saving ventilators can become necessary when resources are insufficient. In the USA, such rationing has unique social justice dimensions. Structural elements of dominant allocation frameworks simultaneously advantage white communities, and disadvantage Black communities—who already experience a disproportionate burden of COVID-19-related job losses, hospitalisations and mortality. Using the example of New Jersey’s Crisis Standard of Care policy, we describe how dominant rationing guidance compounds for many Black patients prior unfair structural disadvantage, chiefly due to the way creatinine and (...)
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  3.  45
    Just Health Responsibility.H. Schmidt - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1):21-26.
    Although the responsibility for health debate has intensified in several ways between Norman Daniels’ 1985 Just healthcare and Just health: meeting health needs fairly of 2008, comparatively little space is dedicated to the issue in Just health, and Daniels notes repeatedly that his account “says nothing about personal responsibility for health”. Daniels considers health responsibility mainly in a particular luck-egalitarian version which he rejects because of its potentially unfeasible, penalising and inhumane character. But I show that he nonetheless acknowledges and (...)
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  4.  47
    Bonuses as Incentives and Rewards for Health Responsibility: A Good Thing?H. Schmidt - 2008 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (3):198-220.
    Bonuses, as incentives or rewards for health -related behavior, feature prominently in German social health insurance. Their goal is centered around promoting personal responsibility, but reducing overall health -care expenditure and enabling competition between sickness funds also play a role. The central position of personal responsibility in German health -care policy is described, and a framework is offered for an analysis of the ethical issues raised by policies seeking to promote responsibility. The framework entails seven tests relating to: solidarity; equality (...)
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  5.  42
    Carrots, Sticks, and Health Care Reform — Problems with Wellness Incentives.Harald Schmidt, Kristin Voigt & Daniel Wikler - 2010 - New England Journal of Medicine 362:e3.
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  6.  17
    Personal Responsibility for Health: Conceptual Clarity, and Fairness in Policy and Practice.Harald Schmidt - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (10):648-649.
    Rebecca Brown and Julian Savulescu1 focus on individuals’ responsibility regarding health-related behaviours. They rightly argue that paying attention to diachronic and dyadic aspects of responsibility can further illuminate the highly multifaceted concept of personal responsibility for health. Their point of departure is a pragmatic one. They note that personal responsibility ‘is highly intuitive, [that] responsibility practices are a commonplace feature of almost all areas of human life and interpersonal relationship [and that] the pervasiveness of this concept [suggest] the improbability of (...)
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  7.  16
    Equational Logic and Equational Theories of Algebras.A. Tarski, H. Arnold Schmidt & K. Schutte - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):161-162.
  8. How Anonymous is 'Anonymous'? Some Suggestions Towards a Coherent Universal Coding System for Genetic Samples.Harald Schmidt & Shawneequa Callier - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (5):304-309.
    So-called ‘anonymous’ tissue samples are widely used in research. Because they lack externally identifying information, they are viewed as useful in reconciling conflicts between the control, privacy and confidentiality interests of those from whom the samples originated and the public (or commercial) interest in carrying out research, as reflected in ‘consent or anonymise’ policies. High level guidance documents suggest that withdrawal of consent and samples and the provision of feedback are impossible in the case of anonymous samples. In view of (...)
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  9.  8
    Remote Monitoring of Medication Adherence and Patient and Industry Responsibilities in a Learning Health System.Junhewk Kim, Austin Connor Kassels, Nathaniel Isaac Costin & Harald Schmidt - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (6):386-391.
    A learning health system seeks to establish a closer connection between clinical care and research and establishes new responsibilities for healthcare providers as well as patients. A new set of technological approaches in medication adherence monitoring can potentially yield valuable data within an LHS, and raises the question of the scope and limitations of patients’ responsibilities to use them. We argue here that, in principle, it is plausible to suggest that patients have a prima facie obligation to use novel adherence (...)
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  10.  41
    ‘I Did It For the Money’: Incentives, Rationalizations and Health.Moti Gorin & Harald Schmidt - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (1):34-41.
