Results for 'Hallsson Bjørn'

365 found
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  1.  11
    Democratic Decision Making and the Psychology of Risk.Andreas Christiansen & Bjørn Hallsson - 2017 - Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 12 (1):51-83.
    Andreas Christiansen,Bjørn Hallsson | : In many cases, the public want to restrict an activity or technology that they believe to be dangerous, but that scientific experts believe to be safe. There is thus a tension between respecting the preferences of the people and making policy based on our best scientific knowledge. Deciding how to make policy in the light of this tension requires an understanding of why citizens sometimes disagree with the experts on what is risky and (...)
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  2.  50
    Disagreement and the Division of Epistemic Labor.Bjørn G. Hallsson & Klemens Kappel - forthcoming - Synthese.
    In this article we discuss what we call the deliberative division of epistemic labor. We present evidence that the human tendency to engage in motivated reasoning in defense of our beliefs can facilitate the occurrence of divisions of epistemic labor in deliberations among people who disagree. We further present evidence that these divisions of epistemic labor tend to promote beliefs that are better supported by the evidence. We show that promotion of these epistemic benefits stands in tension with what extant (...)
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  3.  27
    Co-Responsibility and Causal Involvement.Petersson Björn - 2013 - Philosophia 41 (3):847-866.
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  4.  17
    Fairness, Fast and Slow: A Review of Dual Process Models of Fairness.Bjørn Hallsson, Hartwig R. Siebner & Oliver J. Hulme - 2018 - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 89:49-60.
    Fairness, the notion that people deserve or have rights to certain resources or kinds of treatment, is a fundamental dimension of moral cognition. Drawing on recent evidence from economics, psychology, and neuroscience, we ask whether self-interest is always intuitive, requiring self-control to override with reasoning-based fairness concerns, or whether fairness itself can be intuitive. While we find strong support for rejecting the notion that self-interest is always intuitive, the literature has reached conflicting conclusions about the neurocognitive systems underpinning fairness. We (...)
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  5.  45
    The Epistemic Significance of Political Disagreement.Bjørn G. Hallsson - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (8):2187-2202.
    The degree of doxastic revision required in response to evidence of disagreement is typically thought to be a function of our beliefs about (1) our interlocutor’s familiarity with the relevant evidence and arguments, and their intellectual capacities and virtues, relative to our own, or (2) the expected probability of our interlocutor being correct, conditional on our disagreeing. While these two factors are typically used interchangeably, I show that they have an inverse correlation in cases of disagreement about politically divisive propositions. (...)
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  6.  29
    Can the Written Information to Research Subjects Be Improved?--An Empirical Study.E. Bjorn, P. Rossel & S. Holm - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):263-267.
    OBJECTIVES: To study whether linguistic analysis and changes in information leaflets can improve readability and understanding. DESIGN: Randomised, controlled study. Two information leaflets concerned with trials of drugs for conditions/diseases which are commonly known were modified, and the original was tested against the revised version. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: 235 persons in the relevant age groups. MAIN MEASURES: Readability and understanding of contents. RESULTS: Both readability and understanding of contents was improved: readability with regard to both information leaflets and understanding with (...)
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  7.  16
    Polarization in Groups of Bayesian Agents.Josefine Pallavicini, Bjørn Hallsson & Klemens Kappel - forthcoming - Synthese:1-55.
    In this paper we present the results of a simulation study of credence developments in groups of communicating Bayesian agents, as they update their beliefs about a given proposition p. Based on the empirical literature, one would assume that these groups of rational agents would converge on a view over time, or at least that they would not polarize. This paper presents and discusses surprising evidence that this is not true. Our simulation study shows that these groups of Bayesian agents (...)
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  8.  26
    Does Semantic Information Need to Be Truthful?Lundgren Björn - 2019 - Synthese 196 (7):2885-2906.
    The concept of information has well-known difficulties. Among the many issues that have been discussed is the alethic nature of a semantic conception of information. Floridi :197–222, 2004; Philos Phenomenol Res 70:351–370, 2005; EUJAP 3:31–41, 2007; The philosophy of information, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011) argued that semantic information must be truthful. In this article, arguments will be presented in favor of an alethically neutral conception of semantic information and it will be shown that such a conception can withstand Floridi’s (...)
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  9.  18
    Defining Information Security.Lundgren Björn & Möller Niklas - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (2):419-441.
