Results for 'Haim Sompolinsky'

294 found
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  1.  56
    Effect of Aging on Change of Intention.Ariel Furstenberg, Callum D. Dewar, Haim Sompolinsky, Robert T. Knight & Leon Y. Deouell - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  2. Confucian Pragmatism as the Art of Contextualizing Personal Experience and World.Haiming Wen - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    This engaging work of comparative philosophy puts the Chinese and American philosophical traditions into a mutually informative and transformative philosophical dialogue on the way to developing a new form of Confucian pragmatism.
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  3.  10
    Attitudes toward risk are complicated: experimental evidence for the re-individuation approach to risk-attitudes.Haim Cohen, Anat Maril, Sun Bleicher & Ittay Nissan-Rozen - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179 (8):2553-2577.
    We present experimental evidence that supports the thesis :602–625, 2015, Br J Philos Sci 70:77–102, 2019; Bradley in Decisions theory with a human face, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2017; Goldschmidt and Nissan-Rozen in Synthese 198:7553–7575, 2021) that people might positively or negatively desire risky prospects conditional on only some of the prospects’ outcomes obtaining. We argue that this evidence has important normative implications for the central debate in normative decision theory between two general approaches on how to rationalize several common (...)
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  4.  56
    Empirical Evidence for Moral Bayesianism.Haim Cohen, Ittay Nissan-Rozen & Anat Maril - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-30.
    Many philosophers in the field of meta-ethics believe that rational degrees of confidence in moral judgments should have a probabilistic structure, in the same way as do rational degrees of belief. The current paper examines this position, termed “moral Bayesianism,” from an empirical point of view. To this end, we assessed the extent to which degrees of moral judgments obey the third axiom of the probability calculus, ifP(A∩B)=0thenP(A∪B)=P(A)+P(B), known as finite additivity, as compared to degrees of beliefs on the one (...)
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  5.  5
    Karl Popper - the Formative Years, 1902–1945: Politics and Philosophy in Interwar Vienna.Malachi Haim Hacohen - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    Karl Popper is one of this century's most influential philosophers, but his life in fin-de siècle and interwar Vienna, and his exile in New Zealand during World War II, have so far remained shrouded in mystery. This intellectual 2001 biography recovers the legacy of the young Popper; the progressive, cosmopolitan, Viennese socialist who combated fascism, revolutionized the philosophy of science, and envisioned the Open Society. Malachi Hacohen delves into his archives and draws a compelling portrait of the philosopher, the assimilated (...)
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  6.  78
    An Extension of a Theorem of Gaifman-Hales-Solovay.Haim Gaifman - 1967 - Fundamenta Mathematicae 61 (1):29-32.
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  7. Probabilities Over Rich Languages, Testing and Randomness.Haim Gaifman & Marc Snir - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (3):495-548.
  8.  24
    When Time Slows Down: The Influence of Threat on Time Perception in Anxiety.Yair Bar-Haim, Aya Kerem, Dominique Lamy & Dan Zakay - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (2):255-263.
  9. How Empowering Leadership Influences Medical Workers' Work–Family Conflict in the Post-Pandemic Era: A Moderated Mediation Model of Leadership “Black Box”.Haiming Zhou, Xinping Song, Laitan Fang, Kan Shi & Ronghui Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    After experiencing the COVID-19 pandemic, the status and mechanisms of leadership, and the challenges for medical workers in terms of family–work conflicts, have caused widespread concern. In the post-pandemic era, based on role theory and the stressor-detachment model, this paper seeks to break the “black box” of negative effects that can be caused by leadership, research the mechanism and boundary conditions of those negative effects, and explore factors to reduce those negative effects. We recruited 1,010 Chinese medical workers fighting COVID-19 (...)
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  10.  12
    Proving Nothing and Illustrating Much: The Case of Michael Balint.Shaul Bar-Haim - 2020 - History of the Human Sciences 33 (3-4):47-65.