    Incentive programs have been criticized due to concerns that extrinsic rewards can ‘crowd out’ intrinsic motivation, and also that such programs might exert a corrupting influence on those receiving the incentive. Jonathan Wolff has argued that while these worries are in some instances well grounded, incentives can also operate by liberating people from social pressures that stand in the way of their intrinsic motivations. We further develop Wolff's insight by articulating a framework for assessing such incentives and discussing several areas (...)
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  11.  7
    COVID-19 Ventilator Rationing Protocols: Why We Need to Know More About the Views of Those with Most to Lose.Whitney Kerr & Harald Schmidt - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (3):133-136.
    Withholding or withdrawing life-saving ventilators can become necessary when resources are insufficient. With rising cases in many countries, and likely further peaks in the coming colder seasons, ventilator triage guidance remains a central part of the COVID-19 policy response. The dominant model in ventilator triage guidelines prioritises the ethical principles of saving the most lives and saving the most life-years. We sought to ascertain to what extent this focus aligns, or conflicts, with the preferences of disadvantaged minority populations. We conducted (...)
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  12.  83
    Stewardship, Paternalism and Public Health: Further Thoughts.Tom Baldwin, Roger Brownsword & Harald Schmidt - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):113-116.
    Nuffield Council on Bioethics, London * Corresponding author: Nuffield Council on Bioethics, 28 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3JS, UK. Email: hschmidt{at}nuffieldbioethics.org ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract In November 2007, the Nuffield Council on Bioethics published the report Public Health: Ethical Issues . While the report has been welcomed by a wide range of stakeholders, there has also been some criticism. First, it has been suggested that it is not clear why, in developing its ‘stewardship (...)
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  13.  45
    The Oxidative Stress Theory of Disease: Levels of Evidence and Epistemological Aspects.Pietro Ghezzi, Vincent Jaquet, Fabrizio Marcucci & Harald H. H. W. Schmidt - unknown
    The theory stating that oxidative stress is at the root of several diseases is extremely popular. However, so far, no antioxidant is recommended or offered by healthcare systems neither approved as therapy by regulatory agencies that base their decisions on evidence-based medicine. This is simply because, so far, despite many preclinical and clinical studies indicating a beneficial effect of antioxidants in many disease conditions, randomised clinical trials have failed to provide the evidence of efficacy required for drug approval. In this (...)
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  14.  8
    On the Role of Biomedical Knowledge in Clinical Reasoning by Experts, Intermediates and Novices.Henny P. A. Boshuizen & Henk G. Schmidt - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (2):153-184.
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  15.  21
    The 2008 Declaration of Helsinki — First Among Equals in Research Ethics?Annette Rid & Harald Schmidt - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):143-148.
    The World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki is one of the most important and influential international research ethics documents. Launched in 1964, when ethical guidance for research was scarce, the Declaration comprised eleven basic principles and provisions on clinical research. The document has since evolved to a complex set of principles, norms, and directions for action of varying degrees of specificity, ranging from specific rules to broad aspirational statements. It has been revised six times in an effort to maintain its (...)
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  16.  1
    US Adults’ Preferences for Race-Based and Place-Based Prioritisation for COVID-19 Vaccines.Harald Schmidt, Sonia Jawaid Shaikh, Emily Sadecki & Sarah Gollust - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (7):497-500.
    Implementing equity principles in resource allocation is challenging. In one approach, some US states implemented race-based prioritisation of COVID-19 vaccines in response to vast racial inequities in COVID-19 outcomes, while others used place-based allocation. In a nationally representative survey of n=2067 US residents, fielded in mid-April 2021, we explored the public acceptability of race-based prioritisation compared with place-based prioritisation, by offering vaccines to harder hit zip codes before residents of other zip codes. We found that in general, a majority of (...)
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  17.  58
    Whose Dignity? Resolving Ambiguities in the Scope of "Human Dignity" in the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.H. Schmidt - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (10):578-584.
    In October 2005, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization adopted the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights . A concept of central importance in the declaration is that of “human dignity”. However, there is lack of clarity about its scope, especially concerning the question of whether prenatal human life has the same dignity and rights as born human beings. This ambiguity has implications for the interpretation of important articles of the delcaration, including 2, 4, 8, 10 and (...)
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  18. Mathematische Gesetze Der Logik.H. Arnold Schmidt - 1960 - Berlin, Springer.
