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  1.  28
    Corporate Environmental Responsibility and Firm Performance in the Financial Services Sector.Hoje Jo, Hakkon Kim & Kwangwoo Park - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (2):257-284.
    In this study, we examine whether corporate environmental responsibility plays a role in enhancing operating performance in the financial services sector. Because achieving success with CER investing is often a long-term process, we maintain that by effectively investing in CER, executives can decrease their firms’ environmental costs, thereby enhancing operating performance. By employing a unique environmental dataset covering 29 countries, we find that the reducing of environmental costs takes at least 1 or 2 years before enhancing return on assets. We (...)
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  2.  19
    Corporate Environmental Responsibility: A Legal Origins Perspective.Hakkon Kim, Kwangwoo Park & Doojin Ryu - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (3):381-402.
    In this study, we examine the determinants of corporate environmental responsibility, as well as the relationship between legal systems and CER as measured by a unique set of global environmental cost data. Results of our analyses show that firms’ legal origins affect CER, which requires a long-term management perspective. Specifically, our results indicate that civil law firms exhibit significantly higher levels of CER than common law firms. In addition, results of an auxiliary test suggest that manager shareholding has a significant, (...)
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  3.  12
    Corporate Environmental Responsibility and the Cost of Capital: International Evidence.Sadok El Ghoul, Omrane Guedhami, Hakkon Kim & Kwangwoo Park - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (2):335-361.
    We examine how corporate environmental responsibility affects the cost of equity capital for manufacturing firms in 30 countries. Using several approaches to estimate firms’ ex ante equity financing costs, we find in regressions that control for firm-level characteristics as well as industry, year, and country effects that the cost of equity capital is lower when firms have higher CER. This finding is robust to addressing endogeneity through instrumental variables, to using alternative specifications and proxies for the cost of equity capital, (...)
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