    John Forrester’s book Thinking in Cases does not provide one ultimate definition of what it means to ‘think in cases’, but rather several alternatives: a ‘style of reasoning’, ‘paradigms’ or ‘exemplars’, and ‘language games’, to mention only a few. But for Forrester, the stories behind each of the figures who suggested these different models for thinking are as important as the models themselves. In other words, the question for Forrester is not only what ‘thinking in cases’ is, but also who (...)
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  11.  31
    Social and Ethical Issues in the Use of Familial Searching in Forensic Investigations: Insights From Family and Kinship Studies.Erica Haimes - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):263-276.
    This article explores the socio-ethical concerns raised by the familial searching of forensic databases in criminal investigations, from the perspective of family and kinship studies. It discusses the broader implications of this expanded understanding for wider debates about identity, privacy and genetic databases.
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  12. Vagueness, Tolerance and Contextual Logic.Haim Gaifman - 2010 - Synthese 174 (1):5 - 46.
    The goal of this paper is a comprehensive analysis of basic reasoning patterns that are characteristic of vague predicates. The analysis leads to rigorous reconstructions of the phenomena within formal systems. Two basic features are dealt with. One is tolerance: the insensitivity of predicates to small changes in the objects of predication (a one-increment of a walking distance is a walking distance). The other is the existence of borderline cases. The paper shows why these should be treated as different, though (...)
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  13. Pointers to Truth.Haim Gaifman - 1992 - Journal of Philosophy 89 (5):223-261.
    If we try to evaluate the sentence on line 1 we ¯nd ourselves going in an unending cycle. For this reason alone we may conclude that the sentence is not true. Moreover we are driven to this conclusion by an elementary argument: If the sentence is true then what it asserts is true, but what it asserts is that the sentence on line 1 is not true. Consequently the sentence on line 1 is not true. But when we write this (...)
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  14. A Simpler and More Realistic Subjective Decision Theory.Haim Gaifman & Yang Liu - 2018 - Synthese 195 (10):4205--4241.
    In his classic book “the Foundations of Statistics” Savage developed a formal system of rational decision making. The system is based on (i) a set of possible states of the world, (ii) a set of consequences, (iii) a set of acts, which are functions from states to consequences, and (iv) a preference relation over the acts, which represents the preferences of an idealized rational agent. The goal and the culmination of the enterprise is a representation theorem: Any preference relation that (...)
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  15.  80
    The P3 Component of the ERP Reflects Conscious Perception, Not Confidence.Moti Salti, Yair Bar-Haim & Dominique Lamy - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):961-968.
    Consistent with numerous electrophysiological studies, we recently reported that conscious perception is associated with a widely distributed modulation of the P3 component . We also showed that correct objective performance in the absence of subjective awareness is associated with a spatially more restricted modulation of the P3. The relatively late occurrence of the P3 along with lack of control for post-perceptual processes suggests that this component might reflect processes related to stimulus evaluation or confidence rather than to visual awareness or (...)
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  16.  22
    Pointers to Truth.Haim Gaifman - 1992 - Journal of Philosophy 89 (5):223.
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  17.  37
    Sacks Forcing, Laver Forcing, and Martin's Axiom.Haim Judah, Arnold W. Miller & Saharon Shelah - 1992 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 31 (3):145-161.
    In this paper we study the question assuming MA+⌝CH does Sacks forcing or Laver forcing collapse cardinals? We show that this question is equivalent to the question of what is the additivity of Marczewski's ideals 0. We give a proof that it is consistent that Sacks forcing collapses cardinals. On the other hand we show that Laver forcing does not collapse cardinals.
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  18.  35
    Models and Types of Peano's Arithmetic.Haim Gaifman - 1976 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 9 (3):223-306.
  19.  38
    What Can the Social Sciences Contribute to the Study of Ethics? Theoretical, Empirical and Substantive Considerations.Erica Haimes - 2002 - Bioethics 16 (2):89–113.