  19.  16
    Diagnostic Errors and Reflective Practice in Medicine.Sílvia Mamede, Henk G. Schmidt & Remy Rikers - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (1):138-145.
  20. A Definition of Mass in Newton-Lagrange Mechanics.H. -J. Schmidt - 1993 - Philosophia Naturalis 30 (2):189-207.
     
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  21.  17
    Obesity and Blame: Elusive Goals for Personal Responsibility.Harald Schmidt - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (3):8-9.
  22.  54
    Can an Effect Precede its Cause? A Model of a Noncausal World.Helmut Schmidt - 1978 - Foundations of Physics 8 (5-6):463-480.
    The world appears causal in the sense that the result of a measurement may depend on the past history of the observed system, but not on what the experimenter will do with the system after the measurement. This raises the question whether noncausality at a macroscopic level would necessarily lead to an “unreasonable” world. The study of a model world with axiomatically well-specified properties shows that noncausal systems can be discussed in a logically consistent manner so that noncausality might well (...)
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  23.  39
    Collapse of the State Vector and Psychokinetic Effect.Helmut Schmidt - 1982 - Foundations of Physics 12 (6):565-581.
    Eugene Wigner and others have speculated that the “collapse of the state vector” during an observation might be a physically real process so that some modification of current quantum theory would be required to describe the interaction with a conscious observer appropriately.Experimental reports on the “psychokinetic effect” as a mental influence on the outcome of quantum jumps suggest that perhaps this effect might be vital for an understanding of the observer's role in quantum mechanics.Combining these two speculations we introduce a (...)
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  24.  39
    Childhood Obesity and Parental Responsibilities.Harald Schmidt - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (4):p. 3.
  25. Sufficiency, Comprehensiveness of Health Care Coverage, and Cost-Sharing Arrangements in the Realpolitik of Health Policy.Govind Persad & Harald Schmidt - 2016 - In Carina Fourie & Annette Rid (eds.), What is Enough?: Sufficiency, Justice, and Health. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 267-280.
    This chapter explores two questions in detail: How should we determine the threshold for costs that individuals are asked to bear through insurance premiums or care-related out-of-pocket costs, including user fees and copayments? and What is an adequate relationship between costs and benefits? This chapter argues that preventing impoverishment is a morally more urgent priority than protecting households against income fluctuations, and that many health insurance plans may not adequately protect individuals from health care costs that threaten to drop their (...)
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  26.  1
    Semantical Aspects of Spacetime Theories.Ulrich Majer & Heinz-Jürgen Schmidt - 1994
  27.  8
    Examination of the Context‐Specific Nature of Self‐Regulated Learning.Jerome Rotgans & Henk Schmidt - 2009 - Educational Studies 35 (3):239-253.
    The purpose of the present study was to investigate to what extent self‐regulated learning is context‐dependent. The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire was repeatedly administered to 155 first‐year students at a Singaporean polytechnic – a general version of the MSLQ before students entered the polytechnic and a course‐specific version at the end of the first semester for mathematics, science and English courses. Data were analysed using structural equation modelling. The analyses included: tests for invariance of factorial structures, tests for invariance (...)
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  28.  2
    “Autonomy and Solidarity: Bridging the Tensions”: Celebrating the 15th World Congress of Bioethics.Vardit Ravitsky, Lisa Eckenwiler & Harald Schmidt - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (5):479-481.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 5, Page 479-481, June 2022.
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  29.  3
    Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, Ventilator Rationing and Evolving Triage Guidance: New Evidence Underlines the Need to Recognise and Revise, Unjust Allocation Frameworks.Harald Schmidt, Dorothy E. Roberts & Nwamaka D. Eneanya - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (2):136-138.
    We respond to recent comments on our proposal to improve justice in ventilator triage, in which we used as an example New Jersey’s publicly available and legally binding Directive Number 2020-03. We agree with Bernard Lo and Doug White that equity implications of triage frameworks should be continually reassessed, which is why we offered six concrete options for improvement, and called for monitoring the consequences of adopted triage models. We disagree with their assessment that we mis-characterised their Model Guidance, as (...)
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  30.  29
    Managing Patient Expectations About Deidentification.Harald Schmidt & Shawneequa L. Callier - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):21-23.