    This article proposes a new definition of information security, the ‘Appropriate Access’ definition. Apart from providing the basic criteria for a definition—correct demarcation and meaning concerning the state of security—it also aims at being a definition suitable for any information security perspective. As such, it bridges the conceptual divide between so-called ‘soft issues’ of information security and more technical issues. Because of this it is also suitable for various analytical purposes, such as analysing possible security breaches, or for studying conflicting (...)
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  10.  40
    Ritual Pathology and the Nature of Ritual Culture.Merker Bjorn - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):624-625.
    Boyer & Lienard's (B&L's) biological model of ritual achieves a rather straightforward account of features shared by ritual pathology and the idiosyncratic rituals of children; but complexities accrue in extending it to human ritual culture generally. My commentary suggests that the ritual cultural traditions of animals such as songbirds share structural features, handicap-based origin, as well as the enabling neural mechanism of vocal learning with human ritual culture. (Published Online February 8 2007).
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  11.  22
    Social Theory and Global History: The Three Cultural Crystallizations.Wittrock Björn - 2001 - Thesis Eleven 65 (1):27-50.
    In the course of their disciplinary consolidation during the 19th and 20th centuries, the social sciences came increasingly to be less historically orientated. Analogously, global history became increasingly a marginal concern for professional historical scholarship. At the present juncture, however, there is a coincidence of a rethinking of the formation of modernity in cultural terms and the need to locate European modernity in a global context. Social theory must be able to provide an account of global historical developments that is (...)
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  12.  5
    Response-To-Intervention in Finland and the United States: Mathematics Learning Support as an Example.Piia M. Björn, Mikko Aro, Tuire Koponen, Lynn S. Fuchs & Douglas Fuchs - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  13.  17
    The Making of Sweden.Wittrock Björn - 2004 - Thesis Eleven 77 (1):45-63.
    In the first millennium CE trade and kinship networks linked Western Europe and Central Asia via Scandinavia and the Russian rivers. These networks broke down when the early states began to emerge in Scandinavia during the 11th and 12th centuries, concurrent with the Christianization of the far North. Two cultural fault-lines mark Nordic history – between Western and Eastern Christendom and between feudal and non-feudal societies – and make this region distinct from Russia and Germany. The Swedish state, with Finland (...)
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  14.  5
    Gaza Under Hamas: From Islamic Democracy to Islamist GovernanceBy Björn Brenner, Foreword by Magnus Ranstorp.Michael R. Fischbach - 2018 - Journal of Islamic Studies 29 (2):287-288.
    © The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.comThis article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model...Is Islam compatible with democracy? Can Islamists rule democratically if they obtain political power? Björn Brenner explores these familiar questions by focusing specifically on the experience of Hamas, the Palestinian Islamist group that won the 2006 elections to the legislature (...)
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  15. Chapter One Virtual Survey on North Mesopotamian Tell Sites by Means of Satellite Remote Sensing Bjorn H. Menze, Simone Muhl.Bjorn H. Menze - 2007 - In Bart Ooghe & Geert Verhoeven (eds.), Broadening Horizons: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Landscape Study. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 5.
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  16.  23
    Björn Forsén: Lex Licinia Sextia de Modo Agrorum - Fiction or Reality? (Commentationes Humanarum Litterarum, 96.) Pp. 88. Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 1991. Paper. [REVIEW]John Briscoe - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (1):198-198.
  17.  20
    Ronald Björn Jensen. On the Consistency of a Slight Modification of Quine's New Foundations. Words and Objections, Essays on the Work of W. V. Quine, Edited by Donald Davidson and Jaakko Hintikka, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht-Holland, and Humanities Press, New York, 1969, Pp. 278–291. , Pp. 250–263.) - W. V. Quine. Reply to Jensen. Words and Objections, Essays on the Work of W. V. Quine, Edited by Donald Davidson and Jaakko Hintikka, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht-Holland, and Humanities Press, New York, 1969, Pp. 349–352. [REVIEW]C. Ward Henson - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):241-242.
  18.  6
    Response to Bjorn Hofmann: Clarifying Overdiagnosis Without Losing Conceptual Complexity.Wendy A. Rogers & Yishai Mintzker - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):1120-1121.
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  19.  9
    R. Björn Jensen. The Fine Structure of the Constructible Hierarchy. Annals of Mathematical Logic, Vol. 4 No. 3 , Pp. 229–308. [REVIEW]Richard Laver - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (4):632-633.