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  20.  12
    Haim Gaifman. Models and Types of Peano's Arithmetic. Annals of Mathematical Logic, Vol. 9, Pp. 223–306. - Julia F. Knight. Omitting Types in Set Theory and Arithmetic. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 41 , Pp. 25–32. - Julia F. Knight. Hanf Numbers for Omitting Types Over Particular Theories. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 41 , Pp. 583–588. - Fred G. Abramson and Leo A. Harrington. Models Without Indiscernibles. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 41 , Vol. 43 , Pp. 572–600. [REVIEW]J. P. Ressayre - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):484-485.
  21.  17
    Multidisjunctivism’s No Solution to the Screening-Off Problem.Haiming Hua - 2022 - Analysis 82 (2):231-238.
    Naïve realism is the view that veridical experiences are fundamentally relations of acquaintance to external objects and their features, and multidisjunctivism is the conjunction of naïve realism and the view that hallucinatory experiences don’t share a common fundamental kind. Multidisjunctivism allegedly removes the screening-off worry over naïve realism, and the relevant literature suggests that multidisjunctivism is one of the naïve realist responses to the worry. The present paper argues that the multidisjunctive solution is implicitly changing the subject, so the impression (...)
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  22. Pointers to Propositions.Haim Gaifman - manuscript
    The semantic paradoxes, whose paradigm is the Liar, played a crucial role at a crucial juncture in the development of modern logic. In his 1908 seminal paper, Russell outlined a system, soon to become that of the Principia Mathematicae, whose main goal was the solution of the logical paradoxes, both semantic and settheoretic. Russell did not distinguish between the two and his theory of types was designed to solve both kinds in the same uniform way. Set theoreticians, however, were content (...)
     
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  23.  25
    The Kunen-Miller Chart (Lebesgue Measure, the Baire Property, Laver Reals and Preservation Theorems for Forcing).Haim Judah & Saharon Shelah - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (3):909-927.
    In this work we give a complete answer as to the possible implications between some natural properties of Lebesgue measure and the Baire property. For this we prove general preservation theorems for forcing notions. Thus we answer a decade-old problem of J. Baumgartner and answer the last three open questions of the Kunen-Miller chart about measure and category. Explicitly, in \S1: (i) We prove that if we add a Laver real, then the old reals have outer measure one. (ii) We (...)
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  24.  10
    What Can the Social Sciences Contribute to the Study of Ethics? Theoretical, Empirical and Substanti.Erica Haimes - 2002 - Bioethics 16 (2):89-113.
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  25. Reasoning with Limited Resources and Assigning Probabilities to Arithmetical Statements.Haim Gaifman - 2004 - Synthese 140 (1-2):97 - 119.
    There are three sections in this paper. The first is a philosophical discussion of the general problem of reasoning under limited deductive capacity. The second sketches a rigorous way of assigning probabilities to statements in pure arithmetic; motivated by the preceding discussion, it can nonetheless be read separately. The third is a philosophical discussion that highlights the shifting contextual character of subjective probabilities and beliefs.
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  26.  14
    The Liberal Playground: Susan Isaacs, Psychoanalysis and Progressive Education in the Interwar Era.Shaul Bar-Haim - 2017 - History of the Human Sciences 30 (1):94-117.
    The Cambridge Malting House, an experimental school, serves here as a case study for investigating the tensions within 1920s liberal elites between their desire to abandon some Victorian and Edwardian sets of values in favour of more democratic ones, and at the same time their insistence on preserving themselves as an integral part of the English upper class. Susan Isaacs, the manager of the Malting House, provided the parents – some of whom were the most famous scientists and intellectuals of (...)
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  27.  47
    Subjective Probability, Natural Predicates and Hempel's Ravens.Haim Gaifman - 1979 - Erkenntnis 14 (2):105 - 147.
  28. On Ontology and Realism in Mathematics.Haim Gaifman - 2012 - Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (3):480-512.
  29. Non-Standard Models in a Broader Perspective.Haim Gaifman - manuscript
    Non-standard models were introduced by Skolem, first for set theory, then for Peano arithmetic. In the former, Skolem found support for an anti-realist view of absolutely uncountable sets. But in the latter he saw evidence for the impossibility of capturing the intended interpretation by purely deductive methods. In the history of mathematics the concept of a nonstandard model is new. An analysis of some major innovations–the discovery of irrationals, the use of negative and complex numbers, the modern concept of function, (...)