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  31.  71
    The Structure of Stern-Gerlach Experiments and Ludwig's Approach to Quantum Theory.Heinz-Jürgen Schmidt - 1981 - Erkenntnis 16 (3):389 - 395.
  32.  5
    Breastfeeding, Personal Responsibility and Financial Incentives.Katelin Hoskins & Harald Schmidt - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics:phab020.
    Should financial incentives be offered to mothers for breastfeeding? Given the significant socioeconomic and sociodemographic differences in breastfeeding in the USA, researchers and policymakers are exploring the role of financial incentives for breastfeeding promotion with the objective of increasing uptake and reducing disparities. Despite positive outcomes in other health domains, the acceptability of financial incentives is mixed. Financial incentives in the context of infant feeding are particularly controversial given the complex obligations that characterize decisions to breastfeed. After situating the specific (...)
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  33. Wissen Und Verantwortung: Festschrift für Jan P. Beckmann.Jan Peter Beckmann, Thomas Keutner, Roman Oeffner & Hajo Schmidt (eds.) - 2005 - Alber.
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  34. Wissen Und Verantwortung: Festschrift für Jan P.Jan Peter Beckmann, Thomas Keutner, Roman Oeffner & Hajo Schmidt (eds.) - 2005 - Alber.
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  35. Dm Mrcp.Ken J. Gilhooly, Guy Groen, Alan Lesgold, Lorenzo Magnani, Gianpaolo Molino, Spyridan D. Moulopoulos, Vimla L. Patel, Henk G. Schmidt, Rijksuniversiteit Limburg & Edward H. Shortliffe - 1992 - In D. A. Evans & V. L. Patel (eds.), Advanced Models of Cognition for Medical Training and Practice. Springer. pp. 369.
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  36.  1
    Philosophy for Statesmen: Cicero and Seneca.Miriam T. Griffin, Hans W. Schmidt & P. Wülfing - 1987 - Heidelberg: Carl Winter.
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  37. Kritik der Reinen Vernunft, Herausg. Von H. Schmidt. Volksausg.Immanuel Kant & Heinrich Schmidt - 1908
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  38. Religion Und Philosophie in Ostasien: Festschrift Für Hans Steininger Zum 65. Geburtstag.Gert Naundorf, Karl-Heinz Pohl & Hans-Hermann Schmidt - 1985 - Konigshausen & Neumann.
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  39.  10
    Papst Johannes Xxii.: Konzepte Und Verfahren Seines Pontifikats.Martin Rohde & Hans-Joachim Schmidt (eds.) - 2014 - De Gruyter.
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  40. Against Behaviouralism. A Critique of Behavioural Science. By Edmund Ions. [REVIEW]H. D. Schmidt - 1978 - History and Theory 17 (2):249.
     
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  41. Über einige neuere Untersuchungen zur Modalitätenlogik.H. A. Schmidt - 1958 - Dialectica 12 (3):408.
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  42. Contributions to Mathematical Logic Proceedings of the Logic Colloquium, Hannover 1966.H. Arnold Schmidt, Kurt Schutte & H. J. Thiele (eds.) - 1968 - New York, NY, USA: North-Holland.
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  43. Der alte Ortlepp war's wohl doch... Metakritik einer, Philologie fur Spurenleser.H. J. Schmidt - 1999 - Nietzsche Studien 28:257-260.
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  44. Der tätige Mensch. Hrsg. A. Bauer u. W. Eichhorn I. [REVIEW]H. Schmidt - 1988 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 36 (8):759.
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  45. Fortschritt und Rückschritt.H. Schmidt - 1989 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 37 (10/11):1013.
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  46. George Herbert Mead: Gesammelte Aufsätze in 2 Bde. Hrsg. H. Joas. [REVIEW]H. Schmidt - 1988 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 36 (6):573.
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  47. Heinrich Scholz Gedanken zur Betrachtung der bildenden Kunst.H. Schmidt - 1958 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 50:416.
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  48. Jürgen Habermas: Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne. [REVIEW]H. Schmidt - 1990 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 38 (10):1004.
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  49. Kafka tanzt nicht.Hermann Schmidt - forthcoming - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook.
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  50. Le Renouveau Liturgique.H. Schmidt - 1966 - Nouvelle Revue Théologique 88 (8):807-829.
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1 — 50 / 159