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  20.  8
    Global Health and Global Health Ethics Was Published by Cambridge University Press in 2011. Björn Bentlage Studied Oriental and Islamic Studies at the Universities of Bochum (Germany) and Alexandria (Egypt) and Graduated with a Magister Degree in 2007. He is Now Working at the Martin Luther University in Halle. [REVIEW]Subrata Chattopadhyay & Michael D. Coughlin - 2011 - In Catherine Myser (ed.), Bioethics Around the Globe. Oxford University Press.
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  21.  7
    Björn Laser: Kulturbolschewismus! Zur Diskurssemantik der „totalen Krise“ 1929-1933, Frankfurt a. M.: Peter Lang 2010, 440 S. [REVIEW]Justus H. Ulbricht - 2013 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 65 (3):302-304.
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  22.  5
    Ronald Björn Jensen. Modelle der Mengenlehre. Lecture Notes in Mathematics, No. 37, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1967, Ix + 176 Pp. [REVIEW]Maurice Boffa - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (1):92.
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  23.  17
    Henry III of England and the Staufen Empire, 1216-1272. Björn K. U. Weiler.Robert C. Stacey - 2008 - Speculum 83 (1):251-253.
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  24.  5
    Anette Löffler, with Björn Gebert, Eds., “Legitur in Necrologio Victorino”: Studien Zum Nekrolog der Abtei Saint-Victor Zu Paris. Münster: Aschendorff, 2015. Pp. 391. €69. ISBN: 978-3-402-10441-5. [REVIEW]Benjamin Pohl - 2018 - Speculum 93 (2):535-537.
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  25.  13
    Eurasian Transformations, Tenth to Thirteenth Centuries: Crystallizations, Divergences, Renaissances. Johann P. Arnason, Björn Wittrock.David Morgan - 2007 - Speculum 82 (1):158-159.
  26.  10
    Buchbesprechung : Melani Schröter, Björn Carius, Vom politischen Gebrauch der Sprache. Wort, Text, Diskurs. Eine Einführung. [Leipziger Skripten. Einführungs- und Übungsbücher], Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New. [REVIEW]Waldemar Czachur - 2011 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Germanica 7.
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  27.  14
    Björn Wallner, Ed., The Middle English Translation of Guy de Chauliac's Treatise on Wounds, 2: Notes, Glossary and Latin Appendix; Book III of the Great Surgery. Edited From MS. New York Academy of Medicine 12 and Related Mss. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell, 1979. Paper. Pp. 114. Kr 54. [REVIEW]Linda Ehrsam Voigts - 1982 - Speculum 57 (1):201.
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  28.  29
    Donald Davidson's Philosophy of Language: An Introduction Bjorn T. Ramberg Oxford, Blackwell, 1989, 153 P., 27,50$.Daniel Laurier - 1991 - Dialogue 30 (1-2):189-.
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  29.  10
    The Middle English Translation of Guy de Chauliac's Anatomy, with Guy's Essay on the History of Medicine. Björn Wallner.Sherman M. Kuhn - 1968 - Speculum 43 (3):552-556.
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  30.  9
    Björn R. Tammen, Musik und Bild im Chorraum mittelalterlicher Kirchen, 1100–1500. Berlin: Reimer, 2000. Pp. 553 plus 277 black-and-white figures; tables. €86.Jacqueline E. Jung - 2004 - Speculum 79 (4):1160-1162.
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  31.  9
    An Interpolated Middle English Version of the Anatomy of Guy de Chauliac, 1: Text; 2: Introduction, Notes, Glossary.Björn Wallner. [REVIEW]Robert N. Mory - 1998 - Speculum 73 (2):619-620.
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  32.  3
    Björn Schöpe, Der Römische Kaiserhof in Severischer Zeit , Stuttgart 2014.Olivier J. Hekster - 2017 - Klio 99 (2):762-765.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Klio Jahrgang: 99 Heft: 2 Seiten: 762-765.
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  33.  10
    Review: Ronald Bjorn Jensen, Modelle der Mengenlehre. [REVIEW]Maurice Boffa - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (1):92-92.
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  34.  5
    Enska Öldin í Sögu Íslendinga. Björn Þorsteinsson.Bruce Gelsinger - 1973 - Speculum 48 (2):417-419.