     
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  30.  30
    Chinese Philosophy.Haiming Wen - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Chinese Philosophy provides a clear, accessible conception of the Chinese philosophical sensibility and its evolution throughout history.
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  31.  1
    Tort Liability for Belligerent Wrongs.Haim Abraham - forthcoming - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies.
    Most legal systems deny civilians a right to compensation for losses they sustain during belligerent activities. Arguments for recognising such a right are usually divorced, to various degrees, from the moral and legal underpinnings of the notion of inflicting a wrongful loss under either international humanitarian law or domestic tort law. My aim in this article is to advance a novel account of states’ tortious liability for belligerent wrongdoing, drawing on both international humanitarian law and corrective justice approaches to domestic (...)
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  32.  27
    Against a Hindu God: Buddhist Philosophy of Religion in India. By Parimal G. Patil. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009. Pp. Xi+ 406. Hardcover $50.00,£ 29.50. China-West Interculture: Toward the Philosophy of World Integration: Essays on Wu Kuang-Ming's Thinking. Edited by Jay Goulding. New York: Global Scholarly. [REVIEW]Haiming Wen Lanham, Victor Sōgen Hori & Melissa Anne - 2010 - Philosophy East and West 60 (2):313-314.
  33.  10
    Wen, Haiming 溫海明, An Elementary Zhouyi Reader 周易初級讀本. English Translations by Wen Haiming and Benjamin Coles: Beijing 北京: Shangwu Yinshuguan 商務印書館, 2019, 358 Pages.Carson Ramsdell - 2019 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 18 (4):651-654.
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  34. What Godel's Incompleteness Result Does and Does Not Show.Haim Gaifman - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (8):462.
    In a recent paper S. McCall adds another link to a chain of attempts to enlist Gödel’s incompleteness result as an argument for the thesis that human reasoning cannot be construed as being carried out by a computer.1 McCall’s paper is undermined by a technical oversight. My concern however is not with the technical point. The argument from Gödel’s result to the no-computer thesis can be made without following McCall’s route; it is then straighter and more forceful. Yet the argument (...)
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  35.  2
    Rendered Invisible? The Absent Presence of Egg Providers in U.K. Debates on the Acceptability of Research and Therapy for Mitochondrial Disease.Ken Taylor & Erica Haimes - 2015 - Monash Bioethics Review 33 (4):360-378.
    Techniques for resolving some types of inherited mitochondrial diseases have recently been the subject of scientific research, ethical scrutiny, media coverage and regulatory initiatives in the UK. Building on research using eggs from a variety of providers, scientists hope to eradicate maternally transmitted mutations in mitochondrial DNA by transferring the nuclear DNA of a fertilised egg, created by an intending mother at risk of transmitting mitochondrial disease, and her male partner, into an enucleated egg provided by another woman. In this (...)
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  36. Deceptive Updating and Minimal Information Methods.Haim Gaifman & Anubav Vasudevan - 2012 - Synthese 187 (1):147-178.
    The technique of minimizing information (infomin) has been commonly employed as a general method for both choosing and updating a subjective probability function. We argue that, in a wide class of cases, the use of infomin methods fails to cohere with our standard conception of rational degrees of belief. We introduce the notion of a deceptive updating method and argue that non-deceptiveness is a necessary condition for rational coherence. Infomin has been criticized on the grounds that there are no higher (...)
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  37.  12
    An Extension of a Theorem of Gaifman-Hales-Solovay.Haim Gaifman - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (1):131-132.
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  38.  80
    Paradoxes of Infinity and Self-Applications, I.Haim Gaifman - 1983 - Erkenntnis 20 (2):131 - 155.
  39.  10
    Maimonides' Political Philosophy.Haim Kreisel - 2005 - In Kenneth Seeskin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides. Cambridge University Press. pp. 193.
  40.  81
    Naming and Diagonalization, From Cantor to Gödel to Kleene.Haim Gaifman - 2006 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 14 (5):709-728.