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  35.  6
    The Lapps by Björn Collinder. [REVIEW]George Sarton - 1950 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 41:246-247.
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  36. Bjorn T. Ramberg, Donald Davidson's Philosophy of Language Reviewed By.A. C. Genova - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (3):191-194.
     
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  37.  3
    The Cyrurgie of Guy de Chauliac. Margaret S. OgdenThe Middle English Translation of Guy de Chauliac's Treatise on Fractures and Dislocations: Book V of the Great Surgery. Björn WallnerA Middle English Version of the Introduction to Guy de Chauliac's "Chirurgia Magna". Björn Wallner. [REVIEW]Sherman M. Kuhn - 1972 - Speculum 47 (3):544-548.
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  38.  2
    Book of Birds: A Facsimile of the Original Watercolors of Olof Rudbeck the Younger in the Leufsta Collection in Uppsala University LibraryOlof Rudbeck Björn Löwendahl.James Larson - 1988 - Isis 79 (2):289-289.
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  39.  1
    Björn Forsén, Griechische Gliederweihungen. Eine Untersuchung zu ihrer Typologie und ihrer religions-und sozialgeschichtlichen Bedeutung.Emmanuel Voutiras - 1998 - Kernos 11:423-424.
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  40. Bjorn T. Ramberg, Donald Davidson's Philosophy of Language. [REVIEW]A. Genova - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12:191-194.
     
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  41. Björn Schöpe, Der Römische Kaiserhof in Severischer Zeit . 2014.Olivier J. Hekster - 2018 - Klio 100 (1):369-372.
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  42. Nils L. Wallin, Bjorn Merker and Steven Brown (Ed.), The Origins of Music.V. Pickles - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (7):94-95.
     
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  43. The Lapps. Björn Collinder.G. Sarton - 1950 - Isis 41 (2):246-247.
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  44.  18
    Ursus Philosophicus - Essays Dedicated to Björn Haglund on His Sixtieth Birthday.Christer Svennerlind (ed.) - 2004 - Philosophical Communications.
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  45. Recension av Björn Eriksson: Heavy Duty. On the Demands of Consequentialism. [REVIEW]Folke Tersman - 1995 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 3.
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  46. The Benefit of Broad Horizons: Intellectual and Institutional Preconditions for a Global Social Science: Festschrift for Bjorn Wittrock on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday.Hans Joas (ed.) - 2010 - Brill.
  47. Donald Davidson: Philosophy of Language.Bjorn Ramberg - 1991 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book is an introduction to and interpretation of the philosophy of language devised by Donald Davidson over the past 25 years. The guiding intuition is that Davidson's work is best understood as an ongoing attempt to purge semantics of theoretical reifications. Seen in this light the recent attack on the notion of language itself emerges as a natural development of his Quinian scepticism towards "meanings" and his rejections of reference-based semantic theories. Linguistic understanding is, for Davidson, essentially dynamic, arising (...)
     
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  48. The Second Mistake in Moral Mathematics is Not About the Worth of Mere Participation.Björn Petersson - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (3):288-315.
    ‘The Second Mistake’ (TSM) is to think that if an act is right or wrong because of its effects, the only relevant effects are the effects of this particular act. This is not (as some think) a truism, since ‘the effects of this particular act’ and ‘its effects’ need not co-refer. Derek Parfit's rejection of TSM is based mainly on intuitions concerning sets of acts that over-determine certain harms. In these cases, each act belongs to the relevant set in virtue (...)
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  49.  15
    Democratic Decision Making and the Psychology of Risk.Christiansen Andreas & Hallsson Bjørn - 2017 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 12 (1):51-83.
    Andreas Christiansen,Bjørn Hallsson | : In many cases, the public want to restrict an activity or technology that they believe to be dangerous, but that scientific experts believe to be safe. There is thus a tension between respecting the preferences of the people and making policy based on our best scientific knowledge. Deciding how to make policy in the light of this tension requires an understanding of why citizens sometimes disagree with the experts on what is risky and (...)
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  50.  2
    Fichtes Gott: Vom Sinn der Freiheit Zur Liebe des Seins.Björn Pecina - 2007 - Mohr Siebeck.
    English summary: Bjorn Pecina reconstructs Fichte's philosophy of religion in its evolution from a practical self-consciousness to the theory of love and affects, which he developed late in life.
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