    We trace self-reference phenomena to the possibility of naming functions by names that belong to the domain over which the functions are defined. A naming system is a structure of the form ,{ }), where D is a non-empty set; for every a∈ D, which is a name of a k-ary function, {a}: Dk → D is the function named by a, and type is the type of a, which tells us if a is a name and, if it is, (...)
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  41.  27
    The Stream of Consciousness: A Reply to Debaise.Haim Callev - 2000 - Film-Philosophy 4 (1).
    Didier Debaise The Mechanisms of Thought: A Jamesian Point of View on Resnais _Film-Philosophy_, vol. 4 no. 10, April 2000.
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  42.  9
    Vigilant Care: An Integrative Reformulation Regarding Parental Monitoring.Haim Omer, Shai Satran & Oren Driter - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (3):291-304.
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  43.  3
    “I Am Still a Teacher”: The Place of the Teaching Career in the Process of Retirement Adjustment.Haim Shlomo & Izhar Oplatka - forthcoming - Educational Studies:1-20.
    The research examined the adjustment process to retirement among teachers during the initial stages of retirement. The focus on the specific sector of teachers is drawn from a theoretical foundatio...
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  44. Context-Dependent Utilities.Haim Gaifman & Yang Liu - 2015 - In Wiebe Van Der Hoek, Wesley H. Holliday & Wen Fang Wang (eds.), Logic, Rationality, and Interaction. Springer. pp. 90-101.
    Savage's framework of subjective preference among acts provides a paradigmatic derivation of rational subjective probabilities within a more general theory of rational decisions. The system is based on a set of possible states of the world, and on acts, which are functions that assign to each state a consequence€. The representation theorem states that the given preference between acts is determined by their expected utilities, based on uniquely determined probabilities (assigned to sets of states), and numeric utilities assigned to consequences. (...)
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  45.  6
    On the Definability of Mad Families of Vector Spaces.Haim Horowitz & Saharon Shelah - 2022 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 173 (4):103079.
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  46. Operational Pointer Semantics: Solution to Self-Referential Puzzles I.Haim Gaifman - 1988 - In M. Y. Vardi (ed.), Proceedings of the Second Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge. Morgan Kaufman. pp. 43–60.
     
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  47.  54
    Donating Embryos to Stem Cell Research: The “Problem” of Gratitude.Jackie Leach Scully, Erica Haimes, Anika Mitzkat, Rouven Porz & Christoph Rehmann-Sutter - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):19-28.
    This paper is based on linked qualitative studies of the donation of human embryos to stem cell research carried out in the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and China. All three studies used semi-structured interview protocols to allow an in-depth examination of donors’ and non-donors’ rationales for their donation decisions, with the aim of gaining information on contextual and other factors that play a role in donor decisions and identifying how these relate to factors that are more usually included in evaluations made (...)
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  48.  13
    A Bibliography of the Writings of Prof. Shelomo Dov Goitein.Haim Zafrani, Robert Attal & Shelomo Dov Goitein - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (2):155.
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  49. Amoeba Reals.Haim Judah & Miroslav Repickẏ - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (4):1168-1185.
    We define the ideal with the property that a real omits all Borel sets in the ideal which are coded in a transitive model if and only if it is an amoeba real over this model. We investigate some other properties of this ideal. Strolling through the "amoeba forest" we gain as an application a modification of the proof of the inequality between the additivities of Lebesgue measure and Baire category.
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  50.  29
    Far From Obvious: The Semantics of Locative Indefinites.Sela Mador-Haim & Yoad Winter - 2015 - Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (5):437-476.
    Simple locative sentences show a variety of pseudo-quantificational interpretations. Some locatives give the impression of universal quantification over parts of objects, others involve existential quantification, and yet others cannot be characterized by either of these quantificational terms. This behavior is explained by virtually all semantic theories of locatives. What has not been previously observed is that similar quantificational variability is also exhibited by locative sentences containing indefinites with the ‘a’ article. This phenomenon is especially problematic for traditional existential treatments of (...)
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